B.J. Cairns interests :: publications << research :: home  

Publications >> Articles: 2014; 2013; 2012; 2011; 2003-2010 :: Letters etc. :: Software
 

Broadly, my main research interests are in chronic disease epidemiology, with some emphasis on statistical and mathematical methodologies. Most of my current research focuses on associations of body size and related factors with cancer, cardiovascular disease and other chronic diseases. I also work on epidemiological investigations of seasonal and other temporal trends in a variety of health outcomes. My earlier work includes theoretical biology of bacteriophage therapy, and random processes as models for the extinction of ecological populations, but I am no longer active in these areas.

You can find a list of my publications below. You can also read more about my interests.

Articles citing my publications can be viewed via Google Scholar.

* A subscription may be required to access full text from some links. Please e-mail me if you have trouble obtaining any of my papers.

 
Articles.  [top]

Original research contributions and editorials in journals or published conference proceedings.

 
2014
 
[38] G.K. Reeves, A. Balkwill, B.J. Cairns, J. Green and V. Beral, on behalf of the Million Women Study Collaborators (2014). Hospital admissions in relation to body mass index in UK women: a prospective cohort study. BMC Medicine 12:45.
Abstract :: Full text
 
[37] S. Floud, A. Balkwill, D. Canoy, F.L. Wright, G.K. Reeves, J. Green, V. Beral and B.J. Cairns, on behalf of the Million Women Study Collaborators (2014). Marital status and ischemic heart disease incidence and mortality in women: a large prospective study. BMC Medicine 12:42.
Abstract :: Full text
 
[36] F.L. Crowe, A. Balkwill, B.J. Cairns, P.N. Appleby, J. Green, G.K. Reeves, T.J. Key and V. Beral, on behalf of the Million Women Study Collaborators (2014). Source of dietary fibre and diverticular disease incidence: a prospective study of UK women Gut (Online First).
Abstract :: Full text
 
[35] B.J. Cairns and C. Baigent (2014). Air pollution and traffic noise: do they cause atherosclerosis? European Heart Journal (Advance access).
Full text*
 
 
2013
 
[34] D. Canoy, B.J. Cairns, A. Balkwill, F.L. Wright, J. Green, G. Reeves and V. Beral, for the Million Women Study Collaborators (2013). Coronary heart disease incidence in women by waist circumference within categories of body mass index. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology 20(5):759-762.
Abstract :: Full text*
 
[33] B.J. Cairns and J. Green (2013). Good news for "Alice": Height and sex differences in cancer risk. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 105(12): 841-843.
Full text*
 
[32] S. Sayeed, I. Barnes, B.J. Cairns, A. Finlayson, and R. Ali (2013). Childhood cancer incidence in British Indians and Whites in Leicester, 1996-2008. PLoS ONE 8(4): e61881.
Abstract :: Full text
 
[31] D. Canoy, B.J. Cairns, A. Balkwill, F.L. Wright, J. Green, G. Reeves and V. Beral, and Million Women Study Collaborators (2013). Body mass index and incident coronary heart disease in women: a population-based prospective study. BMC Medicine 11:87.
Abstract :: Full text
 
 
2012
 
[30] F.L. Wright, J. Green, D. Canoy, B.J. Cairns, A. Balkwill and V. Beral for the Million Women Study Collaborators (2012). Vascular disease in women: comparison of diagnoses in hospital episode statistics and general practice records in England. BMC Medical Research Methodology 12:161.
Abstract :: Full text
 
[29] R. Ali, I. Barnes, B.J. Cairns, A.E. Finlayson, N. Bhala, M. Mallath and V. Beral (2012). Incidence of gastrointestinal cancers by ethnic group in England, 2001-2007. Gut (Online First).
Abstract :: Full text*
 
[28] R.J. Stevens, R. Ali, C.R. Bankhead, M.A. Bethel, B.J. Cairns, R.P. Camisasca, F.L. Crowe, A.J. Farmer, S.Harrison, J.A. Hirst, P. Home, S.E. Kahn, J.H. McLellan, R. Perera, A. Plüddemann, A. Ramachandran, N.W. Roberts, P.W. Rose, A. Schweizer, G. Viberti, R.R. Holman (2012). Cancer outcomes and all-cause mortality in adults allocated to metformin: systematic review and collaborative meta-analysis of randomised clinical trials. Diabetologia 55(10):2593-2603.
Abstract :: Full text:: Erratum
 
[27] B.J. Cairns, R.C. Travis, X.-S. Wang, G.K. Reeves, J. Green and V. Beral on behalf of the Million Women Study Collaborators (2012). A short-term increase in cancer risk associated with daytime napping is likely to reflect pre-clinical disease: prospective cohort study. British Journal of Cancer 107:527-530.
Abstract :: Full text*
 
