Stefan Urosh AR Grosh
CC BY-SA 3.0
Attribution: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.

Kingdom of Serbia, Stefan Uroš III Dečanski, 1321-1331, AR Groš or Dinar.
Dečanski was the son of Stefan Uroš II Milutin, born c.1276. In his youth he was sent as hostage to Nogai Khan of the Golden Horde and returned on the Khan's death in 1299. in 1314 he quarelled with his father and was sent to Constaninople to be blinded. With ecclesiastical help he secured his return in 1320. In 1321 Milutin died and the throne was disputed by Stefan Konstantin in Zeta and Stefan Vladislav II in Syrmia. Dečanski claimed his sight being restored was a miracle proving him the righful king and he defeated both Konstantin and then Vladislav, having himself and his son Stefan Dušan crowned at the same time. He defended Serbia against attacks from Ragusa, Bulgaria and the Byzantine Empire, extending her borders as a result. In 1331 discontent in Serbia encouraged Dušan to rebel against and defeat his father, who he subsequently had strangled on 11 November 1331.
The type is derived from the Venetian Grosso and shows the king and St Stephen on the obverse and Christ enthroned on the reverse.

 

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