Anke Hoeffler



Journal Articles

Violence Against Children: A Critical Issue for Development. European Journal of Development Research. Accepted.

Migration, Diasporas and Culture: an Empirical Investigation (with Paul Collier) 2018, Kyklos. Accepted.

What are the Costs of Violence? 2017, Politics, Philosophy & Economics. Accepted.

The Ethics of Security Research. An Ethics Framework for Contemporary Security Studies (with Stephane Baele, Nils-Christian Bormann, David Lewis, Thibault Slingeneyer and Olivier Sterck) 2017, International Studies Perspectives. Accepted.


Why Peace Endures: An Analysis of Post-Conflict Stabilization (with Richard Caplan) 2017, European Journal of International Security 2(2):133-152.

Free and Fair Elections – A new database (with Sylvia Bishop) 2016, Journal of Peace Research 53: 608-616.

Do elections matter for economic performance? (with Paul Collier) 2015, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 77: 1-21.

Can International Interventions Secure the Peace? 2014, International Area Studies Review 17: 75–94.

The New Institutionalism and Africa (with Robert Bates, Stephen Block and Ghada Fayad) 2013, Journal of African Economies 22(4): 499-522.

The State of Democracy in Africa (with Robert Bates and Ghada Fayad) 2012, International Area Studies Review 15: 323-338.

Need, Merit or Self-Interest – What Determines the Allocation of Aid? (with Verity Outram) 2011, Review of Development Economics 15(2): 237-250.

‘Greed’ versus ‘Grievance’: A Useful Conceptual Distinction in the Study of Civil War? 2011, Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism 11(2): 274–285.

Paradise Lost: The Cost of State Failure in the Pacific (with Lisa Chauvet and Paul Collier) 2010, Journal of Development Studies 46(5): 961-980.

Testing the Neocon Agenda: Democracy in Resource-Rich Societies (with Paul Collier) 2009, European Economic Review 53(3):293-308.

Beyond Greed and Grievance: Feasibility and Civil War (with Paul Collier and Dominic Rohner) 2009, Oxford Economic Papers 61: 1-27.

Post-Conflict Risks (with Paul Collier and Måns Söderbom) 2008, Journal of Peace Research 45(4): 461-478.

Unintended Consequences: Does Aid Promote Arms Races? (with Paul Collier) 2007, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 69: 1-28.

Military Expenditure in Post-Conflict Societies (with Paul Collier) 2006, Economics of Governance 7(1): 89-107.

Institutions, Governance and Economic Development in Africa: An Overview (with Augustin Fosu and Robert H Bates) 2006, Journal of African Economies 15: 1-9.

Resource Rents, Governance, and Conflict (with Paul Collier) 2005, Journal of Conflict Resolution 49: 625-633.

Greed and Grievance in Civil Wars (with Paul Collier), 2004, Oxford Economic Papers 56: 563-595.

Aid, Policy and Growth in Post-Conflict Countries (with Paul Collier) 2004, The European Economic Review 48: 1125-1145.

On the Duration of Civil War (with Paul Collier and Måns Söderbom) 2004, Journal of Peace Research 41(3): 253-273.

Africa's Exodus: Capital Flight and the Brain Drain as Portfolio Decisions (with Paul Collier and Catherine Pattillo) 2004, Journal of African Economies 13: ii15 - ii54.

On the Incidence of Civil War in Africa (with Paul Collier) 2002, Journal of Conflict Resolution 46:13-28.

Aid, Policy and Peace (with Paul Collier) 2002, Defence and Peace Economics 13(6):435-450. 

Violence against Civilians in Civil Wars: Looting or Terror? (with Jean-Paul Azam) 2002, Journal of Peace Research 39: 461-485.

Flight Capital as a Portfolio Choice (with Paul Collier and Catherine Pattillo) 2001, The World Bank Economic Review 15: 55-80.

The Augmented Solow Model and the African Growth Debate, 2002, Oxford Bulletin of Economics & Statistics 64(2): 135-158.

Openness, Investment and Growth, 2001, Journal of African Economies 10 (4): 470-497.

On Economic Causes of Civil War (with Paul Collier) 1998, Oxford Economic Papers 50: 563-573.


Book Chapters

Beyond civil war: the costs of interpersonal violence (with James Fearon) 2017 in: Prioritizing Development: A cost benefit analysis of the United Nations Global Goals (Björn Lomborg ed). Cambridge University Press.

Development and the Risk of Mass Atrocities. 2016. in: Economic Aspects of Genocide, Mass Killing, and Their Prevention. (Charles Anderton and Jürgen Brauer, eds) Oxford University Press, 230-250.

