Complete Bibliography of the Philosophical Writings of
R. M. Hare

1949 `Imperative Sentences', Mind 58. Repr. in 1971(c) .

1950(a) Review of Morality and God, by E. W. Hirst, Philosophy 25.

1950(b) Review of Moral Obligation and Knowledge and Perception by H. A.Prichard, Oxford Magazine (15 June).

1950(c) `Theology and Falsification', University 1. Repr. in New Essays in Philosophical Theology, ed. A. G. N. Flew and A. MacIntyre (London,SCMP, 1955), in Religious Language, ed. R. E. Santoni (Bloomington Ind., Indiana UP, 1968), in 1992(d) , and in other collections. Italian translation in collection by G. Gava (Liviana, 1972).

1951(a) `Freedom of the Will', Aristotelian Society supp. 25. Repr. in 1972(b) .

1951(b) Review of The Philosophy of Plato, by G. C. Field, Mind 60.

1951(c) Review of An Examination of the Place of Reason in Ethics by S.E. Toulmin, Ph. Q. 1.

1951(d) Review of Value: A Cooperative Inquiry, ed. R. Lepley, Mind 60.

1952(a) Review of Morals and Revelation, by H. D. Lewis, Philosophy 27.

1952(b) The Language of Morals (Oxford, Oxford UP). Italian translation, Rome, Ubaldini, 1968; German, Frankfurt a. M., Suhrkamp, 1972; Japanese, Tokyo, Keiso Shobo, 1981; Portuguese, Martins Fontes, 1996. Extracts in Danish translation, Copenhagen, Gyldendalike, 1976.

1954(a) Review of What is Value? by E. W. Hall, Mind 63.

1954(b) Review of The Ethics of Aristotle, trans. J. A. K. Thompson,Oxford Magazine 62 (25 Feb).

1954(c) Review of Philosophy and Psychoanalysis by J. Wisdom, Philosophy29.

1955(a) `Universalisability', Aristotelian Society 55. Repr. in 1972(b) .German translation in Seminar: Sprache und Ethik, ed. G. Grewendorf andG. Meggle (Frankfurt a. M., Suhrkamp, 1974), Spanish in Ética y Análisis 1, ed. E. Rabossi and F. Salmerón,(Mexico City, Mexico UP 1976).

1955(b) `Ethics and Politics' (two articles and letters), Listener (Oct).Spanish translation in Revista Universidad de San Carlos 33. First article repr. in 1972(b) and in War, Morality and the Military Profession, ed. M. Wakin (Boulder, Colo., Westview, 1979), Ethical Issues in Business, ed. P. Werhane (Englewood Cliffs, N. J., Prentice,Hall, 1991).

1956(a) Review of Ethics by P. H. Nowell-Smith, Philosophy 31.

1956(b) Review of Filosofia analitica e giurisprudenza by U. Scarpelli, Mind 65.

1957(a) `Geach: Good and Evil', Analysis 17. Repr. in Theories of Ethics,ed. P. Foot (Oxford, Oxford UP, 1967) and in 1972(b) . Spanish translation in Ética y Análisis 1, ed. E. Rabossi and F. Salmerón,(Mexico City, Mexico UP 1976).

1957(b) `Oxford Moral Philosophy' (letters), Listener (21 Feb and 28Mar).

1957(c) Review of The Problem of Knowledge, by A. J. Ayer, and Logic and Knowledge by B. Russell, Spectator (4 Jan).

1957(d) `Are Discoveries about the Uses of Words Empirical?', J. Phil.34. Full version in 1960(a) .

1957(e) Review of Philosophical Analysis by J. O. Urmson, and The Revolution in Philosophy by A. J. Ayer et al., Phil. Rundschau 5 (in German).

1957(f) `Religion and Morals' in Faith and Logic, ed. B. G. Mitchell , London, Allen and Unwin, 1957.

1959(a) `Broad's Approach to Moral Philosophy', in The Philosophy of C. D. Broad, ed. P. Schilpp (New York, Tudor). Repr. in 1971(c) .

1960(a) `Philosophical Discoveries' (the full version of 1957(d)), Mind 69, Repr. in The Linguistic Turn, ed. R. Rorty (Chicago, Ill., Chicago UP, 1967), Plato's Meno, ed. A. Sesonske and N. Fleming (Belmont, Calif.,Wadsworth, 1965), Philosophy and Linguistics, ed. C. Lyas (London, 1971), The Tradition of Philosophy, ed. N. Bowie (Belmont, Calif.,Wadsworth, 1986), and in 1971(c) . German translation in Linguistik und Philosophie, ed. G. Grewendorf and G. Meggle (Frankfurt a. M., Athenaeum, 1974).

1960(b) `A School for Philosophers', Ratio 2 (also in German edition). Repr. in 1971(c).

1960(c) Review of An Enquiry into Goodness, by F. E. Sparshott, Ph. Q.10.

