UNIVERSITY of OXFORD†††††††††††††††††††† SPORTS FEDERATION

OU Company of Archers †RISK ASSESSMENT

DATE: - 27/05/02

Activities usually carried out by the club.

Archery Practice: Monday Thursday 2-4:30pm, Thursday 7-8:30am, Sunday 6-7:30pm Michaelmas and Hilary

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Monday Thursday Saturday 3-6:30pm Trinity term

Competitions around Britain about 3 times per term

 

Hazard

Risk Factor

Risk management

Bow string breaks while archer at full draw. String may strike archers head or arms resulting in personal injury.

Moderate

Regularly (weekly) inspect strings for wear. Check for worn or broken end servings and broken Discard strings with broken strands and repair strings with worn servings.

Bow limb or riser fails while archer at full draw. Parts of limb (including glass/carbon fibres) Or wooden/metallic parts of riser may strike archers head or arms resulting in jury to the struck part. In extreme cases this may include damage to or loss of an eye or in the case of a metallic riser, maxilo-facial fractures.

Moderate

Regularly (monthly) inspect limbs for signs of cracks or splits. Warn new archers against "dry loosing" bows as this may promote early failure. Discard and replace limbs thought to be damaged or unsafe on inspection. Do NOT fit Fast flight or similar string to wooden bows. Do NOT shoot lightweight carbon arrows from wooden bows.

Worn or damaged arrow or part thereof fails during shot. Damaged nocks may result in arrow leaving bow Unpredictably or result in a dry loose. Damaged carbon or old/worn fibreglass arrows may "explosively" delaminate resulting in personal injury to the archer.

Low

Regularly (monthly) inspect arrows for loose or damaged nocks. Check for loose piles. Replace any loose or damaged nocks or piles. Examine carbon and fibreglass arrows for cracks or signs of delamination. Discard any showing signs of damage - do NOT attempt to repair.

Release aid rope or other mechanical release failure.. This may result in facial injury.

Low

Regularly (monthly) inspect release aid ropes for wear. Replace any showing significant wear. Instruct archers in the proper use of release aids and how to avoid triggering during the draw.

 

Personal safety

 

Hazard

Risk Factor

Risk management

Archers hair, clothing, jewellery, body piercings, badges, buttons etc become entangled with string on loose resulting in personal injury.

Moderate

Ensure archers tie back long hair and remove loose/dangling jewellery which might entangle with bow string. Instruct new archers in appropriate clothing for the sport.

 

Equipment assembly / use

 

Hazard

Risk factor

Risk management

Limb bolts work loose resulting in bow coming apart in use. Consequences as per failure of bow limb or riser. Archer attempting to disassemble limbs without first de-stringing the bow may receive personal injury when limbs "let down" unexpectedly.

Moderate

Instruct archers in correct assembly of equipment including limb assembly and stringing / de-stringing. Regularly (annually) inspect limb bolts and nuts for signs of excess wear.. Check novicesí bow setup before shooting.

Target boss / stand mishandled. Target boss may fall on archer resulting in personal injury.

Moderate

Instruct archers in the handling of bosses / stands. A boss weighs more than twice the permitted HSE "per person load". Instruct archers not to lift bosses alone and in correct technique for mounting boss on stand.

Target boss / stand not secured. Target boss may fall on archer resulting in personal injury or damage to arrows.

Moderate

Instruct archers in method for securing bosses to stand / ground. Do not allow shooting to commence until all† targets appropriately secured.

Archers arrows too short. Arrows may be drawn off the arrow rest and may be loosed into the bow hand.

Low

Check arrow length for all new archers using the prescribed technique. Issue only arrows of required minimum length. Do NOT allow archers to shoot if arrows of the required length are unavailable.

Use of inappropriate draw weight bow. may result in muscular or other soft tissue injury.

Moderate

Instruct beginners with light weight bows (18 - 20 lb @28"). Ensure archers purchasing own equipment receive appropriate advice.

New archers may mis-loose the bow resulting in the string striking the archers elbow / forearm.

High

Ensure all archers use appropriate arm protection and beginners are closely supervised. Ensure archers are instructed as to correct technique for positioning bow arm.

Risk from arrows in ground / target. Arrows which have fallen short of or behind the target may cause personal injury if walked / run into. Arrows in the target represent a hazard to approaching the target and may result in personal injury.

Moderate

Instruct archers in these hazards and of the importance of† approaching the target with caution. Instruct new archers in the correct technique for drawing arrows from the boss. Do NOT allow anyone to run on the range or to wear open toed shoes. Ensure lost arrows are reported and every effort is made to locate them.

 

 

Control of shooting

 

Hazard

Risk Factor

Risk management

Inadequate control of shooting may result in personal injury to an archer or spectator

Low

Shooting MUST always be under the control of a an experienced Archer acting as The Field Captain or a qualified Judge. All Archers must understand that this person is in charge of the shoot and must obey his/her commands.

Incorrect range layout results in personal injury to spectators or archers.

Low

The range MUST be secure and laid out in accordance with the GNAS Rules of Shooting. Shooting must not begin if this is not the case. Spectators and participants must be advised where they may and may not stand while shooting is in progress.

Arrows inadvertently shot outside of safety area may result in personal injury to spectators or archers

Low

Archers must be made familiar with and adhere to GNAS Rules of Shooting. Any archer deemed by the Field Captain or Judge not to be doing so should be asked to leave the field. In particular archers must not be allowed to use any form of "high draw" and should be asked to ensure that the point of the arrow is not raised significantly above the nock.

A person or animal straying into the safety area may receive personal injury from arrow or other equipment projected towards the target

Low

Ensure that the range is laid out according to the GNAS Rules of Shooting and that the safety area is observable at all times. In particular ensure that access past the shooting line to indoor ranges is secured before shooting commences. The Field Captain AND Archers must remain vigilant and suspend shooting if the safety area is violated. People shall not be able to enter the shooting area without passing a suitable barrier warning that beyond which a danger exists. ALL grounds are deemed to be accessible to the Public even if this involves trespass. Ensure that spectators and those waiting to shoot remain behind the waiting line. Ensure all participants are familiar with commands to start and stop shooting. Do not allow anyone to cross the shoot line except when instructed to do so by the Field Captain.

Competitors / officials at risk from elements. When shooting outdoors, an archer or his/her equipment may be struck by lightning and electrocuted.

Low

Shooting should be suspended at the first sign of thunderstorms in the immediate vicinity and not resumed until it has passed.

Accident occurs while in minibus travelling to a competition. Causing personal injury

Moderate

Fill out SF Trip form before all events. Ensure we have registered drivers who have done the University driving course..