Manuscript Collections

Balfour Papers

Papers of Henry BALFOUR (1863-1939), anthropologist and museum curator

  • thirty boxes of material (including fourteen on musical instruments) and one roll of drawings, relating especially to Balfour’s work as first Curator of the Pitt Rivers Museum (1891-1939) and his research on the collections; also a drawer cabinet of unsorted notes
  • the material includes correspondence, diaries, notebooks, loose notes, drawings, newspaper cuttings and miscellaneous ephemera

Related Resources

Collections of objects, photographs, etc.: Pitt Rivers Museum, University of Oxford

National Register of Archives: Balfour, Henry (1863-1939) Anthropologist Link to record (external site)

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: Balfour, Henry (1863-1939), museum curator Link to article (external site)

Full Listing

Box 1 – Diaries 1888-1927, including Lapland, South Africa, Australia, South America:

1

Finmarken and Lapland 1888. 3rd August – 11th September – Notebook.

2

Round trip to Cape Town, South Africa July – October 1907 – Notebook.

3

South Africa 1910. Lecture tour to deliver the South African Lectures for 1910 under the auspices of the South African Association for the Advancement of Science.
Printed list of lectures.
- notebook with miscellaneous loose papers. [One ripped in half EE 8/82].

4

''Results of and observations made during three visits to Victoria Falls in the years 1905 (6 days), 1907 (3 weeks) and 1910 (11 days)'' – 20 pages.

5

South Africa July – December 1905 – small notebook.

6

''From Liverpool to Para and Manaos. North Brazil. River Amazon 1927''. Small notebook.

7

Australia. 1914. B.A.A.S. (British Association for the Advancement of Science). Meeting in Sydney etc. – Three notebooks.
I London – Sydney.
II Sydney – Singapore.
III Kuala Lumpur – Oxford.

Box 2 – Diaries 1928-1933, including East Africa, South Africa, Nigeria:

1

Diary of trip to Kenya and Uganda, June – September 1928. Notebook.

2

South and East Africa. 1929. Tour as President of the Anthropology Section of the B.A.A.S. (British Association for the Advancement of Science). Two notebooks.
I South and East Africa – 1929 (26th June – 21st September).
II South and East Africa – 1929 (22nd September – 12th October).

3

Nigeria 1930. Notebook.

4

Annotated drawings. Nigeria 1930. Notebook.

5

Finland and Norway. 1933. Small notebook.

Box 3 – Diaries: Naga Hills 1922-1923:

1

Naga Hills, 11th August – 29th November 1922 (Volume I) and 30th November 1922 – 25th January 1923 (Volume II). Two volumes.

2

Twenty-three sheets of drawings of the Naga Hills, 1922-23. Mainly people, houses and tattoo designs.

3

Naga Hills, 6th November – December 1922, and undated two field diaries and sketch books. Found amongst Dr. Meinhard's manuscripts, May 2004.

Box 4 – Miscellaneous notebooks:

1

''Some aspects of superstition''. 1-99pp. rest blank. Paper read before the Biological Club 1892. Notebook.

2

''Quaint addresses'', [envelopes on which Henry Balfour is wrongly addressed]. Notebook.

3

''Notes on the Modern Use of Bone Skates'', ms. text of a paper with two cards of drawings for Figs. 3,6,5.
Letter Konservator, Bergen Museum to Henry Balfour, 27th August 1912.

4

Development of Fire-Arms, notes. Notebook and some loose drawings.

5

''Miscellanea facetiosa, Oxford 1910'', mixed album, drawings of birds and native peoples with humourous verses. Notebook.

6

''Irresponsible Doggrel [sic]'' collection of light verse and limerick's, 1894-1919 & n.d. Notebook.

7

Hindoo musical Instruments – Tagore. Short Notices of Hindu Musical Instruments by Sourindro Mohun Tagore, 1877. Notes by H. Balfour.

8

Andamanese Music – Burmese Music – Portman. Notes by Henry Balfour on Andamanese Music by M. V. Portman an article in The Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, new series, vol. 21, 1888, pages 181-218.

Box 4a – Evolution of Decorative Art (see also Drawings box of the same title):

1

''Essay upon the Evolution of Decorative Art, as especially illustrated by the Art of Modern Savages''. Rolleston Memorial essay 1890. 54 pp + sheet of illustrations, home-made binding.

2

Notes on the evolution of decorative art. Two notebooks.
I pages 1-77
II pages 78-91 (rest blank).

 Box 5 – Pamphlets and printed material:

1

1888 – ''Evolution of a Characteristic Pattern on the Shafts of Arrows from the Solomon Islands''. By Henry Balfour. Reprinted from the Journal of the Anthropological Institute (JAI), May 1888, pp. 328-31.

2

1889 – ''Note on the use of elk teeth for money in North America''. By Henry Balfour. Reprinted from the Journal of the Anthropological Institute (JAI), August 1888, p. 54.

3

1889 – ''The Fin Whale Fishery in North Lapland''. By Henry Balfour. Reprinted from the Midland Naturalist, Vol. XII, 1889, pp. 1-14.

4

1890 – ''The Old British 'Pibcorn' or 'Hornpipe,' and its Affinities''. By Henry Balfour. Reprinted from the Journal of the Anthropological Institute (JAI), November 1890, pp. 142-54 and Plates II and III.

5

1890 – Duplicate of item 4, stuck into a blue notebook, with hand written comments and various letters, etc. included in notebook.

6

1892 – ''Stone implements from the Malay Peninsula in the Pitt-Rivers Museum''. By Henry Balfour. Reprinted from the Archaeologia Oxoniensis, December 1892, pp. 1-6 and 1 plate.

7-8

1895 – Two copies – ''Ancient Double Hooks of Bronze''. By Henry Balfour. Reprinted from the Reliquary and Illustrated Archaeologist, 1895, pp. 1-3.

9

1897 – ''Life History of an Aghori Fakir''. By Henry Balfour. Reprinted from the Journal of the Anthropological Institute (JAI), May 1897, pp. 340-57 and Plates XXXIII and XXXIV.

10

1898 – ''Notes on the arrangement of the Pitt-Rivers Museum'', pp. 1-4. By Henry Balfour.

11

1898 – ''Notes on the Modern Use of Bone Skates''. By Henry Balfour. Reprinted from the Reliquary and Illustrated Archaeologist, January 1898, pp. 1-9.

12

1898 – ''Sledges with Bone Runners in modern use''. By Henry Balfour. Reprinted from the Reliquary and Illustrated Archaeologist, October 1898, pp. 1-13.

13-14

1899 – Two copies – ''The Natural History of the Musical Bow''. By Henry Balfour. The Clarendon Press (OUP), 1899, pp. i-viii, 1-86, one throw-out map (in two colours, black and pink) plus cover.

15

1901 MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science) January 1901 – Nos. 1-14.
''Guilloche Pattern on an Etruscan Potsherd''. Communicated by Henry Balfour, No. 4, p. 8.
''Native Smoking Pipes from Natal''. Collected by H. D. R. Kingston and described by Henry Balfour, No. 10, pp. 11-12.

16

1901 MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science) March 1901 – Nos. 27-38.
''A Swan-neck Boomerang of unusual form''. Communicated by Henry Balfour, No. 27, p. 33 (with Plate C, 1-2).
''Three Bambu Trumpets from Northern Territory, South Australia''. Communicated by Henry Balfour, No. 28, p. 33 (with Plate C, 3-5).

17

1901 MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science) May 1901 – Nos. 51-65.
''Memorial Heads in the Pitt-Rivers Museum.'' By Henry Balfour, No. 51, pp. 65-6 (with Plate E).

18

1901 MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science) July 1901 – Nos. 77-91.
''A Spear-head and Socketed Celt of Bronze from the Shan States, Burma''. By Henry Balfour, No. 77, pp. 97-8 (plus Plate G).

19

1902 – ''The Goura a stringed-wind musical instrument of the Bushmen and Hottentotts''. By Henry Balfour. Reprinted from the Journal of the Anthropological Institute (JAI), January-June 1902, Vol. XXXII, pp. 156-75 plus Plates XII, XIII and XIV.

20

1903 MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science) May 1903 – Nos. 35-44.
''On the Method employed by the Natives of N.W. Australia in the Manufacture of Glass Spear-heads''. Communicated by Henry Balfour, No. 35, p. 65 (with Plate E).

21

1903 MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science) December 1903 – Nos. 100-13.
''Thunderbolt Celts from Benin''. By Henry Balfour, No. 102, pp. 182-3.
Review of Mead ''The Musical Instruments of the Incas'', No. 112 (note this item has been torn out), by Henry Balfour.

22

1904 – ''Presidential Address''. Reprinted from the Journal of the Anthropological Institute (JAI), January-June 1904, Vol. XXXIV, pp. 10-19. By Henry Balfour.

23

1904 – ''Musical Instruments from the Malay Peninsula''. By Henry Balfour, (Author's Advance Copy from Fasciculi Malayenses, Anthropology Part II, advance copies distributed February 1904), pp. 1-18, plus Plates XX and XXI.

24

1904 – ''Presidential Address to the Anthropological Section B.A.A.S. (British Association for the Advancement of Science).'' By Henry Balfour, Cambridge 1904, pp. 1-12.

25

1905 – ''Presidential Address''. Reprinted from the Journal of the Anthropological Institute (JAI), January-June 1905, Vol. XXXIV, pp. 12-19. By Henry Balfour.

26

1905 MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science) February 1905 – Nos. 9-18.
''A Double-headed Club from the Fijian Islands''. By Henry Balfour, No. 9, p. 17 (with Plate B).

27

1905 MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science) June 1905 – Nos. 50-56.
''Bird and Human Designs from the Solomon Islands, illustrating the influence of one design over another''. By Henry Balfour, No. 50, pp. 81-3 (with Plate F).

28

1905 – ''Musical Instruments of South Africa'', B.A.A.S. (British Association for the Advancement of Science) Report 1905. By Henry Balfour, pp. 1-2 (Section H – South Africa, 1905).

29

1906 – ''Note upon an implement of Palaeolithic type from the Victoria Falls, Zambesi''. Reprinted from the Journal of the Anthropological Institute (JAI), January-June 1906, Vol. XXXVI, pp. 170-1 plus Plate XVI. By Henry Balfour.

30

1906 – Flint-engraved pottery from the ruins at Khami and Dhlo Dhlo, Rhodesia. Reprinted from MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science) 1906 – No. 11, pp. 1-3 plus Plate B. By Henry Balfour.

31

1907 – ''Haida Portrait Mask''. Reprinted from MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science) January 1907 – No. 1, p. 1 plus Plate A. By Henry Balfour.

32

1907 – ''The Friction-Drum''. Reprinted from the Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute (JRAI), January-June 1907, Vol. XXXVII, pp. 67-92 plus Plates XII, XIII and XIV. By Henry Balfour.

33

1907 – Newspaper cuttings (two strips) from Morning Post, 7th January 1907. ''The Evolution of Culture''.

34

1909 – ''The Origin of West African Crossbows'', by Henry Balfour. Reprinted from the Journal of the African Society, Vol. VIII, No. XXXII, July 1909, pp. 338-56, plus Plates I and II and cover.

35

1909 – ''Presidential Address, Museums Association'' by Henry Balfour. Reprinted from the Museums Journal, July 1909, pp. 5-18.

36

1909 – Newspaper cutting from The Times 23rd February 1909. ''The Indian Collection at South Kensington'', letter by Henry Balfour.

37

1910 – ''Archaeological and Ethnological Research in South Africa'', by Henry Balfour. Reprinted from The Times, Saturday 5th November 1910, pp. 1-16 plus cover.

38

1912 – ''Notes on a Collection of Ancient Stone Implements from Ejura, Ashanti'', by Henry Balfour. Reprinted from the Journal of the African Society, Vol. XII, No. XLV, October 1912, pp. 1-16, 4 plates and cover.

39

1912 – Magazine cutting from Country Life, 9th November 1912, p. 656. ''The Wart-Hog'', letter from Henry Balfour.

40

1913 – ''Kite Fishing'', Essays presented to William Ridgeway on his Sixtieth Birthday, 6th August 1913, 26 pages plus cover.

41

1914 – ''Frictional Fire-Making with Flexible Sawing-Thong''. Reprinted from the Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute (JRAI), January-June 1914, Vol. XLIV, pp. 32-64 and cover.

42

1915 – ''Note on a new kind of fish-hook from Goodenough Island. D'Entrecasteaux Group, New Guinea''. Reprinted from MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science) February 1915 – No. 9, p. 1 plus Plate B. By Henry Balfour.

43

1916 MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science) December 1916 – Nos. 107-114.
''Origin and Relationship of Hani, Tewha-Tewha and Pou-Whenua''. By Henry Balfour, No. 108, p. 181.

44

1917 – ''Ceremonial Paddle of the Kalabari of Southern Nigeria''. Reprinted from MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science) April 1917 – No. 44, pp. 1-2 plus Plate. By Henry Balfour.

45

1917 MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science) April 1917 – Nos. 44-54.
''Ceremonial Paddle of the Kalabari of Southern Nigeria''. By Henry Balfour, No. 44, pp. 57-8, plus Plate D.

46

1917 – ''Some types of native hoes, Naga Hills''. Reprinted from MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science) July 1917 – No. 74, pp. 1-3 plus Plate. By Henry Balfour.

47

1917 – ''Willow Wand Whistles''. Reprinted from The Times Literary Supplement, Thursday 29th March 1917, letter from Henry Balfour.

48

1917 – ''Ethnological Suggestions in regard to Easter Island or Rapanui'', by Henry Balfour. Extract from Folk-Lore, December 1917, pp. 355-381.

49

1918 – ''Some specimens from the Chatham Islands''. Reprinted from MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science) October 1918 – No. 80, pp. 1-4, plus Plate. By Henry Balfour.

50

1919 – ''An Eskimo Week-Calendar''. Reprinted from MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science) June 1919 – No. 47, pp. 1-2. By Henry Balfour.

51

1919 – Four newspaper cuttings from Country Life dated 22nd March 1919 and 5th April 1919 ''Prehistoric and Bushman Art'' also two cuttings for 26th April 1919 ''Natural History in Pre-historic Art''.

52

1919 – ''Presidential Address'' by Henry Balfour. Reprinted from the Proceedings of the Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, Vol. LXV (1919), pp. xxiii-xxxiii.

53

1920 – Magazine cutting from Country Life, 31st January 1920. ''The Rushbrook Painted Coat'', letter from Henry Balfour.

54

1921 – Foreword to J. H. Hutton The Sema Naga 1921, by Henry Balfour – galley proofs.

55

1921 Folklore, Vol. XXXII, No. 1, 31st March 1921.
''The Statues of Easter Island''. By Henry Balfour, pp. 70-2.

56

1921 – Two newspaper cuttings:
''Pigeon shoots in Monte Carlo''. From The Times 11th April 1921.
''A Whale Story''. From The Times 19th December 1921.

57

1921 – ''Varieties of the Common Gannet''. From British Birds Vol. XV, No. 4, 1st September, 1921.