1960(d) `"Rien n'a d'importance": l'anéantissement des valeurs est il pensable?', in La Philosophie Analytique, ed. L. Beck; also discussion of other papers (Paris, Minuit). English version, `Nothing Matters', in 1972(d) . Repr. in Death and Dying, ed. T. Beauchamp (Englewood Cliffs, N.J. Prentice Hall, 1978), The Meaning of Life, ed. E. Klemke (New York, Oxford UP, 1981), Virtues and Values, ed. J. Halberstam (Englewood Cliffs, N. J., Prentice-Hall, 1987) and other collections. German translation (abridged) in Der Sinn des Lebens, ed. C. Fehige and G.Meggle (Munich, 1995).

1960(e) `Ethics', in Encyclopedia of Western Philosophy and Philosophers,ed. J. O. Urmson (London, Rainbird). Repr. in Growing Up with Philosophy, ed. M. Lipman (Philadelphia, Pa., Temple UP, 1978), and in 1972(b) .

1962 Review of Generalization in Ethics, by M. Singer, Ph. Q. 12.

1963(a) Freedom and Reason (Oxford, Oxford UP). Italian translation, Milan, Il Saggiatore, 1971; German, Dusseldorf, Patmos, 1975, republished Frankfurt a. M., Suhrkamp, 1983.

1963(b) `Descriptivism', Proc. of Br. Academy 49. Repr. in The Is-Ought Question, ed. W. D. Hudson (London, Macmillan, 1969) and in 1972(b). German translation in Seminar: Sprache und Ethik, ed. G. Grewendorf and G. Meggle (Frankfurt a. M., Suhrkamp, 1974), Spanish in Ética y Análisis 1. ed. E. Rabossi and F. Salmerón (Mexico City, Mexico UP,1976), Serbo-Croat in collection by J. Babia-Avdispabic (Sarajevo, Svjetlost, 1987).

1963(c) Letter in Times Lit. Supp. (26 Apr) on review of Freedom and Reason.

1964(a) `Pain and Evil', Aristotelian Society supp. 38. Repr. in Moral Concepts, ed. J. Feinberg (Oxford, Oxford UP, 1969) and in 1972(b) .

1964(b) `Adolescents into Adults', in Aims in Education, ed. T. C. B.Hollins (Manchester, Manchester UP). Repr. in 1972(d) and 1992(d) .

1964(c) `A Question about Plato's Theory of Ideas', in The Critical Approach: Essays in Honor of Karl Popper. ed. M. Bunge (Glencoe, Illinois, Free Press of Glencoe). Repr. in 1971(c) .

1964(d) `The Promising Game', Rev. Int. de Ph. 70. Repr. in Theories of Ethics, ed. P. Foot (Oxford, Oxford UP, 1967), The Is-Ought Question, ed. W. D. Hudson (London, Macmillan, 1969), and in 1989(b) . Spanish translation in Ética y Análisis 1, ed. E. Rabossi and F. Salmerón (Mexico City, Mexico UP. 1976), Polish in Etyka 1979.

1964(e) `Wat is Leven?', Elseviers Weekblad (in Dutch). English version in 1965(b) .

1964(f) `The Objectivity of Values', Common Factor 1.

1965(a) Review of Norm and Action, by G. H. von Wright, Ph. Q. 15.

1965(b) `What is Life?', Crucible (English version of 1964(e) ). Repr. in 1972(d).

1965(c) `Plato and the Mathematicians', in New Essays on Plato and Aristotle, ed. R. Bambrough (London, Routledge). Repr. in 1971(c) .

1966 `Peace', RSA Lecture, Australian National University, Canberra,privately printed. Repr. in Moral Problems ed. J. Rachels (New York, Harper and Row, 1970), and in 1972(d) .

1967(a) `The Lawful Government', in Philosophy, Politics and Society, ed.P. Laslett and W. G. Runciman (Oxford, Blackwell). Repr. in Moral and Social Problems, ed. J. Rachels and F. Tillman (New York, Harper and Row, 1971), and 1972(d) .

1967(b) `Conventional Morality', `Decision', `Deliberation', `Ethics',`Intention', and `Right and Wrong', in Dictionary of Christian Ethics,ed. J. Macquarrie (London, SCMP)

1967(c) Review of Freedom of the Individual, by S. Hampshire, Ph. Rev.76.

1967(d) `Some Alleged Differences between Imperatives and Indicatives', Mind 76. Repr. in 1971(c) .

1968(a) Review of Contemporary Moral Philosophy, by G. J. Warnock, Mind 77.

1968(b) Review of The Concept of Education, ed. R. S. Peters, Mind 77.

1969(a) `Practical Inferences', in Festskrift til Alf Ross, ed. V. Kruse (Copenhagen, Juristforbundets Vorlag). Repr. in 1971(c).

1969(b) Review of Directives and Norms, by A. Ross, Mind 78.

