Sphinx and Giza Plateau:


The Great Sphinx is the Egyptian historical monument at Giza which is the tourist pilgrim site close to Egypt's capital Cairo. The Great Sphinx of Giza is the statue of a mythical creature with a lion's body and a human head. It is the largest monolith statue on earth spanning 73.5 meters long, 6 meters wide and 20.22 meters high. It is supposedly build by an Old Kingdom pharaoh Khafre of fourth dynasty.

The Sphinx is aligned in east-west direction facing east. One of the theory proposed that when it was constructed in twenty fifth century BC, it saw its mirror image, the Leo constellation, in horizon with the first ray of sun rise. Although the dating of Sphinx has been in controversy for some time now but common believe is in the circumstantial evidence as proposed by Hassan. It mentions that Sphinx is in line with the second pyramid at Giza and a temple complex surrounding both. The common architectural style on both confirms the same era of construction and by the same pharaoh Khafre. But there are different viewpoints as well. The long body of Sphinx with a comparatively small head directs us to the thinking that head was probably reshaped later on already existing Sphinx. That could have been done by Khafre but the facial feature of Sphinx and the statue of Khafre did not match. The confusion was even doubled by the new theory of John Antony West regarding the dating of Sphinx.


The latest theory proposed by John Anthony West states that Sphinx is much older than it was considered before, probably belongs to early human civilization around third ice age, 10,000 BC. John West supports his argument with the signs of water erosion discovered on the body of Sphinx. No doubt that we expect weathering on the Sphinx Enclosure Walls but the kind we expect and perceive at quick glance are the horizontal erosions on body because of dry wind weathering over the prolonged duration. The finding of vertical contoured erosions on Sphinx body is evident of prolonged rain in Giza and the last time Nile was flooded by rain takes us back to 10,000 BC.

The debate on the age of Sphinx is still on and we expect the answer lies in the new viewpoints which can either explain both the theories or some new findings which will enlighten us more of our history.