58

1921 – ''The Archer's Bow in the Homeric Poems''. Huxley Memorial Lecture 1921, by Henry Balfour, pp. 1-20 plus tipped-in illustration to inside back cover.

59

1922 – ''Earth Smoking-Pipes from South Africa & Central Asia''. Reprinted from MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science) May 1922 – No. 45, pp. 1-5, plus Plate E. By Henry Balfour.

60

1922 – Three galley proofs – D.N.B. 1922-30 – Hose – 948-950.

61

1923 – ''Musical Instruments in the Charterhouse Museum''. Reprinted from The Greyfriar, Vol. VIII, No. 111, 1923, by Henry Balfour.

62

1923 – ''The Welfare of Primitive Peoples – Presidential Address'', by Henry Balfour. Reprinted from the Folk-Lore, March, 1923, pp. 12-24.

63

1924 – ''The Geographical Study of Folklore – Presidential Address'', by Henry Balfour. Reprinted from the Folk-Lore, March, 1924, pp. 16-25.

64

1925 – ''The Status of the Tasmanians among the Stone Age Peoples''. Reprinted from the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia, Vol. V, Part I, 1925, pp. 1-15, by Henry Balfour.

65

1926 – Foreword to J. P. Mills The Ao Naga 1926, by Henry Balfour – page proofs (pp. ix-xiv).

66

1926 – ''Ceremonial Fire-making in the Naga Hills. Reprinted from MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science) June 1926, pp. 1-3. By Henry Balfour.

67

1926 – ''Risso's Grampus off the Pembrokeshire Coast''. From The Field, 5th August 1926. By Henry Balfour (galley proof).

68

1927 – ''Coup-de-Poing''. From Nature 119 1927 (pp. 490-1). Two letters one by W. J. Sollas (University College, Oxford) and the other a reply by Henry Balfour (galley proof).

69

1927 – Two newspaper cuttings – ''Fishing in Homer''. Both from The Times Literary Supplement 2nd June 1927 and 30th June 1927 both letters by Henry Balfour.

70

1929 – ''Stone Implements of the Tasmanians and the Culture-Status which they Suggest''. Reprinted from Report of the Hobart Meeting 1928 of the Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science pp. 314-322, by Henry Balfour.

71

1929 – ''South Africa's contribution to prehistoric archaeology''. Presidential Address to the Anthropology Section, British Association for the Advancement of Science (BAAS) report 1929. By Henry Balfour, pp. 1-12.

72

1929 – ''Music''. Twenty four page booklet with cover.

73

1929 – ''Concerning Thunderbolts''. Folk-Lore Vol. XL, No. 1, 31st March 1929. By Henry Balfour, pp. 37-49.

74

1929 MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science) April
1929 – Nos. 48-9.
''Obituary – Sir Charles Hercules Read, July 6, 1857 – February 11 1929''. By Henry Balfour, No. 48, pp. 61-2 (with Plate D).

75

1929 – Foreword to booklet on the Hausa people.

76

1931 – Magazine cutting – ''Identification of the Plant called 'Narthex' ''. From Nature Vol. 127, No. 3208, 25th April 1931. Two letters one from N. Eumorfopoulos (University College, London) and the other a reply from Henry Balfour.

77

1932 – Magazine cutting – ''An ingenious primitive''. From Country Life 10th December 1932. Letter to the editor from Henry Balfour.

78

1932 – ''Thorn-lined Traps in the Pitt-Rivers Museum, Oxford. Reprinted from MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science) March 1932 – No. 77, pp. 1-3, plus Plate C. By Henry Balfour.

79

1932 MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science) July
1932 – Nos. 192-221, Volume XXXII.
''A Composite Bow from Hunza, Gilgit Agency''. By Major D. H. Gordon, No. 195, pp. 160-1.
''Notes on the Composite Bow from Hunza''. By Henry Balfour, No. 196, p. 161.

80

1934 MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science) February 1934 – Nos. 23-47, Volume XXXIV.
''Occurrence of 'Cleavers' of Lower-Palaeolithic type in Northern Nigeria''. By Henry Balfour, No. 25, pp. 21-24.

81

1934 – ''The Tandu industry in Northern Nigeria and its affinities elsewhere''. By Henry Balfour, reprinted from ''Essays Presented to C. G. Seligman'', 1934, pp. 5-18 plus Plates I, II, III, IV and V.

82

1934 – Duplicate of item 81, with the addition of the name Robert P. Wild and date 8.2.35, written in top right hand corner.

83

1937 – ''Address at the Annual General Meeting'', of the Society held on 18 October 1937, by the President (Henry Balfour). Reprinted from The Geographical Journal, Vol. XC No. 6, December 1937, pp. 489-497.

84-88

1937 – Five copies – ''Spinners and Weavers in Anthropological Research''. By Henry Balfour – Frazer Lecture – published by OUP (Clarendon Press) in 1938, pp. 1-19.

89

1939 – ''Henry Balfour – 1863-1939''. Obituary by A. C. Haddon, pp. 109-115 plus Plate.

 

Box 6 – Miscellaneous papers relating to Whaling, Stone Implements, etc.:

1

Part of Diary. Trip to Norway. 1933. Two sheets.

2

''Whale Fishery with bow and arrow'', translation of paper by Dr. J. Bruchorst in Naturen, 15 pages.

3

Bibliographic notes, etc.
1 – List of books on Whales, mostly c. 19th century.
2 – Cutting from Royal Society Exhibition Catalogue. Specimen of parasitic infection in a Whale.
3 – Reference to Whaling in Shetland Isles.
4 – Bill from the Nature Book Company, Plymouth.

4

Miscellaneous notes and correspondence.
1-2 – Notes on Norwegian fishing and whaling industries (2 sheets).
3 – Notes on early references to Norwegian whaling industry. (One sheet, on Union-Castle Line, S.S. ''Dunluce Castle'' headed paper).
4 – Manuscript copy of letter to the editor of the ''Field'' on whales and seals in Loch Linnhe, Argyllshire.
5 – Letter from W. Sueyd(?) of Durban to Mr. Balfour, dated 19th February 1922 on whales (2 sheets).
6 – Draft letter to The Times on whales in reply to letter from C. E. Poole, 13th December 1928, a newspaper cutting attached.

5

Articles, postcards, newspaper cuttings.
1 – Double-page cutting from Illustrated London News, 18th March 1922. ''A Blood-Red Sea of Cope pods – Suggesting a Sanguinary Battle of Marine Monsters'', from painting by Charles Pears.
2 – Printed letter card (unused), describing 'Pelorus Jack' The Pilot Fish of New Zealand, by Rev. D. C. Bates.
3 – Postcard (unused), photo of 'Pelorus Jack'.
4 – Printed sheet, photo of 'Pelorus Jack' and Risso's Dolphin.
5 – Postcard (unused), photo of 'Pelorus Jack'.
6 – Newspaper cutting The Times 22nd September, 1936. ''Australia and the Antartic: Norwegian Interest in Coming Annexation''.
7 – Newspaper cutting The Times 14th October, 1936. ''Whales in the South: The Antartic Stations accounts of whales in South Georgia''.
8 – Newspaper cutting The Times 22nd September, 1936. ''Whale-catching Restrictions: Anglo-Norwegian Agreement''.

6

Six Photographs of whaling and whaling stations.
1-4 – Four photographs – Whaling stations. Korea 1903.
5 – Whale embryo.
6 – Part of a whale carcase on boat, Schooner Chiyo & Schooner Kosei, Port of Changjon. November 1902.

7

Notes and drawings ''occurrence of 'cleavers' of Lower Palaeolithic type in Northern Nigeria'', four pages plus three drawings.

8

Notes on implements from various sites at Masui, Maramba and Zambesi rivers (38 sheets).

9

Notes on implements from various collections: A. E. V. Zealley, Col. Frank Rhodes, Lamplugh collection, P. T. Miller collection and Franklin White. Also small notebook ''Extracts from Mr. A. E. V. Zealley's notes made in the field Victoria Falls, 1910''.

10

Letter, from the Secretary African Society to Henry Balfour, 5th March 1915. Regarding remarks made by Henry Balfour at recent meeting (covering letter plus pp. 2-18 only, beginning and end missing).

11

Letters:
1 – Letter from J. H. Power to Henry Balfour, 16th July 1919, regarding collection of stone implements (6 sheets).
2 – Letter from H. Field to Henry Balfour, 21st August 1926, regarding Field Museum Leaflets (1 sheet).

12

Letters from Lord Moyne to Henry Balfour, regarding cruise in New Guinea and islands of the Malay Archipelago:
1 – 1st July 1936 (1 sheet).
2 – 6th July 1936 (1 sheet).
3 – 10th July 1936 (1 sheet).
4 – 22nd July 1936 (1 sheet).
5 – 24th July 1936 (1 sheet).
6 – 26th July 1936 (1 sheet).
7-8 – Two copies of catalogue of Lord Moyne's exhibition of specimens and photographs.

13

Miscellaneous:
1 – Guide to Victoria Falls (Rhodesia).
2-5 – Four photographs of Carcassonne.

14

Thirteen folios – Notes on Folk Dance (not used in paper for Folk Dance and Song Society).

15

''This paper on Stone Implements of the Tasmanians by the late Henry Balfour, F.R.S., develops the Aurignacian and Moustierian comparisons published in Proc. Prehist. Soc. East Anglia, V pt I in 1925. A further notes states in red ink ''It is not ready for publication, as work on 12,000 or so implements in the Westlake Collection shews forms like almost every industry into Neolithic period, and comparison with two styles only would be misleading''. Name at bottom T. K. Penniman. Folios 1-47.

16

Diagram and description, ''Casting white-metal bar (for making armlet) in bamboo tube''. Lhota, Bhandari, Naga Hills, 20th November 1922.

17

Diagram and description, ''Casting 'Cogwheel' Armlets''. Konyak, Wakching, Naga Hills, 16th November 1922.

18

Three diagrams and descriptions, 16th November 1922.

 

Box 7 – Miscellaneous papers and correspondence relating to Easter Island:

1

Letters and article:
1 – Handwritten letter from H. D. Skinner to Henry Balfour, 20th May 1918. A covering letter to items 2 and 3.
2 – Typed letter to H. D. Skinner's father from Elsdon Best (Museum, Wellington), 4th October 1917 (2 sheets).
3 – ''Discovery of the Chatham Islands'', by S. Percy Smith. Newspaper cutting from Church Gazette, 1st January 1918 (Anglican Diocese of Auckland, New Zealand).

2

Correspondence with W. Scoresby Routledge and Mrs. Kathleen Scoresby Routledge:
1 – Handwritten letter from W. Scoresby Routledge (London) to Henry Balfour, 12th April 1917. Regarding specimens from Pitcairn Islands, British Museum has taken what it wants.
2 – Handwritten letter (two sheets, plus photo rubbing attached), from W. Scoresby Routledge (London) to Henry Balfour, 8th December 1917. Regarding Pitt Rivers Museums Easter Island carvings and publications.
3 – Typewritten letter (two sheets) from Mrs. Kathleen Scoresby Routledge (London) to Henry Balfour, 17th December 1917. Comments on proof article by Henry Balfour for Folklore: ''Some Ethnological Suggestions in Regard to Easter Island.'' Folklore XXVIII 1917, pp. 356-381.
4 – Handwritten letter from Mrs. Kathleen Scoresby Routledge (London) to Henry Balfour, 27th January 1918(?). Easter Island carvings and excavation, reference her book.
5 – Handwritten letter from Mrs. Kathleen Scoresby Routledge (London) to Henry Balfour, 21st April 1918. General.
6 – Handwritten letter from Mrs. Kathleen Scoresby Routledge (London) to Henry Balfour, 26th April 1918. Informing him that she has used one of drawings as a slide.
7 – Handwritten letter from Mrs. Kathleen Scoresby Routledge (London) to Henry Balfour, 29th April 1918. Regarding Lecture, can stay with Henry Balfour.
8 – Typewritten letter from W. Scoresby Routledge (London) to Henry Balfour, 18th November 1918. Asking Henry Balfour for drawings or photos of specimens for Mrs. Kathleen Scoresby Routledge (his wife) book.
9 – Handwritten letter from W. Scoresby Routledge (London) to Henry Balfour, 27th November 1918. Thanking Henry Balfour for photos.
10 – Handwritten letter from Mrs. Kathleen Scoresby Routledge (London) to Henry Balfour, 31st December 1918(?). Asking Henry Balfour to look through popular Easter Island manuscript.
11 – Handwritten letter from Mrs. Kathleen Scoresby Routledge (Burledon, Hampshire) to Henry Balfour, 24th April 1919. Various small points regarding her book.
12 – Handwritten letter from Mrs. Kathleen Scoresby Routledge (London) to Henry Balfour, 9th June 1919. Various small points regarding book, publication deferred.
13 – Handwritten extract (two sheets) by W. Scoresby Routledge of letter from H. B. Young (Pitcairn Islands) to Mrs. Kathleen Scoresby Routledge, dated 10th December 1916. Regarding Easter Island stone carving.

3

Miscellaneous correspondence:
1 – Handwritten letter from Major T. R. St.-Johnston (London) to Henry Balfour, 4th March 1919. Asking for photographs for a book, Easter Island carving.
2 – Handwritten letter from Major T. R. St.-Johnston (London) to Henry Balfour, 26th March 1919. Asking for photographs for a book, Easter Island carving.
3 – Handwritten letter from C. H. Read (British Museum) to Henry Balfour, 6th April 1918. Thanks for Eater Island ethnography. Possible excavation at Hengistbury Head.
4 – Typed letter from H. Johnston (Arundel) to Henry Balfour, 19th April 1918. Comments on Henry Balfour's Folklore article, ''Pacific migration''.
5 – Handwritten letter plus two black and white photographs from H. G. Beasley (London) to Henry Balfour, 10th April 1918. Easter Island image.
6 – Handwritten letter from A. C. Fuller (London) to Henry Balfour, 9th April 1918. Thanks for Folklore article Admiralty Islands weapons.
7 – Handwritten letter from C. M. Woodford (Partridge Green, Sussex) to Henry Balfour, 28th July 1918. ''Bird Cults in Oceania''.
8 – Handwritten letter from A. Montgomerie Bell to Henry Balfour (South Newington, Banbury), 6th February 1916. Congratulates Henry Balfour on ''Notes on Easter Island''.
9 – Handwritten letter from W. Crooke (Isle of Wight) to Henry Balfour, 21st August 1917. General notes about publications.
10 – Handwritten letter from H. Forbes (London, University College Hospital) to Henry Balfour, 16th March 1919. Easter Island, Peru, diffusion.
11 – Handwritten letter from C. M. Woodford (Partridge Green, Sussex) to Henry Balfour, 29th September 1918. Easter Island and Melanesia, bird cult.

4

Letters or postcards, acknowledging receipt of offprint of Easter Island article:
1 – Card from C. Selgman (Long Crendon) to Henry Balfour, 11th April 1918.
2 – Card from E. Harland (Gloucester) to Henry Balfour, 8th April 1918.
3 – Card from Royal Anthropological Institute (London) to Henry Balfour, 8th April 1918.
4 – Handwritten letter from W. Crooke (Cheltenham) to Henry Balfour, 26th February 1918.