1969(c) `Community and Communication', in People and Cities, ed. S.Verney (London, Fontana). Repr. in 1972(d).

1969(d) Review of Law, Morality and Religion by B. G. Mitchell , Philosophy 44.

1970(a) `Meaning and Speech Acts', Ph. Rev. 79. Repr. in 1971(c) .

1970(b) `Condizioni intellettuali per la sopravvivenza dell' uomo', Proteus 1.

1970(c) Reply to `Liberals, Fanatics and Not-so-innocent Bystanders' by R. S. Katz, in Jowett Papers, 1968-1969, ed. B. Y. Khanbhai et al.(Oxford, Blackwell).

1970(d) General Introduction and Introduction to Meno in paperback edition of The Dialogues of Plato, trans. B. Jowett, ed. R. M. Hare and D. A. F. M. Russell (London, Sphere Books).

1971(a) Review of The Prisoner and the Bomb, by L. van der Post, New York Review of Books 17 (20 May).

1971(b) `Wanting: Some Pitfalls', in Agent, Action and Reason, ed. R.Binkley et al. (Toronto, Toronto UP). Repr. in H 1971(c) . German translation in Analytische Handlungstheorie, ed. A. Beckermann and G.Meggle (Frankfurt a. M., Suhrkamp, 1985).

1971(c) Practical Inferences, containing 1949, 1967(d) , 1969(a) , 1970(a) , 1971(b) , `Austin's Distinction between Locutionary and Illocutionary Acts', and new appendices (London, Macmillan).

1971(d) Essays on Philosophical Method, containing 1959(a), 1960(a), 1960(b), 1964(c), 1965(c), `The Practical Relevance of Philosophy' and `The Argument from Received Opinion' (London, Macmillan). Italian translation, Armando, 1977.

1971(e) `Drugs and the Role of the Doctor', and other contributions to Personality and Science, ed. I. T. Ramsey and R. Porter (Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone).

1972(a) `Principles', Aristotelian Society 73. Repr. in 1989(b) .

1972(b) Essays on the Moral Concepts, containing 1951(a) (part), 1955(a), 1957(a), 1960(e), 1963(b), 1964(a), and `Wrongness and Harm' (London, Macmillan).

1972(c) `Rules of War and Moral Reasoning', Ph. and Pub. Aff. 1. Repr. in War and Moral Responsibility, ed. M. Cohen et al. (Princeton, PrincetonUP, 1974), and in 1989(c) .

1972(d) Applications of Moral Philosophy, containing 1955(b) (first article), 1960(d) (English version), 1964(b), 1965(b), 1966, 1967(a), 1969(c), `Reasons of State', and `Function and Tradition in Architecture' (London, Macmillan). Japanese translation, Tokyo, Keiso Shobo, 1981.

1972(e) Review of The Object of Morality, by G. J. Warnock, Ratio 14 (also in German edn.).

1972(f) `Wissenschaft und praktische Philosophie', in Proc. of 9 Deutscher Kongress für Philosophie und Wissenschaft, ed. A Diemer (Meisenheim, Hain).

1973(a) Critical Study `Rawls' Theory of Justice' I and II, Ph. Q. 23.Repr. in Reading Rawls, ed. N. Daniels (Oxford, Oxford UP, 1975), and in 1989(b) .

1973(b) `The Simple Believer', in Religion and Morality, ed. G. Outka and J. P. Reeder (New York, Anchor P). Repr. in Philosophy and the Human Condition, ed. T. Beauchamp et al. (Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice Hall, 1980), and in 1992(d) .

1973(c) `Language and Moral Education', in New Essays in the Philosophy of Education, ed. G. Langford and D. J. O'Connor (London, Routledge).Repr. in 1979(d) with criticism by G. J. Warnock and reply, and in 1992(d) (with reply only).

1973(d) `Sad Moralny (Moral Judgment)', Etyka 11 (Warsaw), with abstracts in English and Russian.

1974(a) Comment on `Reason and Violence' by R. Edgley, in Practical Reason, ed. S. Körner (Oxford, Blackwell).

1974(b) `The Abnormal Child: Moral Dilemmas of Doctors and Parents', in Documentation in Medical Ethics 3. Repr. as `Survival of the Weakest' in Moral Problems in Medicine, ed. S. Gorovitz (Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall, 1976 (first edn. only), and in 1993(c) . German translation in Um Leben und Tod, ed. A. Leist (Frankfurt a. M., Suhrkamp, 1990).

1974(c) `Platonism in Moral Education: Two Varieties', Monist 58. 1992(d). French translation in volume of essays on Plato's Meno, ed.M. Canto-Sperber, (Paris, Jacob, 1990).

1974(d) `What Use is Moral Philosophy?', TV discussion with A. J. P. Kenny, in Philosophy in the Open (Milton Keynes, Open U).

