Cationic lipid-mediated CFTR gene transfer to the lungs and nose of patients with cystic fibrosis: a double-blind placebo-controlled trial (1999)

Alton, E. W., Stern, M., Farley, R., Jaffe, A., Chadwick, S. L., Phillips, J., Davies, J., Smith, S. N., Browning, J., Davies, M. G., Hodson, M. E., Durham, S. R., Li, D., Jeffery, P. K., Scallan, M., Balfour, R., Eastman, S. J., Cheng, S. H., Smith, A. E., Meeker, D. & Geddes, D. M.

Lancet, 353, 947-954

Pubmed     Back

BACKGROUND: We and others have previously reported significant changes in chloride transport after cationic-lipid-mediated transfer of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene to the nasal epithelium of patients with cystic fibrosis. We studied the safety and efficacy of this gene transfer to the lungs and nose of patients with cystic fibrosis in a double-blind placebo-controlled trial. METHODS: Eight patients with cystic fibrosis were randomly assigned DNA-lipid complex (active) by nebulisation into the lungs followed 1 week later by administration to the nose. Eight control patients followed the same protocol but with the lipid alone (placebo). Safety was assessed clinically, by radiography, by pulmonary function, by induced sputum, and by histological analysis. Efficacy was assessed by analysis of vector-specific CFTR DNA and mRNA, in-vivo potential difference, epifluorescence assay of chloride efflux, and bacterial adherence. FINDINGS: Seven of the eight patients receiving the active complex reported mild influenza-like symptoms that resolved within 36 h. Six of eight patients in both the active and placebo groups reported mild airway symptoms over a period of 12 h following pulmonary administration. No specific treatment was required for either event. Pulmonary administration resulted in a significant (p<0.05) degree of correction of the chloride abnormality in the patients receiving active treatment but not in those on placebo when assessed by in-vivo potential difference and chloride efflux. Bacterial adherence was also reduced. We detected no alterations in the sodium transport abnormality. A similar pattern occurred following nasal administration. INTERPRETATION: Cationic-lipid-mediated CFTR gene transfer can significantly influence the underlying chloride defect in the lungs of patients with cystic fibrosis.

Introductory Videos
Medical Futures Innovation Award 2011
Twitter Feed
About Us
Contact Us
Lab Events
Environemental Policy
About this Site

Google Site Search

Site Feedback Form

All Site Images



How the Consortium works/FAQs

Consortium Website

Centre for Molecular Medicine, Edinburgh
The Roslin Institute
Dep of Gene Therapy, Imperial



The Run-in Study

Single Dose Clinical Trial

Multi Dose Clinical Trial


Our Research

Non-viral Vector Development

Aerosol Mediated Gene Delivery

Viral Vector Development

Taqman Core Facility

Cystic Fibrosis

History of CF

Discovery of the CFTR Gene

CFTR Protein Structure

CFTR Function

CF Links


Gene Therapy

Introduction to Gene Therapy

Other CF Gene Therapy Groups

Why use Gene Therapy for CF

Target Cells for CF Gene Therapy

Barriers for CF Gene Therapy

Clinical Trials

Gene Therapy Successes

Gene Therapy Links




Papers in Journals

Conference Posters & Presentations

Book Chapters

D.Phil Theses



Gene Therapy Seminars


Directions & Venue