Tutorial topics: Syntax

It is possible to write a good essay on these topics from any one of several points of view.

It is best to start your research with the basic references, and follow up on the references given there. I have included additional references below, which you may wish to consult when you have read the basic material. You can also do your own research, using the web or library facilities to search for alternative or additional material that is relevant to your essay. The on-line journal Language and Linguistics Compass publishes surveys of current research topics, and is often a good starting point for research on a topic. It is assumed that you are familiar with the following textbook:

Phrase structure and X-bar theory

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Arguments and adjuncts

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Grammatical functions; the grammatical function hierarchy

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"Nonconfigurational" languages

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Ditransitivity

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Syntactic ergativity; "Philippine-type" languages

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Argument structure

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Grammatical function alternations

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Argument-adding alternations: causative, applicative

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Raising and control

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Long-distance dependencies

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Anaphora

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Syntax and Information Structure

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Data in linguistics

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