1975(a) `Contrasting Methods of Environmental Planning', in Nature and Conduct, ed. R. S. Peters (R. Inst. of Ph. Lectures, London, Macmillan). Repr. in Ethics and Problems of the 21st Century, ed. K. Goodpaster and K. Sayre (Notre Dame, U of Notre Dame P, 1979), and in 1989(c).

1975(b) `Autonomy as an Educational Ideal', in Philosophers Discuss Education, ed. S. C. Brown (London, Macmillan).

1975(c) `Abortion and the Golden Rule', Ph. and Pub. Aff. 4. Repr. in Philosophy and Sex, ed. R. Baker and F. Elliston (Buffalo, NY, Prometheus, 1975), in Moral Problems, ed. J. Rachels (New York, Harper and Row, 1978), Ethical Theory and Society, ed. D. Goldberg (New York, Holt Rinehart, 1987) and in 1993(c). German translation in Um Leben und Tod, ed. A. Leist (Frankfurt a. M., Suhrkamp, 1990); Italian in Introduzione alla bioetica, ed. G. Ferranti and S. Maffettone (Naples,Liguori, 1991).

1975(d) `Euthanasia: A Christian View', Philosophic Exchange 2 (Proc. of Center for Philosophic Exchange). Repr. in 1992(d).

1976(a) `Ethical Theory and Utilitarianism', in Contemporary British Philosophy 4, ed. H. D. Lewis (London, Allen and Unwin). Repr. in Utilitarianism and Beyond, ed. A. K. Sen and B. A. Williams (Cambridge, Cambridge UP, 1982), Western Moral Philosophy, ed. D. Barnett (MountainView, Calif., Mayfield, 1994), and in 1989(b) .

1976(b) `Some Confusions about Subjectivity', in Freedom and Morality, ed. J. Bricke (Lawrence, Kan., U. of Kansas P.). Repr. in 1989(b) .

1976(c) `Political Obligation', in Social Ends and Political Means, ed.T. Honderich (London, Routledge). Repr. in 1989(c).

1976(d) `Value Education in a Pluralist Society: A Philosophical Glance at the Humanities Curriculum Project', in Proc. of the Ph. of Education Soc. of G. B. 10, ed. R. S. Peters. Repr. in Growing Up with Philosophy, ed. M. Lipman, (Philadelphia, Pa., Temple UP, 1978), and in 1992(d).

1976(e) Review of The Structure of Morality, by H.-N. Castañeda, J. Phil.73.

1977(a) `Medical Ethics: Can the Moral Philosopher Help?', in Philosophy and Medicine 3: Philosophical Medical Ethics, its Nature and Significance, ed. S. Spicker and T. Engelhardt (Dordrecht, Reidel). Repr. in 1993(c).

1977(b) `Geach on Murder and Sodomy' (about `is'-`ought' derivations), Philosophy 52.

1977(c) `Opportunity for What? Some Remarks on Current Disputes on Equality in Education', Oxford Rev. of Education 3. Repr. in 1992(d).

1977(d) `Sprawiedliwosc i rownosc', Etyka 15 (in Polish, with abstracts in English and Russian). English version in 1978(d), repr. in 1989(c). Discussed in 1979(h).

1978(a) `Prediction and Moral Appraisal', Midwest Studies in Ph. 3. 1993(c).

1978(b) `Relevance', in Values and Morals, ed. A. Goldman and J. Kim (Dordrecht, Reidel). Repr. in 1989(b).

1978(c) `Moral Philosophy', TV interview with B. Magee in his Men of Ideas (London, BBC).

1978(d) `Justice and Equality', in Justice and Economic Distribution, ed.J. Arthur and W. Shaw (Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall). Revised English version of 1977(d). Repr. in Justice: Alternative Political Perspectives ed. J. Sterba (Belmont, Wadsworth, 1991), Justice in Political Philosophy, ed. W. Kymlicka (Aldershot, Elgar, 1992), Equality, ed. L. Pojman and R. Westmoreland (New York, Oxford UP, 1997), TheNotion of Equality, ed. M. Hajdin (fc.), and in 1989(c). Discussed in 1979(h).

1979(a) `What Makes Choices Rational?', R. Met. 32. Repr. in 1989(b) .

1979(b) `What is Wrong with Slavery', Ph. and Pub. Aff. 8. Repr. in Morality and Moral Controversies, ed. J. Arthur (Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice Hall, 1979), Applied Ethics, ed. P. Singer (Oxford, Oxford UP, 1986), Slavery and Social Philosophy, ed. T. Lott (Stanford, Calif., Stanford UP, fc), and 1989(c). German translation in Conceptus 15 (1981).

1979(c) `Non-descriptivist Ethics' and `Utilitarianism' in Encyclopedia of Bioethics, ed. W. Reich (New York, Free Press).

1979(d) Reprint of 1973(c) with criticism by G. J. Warnock and reply, in The Domain of Moral Education, ed. D.B. Cochrane et al. (Toronto, Paulist P). Repr. without Warnock's criticism in 1992(d).