The Economics of Violent Conflict and War in Africa. 2014. Chapter 38 in The Oxford Handbook of Africa and Economics: Context and Concepts (Célestin Monga and Justin Yifu Lin, eds). Oxford University Press.

Armed Conflict, Perspective Paper for the Copenhagen Consensus Project 2012. Chapter in 'Global Problems - Smart Solutions' Bjørn Lomborg (ed) pp 54-61. Cambridge University Press.

On the Causes of Civil War, 2012, Chapter 9 in The Oxford Handbook of the Economics of Peace and Conflict (Michelle Garfinkel and Stergios Skaperdas, eds). Oxford University Press.

High-Value Natural Resources, Development and Conflict: Channels of Causation (with Paul Collier) 2011, in: Strengthening Post-conflict Peacebuilding through Natural Resource Management, volume 1, ELI and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

The Cost of State Failure and the Limits to Sovereignty (with Lisa Chauvet and Paul Collier) 2011, in:  Fragile States: Causes, Costs, and Responses. (Willem A Naudé, Amelia U Santos-Paulino and Mark McGillivray, eds). Oxford University Press.

Fragile States and Conflict Recurrence, 2010, Chapter 7 in: Peace and Conflict 2010, J.Joseph Hewitt, Jonathan Wilkenfield and Ted Robert Gurr, eds): 65-78.

Civil War (with Paul Collier), 2007, Chapter 23 in Handbook of Defense Economics T. Sandler and K. Hartley (eds), Volume 2, Elsevier.

Economic Causes and Consequences of Civil War: A Discussion of the Possible Policy Interventions (with Paul Collier) 2006, in Michael Dauderstädt and Arne Schildberg (eds) Dead Ends of Transition: Rentier Economies and Protectorates, 151-158. Campus.

The Political Economy of Secession (with Paul Collier) 2006, in Hurst Hannum and Eileen F Babbitt: Negotiating Self-Determination, 37-59. Lexington Books.

The Economic Cost of Corruption in Infrastructure (with Paul Collier) 2005 in: Transparency International. 'Global Corruption Report', London: Pluto Press.

Conflicts (with Paul Collier) 2004 in: Global Crises, Global Solutions (Björn Lomborg , ed). Cambridge University Press.

Über die Ökonomischen Ursachen von Bürgerkriegen (with Paul Collier) 2003 in: Kriminalität, Ökonomie und Europäischer Sozialstaat (Hans-Jörg Albrecht and Horst Entorf, eds), Physica Verlag.



Breaking the Conflict Trap: Civil War and Development Policy, 2003 (with Paul Collier, Lance Elliot, Håvard Hegre, Marta Reynal-Querol and Nicholas Sambanis) World Bank Policy Research Report. Oxford University Press.



Domestic Violence in Haiti (with Jean-Guy Honoré and Anastasia Gage) 2017. Copenhagen Consensus Center.

Benefits and Costs of the Conflict and Violence Targets for the Post-2015 Development Agenda (with James Fearon) 2014. Copenhagen Consensus Center.

Income and Democracy: Lipset’s Law Revisited (with Ghada Fayad and Robert H. Bates) 2012. IMF Working Paper 12/295.

Three thematic papers supporting the OECD DAC INCAF project ‘Global Factors Influencing the Risk of Conflict and Fragility’:

Growth, aid and policies in countries recovering from war. 2012.

Out of the Frying Pan into the Fire? Migration from fragile states to fragile states. 2012.

Exporting from fragile states: Challenges and opportunities. 2012.

Post-conflict Recovery and Peace Building (with Syeda ShahBano Ijaz and Sarah von Billerbeck) 2011, Background Paper for the World Development Report 2011.

Dealing with the Consequences of Violent Conflicts in Africa, Background Paper for the African Development Bank Report 2008. 

Panel Data Estimators and Cross-Country Growth Regressions (with Stephen Bond and Jonathan Temple), 2001, CEPR Working Paper No 3048.

 Challenges of Infrastructure Rehabilitation and Reconstruction in War-Affected Economies, 1998, CSAE Discussion Paper 98/26.

 Econometric Studies of Growth, Convergence and Conflicts, 1998, D.Phil thesis, University of Oxford.  



Work in Progress

The Global Cost of Violence. Book Draft (with James Fearon). Princeton University Press.

Finance for Development: Are Sovereign Bond Issues in Sub-Saharan Africa Supporting Sustainable Development? (with James Gichuki). 2017. Mimeo.

Post-Conflict Stabilization in Africa. 2016. Mimeo.

Democracy’s Achilles Heel: Structural Causes of Flawed Elections and their Consequences for Citizen Trust (with Maddalena Agnoli, Lisa Chauvet, Paul Collier, Anke Hoeffler and Sultan Mehmood) 2016. Mimeo.

Last updated: 18 September 2017