This section of the site holds information, handouts and similar from Nick's beach course, currently running on every second Tuesday evening.
This session was a bit hap-hazard, as Nick had been forcibly dragged to the pub a few hours previously. What was intended to be taught goes as follows:
There are 3 you need to know about. They are:
This is taken from the Beach Lifeguarding manual, but includes the common adaptions that are used in the Poole Bay are to speed up communications.
There's a bit of a trick to speaking in a "radio friendly" manner. If you don't do this, you tend to come over garbled / hard to hear. The things to try for are:
Every radio in use needs a unique call sign to identify it. It has a long form (used when initiating a call), and a short form (used once communication is established, to speed things up). For beach units, the long names are of the form:
For communications between two stations from the same club, the short form is just [sign]. For communications between stations from different clubs, the short for is [club] [sign], eg:
When setting off on patrol, you will be told what call sign to use. In most cases, you'll also have a tag with the call sign on it put into the radio bag. Whatever happens, you need to remember your call sign, so you know when people are calling you.
At the end of your message, saying over means you're expecting a response. Saying out means the communication is completed. You must say one of over or out (depending on if you're expecting a response or not). You never say both!
Before you can send your message, you need to ensure the other party is listening. To facilitate this, there's a standard procedure for how to call someone up. It runs like:
Done shortly after setting off on partrol (normally at least 200m away from base), to verify radio is correctly working. Also done if you suspect issues with your radio.
During a radio check, you want an assessment of two things, signal strength
and signal clarity. As such, you report these two things. While are a large
number of different measures, the only ones you really need to know are:
Strength: Loud or Good or Weak or Fading
Clarity:Clear or Readable or Unreadable or Distorted
(In order of decreasing signal). A nice, clear and loud signal gets "loud and clear". A somewhat dodgy signal, but which is still understandable typically gets "weak but readable". Anything worse than that and you need to go back to base for a radio change....
Also, radio checking is a two way process, so once you've been told about your signal, you let the other party know about theirs. A typical radio check call would be:
And in the event of a dodgy radio (someone forgot to charge it or something...)
In fourth week, we all turned up significantly more sober. Firslty, we finished of and practiced radio procedure (see above). After that, we moved onto flags, whistles and other methods of communications. Finally, we made a start on talking about hazards, which we'll finish in 6th week.
If you need to spell something out, or otherwise make it clear, you use the Phonetic Alphabet. The words have been chosen to give maximum clarity and difference between each other.
|A - Alpha||B - Bravo||C - Charlie||D - Delta|
|E - Echo||F - Foxtrot||G - Golf||H - Hotel|
|I - India||J - Juliet||K - Kilo||L - Lima|
|M - Mike||N - November||O - Oscar||P - Papa|
|Q - Quebec||R - Romeo||S - Sierra||T - Tango|
|U - Uniform||V - Victor||W - Whiskey||X - X-ray|
|Y - Yankee||Z - Zulu||. - decimal (point)||. - (full) stop|
|0 - Zero||1 - Wun (One)||2 - Two||3 - Tree (Three)|
|4 - Fower (Four)||5 - Five||6 - Six||7 - Seven|
|8 - Ait (Eight)||9 - Niner (Nine)|
What ones to look out for, and what they mean.
There are many flags that you'll find at the beach will tell you important things. This section should list the main ones.
|Green - Water should be safe for swimming, but take care all the same.|
|Yellow - Caution, water getting dangerous. Swim with great care.|
|Red - Danger, no swimming, conditions too dangerous.|
|Red and Yellow (1, 2 or 3) - Lifeguard flag. 1 => Lifeguard position at the flag, 2 => Lifeguards patrolling between flags, 3=> Lifeguards patrolling between the front two and located at the third|
|Black And White (2) - Surfing between the two flags, no swimming in that area.|
|Blue - EU Blue Flag Beach - water quality is some of the best in Europe.|
Pointing and waving at each other, but amazingly also sending information...
Attracting different people's attention, and signalling things.
The normal whistle system is:
1 short blast - Attract the attention of a member of public
2 short blasts - Attract the attention of another lifeguard
3 short blasts - Indicate a lifeguard is taking emergency action.
Not strictly from a beach training session, but it's needed for the beach stuff and it came up in normal training, so it's gone here.
Reef Knot: Right over left, then left over right. Ropes of the same thickness.
Sheet Bend: Make a loop with the thick rope. Thread the thin one down, round the back, up and under itself. Ropes of different thinkness.
Clove Hitch: Loop round to one side, then loop round to the other, then go under the cross. Used to tie a rope off to a pole.
Fisherman's Knot: Tie a simple knot, in the direction the rope was
going in. Then repeat for the other rope. Joins two equal thickness ropes,
even when wet.
Double Fisherman's Knot: As with the fishermans knot, except you wrap the tieing rope round twice, making the knot twice as large.
Round Turn and 2 Half Hitches: Wrap round the bar twice. Loop round the main rope, and bring between the end and the bar. Repeat (these are the half hitches). Ties a rope to a pole.
Alpine Butteryfly: Wrap around your hand twice, then pull the middle loop under the top one. Then, take it over the back one, and under all 3 loops. Used for putting a loop in a straight rope.
Classified into several groups, such as Man Made, Natural, People etc.
More info coming soon....
In the 8th week session, we went back over hazard identification and radio procedures, to ensure everyone was happy with them. We didn't really cover an new material though.