1979(e) `Universal and Past-Tense Prescriptions: a Reply to Mr.Ibberson'.

1979(f) `On Terrorism', in J. of Value Inquiry 13. Repr. in 1989(c) .

1979(g) `Utilitarianism and the Vicarious Affects', in The Philosophy of Nicholas Rescher, ed. E. Sosa (Dordrecht, Reidel). Repr. in 1989(b) .

1979(h) `Justice and Equality: Some Comments on the 1979 Symposium in Warsaw', in Dialectics and Humanism 6 (Warsaw). Contains discussion of 1978(d).

1979(i) `Behaviour Therapy and Moral Responsibility', Midwife, Health Visitor and Community Nurse (London, Recorder Press).

1980(a) `Moral Conflicts', in The Tanner Lectures on Human Values 1, ed. S. McMurrin (Salt Lake City, Utah, U of Utah P and Cambridge, Cambridge UP). Revised in 1981(a), chs. 2f.

1980(b) Review of Mortal Questions, by T. Nagel, Ph. Books 21.

1981(a) Moral Thinking: its Levels, Method and Point, with bibliography of R. M. Hare's writings 1971-80 (Oxford, Oxford UP). Italian translation, Bologna, Il Mulino, 1989; Chinese, Hong Kong, Philosophia, 1992; German, Frankfurt a. M., Suhrkamp, 1992; Japanese, Tokyo, Keiso, 1994; Swedish, Stockholm, Thales, 1995.

1981(b) Review of The Expanding Circle, by P. Singer, New Republic (7Feb).

1981(c) `On a Misunderstanding of Geach's', Analysis 41.

1981(d) `On the Possibility of a Rational Foundation of Norms', in Scientific and Extra-scientific Rationality, ed. A. S. Skiadas (Athens, Proc. of conference of Ellenike Anthropistike Etaireia at Portaria, Thessaly, 1978).

1982(a) Plato (Oxford, Oxford UP). German translation, Stuttgart, Reclam, 1990, Spanish, Madrid, Alianza, 1992, Malaysian, Kuala Lumpur, DBP, 1993, Polish, Warsaw, Urbanski, fc. Repr. in R. M. Hare, J. Barnes and H. Chadwick, Founders of Thought (Oxford, Oxford UP, 1991), Czech translation, Prague, Svoboda, 1994, Chinese and Romanian translations fc.

1982(b) `Utilitarianism and Double Standards: a Reply to Dr. Annas', Oxford R. of Education 8.

1982(c) `Moral Philosophy: Some Waymarks' (in Hebrew), in New Trends in Philosophy, ed. A. Kasher and S. Lappin (Tel Aviv, Yachdav).

1982(d) Interview with Carl Rudbeck, Svenska Dagbladet (in Swedish).

1983(a) `Philosophical Introduction', in Psychiatric Ethics, ed. S. Bloch and P. Chodoff (Oxford, Oxford UP). Repr. as `The Philosophical Basis of Psychiatric Ethics', in 1993(c) .

1983(b) `On the Scientific Justification of Norms', in 16 Weltkongress für Philosophie, ed. A. Diemer (Frankfurt a. M., Peter Lang).

1984(a) `Do Agents Have to be Moralists?', in Gewirth's Ethical Rationalism, ed. E. Regis, Jr. (Chicago, Ill., U of Chicago P).

1984(b) `Supervenience', Aristotelian Soc. supp. 56. Repr. in 1989(b) .

1984(c) `Utility and Rights: Comment on David Lyons' Paper', Nomos 24:Ethics, Economics and the Law. Repr. in 1989(c).

1984(d) `Arguing about Rights', Emory Law Journal 33. Repr. in 1989(c).

1984(e) `Liberty and Equality: How Politics Masquerades as Philosophy', Social Philosophy and Policy 2. Repr. in 1989(c).

1984(f) `Some Reasoning about Preferences: a Response to Essays by Persson, Feldman and Schueler', Ethics 95. Repr. in 1989(b).

1984(g) `Rights, Utility and Universalization: a Reply to John Mackie',in Utility and Rights, ed. R. Frey (Minneapolis, Minn., U of MinnesotaP). Repr. in 1989(c).

1985(a) `Ontology in Ethics', in Morality and Objectivity: Tribute to J. L. Mackie, ed. T. Honderich (London, Routledge). Repr. in 1989(b).

1985(b) `Philosophy and Practice: Some Issues about War and Peace', in Philosophy and Practice (R. Inst. of Ph. Lectures 19, supp. to Philosophy 59), ed. A. P. Griffiths (Cambridge, Cambridge UP). Repr. in 1989(c).

1985(c) `Little Human Guinea Pigs?', in Moral Dilemmas in Modern Medicine, ed. M. Lockwood (Oxford, Oxford UP). Repr. in 1993(c).

