Identification and functional characterization of cytoplasmic determinants of plasmid DNA nuclear import (2009)

Munkonge, F. M., Amin, V., Hyde, S. C., Green, A. M., Pringle, I. A., Gill, D. R., Smith, J. W., Hooley, R. P., Xenariou, S., Ward, M. A., Leeds, N., Leung, K. Y., Chan, M., Hillery, E., Geddes, D. M., Griesenbach, U., Postel, E. H., Dean, D. A., Dunn, M. J. & Alton, E. W.

J Biol Chem, 284, 26978-26987

Pubmed   Back   Download

Import of exogenous plasmid DNA (pDNA) into mammalian cell nuclei represents a key intracellular obstacle to efficient non-viral gene delivery. This includes access of the pDNA to the nuclei of non-dividing cells where the presence of an intact nuclear membrane is limiting for gene transfer. Here we identify, isolate, and characterize, cytoplasmic determinants of pDNA nuclear import into digitonin-permeabilized HeLa cells. Depletion of putative DNA-binding proteins, on the basis of their ability to bind immobilized pDNA, abolished pDNA nuclear import supporting the critical role of cytoplasmic factors in this process. Elution of pDNA-bound proteins, followed by two-dimensional sodium dodecyl polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis identified several candidate DNA shuttle proteins. We show that two of these, NM23-H2, a ubiquitous c-Myc transcription-activating nucleoside diphosphate kinase, and the core histone H2B can both reconstitute pDNA nuclear import. Further, we demonstrate a significant increase in gene transfer in non-dividing HeLa cells transiently transfected with pDNA containing binding sequences from two of the DNA shuttle proteins, NM23-H2 and the homeobox transcription factor Chx10. These data support the hypothesis that exogenous pDNA binds to cytoplasmic shuttle proteins and is then translocated to the nucleus using the minimal import machinery. Importantly, increasing the binding of pDNA to shuttle proteins by re-engineering reporter plasmids with shuttle binding sequences enhances gene transfer. Increasing the potential for exogenously added pDNA to bind intracellular transport cofactors may enhance the potency of non-viral gene transfer.

Introductory Videos
Medical Futures Innovation Award 2011
Twitter Feed
About Us
Contact Us
Lab Events
Environemental Policy
About this Site

Google Site Search

Site Feedback Form

All Site Images



How the Consortium works/FAQs

Consortium Website

Centre for Molecular Medicine, Edinburgh
The Roslin Institute
Dep of Gene Therapy, Imperial



The Run-in Study

Single Dose Clinical Trial

Multi Dose Clinical Trial


Our Research

Non-viral Vector Development

Aerosol Mediated Gene Delivery

Viral Vector Development

Taqman Core Facility

Cystic Fibrosis

History of CF

Discovery of the CFTR Gene

CFTR Protein Structure

CFTR Function

CF Links


Gene Therapy

Introduction to Gene Therapy

Other CF Gene Therapy Groups

Why use Gene Therapy for CF

Target Cells for CF Gene Therapy

Barriers for CF Gene Therapy

Clinical Trials

Gene Therapy Successes

Gene Therapy Links




Papers in Journals

Conference Posters & Presentations

Book Chapters

D.Phil Theses



Gene Therapy Seminars


Directions & Venue