A complete example

We present here a complete manuscript description, encoded according to the scheme described above. Book of Hours, Use of Paris, in Latin and French: an electronic description Catalogued by Peter Kidd Bodleian Library, Oxford France, Paris Late 14th cent. MS. Buchanan e. 10MS. Lat. liturg. e. 31 Buchanan

Fourteen large miniatures with arched tops, above five lines of text: Pericopes. St. John writing on Patmos, with the Eagle holding his ink-pot and pen-case; some flaking of pigment, especially in the sky Hours of the Virgin, Matins. Annunciation; Gabriel and the Dove to the right Prime. Nativity; the Virgin and Joseph adoring the Child Terce. Annunciation to the Shepherds, one with bagpipes Sext. Adoration of the Magi None. Presentation in the Temple Vespers. Flight into Egypt, from right to left Compline. Coronation of the Virgin Penitential Psalms. King David in Penitence; some striations of pigment Hours of the Cross. Crucifixion, with the Virgin and John to the left, the centurian Longinus and other soldiers to the right Hours of the Spirit. Pentecost Office of the Dead. Job on the Dungheap, with his three friends Fifteen Joys. Virgin and Child enthroned, adored by angels Seven Requests. Trinity: the Son holding the Cross, the Father wearing a papal tiara and holding an orb, seated together, both holding an open book between them, the Dove above Ten small miniatures to the suffrages, mostly seven lines high: St. Michael (eight-line) St. John the Baptist St. James the Greater St. Christopher; the hermit in the background St. Anthony Abbot St. Sebastian St. Nicholas blessing the three boys in the tub St. Catherine St. Geneviève, with an angel preventing a devil from extinguishing her taper St. Barbara Fol. 1 is an inserted leaf of parchment printed on the recto with a 16th-cent. German (?) engraving of the Crucifixion, signed `G.N.'; gilded and hand-coloured

One six-line historiated initial: Hours of the Virgin, Lauds. Visitation Two five-line historiated initials: Obsecro te. Virgin and Child enthroned O intemerata. Pieta

Four- or three-line initials in blue and red, enclosing foliage, on a gold ground, at the start of each text with a large miniature; two-line initals in gold, on a blue and red ground with white tracery, to psalms, capitula, lessons, etc. and the KL monograms in the Calendar; similar one-line initials to verses and other minor divisions; similar line-fillers throughout.

The large miniatures and the Lauds initial surrounded by four-sided framed borders of stylised foliage on a plain parchment ground, and variously-shaped panels of naturalistic plants on a painted gold ground; the small miniatures and five-line historiated initials surrounded by similar three-sided borders (in the outer margins); similar one-sided border panels on all pages with a two-line initial

157-8 105 90-2 47-9

ruled in red ink for 18 lines of text per page (in both Calendar and Text) between single vertical bounding lines extending the full height of the page, the top and bottom horizontal lines extending the full width of the page 88 48

none visible

modern paper, the first conjoint with the pastedown

modern paper, the second conjoint with the pastedown

modern in pencil i-ii, 1-186 1st leaf added, fol. 1 10th leaf cancelled, after fol. 184

a trace of a catchword survives at fol. 127v

written in a gothic liturgical bookhand in two sizes, according to liturgical function

headings in red, capitals touched with a yellow wash

KL Feurier a venientem in

Perhaps made for use in Paris, and presumably still there when bound in the late 16th-cent.; fol. 1 may have been added at the same time

Unidentified English 19th-cent. owner: there are no markings characteristic of booksellers, but Small office of the | Virgin has been written in pencil below the image on fol. 1r

Rt. Hon. T. R. Buchanan, probably by 1874; inscribed by him(?) in pencil 10. in the top left corner of the upper pastedown; given to the Bodleian in 1939 by his widow, Mrs. E. O. Buchanan, when it was accessioned as OxfordBodleian LibraryMS. Lat. liturg. e. 31; re-referenced as OxfordBodleian LibraryMS. Buchanan e. 10 in 1941

Sewing not visible; tightly rebound over 19th-cent. pasteboards, reusing panels of 16th-cent. brown leather with gilt tooling à la fanfare, Paris c. 1580-90, the centre of each cover inlaid with a 17th-cent. oval medallion of red morocco tooled in gilt (perhaps replacing the identifying mark of a previous owner); the spine similarly tooled, without raised bands or title-piece; coloured endbands; the edges of the leaves and boards gilt. Boxed

B.L.R., 1, 1939, 115 (as MS. Lat. liturg. e. 31; attributing the binding to Clovis Eve) van Dijk, Latin Liturgical Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, IV, no. 90 (Paris use, s. XV) Pacht and Alexander, 1, no. 798 (Paris, c. 1500) LatinFrench Minor revisions before publication 21/8/97 All numbered items below except 2 have, or include, rubrics in French

Calendar, in French, an entry for almost every day, major feasts in gold (none of them local), the others alternately red or blue; each month headed by a note on the length of the calendar month in gold; feasts include Dedicate saint eustace (6 Oct.); lacking most of the feasts characteristic of Paris, such as Germanus (28 May), Marcellus (3 Nov.) and Geneviève (26 Nov.)

Text 1 occupies quire I

Gospel Pericopes; John followed (fol. 15v) by the usual Antiphon, Versicle, Response, and Prayer, Protector in te sperantium (pr. Wordsworth, Horae Eboracenses, 32)

Texts 2-3 occupy quires II-IV

Prayers to the Virgin: Deuote oraison de nostre dame, Obsecro te [masculine forms] (pr. Leroquais, Livres d'heures, II, 346-7; Wordsworth, Horae Eboracenses, 66-7) Aultre oraison de nostre dame., O intemerata ... orbis terrarum. Inclina aures tue pietatis [feminine forms] the second word mis-written and partially corected by erasure (pr. Wilmart, Auteurs Sprituels, 488- 90) fol. 25v ruled, otherwise blank

Hours of the Virgin, Use of Paris, with nine lessons at Matins; fol. 70v ruled, otherwise blank

Text 4 occupies quires V-XIII

The Seven Penitential Psalms

Texts 5-13 occupy quires XIV-XXV

Litany and Collects: the Litany La letanie. with Marcialis last among the Apostles, and including Lubin, Sulpice (14-15) among sixteen confessors, and Geneviève (8) among thirteen virgins; followed (fol. 109v) by four collects: Deus cui proprium est Deus qui nos patrem et matrem Deus venie largito Fidelium deus omnium conditor

Short Hours of the Cross, Matines de la croix.

Short Hours of the Holy Spirit, Les heures du saint esperit.

Office of the Dead, Use of Paris

The Fifteen Joys of the Virgin, in French, Les xv. ioyes nostre dame., Doulce dame de misericorde: mercy et vray repos. Amen Aue maria ... (pr. Leroquais, Livres d'heures, II, 310- 11)

The Seven Requests of Our Lord, in French, Les sept requestes nostre seigneur., Doulx dieu doulx pere saincte trinite. (pr. Leroquais, Livres d'heures, II, 309-10); followed (fol. 174r-v) by the usual rhymed verse devotion in French, Saincte vraie croix aouree. Qui du corps dieu fus aournee. (pr. Perdrizet, Calendrier Parisien, 32)

Suffrages: to the Trinity St. Michael St. John the Baptist St. James St. Christopher (... michi famulo tuo ...) St. Anthony Abbot St. Sebastian St. Nicholas St. Katherine St. Geneviève St. Barbara fols. 183r-184v ruled, otherwise originally blank