1985(d) `The Ethics of Experimentation on Human Children', in Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science 7, (Proc. of 7th Intl. Congress of L. M. and Ph. of Sc., Salzburg 1983), ed. R. B. Marcus et al.(Amsterdam, North Holland). No overlap with 1985(c).

1985(e) `Come decidere razionalmente le questioni morali', in Etica e diritto: le vie della giustificazione razionale, ed. L. Gianformaggio and E. Lecaldano (Rome, Laterza). English version in 1986(i), repr. in 1989(b).

1985(f) Comment on `Manipulative Advertising' by T. Beauchamp, Bus. and Prof. Ethics J. 3.

1986(a) `A Kantian Utilitarian Approach', in Moral Rights in the Workplace ed. G. Ezorsky (New York SUNY P). Excerpt from 1989(c), ch. 11.

1986(b) `Why Do Applied Ethics?', in New Directions in Ethics, ed. R. M. Fox and J. P .de Marco (London, Routledge). Repr. in Applied Ethics and Ethical Theory, ed. R. Shehadi and D. M. Rosenthal (Salt Lake City, Utah, U of Utah P, 1988), and in 1989(b). Italian translation in Questioni di bioetica, ed. M. Mori (Rome, Riuniti, 1988).

1986(c) `A Reductio ad Absurdum of Descriptivism', in Philosophy in Britain Today, ed. S. Shanker (London, Croom Helm). Repr. in 1989(b).

1986(d) `Health', J. of Med. Eth. 12. Repr. in 1993(c).

1986(e) `Liberty, Equality and Fraternity in South Africa?', in S. African J. of Philosophy 5. Also in Philosophical Forum 8 (1986). Thinking about South Africa, ed. P. Collins (Hemel Hempstead, Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1990), and in 1989(c).

1986(f) `Punishment and Retributive Justice', Philosophical Topics 2, Papers on Ethics, ed. J. Adler and R. N. Lee. Repr. in 1989(c).

1986(g) `Universalizability' and `Utilitarianism', and articles listed under 1967(b), in New Dictionary of Christian Ethics, ed. J. Childress and J. Macquarrie (London, SCM). Also published as Westminster Dictionary of Christian Ethics (Philadelphia, Pa., Westminster P).

1986(h) `Warunkowe i bezwarunkowe obowiazywanie norm moralnych' (`The Conditional and Unconditional Validity of Moral Norms'); reply to Ija Lazari-Pavlowska's paper of the same name, Etyka 22 (Warsaw).

1986(i) `How to Decide Moral Questions Rationally', Critica 18 (English version of 1985(e). Repr. in 1989(b) .

1986(j) Comment on Putnam, Critica 18, Appendix.

1987(a) `An Ambiguity in Warnock', Bioethics 1.

1987(b) `Moral Reasoning about the Environment', Journal of Applied Philosophy 4. Repr. in 1989(c).

1987(c) Review of The Philosophy of Right and Wrong by B. Mayo, Ph. Q.37.

1987(d) `In Vitro Fertilization and the Warnock Report', in Ethics, Reproduction and Genetic Control, ed. R. F. Chadwick (London, CroomHelm). Repr. in 1993(c) .

1987(e) `Why Moral Language?', in Metaphysics and Morality: Essays in Honour of J. J. C. Smart, ed. P. Pettit et al. (Oxford, Blackwell).Repr. in 1992(d) .

1987(f) Comment on `Hamlethics in Planning', by J. Kaufman, Bus. and Prof. Ethics J. 6.

1987(g) `Embryo Experimentation: Public Policy in a Pluralist Society', in Bioethics News 7. Repr. in Proc. of Conference IVF: The Current Debate, ed. K.Dawson and J. Hudson (Clayton, Vic. 1987), Embryo Experimentation, ed. H. Kuhse et al. (Cambridge, Cambridge UP, 1990), Medicine and Moral Reasoning, ed. K. W. M. Fulford (Cambridge, Cambridge UP 1994) and 1993(c) . German translation in Medizin und Ethik, ed. H. M. Sass (Stuttgart, Reclam, 1989).

1987(h) `La enseñanza de la ética médica: la contribucion de la filosofia', JANO 33.

1988(a) `When Does Potentiality Count? A Comment on Lockwood', Bioethics2. Repr. in 1993(c) and in Contingent Future Persons, ed. N. Fotion and J. C. Heller (Dordrecht, Kluwer, 1977).

1988(b) `Possible People', Bioethics 2. Repr. in 1993(c).

1988(c) Comments on R. B. Brandt, W. K. Frankena, A. Gibbard, J. Griffin, J. C. Harsanyi, W. D. Hudson, T. Nagel, D. A. J. Richards, T. Scanlon, P. Singer, J. O. Urmson, Z. Vendler, and B. Williams, in Hare and Critics, ed. D. Seanor and N. Fotion (Oxford, Oxford UP).