5

Notes:
1 – Notes for business and lecture for Oxford Anthropological Society, October 1917. Lecture on Easter Island, Routledge expedition (7 sheets).
2 – Notes and references to the Sooty Tern (1 sheet).
3 – Rough notes of detailed captions of Easter Island stone tools (1 sheet).

6

Pamphlets and cuttings:
1 – Offprint – ''Some Specimens from the Chatham Islands'' by Henry Balfour. Reprinted from MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science), October 1918, 80, pp. 1-4 plus Plate.
2 – Cutting – ''On the Stone Figures or Incised Tablets from Easter Island'', by J. Edge-Partington. From MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science), January 1901.
3 – Cutting – ''The Riddles of Polynesia'', by A. C. Haddon. From Observer, 9th May 1920.

7

Miscellaneous notes and sketches relating to Easter Island (9 sheets).

8

               

Miscellaneous photographs (including many duplicates), prints and tracings relating to Easter Island (62 photographs, 3 prints and 8 tracings).

9

Easter Island Statues, carbon print, 21 x 35 cm.

10

Easter Island Tablets, rubbings and tracings (5 items) in folder with photograph.

11

Fifteen rubbings, sketches and tracings of Easter Island and Solomon Islands carvings mounted on fifteen cards.

 

Box 8 – Correspondence:

Correspondence A:

A1

Typed letter from N. Annandale (Calcutta, India) to Henry Balfour, 29th January 1923 (D.O. No. 141). Regarding coracles in India.

A2

Typed letter from N. Annandale (Calcutta, India) to Henry Balfour, 9th April 1923 (D.O. No. 160). Regarding collections.

A3

Handwritten letter from Norman Ault (Oxford) to Henry Balfour, 15th October 1918. Mentions if he has had time to read two chapters of Palaeolithic and Neolithic Man he sent for his comments.

A4

Handwritten letter from Norman Ault (Oxford) to Henry Balfour, 23rd October 1920. Cover letter he is sending him a copy of his book Life in Ancient Britain.

Correspondence B:

B1

Typed letter from Charles Bell (Wellington College Station, Berkshire) to Henry Balfour 30th April 1927. Possibility of Tibetan Material Loan to Pitt Rivers Museum.

B2

Handwritten letter from Charles Bell (Wellington College Station, Berkshire) to Henry Balfour 15th May 1927. Possibility of Tibetan Material Loan to Pitt Rivers Museum.

B3

Handwritten letter from Henry Balfour (Royal Geographical Society, London) to Miss Beatrice Blackwood, 4th January 1928. Regarding collection sent from New Guinea and lecture at the Royal Geographical Society.

B4

Handwritten letter (3 sheets) from Henry Balfour (Oxford) to Miss Beatrice Blackwood, 24th March 1930. Regarding collection of Loanuat fieldwork, technology, BAAS Meeting and African trip.

B5

Handwritten letter (3 sheets) from Henry Balfour (Oxford) to Miss Beatrice Blackwood, 24th December 1929. Regarding collecting, technology, death of Baldwin Spencer and other news.

B6

Handwritten letter from R. C. Bosanquet (Alnwick) to Henry Balfour, 18th April 1918. Regarding ancient weaving.

B7

Handwritten letter (3 sheets, plus tracing) from R. C. Bosanquet (Alnwick) to Henry Balfour, 24th April 1918. Roman finds in Newcastle area, heddles.

B8

Handwritten letter from L. Dudley Buxton (Arizona, U.S.A.) to Henry Balfour, 14th November 1920. Regarding collection of ancient pottery from Arizona.

B9

Handwritten letter from John Bagot (Adelaide, South Australia) to Henry Balfour, 13th January 1893. Informing him he is sending 10 photographs of South Australian Aborigines.

B10

Typewritten letter (2 sheets) from H. G. Beasley (Chislehurst, Kent) from Henry Balfour, 15th January 1935. Mentions New Zealand combs, Santa Cruz currency, Tongan clubs, etc.

B11

Typewritten letter from the Finland Travel Bureau Ltd to Henry Balfour, 24th May 1933. Regarding receipt of favour on the 14th and informing him that they accept payment by traveller's cheque.

B12

Typewritten letter from B. & N. Line Royal Mail Ltd. to Henry Balfour, 7th March 1933. Discussing the sailing of a boat from Kirkenes, which is only up to 4th April.

B13

Handwritten letter (5 pages) from Henry Balfour (Oxford) to A. H. L. F. Pitt-Rivers, 25th June 1899. Requesting a reference for Harold St. George Gray, who has applied for post of chief assistant to Balfour at PRM. Letter donated 29 November 2010 by Mr Anthony Pitt- Rivers (see Related Document File for Balfour Papers).

Correspondence C:

C1

Handwritten letter from Louis Clarke (Cambridge) to Mr. Thomas, 22nd February 1930(?). Regarding honour for Henry Balfour.

C2

Handwritten letter from Rev. R. H. Codringron (Chichester) to Henry Balfour, 4th October 1898. Regarding wig collected in Solomon Islands and Musical bows.

C3

Typewritten letter from Henry Chapman (Philadelphia, U.S.A.) to Henry Balfour. Regarding Hawaiian Royal Feather Cloak.

C4

Handwritten letter from M. A. Czaplicka (London) to Henry Balfour, 15th December 1915. Mentions two fox skins, etc.

Correspondence D:

D1

Handwritten letter from M. Ditchfield (Wokingham) to Henry Balfour, 3rd March 1903. Personal.

Correspondence E:

E1

Handwritten letter from John Evans (Hemel Hempstead) to Henry Balfour, 8th November 1893. Mentions fish hook money from Sri Lanka.

E2

Handwritten letter from John Evans (Hemel Hempstead) to Henry Balfour, 12th November 1893. Mentions more details on fish hook money from Sri Lanka.

E3

Handwritten letter from John Evans (Hemel Hempstead) to Henry Balfour, 19th November 1893. Discusses sending some specimens of Kabyle pottery to the Pitt Rivers Museum.

Correspondence F:

F1

Handwritten letter (2 sheets) from Agnes Fry (Bristol) to Henry Balfour,

28th October 1929. Regarding finger weaving and knitting.

F2

Handwritten letter from Agnes Fry (Bristol) to Henry Balfour,

1st November 1929. Thank you for reply to her previous letter on finger weaving and knitting.

F3

Handwritten letter from Henry Balfour to Barbara Frere-Marreco,

18th July 1918 or 1919(?). Regarding collections, includes a diagram of a horn.

Correspondence G:

G1

Blank postcard from Rev. F. W. Galpin to Henry Balfour, 30th August 1904(?). Regarding lecture.

G2

Handwritten letter from Rev. F. W. Galpin (Harlow) to Henry Balfour, 11th November 1910. Mentions book and family matters.

G3

Handwritten letter from Rev. F. W. Galpin (Harlow) to Henry Balfour, 16th January 1911. Mentions instruments at the Victoria and Albert Museum.

G4

Handwritten letter (3 sheets) from Costantia Giglioli (Florence, Italy) to Henry Balfour, 22nd March 1912. Reply to a letter of condolence, discusses what is likely to become of her husband's ethnographic collection.

Correspondence H:

H1

Handwritten letter from Alfred C. Haddon (Bedford) to Henry Balfour, 27th July 1889. Regarding Fiji arrows and drawings.

H2

Typewritten letter from Ernest Haddon (Cambridge) to Henry Balfour, 27th August 1908. Regarding currency in Uganda.

H3

Handwritten letter from E. Sidney Hartland (Gloucester) to Henry Balfour, 8th January 1897. Talking about collecting in Wales.

H4

Handwritten letter from F. Haverfield (Oxford) to Henry Balfour, 17th August (?). Asking him to get him a copy of Archiv für Anthrop 1876, p. 265 or p. 256.

H5

Handwritten letter (5 sheets) from M. W. Hilton-Simpson (Wad Taga. Algeria) to Henry Balfour, 18th March 1914. Collecting in Algeria (medicine).

H6

Handwritten letter from Alfred C. Haddon (Cambridge) to Henry Balfour, 26th July 1931. Talking about coiled pottery.

Correspondence K:

K1

Handwritten letter (3 sheets) from Mary Kingsley (London) to Henry Balfour, 28th February 1899. Collecting in West Africa, photo mentioned see B66/2.

K2

Handwritten letter from Mary Kingsley (London) to Henry Balfour, 27th April 1899. Mentions Fernado Po, money photograph attached.

Correspondence L:

L1

Handwritten letter plus newspaper cutting from Andrew Lang to Henry Balfour, 30th November 1907(?). Includes an apology to Henry Balfour, the newspaper cutting is about the Pitt Rivers Museum and Henry Balfour.

L2

Typewritten letter (2 sheets) from Clive Lord (Tasmanian Museum, Hobart, Tasmania) to Henry Balfour, 17th September 1926. Tasmanian archaeology.

L3

Handwritten letter from Gunnar Landtman (Helsingfors (Helsinki), Finland) to Henry Balfour, 6th September 1933. Personal news, mentions folk dance.

L4

Typewritten letter from Dr. G. Lindblom (Stockholm) to Henry Balfour, 18th August 1925. Mentions Mörners book Arafus tropiska år he is sending him a copy.

L5

Typewritten letter from Dr. G. Lindblom (Stockholm) to Henry Balfour, 7th September 1925. Personal matters and comments on the technology of hunting and traps.

L6

Card with bibliography reference.

Correspondence M:

M1

Handwritten letter from R. R. Marett (Exeter College, Oxford) also printed sheet in Latin to Henry Balfour, 14th June 1936. Discusses a paper that they worked on together.

M2

Handwritten letter from G. Marin (Stroud, Gloucestershire) to Henry Balfour, 26th March 1925. Asking to pay a visit to the Pitt Rivers Museum for Research into ''Time-reckoning''.

M3

Handwritten letter from James Reid Moir (Ipswich) to Henry Balfour, 5th April 1918 (ref. 1918.30.1). Discusses pottery that Henry Balfour has in his possession.

Correspondence N:

N1

Typewritten letter (2 sheets) from Karl Nickul (Helsinki, Finland) to Henry Balfour, 14th April 1937. Sending a book (see Library Catalogue).

N2

Typewritten letter plus cutting (photograph) from Erland Nordenskiold (Västerljung, Sweden) to Henry Balfour, 9th August 1929. Sugar milling by American Indians.

Correspondence P:

P1*

Handwritten letter from Sir Ralph Payne-Gallwey (Thirsk) to Henry Balfour, 19th February 1905. Turkish Bows.

P2*

Handwritten letter (9 sheets) from Sir Ralph Payne-Gallwey (Thirsk) to Henry Balfour, 16th March 1905. Turkish Bows and Arrows.

P3*

Handwritten letter (8 sheets) from Sir Ralph Payne-Gallwey (Thirsk) to Henry Balfour, 24th April 1906. Turkish Bows, Arrows and Thumb Rings.

P4*

Handwritten letter from Sir Ralph Payne-Gallwey (Thirsk) to Henry Balfour, 30th May 1905. Turkish Bows, Arrows, Thumb Rings, etc.

* Items P1-P4 were interleaved in Henry Balfour's copy of Ralph Payne-Gallwey's Projectile-Throwing Engines & Treatise on Turkish Bows (see British Library Catalogue) which is annotated & interleaved with photographs.

P5

Typewritten letter from H. H. Peach (Dryad Handicrafts, Leicester) to Henry Balfour, 16th July 1923. Regarding Tablet Weaving, etc.

P6

Typewritten letter from H. H. Peach (The Dryad Press, Leicester) to Henry Balfour, 14th August 1934 (ref. HHP/AW). Regarding Book on History of Crafts, mentions Tablet Weaving, reprinted copy enclosed.

P7

Handwritten letter from T. E. Peet (Seacombe, Cheshire) to Henry Balfour, no date (?1908-9). Talking about manuscript.

P8

Handwritten letter from F. W. Putman (Cambridge, Mass. U.S.A.) to Henry Balfour, 20th January 1912. Regarding Henry Balfour's pamphlets.

P9

Handwritten letter (2 sheets) from F. W. Putman (Cambridge, Mass. U.S.A.) to Henry Balfour, 17th February 1914. Talking about museum work.

Correspondence R:

R1

Handwritten letter from G. Robley (London) to Henry Balfour, 5th January 1909. Informing him he is sending a watercolour.

R2

Five photocopies (sheets) of two letters sent by Henry Balfour to Eustace Neville Rolfe. Originals held in the Museum History of Science (Oxford), regarding amulets.

R3

Handwritten letter from Henry Ling Roth (Halifax) to Henry Balfour, 7th July 1893. Regarding a set of photographs he has on spinning and weaving.

R4

Handwritten letter from C. H. Read (British Museum) to Henry Balfour, 26th October 1893. Regarding a Trobriand object.

R5

Typewritten letter (2 sheets) from Eric von Rosen (Sparreholm) to Henry Balfour, 28th May 1927. Regarding publication of Träskfolket.

Correspondence S:

S1

Handwritten letter from Fred Snare (Brandon) to Henry Balfour, 8th October 1899. Flint knapping making examples for museum.

S2

Handwritten letter from Fred Snare (Brandon) to Henry Balfour, 18th October 1899. Flint knapping making examples for museum.

S3

Handwritten letter from Fred Snare (Brandon) to Henry Balfour, 26th March 1900. Flint knapping making examples for museum.

S4

Handwritten letter from Fred Snare (Brandon) to Henry Balfour, 9th January 1913. Flint knapping making examples for museum.

S5

Handwritten letter (2 sheets) from Fred Snare (Brandon) to Henry Balfour, 10th January 1913. Flint knapping making examples for museum.

S6-S8

Three sheets of hand written by Fred Snare regarding flint knapping.

S9

Business card of Fred Snare.

S10

Card with notes by Fred Snare regarding flint knapping.

S11

Handwritten letter from V. R. Edwards to Dear Sir, 20th November 1939. Related to items S1-S10 (flint knapping).

S12

Handwritten letter from V. R. Edwards to Dear Sir, 30th October 1951. Related to items S1-S10 (flint knapping).

S13

Handwritten letter from Janet Catherine Symonds (Lyme Regis) to Henry Balfour, 3rd January 1908. Charms and amulets. (Mother of Dame Kathleen Farse: both donors of amulets).

S14 Typed letter from Frank Stevens, Salisbury, South Wilts and Blackmore Museum, 8th August 1933. Sending a series of Native American photographs (1998.129) belonging to William Blackmore for the PRM. Also sending a further photograph of "Flint Jack" (Edward Simpson).

Correspondence T:

T1

Typewritten letter from E. Torday (London) to Henry Balfour, 28th November 1926. Regarding publication of Count Eric von Rosen's book on the lake-dwellers of Bangweulu.

T2

Typewritten letter from E. Torday (London) to Henry Balfour, 2nd December 1927. Discussing Count Eric von Rosen's book on the lake-dwellers of Bangweulu.

T3

Typewritten letter (2 sheets) from Count Eric von Rosen (Sparreholm) to Henry Balfour, 21st April 1927. Regarding getting an English edition of his book published.

