Anke Hoeffler

Publications and Work in Progress


War and Peace

Development and the Risk of Mass Atrocities. 2016. Forthcoming in: Economic Aspects of Genocide, Mass Killing, and Their Prevention. (Charles Anderton and Jürgen Brauer, eds) Oxford University Press.

The Economics of Violent Conflict and War in Africa. 2014. Chapter 38 in The Oxford Handbook of Africa and Economics: Context and Concepts (Célestin Monga and Justin Yifu Lin, eds). Oxford University Press.

Can International Interventions Secure the Peace? 2014, International Area Studies Review 17: 75–94.

‘Greed’ versus ‘Grievance’: A Useful Conceptual Distinction in the Study of Civil War? 2011. Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism 11(2): 274–285.

Growth, aid and policies in countries recovering from war. 2012. A thematic paper supporting the OECD DAC INCAF project ‘Global Factors Influencing the Risk of Conflict and Fragility’.

Armed Conflict, Perspective Paper for the Copenhagen Consensus Project 2012. Chapter in 'Global Problems - Smart Solutions' Bjørn Lomborg (ed) pp 54-61. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge MA.

On the Causes of Civil War, 2012, Chapter 9 in the Oxford Handbook of the Economics of Peace and Conflict (Michelle Garfinkel and Stergios Skaperdas, eds). Oxford University Press.

High-Value Natural Resources, Development and Conflict: Channels of Causation (with Paul Collier) 2011, in: Strengthening Post-conflict Peacebuilding through Natural Resource Management, volume 1, ELI and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

Post-conflict Recovery and Peace Building, Background Paper for the World Development Report 2011 (with Syeda ShahBano Ijaz and Sarah von Billerbeck. link

Fragile States and Conflict Recurrence, 2010, Chapter 7 in Peace and Conflict 2010 J.Joseph Hewitt, Jonathan Wilkenfield and Ted Robert Gurr (eds): 65-78.

Beyond Greed and Grievance: Feasibility and Civil War (with Paul Collier and Dominic Rohner), 2009, Oxford Economic Papers 61: file

Post-Conflict Risks (with Paul Collier and Måns Söderbom) 2008, Journal of Peace Research 45(4): 461-478.

Dealing with the Consequences of Violent Conflicts in Africa, Background Paper for the African Development Bank Report 2008.

Civil War (with Paul Collier), 2007, Chapter 23 in Handbook of Defense Economics T. Sandler and K. Hartley (eds), Volume 2, Elsevier 711-739. earlier draft.

Unintended Consequences: Does Aid Promote Arms Races? (with Paul Collier) 2007,  Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 69: 1-28. data

Military Expenditure in Post-Conflict Societies (with Paul Collier) 2006, Economics of Governance 7(1): 89-107 article.

Economic Causes and Consequences of Civil War: A Discussion of the Possible Policy Interventions (with Paul Collier), 2006, in M. Dauderstädt and A. Schildberg (eds) Dead Ends of Transition: Rentier Economies and Protectorates, 151-158, Frankfurt: Campus.

The Political Economy of Secession (with Paul Collier), 2006, in Hannum, H. and E.F. Babbitt: Negotiating Self-Determination, 37-59, Lanham MD: Lexington Books chapter

Resource Rents, Governance, and Conflict (with Paul Collier) 2005, Journal of Conflict Resolution 49: 625 - 633.

Greed and Grievance in Civil Wars (with Paul Collier), 2004, Oxford Economic Papers 56: 563-595 data. Thomson Reuters highlights this article as a current classic - podcast here

Aid, Policy and Growth in Post-Conflict Countries (with Paul Collier), 2004, The European Economic Review 48: 1125-1145.

On the Duration of Civil War (with Paul Collier and Måns Söderbom), 2004, Journal of Peace Research 41(3): 253-273. data

Conflicts (with Paul Collier) 2004 in: Lomborg, B. (ed) Global Crises, Global Solutions. Cambridge University Press.

