Egypt was the land of miracles and civilization explosion in 3000 BC. It stands as an evidence where human civilization excelled in Science, Academia, Architecture, Economy and Religion around 5000 years ago. Egypt glorified the continents for thousands of years to finally vanish in time, leaving some of the charismatic monuments marking its existence. The grandeur of Egypt still dazzles us beyond doubts, proving the tremendous efforts which were put in that time erecting some of testament which ruled as the biggest human architectures ever for thousands of years. Giza plateau, Abu Simbel, Temple of Karnak (The Great Temple of Amun), and Temple of Luxor are some of the largest ancient Egyptian temple complexes and also some of the busiest tourist pilgrims in the world. The beautiful architecture we witness in Egypt today is the creation of the masterminds' of Egyptian rulers.
'Pharaoh' is a title used in modern discussions of ancient Egyptian rulers. Though discovered to be used first during the New Kingdom time (1550-1069 BC), this term is now practically used to refer to the rulers of ancient Egypt in all time periods. 'Pharaoh' was considered to be the ultimate authority who ruled the Egypt (Upper Egypt or Lower Egypt or whole Egypt). It was regarded as the living God of that time and thus worshiped by public. Better to say it was considered the representative of the God rather than the God himself because Egyptian religion culture was in believe of monotheism.
Amun (Amun-Ra) was the God of creation and wind in Egyptian mythology. Ra was referred to as the Sun God, the focus of many Egyptian temple complexes. Amun was positioned as the King of Gods, points to the monotheism again where all other Gods were the manifestations of him. Along with Osiris, Amun-Ra was the most widely worshiped Egyptian God. Osiris was the God of After life, the underworld and dead.
Egypt has seen some of the outstanding rulers in history; but the title of "Greatest Pharaoh of Egypt" is reserved for the King Ramesses II (Ramesses the Great). He is considered as the greatest, most powerful and most celebrated Pharaoh of the Egyptian empire. He lead the biggest military expeditions of Egyptian history, contoured the land beyond Egyptian boundaries and the first ever peace treaty was found to belong Ramesses's throne, famous as the peace treaty with Hittites. Throne is the technical term meaning the kings ruling phase. Ramesses is believed to take over the throne in late teens and ruled for 66 years as the Pharaoh of the whole Egypt. One of the responsibilities of the Pharaoh was to build and construct monuments and cities which Ramesses took very seriously. He build extensively throughout Egypt as witnessed at Abu Simbel and Ramesseum.
King Tutankhamun (King Tut) was the other most popular Pharaoh of Egypt and his famous golden mask is the face of Egypt globally. He was also referred as "The Boy King" since he died at very young age but even during his very short throne the Egyptian civilization was in its golden era, attested by the fact that his tomb is one of the wealthiest tomb found filled with treasures.
Among the famous architectural complexes, Giza plateau is the most admired tourist place of Egypt. It consists of the three pyramids, the Sphinx, its temple complex and cemeteries. The Pyramids are supposed to be constructed in the fourth dynasty and Sphinx is suggested to belong to King Khafre. The three pyramids were build by King Khufu (the first pyramid, great pyramid), King Khafre and King Mankaure of fourth dynasty.
The Egyptian civilization vanished with time but its biggest historical marks are the telltale signs of its glory.
My first Egyptian expedition was an exhibit at Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (photographs) from where my quest took off. Visiting Egypt to witness the history by my own eyes is in my bucket list with high priority index.