T4

Typewritten letter from OUP (Clarendon Press) to Henry Balfour, 3rd June 1927. Informing him that they could not undertake English publication, mentioned in items T1-T4.

T5

Typewritten letter from E. Torday (London) to Henry Balfour, 18th November 1930. Regarding spears.

T6

Handwritten letter from Sir Edward Burnett Tylor (Wellington) to Henry Balfour, 7th September 1899. Discussing museum problems, (probably only part of a letter, page 1).

T7

Handwritten letter from Sir Edward Burnett Tylor (Oxford) to Henry Balfour, 30th November 1905. Discussing Aztec blue stone.

T8

Typewritten letter from R. S. Troup (School of Forestry) to Henry Balfour, 5th March 1935. Asking if he was interested in a cloth made from Llama wool, given to the Prince of Wales by the Argentine Academy of Medicine. Also includes a typed message to H.R.H. Prince of Wales.

Correspondence U:

U1

Handwritten letter from University of Dublin to Henry Balfour, 5th February 1891. Baby carrier with diagrams included in letter.

Correspondence W:

W1

Typewritten letter (2 sheets) from Spencer Williams (Tewkesbury) to Henry Balfour, 2nd February 1930. Talking about a Brazilian Jangada being acceptable as an exhibit at the Pitt Rivers Museum.

W2

Handwritten letter from A. Werner (Welwyn Garden City) to Henry Balfour, 27th February 1933. Mentions ocarina's.

W3

Handwritten letter from R. Hensleigh Walter to Henry Balfour, 1905. Regarding earthenware bowl from Ham Hill, Somerset (includes two photographs).

 Box 9 – Offprints

1

Note upon an implement of Palaeolithic type from the Victoria Falls, Zambesi. By Henry Balfour, M.A. Journal of the Anthropological Institute, Vol. XXXVI, January-June, 1906, pp.170-171, with Plate XVI.

2

Bird and Human Designs from the Solomon Islands, illustrating the influence of one design over another. By Henry Balfour, M.A. MAN, A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science No. 50, 1905, pp. 81-84 with Plate F.

3

Flint-engraved Pottery from the ruins at Khami and Dhlo Dhlo, Rhodesia. By Henry Balfour M.A. MAN, A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science No. 11, 1906, no page nos. but with Plate B.

4

Haida Portrait Mask. By Henry Balfour, M.A. MAN, A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science No. 1, 1907, no page no. with Plate A.

5

Modern Brass-casting in West Africa. By Henry Balfour, M.A., F.Z.S. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, Vol. XL, July-December 1910, pp. 525-528, with Plates XXXVII and XXXVIII.

6

Note on a new kind of Fish Hook from Goodenough Island, D'entrecasteaux Group, New Guinea. By Henry Balfour, M.A., F.Z.S. MAN, A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science No. 9, February 1915, no page nos. with Plate B and Figure 149 (2 drawings, on loose sheets).

7

Some types of Native Hoes, Naga Hills. By Henry Balfour, M.A. MAN, A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science No. 74, July 1917, pp. 1-3 with 1 plate and 1 drawing.

8

An Eskimo Week-Calendar. By H. Balfour, M.A, MAN, A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science No. 47, June 1919, pp.1-2, with original drawing.

9

Earth Smoking-Pipes from South Africa & Central Asia. By Henry Balfour, M.A. MAN, A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science No. 45, May 1922, pp.1-5 with Plate E, One hand written insert,, 2 original drawings, 2 original photographs b/w and one two-sided article inserted J, G, Wood, ''Nat-Hist Man''- Africa p. 180.

10

Some Specimens from the Chatham Islands. By Henry Balfour, M.A. MAN, A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science No. 80, October 1918, pp. 1-4 with 1 plate.

11

Kite Fishing, By Henry Balfour. Essays and Studies presented to William Ridgeway on his sixtieth Birthday 6 August 1913, pp. 1-25. Miscellaneous items with offprint a letter from William Ridgeway to Henry Balfour dated 21 Dec. 1913, several hand written notes on blank pages and margins also some drawings, 2 b/w photos of kite fishing Dobu d.d. O. Jenness 1921, 4 pages of letter from R. Thions-Mason Canon of Gibraltar, dated December 28th(Garrison Library, Gibraltar), ? - 2 pages of notes written in German, Letter from John Clay to Henry Balfour dated 17 December 1913, Newspaper cutting, Indian Archipelago, three hand-written pages on kite fishing, a letter from King Edward VII College of Medicine, Singapore dated 31st May 1937 and a double sided page from an article entitled Sepwai Fishing by Leigh G. Vial from Walkabout, November 1st, 1936.

12

Evolution in Decorative Art. By Henry Balfour, M.A. Journal of the Society of Arts, No.2162, Vol. XLII, Friday April 27, 1894, pp. 455-472.

13

Ancient Double Hooks of Bronze. By Henry Balfour. Printed by Bemrose and Sons Ltd.

14

Ceremonial Paddle of the Kalabari of Southern Nigeria. By Henry Balfour, M.A. MAN, A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science No. 44, April 1917, pp.1-2 with 1 plate.

15

The Goura, a stringed-wind musical instrument of the Bushmen and Hottentots. By Henry Balfour, M.A., F.Z.S. Journal of the Anthropological Institute, Vol. XXXII, January-June 1902, pp.156-175 with Plates XII-XIV, plus one original line drawing & handwritten note.

16

Report on a Collection of Musical Instruments from the Siamese Malay States and Perak. By Henry Balfour, M.A., F.Z.S. Fascic: Malay; Anthropology – Part II, February 1904, pp.1-18 with Plates XX-XXI and colour throw-out map of Central Section of Malay Peninsula.

 Box 10 – Offprints

1

Archaeological and Ethnological Research in South Africa. By Henry Balfour. Reprinted from The Times, Saturday November 5th, 1910, pp. 1-10.

2

Life History of an Aghori Fakir, By Henry Balfour, M.A. Journal of the Anthropological Institute, May 1897, pp. 340-357, with Plates XXXIII-XXXIV, also miscellaneous items 5 original photographs, writing and drawings in margins and blank pages of the offprint, one double sided letter dated 1836 signed A.J., another letter from H. E. Drake-Brookman to Dr. Balfour, June 5th, 4 page offprint in German Aus den Verhandlung der Berliner anthropologischen Gesellschaft. Sitzung vom 27, Mai 1893 and offprint/leaflet entitled Use of Human Skulls and Bones in Tibet by Berthold Laufer, Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, 1923.

3

The Origin of Decorative Art as illustrated by the Art of Modern Savages. By Henry Balfour, M.A., F.Z.S. Reprinted from the Midland Naturalist, Vol. XIII, 1890, pp. 1-15.

4

The Fin Whale Fishery in North Lapland. By Henry Balfour, M.A., F.Z.S. Reprinted from the Midland Naturalist, Vol. XII, 1889, pp. 1-14.

5

On the Evolution of a Characteristic Pattern on the Shafts of Arrows from the Solomon Islands. By Henry Balfour, M.A., F.Z.S. Journal of the Anthropological Institute, Vol. XVII, May 1888, pp. 328-331 with Plate VII.

6

Music Musical Instruments. By Henry Balfour, M.A., F.R.S. Reprinted from ''Notes and Queries on Anthropology'', fifth edition, 1929, pp. 1-24.

7

Stone Implements from the Malay Peninsula in the Pitt-Rivers Museum. By Henry Balfour. Reprinted from the Archaeologia Oxoniensis, December 1892, pp. 1-6 with one plate.

8

Life History of an Aghori Fakir. By Henry Balfour, M.A. Journal of the Anthropological Institute Vol. XXVI, May 1897, pp. 340-357 with Plates XXXIII-XXXIV.

9

A Short Holiday in Lapland. By Henry Balfour. The Stapeldon Magazine Vol. I, No.7 June 1907, pp. 259-266.

10

Notes on a Collection of Ancient Stone Implements from Ejura, Ashanti. By Prof. Henry Balfour, M.A. Journal of the African Society Vol. XII, No. XLV, October 1912, pp.1-16, plus 5 plates.

11

On the Structure and Affinities of the Composite Bow. By Henry Balfour, M.A., F.Z.S. Journal of the Anthropological Institute, Vol. XIX, November 1889, pp. 220-246 with Plates V-VI , several hand-written notes and drawings on blank sheets.

12

On the Structure and Affinities of the Composite Bow. By Henry Balfour, M.A., F.Z.S. Journal of the Anthropological Institute, Vol. XIX, November 1889, pp. 220-246 with Plates V-VI. (Duplicate copy see also item 11 box 2).

 Box 11 – Offprints

1

Kite Fishing, By Henry Balfour. Essays and Studies presented to William Ridgeway on his sixtieth Birthday 6 August 1913, pp. 1-25. Some hand-written notes on blank pages includes sketches. (Duplicate copy see also item 11, box 1).

2

An Account of the Artefacts Collected in Patagonia and Fuegia. By Henry Balfour. No information as to where this is taken from, pp. 124-142.

3

Address to the Anthropological Section. By Henry Balfour, M.A. British Association for the Advancement of Science, Cambridge, 1904, pp. 1-12.

4

Ethnological Suggestions in regard to Easter Island or Rapanui. by Henry Balfour, M.A. Extract from Folk-Lore, December 1917, pp. 356-381. Also in same binding Correspondence, The Statues of Easter Island. By Henry Balfour, M.A. Folk-Lore XXXII, 1921, pp. 70-72. Miscellaneous item letter addressed to Henry Balfour from unable to read signature, but address is 33B West Hill, Sydenham, London SE26, dated September 10th 1932. Also one rubbing on a small piece of tracing paper.

5

On a Remarkable Bow and Arrows believed to be of Assyrian Origin. By Henry Balfour, M.A. Journal of the Anthropological Institute Vol. XXVI, February 1897, pp. 210-220 with Plates IX and X. Miscellaneous items: Letter addressed to Henry Balfour, unable to read signature, address is Lily Lodge. Hampstead Heath, N.W., dated 3 August 1895. Also a letter in French. One compliment slip Eton College, Windsor, with a note to Penniman dated 28-1-54 from G.A.D. Tait.

6

The Fire Piston. By Henry Balfour, M.A. From the Smithsonian Report for 1907, pp. 565-593, with Plates I-V.

7

The Tandu Industry in Northern Nigeria and its Affinities Elsewhere. By Henry Balfour. Reprinted from ''Essays Presented to C. G. Seligman'', 1934, pp. 5-18 with Plates I-V.

8

The Old British ''Pibcorn'' or ''Hornpipe'' and its Affinities. By Henry Balfour. Esq., M.A., F.Z.S. Journal of the Anthropological Institute Vol. XX, November 1890, pp. 142-154 with Plates II and III.

9

Spinners and Weavers in Anthropological Research. By Henry Balfour, M.A., F.R.S, F.S.A. The Frazer Lecture 1937, pp. 1-19 (2 copies).

10

The Origin of West African Crossbows. By Henry Balfour, M.A. Journal of the African Society Vol. VIII, No. XXXII, July 1909, pp. 337-354. Additional material notes and drawings on blank pages, one original photograph, one copy of a journal page in German p. 209, one letter addressed to Henry Balfour , dated May 5 1909, unable to read signature, but from address St. John's Priory, Poling, Near Arundel, another letter to Henry Balfour, dated October 4 1909, from Upp Hall, Braughing, Ware.

11

The Status of the Tasmanians among the Stone-Age Peoples. Presidential Address for the Year 1924. By Henry Balfour, M.A., F.R.S., F.S.A. Reprinted from the Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia Vol. V, Part I, 1925, pp. 1-15. Also in the same offprint cover Stone Implements of the Tasmanians and the Culture-Status which they Suggest. By Henry Balfour, M.A., F.R.S., F.S.A. From Report of the Hobart Meeting, 1928, Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science, pp. 314-322.

12

The Natural History of the Musical Bow, A Chapter in the Developmental History of Stringed Instruments of Music. By Henry Balfour, M.A. Oxford at the Clarendon Press 1899, pp. 1-87. Also includes the following: various notes and drawings on blank pages and bits of note paper. A photo of Mada tribe, Plateau Prov., Nigeria, photo by C. K. Meek. A letter from Conservatoire Royal de Musique, Bruxelles dated 17 Juillet 1912. A letter to Mr. Balfour from A. C. Haddon of Inisfail, Hills Road, Cambridge dated 2-1-1906. Photos numbered 550, 553 with German text underneath. Photo Kaffir girl with musical bow photo in Dorhan 1899, J.E.M. (A.21). Photo sent by Mrs. J. C. Brown, 1899. Letter to Henry Balfour dated May 13th 1901 from Mrs. John Crosby Brown, 2 pages. Coloured drawing from ''Autiquites Mexicaines, by H. de Squssure. Fac. I 'MS du Cacique', pl. IX, Geneva 1891. Plus various other photos unlabelled, drawings taken from them in some cases for the text. Letter from William T. Brigham, Honolulu dated June 22 1902. Map throw-out of the world, geographical distribution of musical bow. Letter from A. van Ginnef, Clamart near Paris dated 26 Juin 1903.

 Box 12 – Offprints

1

Frictional Fire-Making with a Flexible Sawing-Thong. By Henry Balfour. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute Vo. XLIV, January-June 1914, pp. 32-64. Other items paper-cutting in either German or Dutch dated 25.6.1936. Various notes drawings and photos stuck onto blank pages also some pieces of lined note paper.

2

Notes on the Modern Use of Bone Skates. By Henry Balfour. Reliquary and Illustrated Archaeologist, January 1898, pp.1-9. Also another offprint entitled Sledges with Bone Runners in Modern Use. Reliquary and Illustrated Archaeologist, January 1898, pp.1-13. Other items letter from the National Skating Association of Great Britain dated 17.1.01. One page of printed paper On Ancient Bone Skates by Robert Munro, M.D. Letter from Salisbury Green, Edinburgh dated 20/7/1900 unable to read signature. Several photos along with drawings and notes incorporated on blank pages.

3

Several small articles taken from MAN, A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science, 1901: Guilloche Pattern on an Etruscan Potsherd. By Henry Balfour, M.A. No. 4, p. 8. Native Smoking Pipes from Natal. Collected by H. D. R. Kingston, M.D. and described by Henry Balfour. No. 10, pp. 11-12. A Swan-neck Boomerang of unused form. By Henry Balfour, M.A. No. 27, p. 33 with plate C, 1-2. Three Bambu Trumpets from Northern Territory, South Australia By Henry Balfour, M.A. No. 28, pp. 33-34 with plate C, 3-5. Memorial Heads in the Pitt-Rivers Museum. By Henry Balfour, M.A. No. 51, pp. 65-66 with plate E. A Spear-head and Socketed Celt of Bronze from the Shah States, Burma. By Henry Balfour, M.A. No. 77, pp. 97-98 with Plate G. Strangling-cords from the Murray River, Victoria, Australia. By Henry Balfour, M.A. No. 94, pp. 117-118.

