I have a very strong publications record, including authoring and editing 18 books that summarise my own research and some of the international projects that I have been involved with. I have also authored (or coauthored) more than 100 papers in international refereed journals, together with a similar number of other papers in journals or as contributions to books. Other outputs include research monographs (35), and reports for research sponsors (over 100). Over the period 2002-2006, over 50 papers have been presented at major national and international conferences.
I have an established international reputation in transport research, in particular the contribution that the social sciences can make to the analysis of transport. My recent research has concentrated on five main areas:
1. Policy Scenario Building – this has been undertaken in the context of sustainable urban development and transport. The perspective taken is a long term one (2030+), and it explores the future of cities and how transport can contribute to that future. Novel methods of modified backcasting have been used to develop visions of desirable city futures, together with the analysis of policy packages and paths to move towards those futures. Research has been carried out for the EU (POSSUM and ICTRANS), the German Government (URBAN21), the RICS and the DfT (VIBAT).
2. Reducing the Need to Travel – this includes analysis of pricing and planning interventions to achieve reductions in trip distances, car use and emissions. Much of this research is related to city centre options, including raising densities, settlement size thresholds, mixed use developments, and local neighbourhood design issues. The key concern here is to provide local opportunities and to improve accessibility so that the quality of life in cities can be improved. Research has been carried out for the EU (DANTE, TRANSLAND, TRANSPLUS, PLUME), and the EPSRC (Cities and Sustainability Programme).
3. Energy and Environmental Modelling – the modelling work has acted as an integrating part of the research, as it examines the means by which the environmental costs of transport can be quantified and used in evaluation. It also covers the energy consumption patterns of different settlement types and their associated travel demand patterns. A GIS model (ESTEEM) has been developed for use by local authorities to help them understand the travel, energy and environmental implications of different settlement options. Research has been carried out for the EPSRC (ESTEEM), the North Oxfordshire Consortium (Upper Heyford Development), the EU (JUPITER and SAMI) and the CPRE.
4. Transport Investment and Economic Development – This research has tackled the important issue of measuring the non transport benefits of transport investments. Methodologies have been developed to identify additionality or new activity (employment, inward investment, land and property value uplift) resulting from transport investments, and this has involved the use of time series data and GIS mapping techniques. Research has been carried out for ODPM, RICS, TfL and the Scottish Executive.
5. Rural Transport and Employment – this has been a continuing interest, both in terms of transport’s role in helping to reduce inaccessibility and in encouraging sustainable rural communities. Recent research here has looked at the particular problems of the young rural unemployed and the development of an evaluation tool for assessing social needs, as well as value for money from the rural transport partnerships. Research has been carried out for the EPSRC (TRANTEL) and Geodemographics and rural bus services), Countryside Agency, Commission for Rural Communities, and the Welsh Advisory Group.
I have a very successful track record of obtaining research funding, both as the principal investigator and as a partner or subcontractor to other projects, involving clients in both the public and private sectors.
EU 4th and 5th FP Research (1995-2006)
a) Coordinator of POSSUM and DANTE projects
b) Partner in BATT, SAMI, TRANSPLUS, ICTRANS, PLUME, PASTEUR.
c) Subcontractor in JUPITER, TRANSLAND, EUROSIL, CODE-TEN.
a) Coordinator of the Transport Research Initiative (1987-1991)
b) Director of the Transport and Environment Research Programme (1992-1996)
c) ESRC (2002-2004) Adding quality to quantity in older people’s views on their quality of life and its enhancement – with Professor Ann Bowling
a) Relationship between vehicles and pedestrian movements: Civilising the city (1990-1991)
b) Transport energy consumption and urban form (1993-1994)
c) Estimating the Energy and Emissions characteristics of Settlements (ESTEEM) – series of three awards, including DTLR (1997-2002)
d) Urban sustainability and settlement size (1997-2000)
e) Geodemographics and rural bus services (1998-2000)
f) Integrated telematic solutions for increasing employment and training for the young rural unemployed (TRANTEL) (2001-2004)
g) Childrens’ activities, perceptions and behaviour in the local environment (CAPABLE) (2002-2006)
h) Sustainable transport solutions in the suburbs (SOLUTIONS) (2005-2006)
i) TSEC-BIOSYS – Assessing the potential for and use of biomass in energy supply (2005-2009)
Research has been carried out for the:
a) Department for Transport - New Horizons Programme (VIBAT 2004-2006), on Transport and City Competitiveness (2003);
b) Defra – An investigation into the link between transport infrastructure investment and sustainable rural communities (2005);
c) Department of Trade and Industry - as part of their Foresight Programme on the Information Society (2005-2006) and on Social and motivational behaviour in transport – the links between land use and transport (2003);
d) DfID – The Role of Transport in Supporting Sub National Growth (2005);
e) ECMT/OECD – 8 commissioned papers as part of their Round Table series – the latest will be presented in Berkeley in March 2006;
f) RICS – Business and local transport plans (2002), Vision 2020 – the future for transport (2000), and a series of projects on land values and public transport investment (2003-2005);
g) Scottish Executive – Developing a Methodology to Capture Land Value Uplift around Transport Facilities (2004);
h) Welsh Advisory Group – The Scope for Public Transport Improvements to Contribute to Increases in Economic Activity (2005);
i) Countryside Agency – Evaluation of the Rural Transport Partnerships (2003);
j) Commission for Rural Communities – Thought piece on Sustainable Rural Communities (2005-2006);
k) Transport Initiatives in Edinburgh – Review of the Edinburgh Transport and Economic Interaction Studies (2003);
l) Transport for London – JLE Impact Study Review (2003).
Much of my research is now carried out in conjunction with researchers at the Oxford University Centre for the Environment and with colleagues in the Bartlett School and elsewhere at UCL, including the Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis and the Centre for Transport Studies – for example both these parties are involved in the CAPABLE project. The two research council programmes of research involved coordination of 16 and 15 linked projects being carried out in several UK Universities, and all the EU projects have multiple partners.
More widely, I have been instrumental in the success of the NECTAR (Network for European Communications, Transport and Activities Research) network set up by the ESF (1986), and continued by the EU and now self financing. This network brings together about 120 European researchers interested in transport and society. It is complemented by the STELLA/STAR network set up by the EU and the US NSF (2000-2006) to encourage transatlantic research collaboration – there are some 250 researchers involved in this initiative.
International links are maintained through editing two journals (Transport Reviews and Built Environment), and through being on the editorial board of 5 other journals, and through coordinating a book series (Routledge).