[26] T.Y.O. Yang, B.J. Cairns, N. Allen, S. Sweetland, G.K. Reeves and V. Beral on behalf of the Million Women Study Collaborators (2012). Postmenopausal endometrial cancer risk and body size in early life and middle age: prospective cohort study. British Journal of Cancer 107:169-175.
Abstract :: Full text*
 
[25] R.H. Keogh, J.Y. Park, I.R. White, M.A.H. Lentjes, A. McTaggart, A. Bhaniani, B.J. Cairns, T.J. Key, D.C. Greenwood, V.J. Burley, J.E. Cade, C.C. Dahm, G.K. Pot, A.M. Stephen, G. Masset, E.J. Brunner and K.-T. Khaw (2012). Estimating the alcohol-breast cancer association: a comparison of diet diaries, FFQs and combined measurements. European Journal of Epidemiology 27(7):547-559.
Abstract :: Full text
 
[24] M.E.G. Armstrong, B.J. Cairns, E. Banks, J. Green, G.K. Reeves and V. Beral, for the Million Women Study Collaborators (2012). Different effects of age, adiposity and physical activity on the risk of ankle, wrist and hip fractures in postmenopausal women. Bone 50(6): 1394-1400.
Abstract :: Full text
 
[23] J. Hutchinson, M.A.H. Lentjes, D.C. Greenwood, V.J. Burley, J.E. Cade, C.L. Cleghorn, D.E. Threapleton, T.J. Key, B.J. Cairns, R.H. Keogh, C.C. Dahm, E.J. Brunner, M.J. Shipley, D. Kuh, G. Mishra, A.M. Stephen, A. Bhaniani, G. Borgulya, and K.T. Khaw (2012). Vitamin C intake from diary recordings and risk of breast cancer in the UK Dietary Cohort Consortium. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 66(5): 561-568.
Abstract :: Full text*
 
 
2011
 
[22] T.J. Key, P.N. Appleby, B.J. Cairns, R. Luben, C.C. Dahm, T. Akbaraly, E.J. Brunner, V. Burley, J.E. Cade, D.C. Greenwood, A.M. Stephen, G. Mishra, D. Kuh, R.H. Keogh, I.R. White, A. Bhaniani, G. Borgulya, A.A. Mulligan, and K.T. Khaw (2011). Dietary fat and breast cancer: comparison of results from food diaries and food-frequency questionnaires in the UK Dietary Cohort Consortium. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 94:1043-1052.
Abstract :: Full text*
 
[21] J. Green, B.J. Cairns, D. Casabonne, F.L. Wright, G. Reeves and V. Beral, for the Million Women Study Collaborators (2011). Height and cancer incidence in the Million Women Study: prospective cohort, and meta-analysis of prospective studies of height and total cancer risk. The Lancet Oncology 12(8):785-794.
Abstract :: Full text*
 
[20] M.E.G. Armstrong, B.J. Cairns, J. Green, G.K. Reeves and V. Beral, for the Million Women Study Collaborators (2011). Reported frequency of physical activity in a large epidemiological study: relationship to specific activities and repeatability over time. BMC Medical Research Methodology 11:97.
Abstract :: Full text
 
[19] X.-S. Wang, M.E.G. Armstrong, B.J. Cairns, T.J. Key and R.C. Travis (2011). Shift work and chronic disease: the epidemiological evidence. Occupational Medicine 61:78-89.
Abstract :: Full text
 
[18] M.E.G. Armstrong, E.A. Spencer, B.J. Cairns, E. Banks, K. Pirie, J. Green, F.L. Wright, G.K. Reeves and V. Beral, for the Million Women Study Collaborators (2011). Body mass index and physical activity in relation to the incidence of hip fracture in postmenopausal women. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 26(6):1330-1338.
Abstract :: Full text*
 
[17] B.J. Cairns, B. Liu, S. Clennell, R. Cooper, G.K. Reeves, V. Beral and D. Kuh. (2011). Lifetime body size and reproductive factors: comparisons of data recorded prospectively with self reports in middle age. BMC Medical Research Methodology 11:7.
Abstract :: Full text
 
[16] B.J. Cairns, T.Y.O. Yang and V. Beral (2011). That rising obesity levels will greatly add to the burden of cancer: misconceptions 1. British Journal of Cancer 104:4-5.
Full text
 
 
2003-2010
 
[15] J.Y. Park, C.C. Dahm, R.H. Keogh, P.N. Mitrou, B.J. Cairns, D.C. Greenwood, E.A. Spencer, I.S. Fentiman, M.J. Shipley, E.J. Brunner, J.E. Cade, V.J. Burley, G.D. Mishra, D. Kuh, A.M. Stephen, I.R. White, R.N. Luben, A.A. Mulligan, K.-T. Khaw and S.A. Rodwell (2010). Alcohol intake and risk of colorectal cancer: Results from the UK Dietary Cohort Consortium. British Journal of Cancer 103(5): 747-756.
Abstract :: Full text*
 