4

Presidents Address, The Relationship of Museums to the Study of Anthropology. By Henry Balfour, M.A., F.Z.S. Journal of Anthropological Institute, Vol. XXXV, January-June 1905, pp. 10-19.

5

Anthropological Essays presented to Edward Burnett Tylor in honour of his 75th Birthday October 2, 1907. The Fire-Piston. By Henry Balfour, M.A. pp.1-49 with Plates I-III. Notes and diagrams on blank pages and on bits of note paper. Also several miscellaneous items. Letter from Walter Hough of the Smithsonian Institution Washington D.C. dated May 12 1908 (2 pages). Letter from J. L. McCallum dated 10th December 1911. Letter from J. H. Evans, Perak Museum. Dated September 13th 1921 (2 pages).Two letters from Miller Christy one dated 16th January 1926 (2 pages) and the other dated 10th November 1927.

6

A Primitive Musical Instrument. By Henry Balfour. Reliquary and Illustrated Archaeologist, October 1896, pp. 1-4. Several blank pages have notes and drawings on. Also some additional items. Letter from Edward Jones, dated 1.8.1905. A letter from Villa du Boitsfort, unable to read signature, text in French.

7

A Primitive Musical Instrument. By Henry Balfour. Reliquary and Illustrated Archaeologist, October 1896, pp. 1-4. (Duplicate of box 4 item 6, but no writing on blank pages or additional items included).

8

The Archer's Bow in the Homeric Poems, an attempted diagnosis. By Henry Balfour, M.A., F.S.A., F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., F.R.A.I. The Huxley Memorial Lecture for 1921, pp. 1-20. Various blank pages have drawings and notes added. Also six newspaper cuttings from The Times Literary Supplement 14th July 1927. Letter from 3 Grove Place, Oxford, dated 28th December 1925, unable to read signature.

9

The Origin of Stencilling in the Fiji Islands. By Henry Balfour, M.A., F.R.S. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, Vol. LIV, July-December 1924, pp. 347-352, with Plates XXXVI and XXXVII. Also a letter from Camilla Wedgwood to Mr. Balfour dated 9.5.1925.

10

Thorn-lined Traps and their Distribution. By Henry Balfour, M.A., F.R.S. MAN, A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science, 1925, No. 21 pp. 1-5 with Plate C. Also another article. Thorn-lined Traps. By J. C. Swayne, as a footnote to Mr. Balfour's article (MAN, 1926, 21) on thorn lined traps. MAN, A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science, 1927, No 93, p. 141 with Plate H. Thorn Traps. By Professor Sir William Ridgeway, Sc.D., F.B.A. MAN, A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science, 1925, No 52, one page glued as an end paper on inside back cover. Thorn-lined Traps in the Pitt-Rivers Museum, Oxford. By Henry Balfour, F.R.S. MAN, A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science, 1932, No 773, pp. 1-3 with Plate C (as a loose folded sheet in offprint book). Also several original photos, drawings and text included on blank pages. Letter from J. C. Swayne dated 11.8.1925. Newspaper cutting in German.

11

The Friction-Drum. By Henry Balfour, M.A. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, Vol. XXXVII, January-June, 1907, pp. 67-92, with Plates XII-XIV. Notes, drawings and original photos on blank pages and hand written notes on odd bits of note paper (some in German). Several letters: W. C. F. Andrews (Hermit's Hill, Burghfield) dated Dec 31 1907 (2 pieces of paper folded in half). Unable to read signature, address Dartmouth House, Dartmouth Park Hill, London N.W. dated April 3 1908 (2 pieces of paper folded in half). O. J. Mason (Smithsonian Institute, United States National Museum, Washington D.C.) dated Nov. 6 1907. Letter from ? Parkinson, dated 1st December 1907 (2 sheets of paper)/ One typewritten letter in German dated 14 April 1907, (one large sheet folded in half, 3 typed pages with drawings). Letter from Adela Breton dated Dec. 4th 1907. Two pieces of lined paper not a letter with possible translation of German letter. Letter from Robert Kerr (The Royal Scottish Museum, Edinburgh) dated 25.11.1927. Another German letter dated 31 Aug 1908. French letter dated 4 Fevrieu 1908.

 Box 13 – Miscellaneous (research notes, letters, drawings, etc.):
Folder 1 – Agriculture: Notes, photographs, newspaper cuttings, etc.
Folder 2 – Agricultural tools: Notes, letters, drawings, photographs, etc.
Folder 3 – Archery: Notes, letters, drawings, etc.
Folder 4 – Bibliography of the Scientific Writings of Henry Balfour, five sheets of typewritten information.
Folder 5 – Bismers: Notes, Manuscript, etc.
Folder 6 – Black Magic: covering letter from E. Hunt to Henry Balfour with 18 folios of manuscript (? Not complete – copy missing at end).
Folder 7 – Boats: Letters, notes, drawings, photographs, etc.

Box 14 – Miscellaneous (research notes, letters, drawings, etc.):
Folder 1 – Notes on Bone Skates: includes photographs, drawings, etc.
Folder 2 – Diagrammatic plan and section of Batoka Gorge and Old River-bed of the Zambesi below the Victoria Falls. (Drawing by Henry Balfour).
Folder 3 – Clocks and time measurement: research notes, manuscript, newspaper cuttings, drawings, photographs, etc.

Box 15 – Miscellaneous (research notes, letters, drawings, etc.):

Folder 1 – Booklet: ''The History of Fire-making'', 1910, also photographs and another booklet ''A Catalogue of Curiosities'', 1918
Folder 2 – Illustrations in colour of birds and uses of feathers, etc.
Folder 3 – Javanese: Notes – Miscellaneous, Music, Dwellings, etc. papers sent by Miss Walden 1896 to Henry Balfour.
Folder 4 – Music: Letters, notes, photographs, etc.
Folder 5 – Photographs of ship models and a letter from Henry Culver.
Item/folder 6 – Sanichar the Wolf Boy. Magazine cutting three pages from The Wide World Magazine, article by Miss Cornelia Sorabji. Also photograph of Sanichar 1998.476.1 (accession number).
Folder 7 – Miscellaneous letters, etc.:

1

Bodleian Library (Camera), Order.

2

Envelope with arrangement of specimens details.

3

Index card with reference to De Hulpmiddelen der Zeevisscherij op Java en Madoera in gebruik by P. N. van Kampen, 1909.

4

Postcard from P. N. van Kampen to Henry Balfour, 20th February 1912.

5

Pencil notes on Java, both sides of sheet.

6

Handwritten letter from P. N. van Kampen to Henry Balfour, 11th February 1912.

7

Handwritten letter to Henry Balfour unable to read signature from sender, address is 2 Palace Road, Surbiton, dated 10th February 1897. Regarding Skulls – flattening of occiput.

8

Handwritten letter from S. C. Hopkins to Henry Balfour, dated 4th March 1913.

9

Notification of a bill of costs which is going to be sent, from Dr. B. Sundara Raj, (Fisheries Department), Madras, ref. no. 270-B/25/10 dated 23rd to 26th June 1926.

10

Newspaper cutting of the House where Mr. de Windt stayed also diagram, December 1902.

11

Covering letter and photocopies of half title and title page of a book entitled ''Schools and Master of Fence from the Middle Ages to the Eighteenth Century'', by Egerton Castle, Published by George Bell and Sons, London, 1885.

12

Faded typewritten letter from E. Sapir, Department of Mines, Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa to Henry Balfour, dated 26th May 1913. Regarding Eskimo items in museums.

13

Typed letter one page only (should be more, as not complete), from The Cottage, Abbey Wood, Kent to Mr. Balfour dated 26th January 1915. Regarding wooden Shark Tooth.

14

Handwritten letter (two sheets) from University of the Witwaterrand, Johannesburg to Mr. Balfour, dated 14th May 1935. Mentions reed flutes.

15

Handwritten letter (small sheet written on both sides) has a photograph attached from Harris to Mr. Balfour, dated 7th March 1904. Vase from Crete.

16

Notes on Looms. 1921.

 Box 16 – Miscellaneous – Mounted drawings and text (previous labels?):

1

Kurama (Pagan) archer using thumb ring, East of Zaria, Sonoto.

2

Distribution of the Kopis form of blade and its varieties – map.

3

Iron sword ''Kopis'' blade.

4

''Hercules and the Amazons'' the latter armed with the Kopis.

5

Greek warrior using the Kopis.

6

Tatar Bow.

7

Kopis – text.

8

Affinities of the varieties of the Composite Bow.

 Box 17 – Bellows , Ceramics and Currency – (taken from cabinet of Henry Balfour’s notes in the archives):

Bellows:

1

Small envelope ‘Iron Smelting Furnace & Bellows. Prints. Ceylon – from Coomaraswary ‘Mediaeval Sinhalese Art’’: containing prints:

1. ‘iron smelting furnace; general view’ 2. ‘iron smelting furnace; the bellows’ 3. ‘the furnace at work’ 4. ‘The bellows-blower’.

2

Note on references for ‘double pot-bellows worked with strings attached to flexible rods’.

3

Description of bellows made from bamboo reeds bound together taken from ‘Die Inlandstämme Ostsumatras’ Max Mosztecoski, Globus. Vol. XCIV, No. 19, Nov. 19th 1908, Page 293, Fig. 3.

4

Offprint of ‘A Visit to the Wa-itumba Iron-workers and the Mangaheri, near Mamboia in East Central Africa’ by J. T. Last.

5

Picture cut out from magazine of ‘How they prepare dinner’ showing [possibly Chinese] cooking scene with person using pipe bellows.

6

Offprint of ‘IV – North African Gypsies’ by Arnold van Gennep, in the Journal of the Gypsy Lore Society, Vol. V. Part 3.

7

Notes and copied illustration of iron furnaces, Balangoda, Ceylon, from ‘Mediaeval Sinhalese Art’ by Amanda K. Coomaraswary, 1908, p. 191 figs 98 and 99 (also same series of photos as in small envelope mentioned above).

8

Note on ‘Double-bellows. Miambe, N. of Karema, German East Africa. Fülleboru. vol. LX (atlas) plate 37. fig 9. text p. 171’.

9

Drawing of ‘Yak-skin bellows – Tibet. Museum of Science & Art Edinburgh’.

10

Note on reference to Algerian bellows in van Gennep ‘Etudes d’Ethnogr Algerienne’.

11

Sketch of Madagascan bellows and Sudanese bellows.

12

Sketch and note on ‘Double cylinder bellows, Assam. [S. G. Peal?] J.A.I., xxii p. 250’.

13

Sketch of ‘Nias. Fire-fan made of spathe of areca catectu’.

14

Description of bellows and sketch taken from Dr. H. Krauss. Globus. Vol. XCIII, No.23, 18.6.08. Page: 362. Fig 26.

15

Offprint ‘Iron Smelting by Kois, a Jungle Tribe in the Eastern Ghats of India’ by L. A. Cammiade’ in MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science), No. 65, April 1931.

16

Letter to Henry Balfour from Wilfred Godden, Randolph Hotel, Oxford: perhaps they knew each other from fencing competitions, rather than in connection with the Naga's.

17

Sketch of ‘Smithy bellows of earthenware with banana bart, Momfú in Nssoba’. Stuhlmann p. 486.

18

Sketch and note on ‘Kavirondo Bellows’ taken from ‘Eastern Uganda’ C. W. Hobley, Anthropological Institute 1902. Page 19.

19

Illustration from a magazine ‘King Jamshid Teaching the Crafts’ (from a ms. of Firdausi’s ‘Book of Kings’ 1480) Chester Beatty Collection.

20

Sketch of bellows ‘used in connection with native mines of copper & lead, Mbokó-Songhô, Londima R. Congo. Rev d’Ethnogr’ VII 1889. p. 277.

 

21

Two illustrations of Ancient Egyptian Friezes showing use of bellows: ‘Printure d’un Hypogée’ and ‘Gournah (Thèbes): Sculptures et Printures des Hypogées’.

2

Note of reference on native iron smelting in the Namuli Mountains, Portguese East Africa, Geographical Journal LXXXI, April 1933, p. 324.

23

Sketch of ‘Iron-smelting forge of the Cuois of Compong-Soai, Cambodia – with large skin-covered bellows on which three men stand to deflate. J. Moura, Rev d’Ethnogr I, 1882, p. 436- full description’.

24

Sketch of ‘Smelting furnace & bellows, India…Percy ‘Metallurgy’.

25

Sketch and notes on ‘Furnace & bellows of the iron-worker of Manipur’ taken from Col. J. Shakespeare, J.A.I., XI, 1910 p. 350.

26

Sketch of bellows ‘Yannde, Kamerum, 4ºN, 12ºE’ ‘Das Ubersieishe Deutschland’, 1890 p. 113.

27

Letter to Henry Balfour from Harold T. E. Peake, Westbrook House, Newbury, Berkshire, 22nd November 1920, re British Association Committee on Bronze Age Implements, asking Henry Balfour to endorse appeal for funds for the Committee.

28

Note on ironwork amongst ‘Nilotic negroes’.

29

Sketch: ‘iron working in hinterland of Kameruin, Bulletin Social Anthropology. Paris IV 1903 p. 518’.

30

Notes on published references to cylinder bellows and carpet bag bellows (6 sheets).

31

Two rough sketches of ‘paired skin bellows’ Jakut Siberia ‘another similar fr. Mongolia smaller’ and one rough sketch of paired bellows, Ibadau, Yoruba.

32

Notes on ‘Blacksmiths Forge at Abrokuta’ taken from ‘Abrokuta & the Cameroons’ R. Barton Vol. I, page 161.

33

Rough notes and sketches on ‘Iron in Africa’, including notes on the ‘two principle types’ of bellows and their distribution ‘(2 others are confined to Madagascar, other very local)’. Including possible lecture (mentioning slides in the margin) on the subject: ‘Iron-working in Africa’, (11 sheets in total).

34

Notes on iron in India, (2 sheets).

35

Sketch of native furnace, Kordofan, Sudan.

36

Notes for lecture to a society on ‘Iron working in Africa’: Focusing on bellows ‘in primitive iron technics’ and forges or smelting-furnaces. Outlines four distinctive types of bellows that are known, then discussion of ‘Furnaces or Forges’ p. 32, (?75 sheets).

37

Notes on cylindrical bellows from Hausgeräte der deutsch-ostafrikanischen Küsterneger’ Dr H. Strauss. Globus, Vol. XCIII, no 23, 18.6.1908, page 362, fig. 27 (2 sheets).

38

Notes on blacksmith’s shop from ‘A walk across Africa’ G. A. Grant 1864, page 295.

39

Photo of iron working. ‘Babunda’ written on back.

40

Sketch of forge, Kei Island from ‘Through New Guinea’ 1898 Coyley Webster p. 183.

41

Sketches – copies of ancient Egyptian friezes showing iron working, (3 sheets).

42

Sketch of goat skin bellows, Tibet, from Rockhill ‘Journey through Mongolia & Tibet’.

43

Notes on ‘An Arab Forge’ from ‘Travels in Northern Africa’ Capt. Lyon p. 48.

44

Sketch of S. African bellows from J.A.I. XXI pl XXII + pp. 303-4.

45

Note on ‘African Smelting Furnaces’.