1988(d) `A Kantian Approach to Abortion' in Right Conduct: Theories and Applications, ed. M. Bayles and K. Henley (New York, Random House). Repr. in The Moral Life, ed. S. Luper-Foy and C. Brown (New York, Holt Rinehart, 1991), and 1993(c), and with commentary and reply by R. B.Brandt in Social Theory and Practice 15 (1989). Spanish translation in Dianoia 36, (1990).

1988(e) `The Poverty of Ideas', Guardian, 11 Oct. Repr. in Political Studies Assn, Jun 1990.

1989(a) `Some Sub-atomic Particles of Logic', Mind 98. Repr. in 1999.

1989(b) Essays in Ethical Theory (Oxford, Oxford UP). Contains 1964(d), 1972(a), 1973(a), 1976(a), 1976(b), 1978(b), 1979(a), 1979(g), 1984(b), 1984(f), 1985(a), 1986(b), 1986(i), 1994(d). Italian translation, Milan, Il Saggiatore, 1992.

1989(c) Essays on Political Morality (Oxford, Oxford UP). Contains 1972(c), 1975(a), 1976(c), 1978(d), 1979(b), 1979(f), 1984(c), 1984(d), 1984(e), 1984(g), 1985(b), 1986(e), 1986(f), 1987(b), `The Role of Philosophers in the Legislative Process', `Rebellion', and `The Rights of Employees: the European Court of Human Rights and the Case of Young, James and Webster'. Italian translation, Milan, Il Saggiatore, 1995; Arabic (in part), Beirut, Saqi, 1996.

1989(d) `Brandt on Fairness to Happiness', with reply by R. B. Brandt, Social Th. and Practice 15.

1989(e) `Una aproximacion kantiana a la politica sanitaria', Agora 8.Repr. in part as `Health Care Policy: Some Options' in 1993(c).

1989(f) Replies to Persson, Rabinowicz, Sandoe and Wetterström, Theoria55.

1989(g) Interview with P. Apsden for Times HES (June).

1991(a) `Universal Prescriptivism', in A Companion to Ethics, ed. P.Singer (Oxford, Blackwell). German translation in 1995(a), Italian in Etica analitica, ed. P. Donatelli and E. Lecaldano, Milano, LED, 1996.

1991(b) `Are there Moral Authorities?' in Reproductive Medicine, ed. D.R. Bromham et al., (Berlin, Springer). Repr. in 1992(d).

1991(c) `Kant utilitarista?', Materiali per una storia della cultura giuridica 21. English version in 1993(a), German in 1995(a).

1992(a) `Morality, Moral Theory and Applied and Professonal Ethics: Reply to Bernard Gert', Professional Ethics 1.

1992(b) `One Philosopher's Approach to Business and Professional Ethics', Business and Prof. Ethics J. 11. Repr. in Business Ethics, ed. C.Cowton and R. Crisp (Oxford, Oxford UP. 1998), and in 1999.

1992(c) `What are Cities For? The Ethics of Urban Planning', in Ethics and the Environment, ed. C. C. W. Taylor (Oxford, Corpus Christi College). Repr. in 1999. German translation in 1995(a) ; Italian in collection on planning and social justice, ed. S. Moroni (Milan, Franco Angeli, fc).

1992(d) Essays on Religion and Education (Oxford, Oxford UP). Contains 1950(c), 1957(f), 1964(b), 1973(b), 1973(c), 1974(c), 1975(b), 1975(d), 1976(d), 1977(c), 1979(d), 1987(e), `How did Morality Get a Bad Name?', and `Satanism and Nihilism'.

1992(e) `Moral Terms', `Prescriptivism' (also repr. in 1999), `Slavery', `Universalizability', and `Weakness of Will'(also repr. in 1999), in Encylopedia of Ethics, ed. L. Becker (New York, Garland).

1992(f) `Utilitarianism and Moral Education: Comment on S. Levy's Paper', St. in Philosophy and Education 11.

1993(a) `Could Kant have been a Utilitarian?', Utilitas 5. Also in Kant and Critique, ed. R. M. Dancy (Dordrecht, Kluwer, 1993). Repr. in 1997(c). German translation in 1995(a).

1993(b) `The Ethics of Medical Involvement in Torture: Comment on R. Downie's paper', J. of Med. Eth. 19. Repr. in 1999.

1993(c) Essays on Bioethics (Oxford, Oxford UP). Contains 1974(b), 1975(c), 1977(a), 1978(a), 1983(a), 1985(c), 1986(d), 1987(d), 1987(g), 1988(a), 1988(b), 1988(d), English version of 1989(c), `Moral Problems about the Control of Behaviour', and `Why I am only a Demi-Vegetarian'.

1993(d) Guest Editorial, `Is Medical Ethics Lost?', and letter, J. of Med. Eth. 19. Repr. in 1999.