Breaking the Conflict Trap: Civil War and Development Policy, 2003 (with Paul Collier, Lance Elliot, Håvard Hegre, Marta Reynal-Querol and Nicholas Sambanis) World Bank Policy Research Report. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Link

Über die Ökonomischen Ursachen von Bürgerkriegen, 2003, (with Paul Collier) in: Albrecht, H.J. and H. Entorf (eds), Kriminalität, Ökonomie und Europäischer Sozialstaat, Heidelberg: Physica Verlag. chapter

On the Incidence of Civil War in Africa (with Paul Collier), 2002, Journal of Conflict Resolution 46:13-28. data

Aid, Policy and Peace (with Paul Collier) 2002, Defence and Peace Economics 13(6):435-450.  

Violence against Civilians in Civil Wars: Looting or Terror? (with Jean-Paul Azam)  2002, Journal of Peace Research 39: 461-485. data 

On Economic Causes of Civil War (with Paul Collier) 1998, Oxford Economic Papers 50: 563-573.

Challenges of Infrastructure Rehabilitation and Reconstruction in War-Affected Economies, 1998, CSAE Discussion Paper 98/26.

Political Economy

Free and Fair Elections – A new database (with Sylvia Bishop) 2016, Journal of Peace Research, June issue.

Do elections matter for economic performance? (with Paul Collier) 2015, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 77: 1-21.

The State of Democracy in Africa (with Robert H Bates and Ghada Fayad) 2012, International Area Studies Review 15: 323-338.

The New Institutionalism and Africa (with Robert H Bates, Stephen A. Block and Ghada Fayad) 2013, Journal of African Economies 22 (4): 499-522.

 The Cost of State Failure and the Limits to Sovereignty (with Lisa Chauvet and Paul Collier) 2011, in:  Fragile States: Causes, Costs, and Responses. Naudé, W.A., Santos-Paulino, A. and McGillivray, M. (eds).Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Paradise Lost: The Cost of State Failure in the Pacific, (with Lisa Chauvet and Paul Collier) 2010. Understanding Small-Island Developing States: Fragility and External Shocks (Amelia Santos-Paulino, Mark McGillivray and Wim Naudé, eds.) Special Issue of the Journal of Development Studies 46(5): 961-980.

Testing the Neocon Agenda: Democracy in Resource-Rich Societies (with Paul Collier) 2009, European Economic Review 53(3):293-308. data&run file

Institutions, Governance and Economic Development in Africa: An Overview, 2006 (with Augustin Fosu and Robert Bates) Journal of African Economies 15: 1 - 9.



Out of the Frying Pan into the Fire? Migration from fragile states to fragile states. 2012. A thematic paper supporting the OECD DAC INCAF project ‘Global Factors Influencing the Risk of Conflict and Fragility’.

Africa's Exodus: Capital Flight and the Brain Drain as Portfolio Decisions (with Paul Collier and Catherine Pattillo), 2004, Journal of African Economies 13: ii15 - ii54.



The Augmented Solow Model and the African Growth Debate, 2002, Oxford Bulletin of Economics & Statistics 64 (2): 135-158. data

Openness, Investment and Growth, 2001, Journal of African Economies 10 (4): 470-497.  

Econometric Studies of Growth, Convergence and Conflicts, 1998, D.Phil thesis, University of Oxford.



Exporting from fragile states: Challenges and opportunities. 2012. A thematic paper supporting the OECD DAC INCAF project ‘Global Factors Influencing the Risk of Conflict and Fragility’.

Need, Merit or Self-Interest – What Determines the Allocation of Aid? (with Verity Outram) 2011, Review of Development Economics 15(2): 237-250.

 Flight Capital as a Portfolio Choice (with Paul Collier and Catherine Pattillo), 2001, The World Bank Economic Review 15: 55-80.

The Economic Cost of Corruption in Infrastructure (with Paul Collier) 2005 in: Transparency International. 'Global Corruption Report', London: Pluto Press (p12-19).

Military Expenditure and the Risks of Coups d'Etats (with Paul Collier) 2006, draft.

Panel Data Estimators and Cross-Country Growth Regressions (with Stephen Bond and Jonathan Temple), 2001, CEPR Working Paper No 3048.


Last updated: 28 June 2016