46

Notes on iron working from ‘The Great Plateau of Northern Rhodesia’ C. Gouldsbury & H. Sheane, 1911 p. 279 (3 sheets).

47

Notes on the Lushai blacksmith from ‘The Lushei Huki Clans’ Lt. Colonel J. Shakespear, 1912, p. 30.

48

Sketch 'Bellows with Strings' – Gowlands Presidential Address, 7.a.1, 1906, p. 15.

49

Note 'Waganda bellows', Filkin – Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh XIII, p. 728.

50

Sketches of bellows 'Gobmah Thebes' (2 sheets).

51

Notes on cylinder bellows. ''Java'' I, p. 170 & plate.

52

Sketch Ububan or Bellows 'History fo Java' J. Raffles, Vol. I, page 168.

53

Sketch of 'man using double stick bellows ? Africa'.

54

Sketch and notes 'Quadruple bellows, Bole tribe?'.

55

Sketch and note 'Stick bellows, from Wassangu', ‘Deutsch Ost Afrika’ F. Fülleborn 1906, Atlas pl. XLIV.

56

Sketch of ‘Naga Múk ‘also similar noted from [?Salwi’n], Sumatra, Japan, Philippines, Madagascar’ from S. E. Peal in J.A.I. XXII pl xiv.

57

Notes on Bellows (mfua) from ‘Die Wagogo’ Heinrich Claus. Baessler-Archio, Beiheff II, page 33, fig. 79.

58

Notes 'Bamboo cylinder bellows' Abors of Assam, Mem. Ariat Soc. Bengal, V Extra No. p. 44.

59

Sketch of ‘Bellows. Yarkund’ – Sir T. D. Forsyth ‘Rep. of Mission to Yarkund in 1873’ Calcutta 1875 fig. 29 p. 166.

60

Rough sketch of ‘goatskin bellows of a Mongol Silversmith {?Tsaidam] from Rockhill ‘Diary of Journal through Mongolia & Tibet’ p. 163 & pl p. 96.

61

Rough sketch ‘bellows in Seran’ from Martin ‘Reisen in d. Moukkeu’ pp. 233, 234, pl 28, fig 17.

62

Copy of illustration of smith and furnace from a Sinhalese banner from E. W. Perera ‘Sinhalese Banners & StandardsMem. Colombo Mus. Ser. A. No. 2 1916, pl. I fig. I & p. 32.

63

Rough sketches, brief notes from A. H. S. Laudor ‘In the Forbidden Lands’, 1899 p. 357. Capt R. Knox ‘Hist. Relation of the Id. of Ceylon’, 1681, p. 97. H. Parker ‘Ancient Ceylon’, 1909, p. 559. Cat. Umlauff Mus. Hamburg – III Afrika, p. 66 (No. 2717). H. M. Dauncey ‘Papuan Pictures’, 1903, p. 176 & pl. 153 (5 sheets).

64

Rough sketch concertina type bellows, Togoland, Rattray, J.A.I. XLVI, 1916, pls. XXII, XXIII.

65

Note Bag-bellows, 'Dinka, White Nile', Pirie, Welcome Lab Report III p. 343, fig. 127.

66

Rough sketch 'Ovambo' C. J. Anderson 'Lake Nganii, 1856.

67

Sketch of ‘A West African Forge ‘Liberia’ Sir H. Johnston, Vol. II, page 1020’.

68

Sketch ‘Double bellows of wood and leather. From Miambe, North of Karema ‘Deutsch Ost Afrika’ F. Fülleborn, Vol. IX, 1906.

69

Sketch Forerou Maitotila 'Au Pays des Barotsi' A. Betrand, 1898, p. 93.

70

Sketch from ‘Phillippine [sic] Journ Sci Vol. 1, No. 8., pl. XLII’.

71

Note: Der Schmied, Andree 'Eltin Parallelen & Virgleiche' 1878, p. 153, etc., Blacksmiths in various regions.

72

Sketch of bellows from ‘Ondulu country, S.E. Angola between Rivers Kwanga & Kutato’ Journ. African Soc. Oct. 1902, Vol. V, p. 46’.

73

Various references to fan bellows 'Travel in West Africa', p. 323, Johnston 'Uganda Project' II, p. 745, etc.

74

Notes from ‘Genge Grenfell & the Congo’, Sir H. Johnston, 1908, Vol. II, p. 802 on Manbettu smiths’ forge.

75

Rough sketch and note 'Native Forge, Kei Islands', H. Cayley Webster, 'Through New Guinea' 1898, p. 183.

76

Rough sketch of ‘The Baganda Iron Smelting’ from ‘very full account in Rev J. Roscoe’s ‘The Baganda’, 1911, p. 378 etc.’.

77

Sketch of ‘Bellows Liberia’ from H. H. Johnston ‘Liberia’ II, pp. 1020 & 1076.

78

Sketch ‘Blacksmiths at work’ and notes, from ‘Fighting the Slave hunters in Central Africa’, Alfred G. Swann, 1910, p. 226.

79

Notes from ‘Native Races of the Indian Archipelego – Papuans’ G. W. Earl, 1853, p. 76.

80

Rough sketch Beledougou & Bannuako districts Sudan, Rev. D'Ethnogr. III p. 253.

81

Rough sketch 'Bellows of lead & copper smelters', Mboko-Songho Valley, Loudinia R., Congo State, c. 4°6'S. 10°44'E (? of Paris).

82

Rough sketch 'Sakai smithy' Moszkowski ''Auf neuen wegen durch Sumatra'', 1909, p. 93.

83

Rough sketch ? double bellows 'Madagascar', Rev. d'Ethnogr. V, p. 431.

84

Note, 'Iron Working in the Upper Ogowé R.', Rev. d'Ethnogr. III, p. 465.

85

Rough sketch, 'Semang-S. Piati', R. Martin, ''Die Inlaudstaume d. Malayischen Halbriscli'', 1905, p. 791.

86

Rough sketch 'Boeginese cylinder bellows', Marthes Ethnogr. Atlas der Boeginegen, pl. xii, fig. 1.

87

Rough sketch 'Ovambo, N. German S. W. Africa', Guide to the Ethnographic Museum Cologne, 1906, p. 160.

88

Three tracings of bellows: 'covered with leaves Ubangi', 'Stanley Falls' and 'From below Stanley Falls', ''Album of the Congo Basin'' pl. 65, figs. 1 and 2.

89

Rough Sketch 'Bellows Southern Nigeria' Franco-British Exhibition 1908, Crown Colonies Sec.

90

Rough sketch 'Bellows', Oritsha, Central Province Southern Nigeria, Franco-British Exhibition 1908, Crown Colonies Sec.

91

One photo reproduction of two men with double bellows.

92

Tracing of 'double bellows' Ovambo. German, S.W. Africa. Fastgabe zur Eröffaung d.Rauteustrauch Joest Museum, Cologne, 1906, p. 160.

93

Rough notes and sketches Caquinge tube, etc.

94

Rough notes and sketches 'bellows' Karagwe, ? p. 49.

95

Rough notes, 'Goatskin bellows.' H. S. Stannus J.A.I. XI, 1910, p. 331.

96

Tracing of ‘Ba Ngongo smiths after Norman Hardy – Torday pl. XXII’.

97

Three photos: ‘Syrian Gypsy bellows – Pitt-Rivers Museum’, ‘Calcutta [bellows] Pitt-Rivers Museum’, ‘[bellows] Pitt-Rivers Museum’ – label of last visible in photo: ‘Single bellows of cow-skin with nozzle of Eland horn and wide valve for opening and shutting with the fingers. Bachapin Tribe. South Africa Burchell Collection, 1865’.

98

Notes on Ababua country. 'G. Grenfell & the Congo' Sir H. Johnston, 1908 Vol. II, page 801.

99

Notes and tracing 'kianda', Arthur M. Champion, Journl. Prog. Anthrop. Soc. Vol. XLII, 1918, page 78, fig. 5 (2 sheets).

100

Notes and tracing 'Double Bellows, Lubenge district', The Childhood of Man, Dr. Leo Frobnerius, 1908, page 442.

101

Notes and tracing 'Smithey, Hatanga, South East Congoland', The Childhood of Man, Dr. Leo Frobnerius, 1908, page 440.

102

More notes and sketches, including sketch of ‘Native Calfskin Bellows. Chaga, Masailand ‘Sultan to Sultan’ M. French Sheldon, 1892, pages 286, 287.

103

Booklet: London County Council. The Horniman Museum, Forest Hill, S.E. ‘From Stone to Steel, a handbook to the cases illustrating the Ages of Stone, Bronze, and Iron.’ 75 pages, mostly text.

104

Four photographs – (1) Unlabelled photograph, (2) photograph with 'x352 Babunda' written on back (3) photograph with ‘x395 Babunda’ written on back (4) picture of ‘[Kalalrit’s / Kalabit’s] forge’.

105

Series of 6 photos each labelled on back ‘N. Terr. Gold Coast Iron Smelting d.d. C.G.S. 1920’.

106

Notes on 'Matolela Bellows, Upper Zambesi', C. W. Mackinlorh 'Coillard of the Zambesi', c. 1907, p. 136.

107

Rough sketch of 'Double skin bellows of the Soyons (or Soyots) of N. W. Mongolia', Mus. f. Volle Hamburg.

108

Notes on the Nuba blacksmith of Lafofa community of Jebel Eliri, S. Kordofan who makes only iron bracelets, a simple kind of axe and hoes from iron obtained at Jebel Korindi… use of hand bellows with clay nozzles, metal heated to bright red head…iron bracelet will take most of the morning. Single smith for Lafofa and Eliri communities. He did not know about the process of extracting iron from the ore [this must be sourced to Seligman].

109

Rough sketch 'Tibetan bellows'. Laudor 'In the Forbidden Land' p. 95.

110

Notes Kiziba land – 'Double stick bellows'. Hermann Rehse 'Kiziba Land & Leute', 1910, p. 85.

111

Rough notes and sketch, no references.

112

Notes – 'Iron working Bahutu & Bakiga of the Mufumbiro Range', Capt. E. M. Jack, Geogr. Journ. June 1913, Vol. XLI, p. 545.

113

Rough sketch and notes 'Single bellows used by jewellers for melting silver, Arab', El Kautara, Algeria, collected by Hilton Simpson, 1910.

114

Notes on the 'Matutela', paper read before the Prog. Jrnl. Geo. Soc. January 4th 1897.

115

Note 'Bellows Congo', Schmelts Congo Album, pl. 65 & 68.

116

Postcard ‘Tervueren. Nouveau musée du Congo. Entrée de la rotonde des arbres à caoutchouc’.

117

Letter from W. Stave Hawkins D.C., Kapenguria, West Suk District, Kenya, 15.2.31. Asked by Mr O. F. Walkins to send copy of enclosed photograph taken recently of old blacksmith of the Suk or Pokwot tribe together with his bellows. He was engaged in sharpening road drills and crowbars for WSH. [photograph enclosed and labelled on the back].

Ceramics:

118

Virtually empty – just three tiny newspaper clippings mentioning books/catalogues on ceramics and a tiny not ‘Tallyboard for recording loads of chalk from a quarry at Flamboro…in 1902’ Corporation Museum, Hull.

Currency:

119

Ilford photographic paper envelope containing 15 small prints of objects, shell money, other forms of currency, necklaces, shields. Some of these definitely PRM objects, seems likely that they all are. Including one with the caption: ‘ ‘Feather Money’ – before the house of Forrest (a Trader) – Price of girl bought at teachers wife. Nelua, Santa Cruz. Photo by Bishop Montgomery.’ Showing twelve locals carrying valuables and Mr. Forrest.

120

Newspaper clipping ‘Coinage: Its Evolution and its curiosities. Interesting paper by Mr. Edward Lovett.’ Paper read at the meeting of the Croydon Microscopical and Natural History Club on Tuesday last on ‘Primeval Commerce and the Evolution of Coinage’ describes objects Lovett showed and the content of his paper.

121

Tracings stuck on card of spear heads taken from the Schuelts Congo Album (4 cards).

122

Print with label on the back ‘Sea Dayak currency / jars & gongs’.

123

Note 'La Monnais chez les Races de Couler'. Letourueau, Bull. Soc. d'anthr. Paris, X, p. 679.

124

Offprint ‘Curiosities of Currency’ by W. M. Webb, English Illustrated Magazine, July 1901.

125

Letter to Henry Balfour from Walter W. Skeat, St. Albans, 17 January 1904. Asking Henry Balfour to work out his Malay coins and currency, gives details and comments on this material; he has worked out a table of currency found in different states with Ridgeway; Henry Balfour could write the material up from the comparative point of view.

126

Letter to Henry Balfour from Walter W. Skeat, St. Albans, 31 January 1904. An additional find, old ‘fowl’ coins shaped like fowls, has been added to the coin collection from the Malay Peninsula; would like to get a paper written for this year’s British Association meeting and needs someone like Henry Balfour with knowledge of the comparative side of the question; does Henry Balfour want any of the old straw splitting instruments, used once in the straw hat trade?

127

Note – Deutalium Money – Nootka Sound – John R. Jewitt 'Adventures' 1824, pp. 83-84.

128

Note – Chorotei Indians, Bolivian Chaco – Eric von Rosen, pamphlet p. 11 – 1904.

129

Note – Gakusu – 'Pioneering in the Congo', W. Holman Bentley, Vol. II. p. 294.

130

Rough notes – Mâj, the Longuelers bells used as money in Thibet, sometimes called Assamese 'Droganta'. A. C. Hamilton ''Grammar of the Dafla Language'' – Shillong, 1900.

131

Rough notes on the back of an envelope.

132

Letter to Henry Balfour from C. K. Meek, Brasenose College, Oxford, 1 December 1920. Ref. brass rods used as currency in Bassa Province; Noel Smith will gladly bring Henry Balfour specimens next year.

133

Typescript ‘An Account of the Original Treasurey Chest of the Colony of Natal’, (signed) J. Bird, dated 16 May 1889,(2 sheets).

134

Newspaper cutting from The Times 19 September 1923. ‘Death of the Mark. No Longer Legal Tender. New German Currency.’

135

‘XXXVI. Ethnographical Miscellanea. By Ivor H. N. Evans, M.A. Some Aboriginal Customs and Beliefs from Pahang’ in Journal of the F.M.S. Museums vol. IX, 1922, on fines and levies, bride price, plates and spears having currency value.

136

Newspaper cutting, book review of ‘When Fur was King’ by Henry John Moberley, in which beaver skin described as a unit of currency, for valuing knives, axes and ammunition, in British Columbia.

137

Museum label: ‘Bangle, Island of Buvuma, Victoria Nyanga, Uganda Protect. 1908’ and on the back: ‘2 new bangles are worth a fowl. They are not actually [sic] currency – but have of [herenity] a value – as all iron articles have.’ Initials look like EWH??

138

Letter to Henry Balfour from H. Ling Roth, Halifax, 6 July 1908. ‘Many thanks for the little parcel & its contents. I am glad to know the points I mentioned will be of some use to you & especially the Burmese fan photographs. I suppose you have not been able to get any photos of the Museum?’