1993(e) `Utilitarianism and Deontological Principles', in Principles of Health Care Ethics, ed. R. Gillon (Chichester, Wiley).

1993(f) `Brandt's Methods of Ethics', in Rationality, Rules and Utility:New Essays on Richard Brandt's Moral Philosophy, ed. B. Hooker (Boulder Colo., Westview).

1993(g) `Objective Prescriptions', in Naturalism and Normativity: Philosophical Issues 4, ed. E. Villanueva (Atascadero Calif., Ridgeview). Also in Ethics, ed. A. P. Griffiths (R. Inst. of Ph.Lectures 1992/3, Cambridge, Cambridge UP, 1993), and 1999.

1994(a) `Applied Philosophy and Moral Theory: R. M. Hare talks to Philosophy Today', Phil. Today 38.

1994(b) `Methods of Bioethics; Some Defective Proposals' Monash Bioethics Rev. 13. Repr. in Philosophical Perspectives on Bioethics, ed. J. W.Sumner and J. Boyle (Toronto, Ont., U of Toronto P, 1996) and in 1999.

1994(c) `Philosophie et Conflit', R. de Met. et Mor. 99. English version in 1997(b).

1994(d) `The Structure of Ethics and Morals', in Ethics, ed. P .Singer (Oxford, Oxford UP). Also in 1989(b).

1995(a) Replies to Birnbacher, Corradini, Fehige, Hinsch, Hoche, Kusser, Kutschera, Lampe, Leist, Lenzen, Lumer, Millgram, Morscher, Nida-Rumelin, Rohs, Schaber, Schöne-Seifert, Spitzley, Stranzinger, Trapp, Vogler, Wimmer, and Wolf, in Zum moralischen Denken, ed. C.Fehige and G. Meggle (Suhrkamp, Frankfurt a. M.). Contains also German translations of 1991(a) 1992(c), and 1993(a).

1995(b) `Off on the Wrong Foot', in On the Relevance of Metaethics: New Essays on Metaethics, Can. J. Phil. supp. 21, ed. J. Couture and K.Nielsen. A Reply to P. R. Foot, `Does Moral Subjectivism Rest on a Mistake?', Oxf. J. of Legal St. 15 (1995). Repr. in 1999 as `Philippa Foot on Subjectivism'.

1996(a) `Philosophy of Language in Ethics', in Handbuch Sprachphilosphie, ed. M. Dascal et al. (Berlin, de Gruyter). Repr. revised in 1997(c).

1996(b) `Impératifs, prescriptions et leur logique', in Dictionnaire de philosophie morale, ed. M. Canto-Sperber (Paris, PU de France). Tr. in 1999.

1996(c) `Foundationalism and Coherentism in Ethics', in Moral Knowledge? New Readings in Moral Epistemology, ed. W. Sinnott-Armstrong and M.Timmons (Oxford, Oxford UP). Repr. in 1999.

1996(d) `A New Kind of Ethical Naturalism?', in Moral Concepts: Mid-West Studies in Philosophy 20,, ed. P. French et al. (Notre Dame, Ind., Notre Dame UP). Repr. in 1999.

1996(e) `Internalism and Externalism in Ethics', in Proc. of 18 International Wittgenstein Congress. ed. J. Hintikka and K. Puhl (Vienna, Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky). Repr. in 1999.

1996(f) `Hare: A Philosophical Self-Portrait', in A Dictionary of Philosophy, ed. T. Mautner (Oxford, Blackwell).

1997(a) `Preferences of Possible People', in Preferences, Proc. of 1992 Conference in Saarbrücken, ed. C. Fehige and U. Wessels (Berlin, DeGruyter). Repr. in 1999.

1997(b) `Philosophy and Conflict', in Applied Ethics in a Troubled World, Proc. of aborted 15 International Wittgenstein Congress. ed. O.Neumaier et al. (Dordrecht, Kluwer). The English version of 1994(c). Repr. in 1999.

1997(c) Sorting Out Ethics, containing the Axel Hägerström Lectures, `A Taxonomy of Ethical Theories', given in 1991 in Uppsala, `Defence of the Enterprise', 1993(a), 1996(a) and bibliography of R. M. Hare's writings 1949 to 1998 (Oxford, Oxford UP).

1998(a) `Prescriptivism', in Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, ed. E. Craig (London, Routledge). Repr. in 1999.

1998(b) `A Utilitarian Approach to Ethics', in A Companion to Bioethics,ed. H. Kuhse and P. Singer (Oxford, Blackwell). Repr. in 1999 in an expanded form.

1998(c) `Towards Objectivity in Morals', in Contemporary British and American Philosophy and Philosophers, ed. Ouyang Kang and S. Fuller (Beijing, People's Press). Based on 1994(d), with additional autobiographical material. In Chinese; English version planned.

1999 Objective Prescriptions and Other Essays, (Oxford, Oxford UP),

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