Philip II Pentassarion
CC BY-SA 4.0
Author: Otto Nickl.

Roman Empire, Philip II as Caesar, 244-247, AE Pentassarion of Marcianopolis in Moesia Inferior.
When Gordian III was killed in battle with the Sasanians, Marcus Julius Philippus, the Praetorian Prefect, known as Philip the Arab, was elevated to the purple as Philip I. At that time he elevated his son to the rank of Caesar. In 247 Philip II was raised to the rank of Consul and Augustus. The years 248-249 were ones of revolt and invasion and Philip sent Decius to quell the revolts. On defeating all enemies Decius was proclaimed emperor by his troops and defeated and killed Philip at a battle near Verona. Philip II was either killed at the battle or by the Praetorian Guard when the news reached Rome. He was aged 12 at the time.
The obverse shows Philip facing the god Serapis, and the reverse shows the snake-god Glykon.

 

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Trinity Term 2021

Due to the current COVID-19 crisis, it will be necessary to postpone all physical OUNS events until such a time as normal activities can safely be resumed. Details of digital events will be posted here and distributed by email as and when they become available. We apologise for any disappointment caused and look forward to continuing our physical meetings when this emergency has come to an end. Until then, the Committee expresses its thanks for your understanding and wishes good health to our members and their families.

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