139

Letter to Dr. Annadale(?) from Johan van Manen (Calcutta), 14th December 1922. Asking for some information on Chinese currency be brought to the attention of Henry Balfour.

140

Five newspaper cutting very small in size.

141

Five small museum labels on currency.

142

Note from Petersdorf Collection on German P.O.W. currency.

Box 18 – Fire-making – (taken from cabinet of Henry Balfour’s notes in the archives):

1

Notes, sketches, photographs, etc. on Bow Drills.

2

Notes, sketches, photographs, etc. on Hand Drills.

3

Notes, sketches, photographs, etc. on Fire-making, using lens, mirrors, etc.

4

Notes, sketches, photographs, etc. on Percussion –Flint and Steel.

5

Notes, sketches, photographs, etc. on Pump Drills.

6

Notes, sketches, photographs, etc. on Simple Drills.

7

Notes, sketches, photographs, etc. on Thong Drills.

 Box 19 – Fire-making (continued) – (taken from cabinet of Henry Balfour’s notes in the archives):

1

Two photographs (1) Tinder Box Niche, at the back of old hearth in a public house bar at Fairlight near Hastings, by Miller Christie (H62583). (2) Fireplace of the old public house barat Fairlight, near Hastings (H63724).

2

Photograph of 'Ba Kiga porters from Kigezi District, Rukiga country', by L. Bumyonyi 1922.

3

Newspaper cutting – 'Fire plough in use in Northern Papua, W. N. Beaver, Annual Report, Papua, 1914-15, p. 191.

4

Very old discoloured photograph – Old ? Tinder Box in carved ivory and silver.

5

One photograph and two newspaper/magazine cutting of Flintlock for igniting tinder.

6

Notes – chemical – copy of label inside 'Portable Fire Box', in the Saffron Walden Museum, donated by Miller Christie.

7

Newspaper cutting – from The Observer, Sunday 29th November 1812, 'Fire Boxes without Phophorus or sulphur …'.

8

Unlabelled illustration of type of flint box lighter.

9

Small note and sketch on card – Vonum tribe in the mountainous region of Central Formosa.

10

Notes, sketches and photographs on phosphorous matches, phosphourous bottles, etc. (5 sheets).

11

Note – Hammering of soft iron.

12

Note – Ploughing – 'Tuareg of Air', F. Rodd, 'The People of the Veil', 1926, p. 212.

13

Note – Centre Bit Method, Gaucho of the Pampas – Darwin 'Voy', p. 409.

14

Note – Drill with cogwheel gears, seen by Dr. F. H. Hoadley v. Haugh Curr. Anthrop. IV, 4 (Oct. 1891), p. 326.

15

Notes – Drills of doubtful form – (1) Chinese – 'Muk-suy …', Morrisons Chinese Diet, quoted by Tylor. (2) Finland – Fire churn in the Finnish poem 'Kernun tulisan Kernun' quoted by Tylor.

16

Notes – Quartz and Pyrites – Semang – R. Martin 'Die Inlandlaunne I. Malayichen Haluisel', 1905, p. 740.

17

Melville 'In the Lena Delta', extract, Yakui fire making, p. 325.

18

Notes – Yakut mode of making matches (2 sheets).

19

Notes – S. Trutram Bruen in 'The Arab & the African', p. 99, friction drill.

20

Notes on Esquinaux, 'Parry's Second Voyage', p. 504.

21

Notes – Natives of the Arfak mountains using tinder boxes, consisting of a small bamboo cylinder, 'Nova Guinea' G. van der Sande, page 19 (2 sheets).

22

Note – Sacred Fire – Roscoe 'Bakitara', 1973, p. 47.

23

Notes on the act of twirling instead of rubbing.

24

Note – Flint and iron – A. E. Jenks 'Boutoh Igout(?)' p. 133.

25

Letter from Alfred Clarke, Dealer in Antique Furniture, Old China, & Works of Art, 43, St. Nicholas Street, Ipswich, July 28 1905. Description of ‘very curious lighting apparatus’, giving the price (12/6).

26

Note – Bamboo & Crock – Alfuros of Waigiou, New Guinea', F. H. Guillemard, 'Cruise of the Marches', 1886, II, p. 263.

27

Letter to Henry Balfour from Edward Bidwell, 12 Woodberry Grove, Finsbury Park, London N, Feb 19 [no year]. ‘Enclosed I send for your acceptance a photograph of one of the most extraordinary pistol Tinder Boxes I have picked up for some time…’ including a description of the object, and photo enclosed.

28

Letter to Henry Balfour from Henry Ling Roth, 17th November 1894. Ref. correspondence with Mr Pleyte Wzne of Amsterdam regarding pumpdrills, also sending reference for bow drill amongst Dyaks of Borneo.

29

Illustration of various fire-making appliances.

30

Illustration of 'The Dobereiner Lamp'.

31

Photograph of two pieces of iron pyrites used for getting fire by percussion, in Suffolk, photo d.d. E. Bidwell. 1908. Inside a green envelope with the word 'Suffolk' on outside.

32

Letter to Mr. Christy from G. Morris, 8th January 1923. Regarding a Fire-Piston as seen by his wife in Ceylon when she was a child of 10 years old.

33

Notes – regarding flint & iron, several references on one sheet.

34

Newspaper cutting – 'Promethean Matches' Times, 1925.

35

Illustration of two men using fire drill(?).

36

Note – Vaddas Bingoda, Ceylon, R. L. Spittel 'Wild Ceylon', 1924, p. 177 & fig.

37

Letter to Henry Balfour from Miller Christy, 14th January 1924. Ref. fire-pistons in Ceylon.

38

Printed pages (?offprint) – 'Note on a West African ''Strike a Light'' ' – by F. W. Reader, Essex Naturalist, 1900, Vol. XI.

39

Two illustrations – Fire steel (?) grave goods – (?) mit am Bosnia & Hercegov III, Wien 1895.

40

Note – Beut 'Cyclades' 424.

41

Note – 4 pages with 2 pages inserted from Penny Magazine 1834, 26th July pp. 284-6.

42

Note – Concave mirror (China) – F. Hirth 'Boas Anniversary Volume' 1909, 226.

43

Newspaper cutting – 'Astle'.

44

Note with lots of Greek characters.

45

Note – Slow Match, Ethn. Mus. Rotterdam.

46

Postcard – old sulphur matches.

47

Letter to Henry Balfour from Edward Bidwell, 27th November 1889. Mentions a Roman lamp in particular.

48

Letter to Henry Balfour from Edward Bidwell, 13th November 1889. He is going to lend him his light box.

49

Notes on Chikujo (?).

50

Map of North America.

51

Bundle of notes, sketches, photos, etc. covering the following subjects: Bamboo and Flint; Bamboo and Pottery; Percussion, Crock and Bamboo; Percussion (various other items); Pyrites and Flint; Centre Bit Matches; Pump and drill; Bow drill; Thong drill; Hand drill.

52

Article cutting 'Notes and Queries' letter highlighted from E. Walford 'Early Lucifer Matches'.

53

Letter to Henry Balfour from Hy Ling Roth, 30th September 1894, ref. piston and tinder, twirling stick and sawing arrangement.

54

Letter to Henry Balfour from Hy Ling Roth, 19th September 1894 (2 sheets), ref. Borneo fire-making methods.

55

Letter to Henry Balfour from T. A. Rickard (Victoria, British Columbia, Canada), no date. Ref. Frazer's 'Myths of the Origin of Fire' .

56

Magazine cutting from Country Life, 31st March 1934, 'Primitive Fire Raising' and 'Fire in thirty seconds'.

57

Note – automatic friction fire.

58

Notes – Origin of fire Knowledge and making.

59

Notes – Peoples with no Knowledge of Fire.

60

Newspaper cutting Times 22nd December 1927, 'Setting the Thames on Fire'.

61

Cutting – just two lines – 'Wachter. W.'.

62

Note – Lamp's etc. – Lighting London Streets.

63

Note – Lamps, candelabra, etc.

64

Note – Fire drill with cogwheel …

65

Letter to Henry Balfour from Albert E. Classey (2 sheets), 21st December 1919. He is to give lecture to various scout groups on primitive fire-making, asking for data, etc.

66

Letter to Henry Balfour from A. E. Classey, 1st July 1920. Regarding tests on wood undertaken at Kew Gardens for fire drills.

67

Typed letter and 2nd sheet illustration from A. E. Classey 'Big Medicine Drill' (2 sheets).

68

Note – Made by 'Lady Jersey's Own' Scouts …. From all English woods a spark has been produced, etc.

Box 20 – Fire-making (continued) – (taken from cabinet of Henry Balfour’s notes in - the archives):

1

Drawing of two sets of tongs on transparent paper (tracing).

2

Notes (2 sheets) – Production of Fire Vol. III – Hand-drill – Washambaa.

3

Typed letter to Henry Balfour from Miller Christy, 21st May 1906 (2 sheets). Ref. Borneo Fire Piston which he was lent.

4

Printed instructions for an automatic lighter – the 'Janus' and the 'Alkomet'.

5

Note – F. Rosenberger 'Garchichte d. Physik', 1887, III p. 224 ( in German and English) – (2 sheets).

6

Letter to Henry Balfour from (unable to read signature, but from Museum Sarawak), 11th April 1904. A letter to give a list of items being sent.

7

Letter to Henry Balfour from (unable to read signature, but from Museum Sarawak), 17th April 1904.

8

Mounted photograph of two fire pistons.

9

Photograph of Sulphur Acid Bottle – Pitt Rivers Collection, Farnham Museum, Wiltshire, donated by Miller Christy.

10

Drawing of 'Australia, Aboriginal making fire N.S.W. from a photograph by Kerry of Sydney.

11

Letter to Henry Balfour from E. Bidwell, 26th October (no year).

12

Letter to Henry Balfour from [R.B. Ilington?] 3 Bardwell Road, Oxford, 17 June 1907. Regarding the age of a fire-syringe they discussed yesterday, giving references for history of this kind of instrument (2 pages of notes inserted inside letter).

13

Letter to Henry Balfour from Miller Christy, Broom Wood Lodge, Chignal St. James, Chelmsford, 10 November 1913. Regarding the fire plough being confined to the islands of the Pacific.

14

Letter to Henry Balfour from Kuala Lumpur, 17th June 1902, only one page, there must be other pages, as letter ends in mid-sentence and there is no signature or name on letter.

15

Letter to Henry Balfour (three sheets) from W. W. Skeat (Cambridge), 22nd September 1901. Mentions Fire-syringes, etc.

16

Letter to Henry Balfour (two sheets) from W. W. Skeat (Cambridge), 30th August 1901. Mentions Fire making pistons, etc.

17

Typed letter to Henry Balfour from Miller Christy, 26th May 1903. Mentions the clock-pistol-tinder-box, etc.

18

Letter to Henry Balfour from F.W. Rudler, Jermyn St, S.W., 2nd November 1901. Sending the Malay fire-syringe given in 1893 by Henry Louis, University College, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, with description of how he acquired it.

19

Letter to Henry Balfour from (?) Leveion, 18th April 1900.

20

Magazine article 'Kindling Fire Without Matches' from Game and Gun and the Angler's Monthly June 1934.

21

Printed page Anthropological Notes on Sai Kan, a Siamo-Malayan Village in the State of Nawnchik (Tojan). By Nelson Annandale and Herbert C. Robinson.

22

Drawing of three items, Tinder box, flint and steel.

23

Printed sheet – 'Philosophical Fire, or Fire Vade Mecum'.

24

Note – Dalton 'On the heat & cold produced by mechanical condensation and rarefaction of air'.

25

? copy of label – fire producing sticks.

26

Label – The Munk Library of Arizona.

27

End of a letter, from N. Annandale (?).

28

Typed note 'Fire and Light'.

29

Postcard to Henry Balfour from W. W. Skeat, 5th January 1902.

30

Note – Borneo – F. Boyle 'Adventures among the Dyaks of Borneo', 1865, p. 67.

31

Note – Air Compression – F. Boyle 'Among the Dyaks of Borneo Land', 1865, p. 68.

32

Note – Sarawak – Charles Brooke 'Ten years in Sarawak', 1866, p. 50.

33

A letter unable to read.

34

Letter to Henry Balfour from W. W. Skeat, 29th October 1901. Various Malau issues.

35

Bundle of notes, sketches, photographs – Brace drill, etc.

36

Bundle of notes, sketches, photographs – Sawing, etc.

37

Bundle of notes, sketches, photographs – Fire Pistons, Fire Syringes, etc.

 Box 21 – Fishing – (taken from cabinet of Henry Balfour’s notes in - the archives):

1

Little red envelope, ‘The Ilford P.O.P.’ ‘A gelatino-chloride printing out paper of exquisite quality’, with handwritten note on it ‘Fishing Appliances Prints of Lantern Slides made [Oct / Got] 27.11’ with ten small prints inside, in a second envelope and two pieces of card. Prints of fishing hooks, some showing PRM labels (including one from Spencer and Gillen 1901-2, Major Cooke Daniels 1905) also photo of clipping from Daily Mail, 21 Sept 1901, ‘Sea Fishing by Kites’.

2

Illustration on cardboard – wooden hook for fishing Russia.

3

Map on cardboard – New Guinea, etc. written on back Kite Fishing.

4

Illustration two men fishing using kites – 'Malays of Singapore kite-fishing'.

5

Map – on tracing paper - 125˚ 130˚ 135˚.

6

Photograph of three fish hooks – Chatham Islands fish hooks, Pitt Rivers Museum.

7

Envelope containing – notes, sketches, photographs, letters, etc. – Traps for fish.

8

Nine photographs of fishing hooks from the Pitt Rivers Collection.

9

Four sheets of notes on fishing appliances from India.

10

List of figures 1-17, handwritten in pencil at the end, 'England, Daily Mail'.

11

Bundle of notes under the heading of 'fishing'.

12

Bundle of notes, sketches, photographs and newspaper cuttings on 'Kite Fishing'.

13

Bundle of notes – includes fishing traps, fishing with floats, noose fishing, fishing using otter, fishing by hand, etc.

14

Letter to Henry Balfour from G. H. Thomas (Cardiff), 21st August 1902. Mentions the Gower lamp and thorn hooks.

15

Letter to Henry Balfour from Harry G. Beasley, Haddon Lodge, Shooters Hill, S.E., June 20th 1916. Enclosing the little thorn hooks and samples made by an old man who used such in his young days, although they were twice the size then.

16

Letter to Henry Balfour from Harry G. Beasley, Haddon Lodge, Shooters Hill, S.E., Aug 17, 1923. Answering Henry Balfour’s enquiry about the ‘P. Shell Hook’; offering Henry Balfour three Archaic bronze spoons (other three have gone to the British Museum).

17

Letter to Henry Balfour from W. Radcliffe, Beech Court, Upper Deal, Kent, Feb 3, 1920. Re. Henry Balfour consenting to read over some pages of the MS for his book on ‘Ancient Fishing’, hope to take to publishers in about 10 days.

18

Letter to Henry Balfour from W. Radcliffe, Beech Court, Upper Deal, Kent, 11th February (no year). Thanks for Henry Balfour’s letter, two papers and criticisms.