[14] B.J. Cairns (2009). Evaluating the expected time to population extinction with semi-stochastic models. Mathematical Population Studies 16(3): 199-220.
Abstract :: Full text*
 
[13] B.J. Cairns and R.J.H. Payne (2009). Sudden increases in listeriosis rates in England and Wales, 2001 and 2003. Emerging Infectious Diseases 15(3): 465-468.
Abstract :: Full text
 
[12] B.J. Cairns, A.R. Timms, V.A.A. Jansen, I.F. Connerton and R.J.H. Payne (2009). Quantitative models of in vitro bacteriophage-host dynamics and their application to phage therapy. PLoS Pathogens 5(1): e1000253.
Abstract :: Full text
 
[11] B.J. Cairns and R.J.H. Payne (2008). Bacteriophage therapy and the mutant selection window. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 52(12): 4344-4350.
Abstract :: Full text*
 
[10] P. Pollett, H. Zhang and B.J. Cairns (2007). A note on extinction times for the general birth, death and catastrophe process. Journal of Applied Probability 44(2): 566-569.
Abstract :: Full text*
 
[9] S. Vuilleumier, C. Wilcox, B.J. Cairns and H.P. Possingham (2007). How patch configuration affects the impact of disturbances on metapopulation persistence. Theoretical Population Biology 72(1): 77-85.
Abstract :: Full text*
 
[8] B.J. Cairns, J.V. Ross and T. Taimre (2007). A comparison of models for predicting population persistence. Ecological Modelling 201(1): 19-26.
Abstract :: Full text*
 
[7] C. Wilcox, B.J. Cairns, H.P. Possingham (2006). The role of habitat disturbance and recovery in metapopulation persistence. Ecology 87(4): 855-863.
Abstract :: Full text*
 
[6] B.J. Cairns, J.V. Ross and T. Taimre (2005). Models for predicting extinction times: shall we dance (or walk or jump)? In (Eds. A. Zerger and R.M. Argent) Proceedings of the 16th Biennial Congress on Modelling and Simulation (MODSIM05), Modelling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand, December 2005, pp.2061-2067.
Abstract :: PDF
 
[5] A. Chen, P. Pollett, H. Zhang and B. Cairns (2005). Uniqueness criteria for continuous-time Markov chains with general transition structure. Advances in Applied Probability 37: 1056-1074.
Abstract :: Full text*
 
[4] B. Skellett, B. Cairns, N. Geard, B. Tonkes and J. Wiles (2005). Maximally rugged NK landscapes contain the highest peaks. In (Eds. H.-G. Breyer et al.), Proceedings of the 2005 Conference on Genetic and Evolutionary Computation (GECCO 2005), ACM Press, New York, pp. 579-584.
Abstract :: Full text
 
[3] B.J. Cairns and P.K. Pollett (2005). Approximating measures of persistence in a general class of population processes. Theoretical Population Biology 68: 77-90.
Abstract :: Full text*
 
[2] B. Cairns and P.K. Pollett (2004). Extinction times for a general birth, death and catastrophe process. Journal of Applied Probability 41, 1211-1218.
Abstract :: Full text*
 
[1] B.J. Cairns and P.K. Pollett (2003). Evaluating persistence times in populations that are subject to local catastrophes. In (Ed. David A. Post) Proceedings of the International Congress on Modelling and Simulation, Vol 2, Modelling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand, Townsville, Australia, pp. 747-752.
Abstract :: PDF
 

Other publications  [top]

Letters, abstracts and other publications in print or online.

 
[c] R.J. Stevens, B.J. Cairns, R.R. Holman (2013). Metformin and mortality. Reply to Lund SS. Diabetologia (online).
Full text
 
[b] X.-S. Wang, M.E.G. Armstrong, B.J. Cairns, T.J. Key and R.C. Travis (2011). Reply. Occupational Medicine 61:444. (Response to: P.J. Nicholson (2011). Shift work and chronic disease: the epidemiological evidence. Occupational Medicine 61:443-444.)
Full text
 
[a] B.J. Cairns, E.A. Spencer and V. Beral (8 December 2009). Rise in obesity slower since the turn of the century among adults in England. BMJ.com. (Response to: Z. Kmietowicz (2009). Rise in obesity among children in England may be slowing. BMJ 339:b4568.)
Full text
 

Software.  [top]

This list includes packages to which I have contributed code but did not otherwise author.

 
[B] A. Couture-Beil, J.T. Schnute, R. Haigh (2007). ddesolve: Solver for delay differential equations. (With code contributions from B.J. Cairns.)
Details :: Download
 
[A] B.J. Cairns (2005). PyDDE, a cross-platform numerical solver for systems of delay differential equations with switches.
Details :: Download
 

Epi (among, upon) + demos (people).
© 2002-2010 Benjamin J. Cairns: e-mail ; ph +44 1865 289673 ;
Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, U.K.