Computational complexity of finding Pareto efficient outcomes for bi-objective lot-sizing models

W. van den Heuvel, H.E. Romeijn, D. Romero Morales

In this paper we study a Bi-Objective Economic Lot-Sizing problem with applications, among others, in green logistics. The first objective aims to minimize the total lot-sizing costs including production and inventory holding costs, while the second one minimizes the maximum production and inventory block emissions. We derive (almost) tight complexity results for the Pareto efficient outcome problem under non-speculative lot-sizing costs. First, we identify non-trivial problem classes for which this problem is polynomially solvable. Second, if we relax any of the parameter assumptions, we show that (except for one case) finding a single Pareto efficient outcome is an NP-hard task in general. Finally, we shed some light on the task of describing the Pareto frontier.

Keywords: lot-sizing, bi-objective, carbon emissions, balanced plan, Pareto efficient outcomes, complexity analysis

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