Publications

 

Scotland, R.W. & M.J. Sanderson. 2004. The significance of few versus many in the tree of life. Science 5658: 643. PDF file available here.

Moylan, E.C., J.R. Bennett, M.A. Carine, R.G. Olmstead and R.W. Scotland. In press. Phylogenetic relationships among Strobilanthes S.L. (Acanthaceae): evidence from ITS and NR DNA, TRN L-F CP DNA, and morphology. American Journal of Botany

Carine, M.A., J.A. Alexander & R.W. Scotland. In press. Species delimitation in the Strobilanthes kunthiana group (Phlebophyllum sensu Bremekamp). Kew Bulletin

Wortley, A.H. & R.W. Scotland. In press. Synonymy, sampling and seed plant numbers. Taxon

Scotland, R.W. & A.H. Wortley. 2003. How many species of seed plant are there? Taxon 52: 101 -104

Scotland, R.W., C. Hughes, D. Bailey & A. Wortley. 2003. The Big Machine and the Much-Maligned Taxonomist. Systematics and Biodiversity 2: 139 -143

Scotland, R.W., R.G. Olmstead & J.R. Bennett. 2003. Phylogeny reconstruction: the role of morphology. Systematic Biology 52(4): 539 - 548

Wood, J.R. & R.W. Scotland. 2003. Strobilanthes: panicled species from East Asia. Kew Bulletin 58: 679 - 702

Wood, J.R.I., J.R. Bennett & R.W. Scotland. 2003. Notes on Strobilanthes: the Sympagis group. Kew Bulletin 58: 131 - 173

Wood, J.R.I. & R.W. Scotland. 2003. The 2-lipped species of Strobilanthes (Acanthaceae). Kew Bulletin 58: 83 - 129

Bennett, J.R. & R.W. Scotland. 2003. A revision of Strobilanthes (Acanthaceae) in Java. Kew Bulletin 58: 1 - 82

Moylan, E.C., R.T. Pennington & R.W. Scotland. 2002. Taxonomic account of Hemigraphis Nees (Strobilanthinae-Acanthaceae) from the Philipines. Kew Bulletin 57: 769 - 825

Carine, M.A. & R.W. Scotland. 2002. Classification of Strobilanthinae (Acanthaceae): trying to classify the unclassifiable? Taxon 51: 259 - 279

Wortley, A.H., J.R. Bennett & R.W. Scotland. 2002. Taxonomy and phylogeny reconstruction: two distinct research agendas in systematics. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 59(3): 335 - 349

Fitter, D.W., D.J. Martin, M.J. Copley, R.W. Scotland & J.A. Langdale. 2002. GLK gene pairs regulate chloroplast development in diverse plant species. The Plant Journal 31(6): 713 - 727

Carine, M.A. and R.W. Scotland. 2000. 68 taxa and 32 characters: resolving species relationships using morphological data. In Pollen and spores: morphology and biology (C. Morton, M.M.Harley and S.B.Blackmore, eds). 

Edited Book: Published February 2000 Homology and systematics: coding characters for phylogenetic analysis. R.W. Scotland and R.T. Pennington. Taylor and Francis.

Carine, M.A., P. Jayasekera & R.W. Scotland. 2000. A new species of Strobilanthes Blume (Acanthaceae) from Sri Lanka. Kew Bulletin 55: 971 - 976

Scotland, R.W. and M.A. Carine. 2000. Classification or phylogeny estimates? Cladistics 16: 411 - 419

Scotland, R.W. & K. Vollesen. 2000. Classification of Acanthaceae. Kew Bulletin 55: 513 - 589

Moylan, E.C. & R.W. Scotland. 2000. Hemigraphis neocaledonica Heine from New Caledonia is transferred to Brunoniella Bremek. (Acanthaceae). Kew Bulletin 55: 477 - 481

Scotland, R.W. 2000. Are angiosperms firmly rooted? Taxon 49: 529 - 531

Scotland, R.W. 2000. Taxic homology and three-taxon statement analysis. Systematic Biology 49(3): 480 - 500

Scotland, R.W. 2000. Homology, coding and three-taxon statement analysis. In Homology and systematics: coding characters for phylogenetic analysis (R.W. Scotland and R.T. Pennington). Taylor and Francis.

Carine, M.A. and R.W. Scotland. 2000. Taxonomy and biology of Stenosiphonium Nees (Acanthaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 133: 101 - 128

Steane, D.A., R.W. Scotland, D.J. Mabberley and R.G. Olmstead. 1999. Molecular Systematics of Clerodendrum (Lamiaceae). ITS sequences and total evidence. American Journal of Botany 86(1): 98 - 107

Carine, M.A. and R.W. Scotland. 1999. Taxic and transformational homology: different ways of seeing. Cladistics 15: 121 - 129

Carine, M.A. and R.W. Scotland. 1998. Pollen morphology of Strobilanthes Blume (Acanthaceae) from Southern India and Sri Lanka. Review of Paleobotany and Palynology 103: 143 - 165

Scotland, R.W. 1998. One new and one re-discovered species of Strobilanthes Blume (Acanthaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 128: 203 - 210

Forey, P.L., C.J. Humphries, I.L. Kitching, R.W. Scotland, D.J. Siebert and D.M. Williams. 1998. Cladistics: A practical course in systematics. KUPress, Seoul. Korea. [Published in Korean]

Scotland, R.W. 1997. Parsimony neither maximizes congruence nor minimizes incongruence nor homoplasy. Taxon 46: 743 - 746

Steane, D.A., R.W. Scotland, D.J. Mabberley, S.J. Wagstaff, P.A. Reeves and R.G. Olmstead. 1997. Phylogenetic relationships of Clerodendrum (Lamiaceae) inferred from chloroplast DNA. Systematic Botany 22: 229 - 243

Hawkins, J.A., C.E. Hughes and R.W. Scotland. 1997. Primary homology assessment, characters and character states. Cladistics 13: 275 - 283

Scotland, R.W., J.A. Sweere, P.A. Reeves and R.G. Olmstead. 1995. Higher-level systematics of Acanthaceae determined by chloroplast DNA Sequences. American Journal of Botany 82: 266 - 275