19

Letter to Henry Balfour from W. Radcliffe, Beech Court, Upper Deal, Kent, 16th January, 1920. Re. reference to a work by Krauss he cannot find.

20

Letter to Henry Balfour from J. H. P. Murray, Government House, Port Moresby, 22nd February, 1909. Giving local name for fishing kite, and details of the kite from Dobu Island.

21

Postcard to Miss Blackman from H. Ling Roth, 95, Waterloo Crescent, Halifax, 31st December 1919. Simply with quote on ‘Fishing: Angas ‘Savage Life & Scenes in Australia & New Zealand 2nd ed. London 1850, Vol. II, p. 117. Lake Taupo, New Zealand’ Followed by the quote, and ‘Kind Regards H.L.R.’

22

Postcard to Henry Balfour from W. Radcliffe, Beech Court, Upper Deal, Kent, 26th February 1921. Picture of San-Sebastian, L'Hotel Maria-Cristina, addressed from Hotel de France. Have now incorporated Henry Balfour’s suggestions.

23

Postcard to Henry Balfour from W. Radcliffe, Beech Court, Upper Deal, Kent, 26th February, 1921. Picture of '101 PAU – Le Chàteau, - Topisserie de Beauvais, Henri IV rencontrant Sully blesse' – addressed from Hotel de France. Photo of 3 fish hooks, label on back ‘Chatham Ids fish hooks Pitt Rivers Museum’.

24

Postcard to Henry Balfour from E. C. Quiggin, Great Shelford, Cambs, 16th December, 1913. Going to send fresh copies of the offprints, as a contributor Henry Balfour can get the volume at subscription price.

25

Letter to Henry Balfour from Charles [S.M. Bompas], 121 Westbourne Terrace, Hyde Park, 26th September 1918. Thanks for Henry Balfour’s letter and sketches of the pipes, lists possible exchange items for them; also enclosing note about a fish-hook and a sketch (contained in addressed envelope).

26

Offprint of Henry Balfour’s ‘Note on a New Kind of Fish-hook from Goodenough Island, d’Entre Casteaux Group, New Guniea’ MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science), 1914 p. 839, on insects used as fish hooks.

27

Offprint of ‘Kite Fishing by the Salt-water Natives of Mala or Malaita Island, British Solomon Islands’, by T. W. Edge-Partington, in MAN (A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science), No. 4, 1912, p. 9.

28

Letter to Henry Balfour from Harry G. Beasley, The Cottage, Abbey Wood, Kent, 20th January 1915. Thanks for letter and photo; has no further details about this hook; would be most interested to see Henry Balfour’s article on kite fishing if he has a spare copy.

29

Letter [to Henry Balfour?] from E. C. Quiggan, Caius College, Cambridge, 13th December, 1913. Apologies for annoyance with the Press re offprints of the Ridgeway volume, illustrations fine in the book and should be no problem replacing your offprints.

29a

Letter to Henry Balfour from W. R. Halliday, New College, Oxford, undated. Returning the volume of the JAI, and comments on Skeat’s inference that kite fishing in Singapore is ‘well known’.

30

Clipped image from the ‘Supplement to the Illustrated London News’ Oct 1, 1904 – vi of article (mostly for pictures, since text is cut off) by A. E. Pratt on fishing in Papua.

31

Clippings from the Times Literary Supplement, December 1922, letters to the Editor on Henry Balfour’s review of Radcliffe’s book.

32

Cutting from a book or magazine, 'Japanese youth fishing from boat', on the reverse page – James Tregaskis, ''Caxton Head''.

33

Newspaper cutting (note sure where from only 1918, written at the bottom) – starts to read 'Our soldiers in India have adopted . . . '.

34

Offprint from Report of Smithsonian Institute, 1888, p. 129, ‘Department of Prehistoric Anthropology’, ref. prehistoric collection received from Mr James F. Johnson, Holywood, County Down, Ireland, including ‘barbs for fish-hooks’.

35

Book reference cut from book or magazine ''Book of St. Albans . . . ''.

36

Small print of fish hook on weighted line with label showing ‘Galway’, handwritten on the back (not in Henry Balfour’s hand?) ‘Hook protected with carapace of crab on account of Deed. The sinker is a natural pebble chipped to allow string to grip.’

37

Newspaper, magazine or book cutting (?), – Early Fishing Book.

38

Two magazine cuttings – from Nature January and February 1889. 'Use of the Remora in Fishing' and 'Use of Sucker-Fish in Fishing'.

39

Two crumpled prints of massed group of fish hooks and their lines.

40

Advertisement leaflet printed both sides in two colours. 'The First English Book on Fishing' – 'The Treatyse of Fysshynge Myth and Angle', by Dame Juliana Berners.

41

Tracing of three maps – Kite Fishing – Siboga Exped.

42

Print of insect fish hooks and lines, prints of an insect (12 prints).

 Box 22 – Games, etc. – (taken from cabinet of Henry Balfour’s notes in - the archives):

1

Offprint, ‘A Javan Rattan Fight’ by Mervin G. Skipper, in The Wide World Magazine.

2

Letter to Henry Balfour from E. Norman Gardnier, 2 Epsom College, Surrey, 11th May 1907. Asking for copy of illustration Henry Balfour showed him for publication in the Journal of Hellenic studies. Also trying to find a reference Henry Balfour gave him. Also gives references for game Henry Balfour had seen in Greece of kicking a pot blindfold.

3

Offprint, ‘A Zuni foot-race’ by F. Webb Hodge, The American Anthropologist, Vol. 3 pp. 227-232.

4

Offprint, ‘Les Finesses et les Variétés de Combinaisons des Jeux de Ficelles dans les Carolines’ J. Deniker Biologica No. 8.

5

Some handwritten notes, including: rough sketch of ‘Shuttlecock for striking with palm of hand from one to another Caduvei (Suaycurú) S. America’; Weet weet – cut from solid wood; Shark's vertebrae used as draughts, etc.

6

Cutting of illustration (from magazine?), ‘A Congo form of ‘Cat’s Cradle’: the ‘Ghosts’ beds’, from ‘Among the Primitive Bakongo’, Rev. T. Weeks.

7

‘Wrestling’, A. Forbes Sieveking, The Field Nov 23 191[4/9] on Greek wrestling.

8

‘Children’s Toys in Siam’ by Harry Hillman, The Wide World Magazine July 1900 V no 28.

9

Letter to Henry Balfour from A. Forbes Sieveking, 12 Seymour Street, London, 28th November 191[4/9]. Thanks for valuable notes on football amongst the Eskimo and in the Malayan area; re visit to Pitt Rivers Museum and Oxford Fencing Club; and general remarks on football (Japanese and Chinese).

10

Four handwritten notes/references: ‘Kite flying’, ‘Tops’, ‘Tip Cat’, ‘Palm leaf windmills’.

11

Newspaper/magazine cutting on Curling.

12

Newspaper/magazine cutting – Toys of Other Days, Jackson N. (Book reference).

13

‘Ollantay: An Ancient Inca Drama’ by L. E. Elliott, photos by F. H. Ward, Pan-American Magazine, Nov-Dec 1921.

14

Handwritten notes: ‘knucklebones’, ‘hockey’, ‘Ogalala games’, ‘Malay toys’, ‘Gambling games in Siam’, ‘Paraguayan Chaco’, ‘Basque games of ball’.

15

Postcard sent from [M.B.] Gregory, best wishes for the new year. Postcard of ‘The Quintain, Offham, Kent’ looks like boys on a village green.

16

Series of 14 photos of dolls, labelled on back ‘R.D’A.M. 1910’, R. D’Albini Morrell, some with more details: ‘stands 5[half symbol]" / very old carved wooden doll Esquimaux / from Cumberland / Baffins Bay’. ‘Flat wooden doll / 9" / Coptic / Illahun – Egypt / Oxford University Museum’. ‘Doll of cane + wax dressed. Similar to Dervish. No hair / cap + skirt purple / coat red / head + feet black wax / F. Omdurman / Oxford University Collection. ‘Marionette’. ‘Doll of Hollow pot / Peru / in Oxford University Museum / Painted dull red & yellow’. ‘Indian rag doll 8" high / [Mirgapur] N.W.P. / Oxford University Museum / Features sewn, dress of red & silver tinsel’. ‘18" / Leather doll. Kaffir / Human hair / Leather very neatly sewn to [stake] / Oxford University Museum’.

17

Extract ‘Balinese cock-fighting’ Pauline Aganoor in Wide World Magazine Aug 1909 p. 496.

18

Leaflet/Order Form – The Dance.

19

Page from David Reeves booksellers catalogue, 5 Wellington Street, Strand, London.

20

Page from La Nature showing ‘Chinese Kites’.

21

Illustration of ‘Mexicans watching a cock fight’, photo by Shirley C. Hulse, National Geographic Magazine, May 1914, XXV, No. 5’.

22

Rough sketches of hockey and lacrosse sticks; notes on ‘stilts’, rough sketch of ‘Rore, stilts, used in game – Raiatea, Society Ids’.

23

Rough sketches and notes on Fijian Games tika, lavo; Chinese game 'Morra'; Dice 'Böhmen.

24

Newspaper cutting – 'Playing Cards'.

25

Newspaper cutting ‘Riding the Pacific Rollers – A remarkable picture of surf riding at Waikiki, Honolulu, where the water temperature is 78 degrees Fahr. And the waves sometimes travel at thirty miles an hour. Daily Express 28th September 1925.

26

MS ‘A Short Essay on Kites’ Basavantappa. Gurshidhappa. Gilganeki. A student in Sirdars High School, Belaum.’

27

Three photos by Andrew Pride, 1915, ‘Lengua cat’s cradle’ from Chaco, South America.

28

‘The Singing Insects of Japan’ by Yei Theodora Ozaki, The Wide World Magazine Vol. IV. 46, pp. 458-464.

29

Note by Henry Balfour, ‘Two fighting kites from Nagasaki come through Mr Leonard Lyall Shanghai. EBT has the letter and will hand it over to the Pitt Rivers Museum when answered. 19th August 1899.’

30

Leaflet/Order Form – The Amusements of Old London.

31

Letter to Tylor from Ian [Sembo] Chief Secretary’s Office, Government of Burma, Rangoon, 12th January 1900. Sending extract on kite flying in china; enclosed extract from the North China Herald, 20th November 1899; also extract of D.O. letter from Mr Tow Seci Kho Chief Govt. Translator to Capt. Feijer Private Secretary to the Lieut Govr. Burma dated 20th December 1898, re kite flying; also handwritten notes describing 8 types of kite.

32

Illustrations from Sketch 30th March 1910 of Camel fight.

33

Review in the Times Literary Supplement of ‘The Drama of Savage Peoples’ by Loomis Havemeyer Oxford University Press, 28th December 1916.

34

‘A Curious Aino Toy’ by Edw. S. Morse, Bulletin of the Essex Institute Vol. XXV pp. 1-7, Salem, Mass., USA. Toy shop wrapper, Kioto, Japan, stuck in the back of the offprint.

35

Cutting ‘The Fighting Goose of Russia’ World Wide Magazine November 1907.

36

Clipping from The Times 1st August, 1892, ref. incident involving playing cards with flowers on them in Japan.

37

Clipping from The Times 17th January, 1918, ‘ ‘Go.’ The Japanese War Game’.

38

Offprint ‘Chinese Origin of Playing Cards’ by W. H. Wilkinson, American Anthropologist January 1895 ‘with the writer’s compliments’.

39

Clipping from A. J. Featherstone, Booksellers, 84 Hill St., Birmingham.

40

‘Les Danses Masquées chez les Papous’ J. Deniker, Biologica 15th July 1911.

41

‘Les Théatre et les Chinois’ J. Deniker, Biologica 15th May 1911.

42

‘L’Enfance au Théatre’ Nouvelle Revue N.S. XXIII, 1903, p. 65.

43

Unlabelled newspaper clipping on ‘pall-mall’ game, must have led to modern croquet.

44

Envelope containing notes on ‘Mummers Play Marston 1830’, Acts 1-3, and song lyrics.

45

‘Ogalala Games’ by Louis L. Meeker, Museum of Science and Art, University of Pennsylvania Bulletin, Vol. III, No.1, January 1901, pp. 23-46. Also a clipping from the same issue showing illustration of feathered bone for throwing on the ice, the ‘bone game’, Cheyenne Indians, Oklahoma.

46

Clipping ref. game with stones, Havasupai Indians, Museum of Science and Art, University of Pennsylvania Bulletin, No.4 1898, p. 189.

47

Report of paper on origin of Chinese serious drama, by Professor W. Ridgeway, under ‘Cambridge Philological Society’ in Cambridge University Reporter, 4th February 1919.

48

‘Certain Gambling games of the Klamath Indians’ by George A. Dorsey, American Anthropologist, Vol. 3, January-March 1901 ‘Compliments of the Author’.

49

Newspaper cutting – 'Playing cards of various ages and countries'.

50

Rough notes – 'Malay'; 'V. Culin ''Chess & Playing Cards'', 1898, p. 823; Knucklebones used in dice; 'Astraqulus or talus'; Puzzles; Child's hunting gun (with sketch).

51

'Kinderlied und Kinderspiel im Kanton Bern'.

52

Four page of newspaper/magazine – 'Neuerscheinungen – Geschichte des Schattentheaters'.

53

‘A Valuable Local Collection of Ornamental Chessmen’ County Express Stourbridge, 28th March, 1896.

54

Ms. notes ‘Note on Native Kites and Kite-flying’ G. K. Dampin 26th October 1898.

55

Handwritten notes on ‘Bull-roarer in Britain and Ireland’, ‘Kite Fighting’.

56

Catalogue of Books, Wm. C. Elley, 17a Sweeting Street, Liverpool, December 1933.

57

Offprint, ‘Les Finesses et les Variétés de Combinaisons des Jeux de Ficelles dans les Carolines’ J. Deniker Biologica No. 8, 15th August, 1911.

58

Report of paper on ‘The Supposed Scandinavian Drama’, by Professor W. Ridgeway, under ‘Cambridge Philological Society’ in Cambridge University Reporter, 29th May 1923.

59

Group of letters to Henry Balfour from Donald Gun, stuck together down left hand side: All refer to Gunn’s work on a kind of gambling instrument he acquired with four blocks like dice on a single wire. (1) London, 18th May 1919. (2) Undated note on dice in the ‘Greek & Roman Life’ room at the British Museum. (3) ‘Wednesday’ ‘…I need hardly add that the thing is yours…’ (4) ‘July 12, 19’ regarding Culin’s article in British Museum catalogue, long description of use of the ‘dice’.

60

‘A Question of Golf and Criticism’ on 15th century Dutch paintings of people with golf clubs, Connoisseur XIII No. 50, October 1905.

61

Cuttings on Shadow Plays.

62

Rough sketch of Malay stilt.

63

Postcard with reference (in German) sent to Henry Balfour by A.C. Haddon 15th November 1932.

64

Letter to Henry Balfour from R. D’Albini Morrell, 16th November 1910, Grange-over-Sands, Lancashire, sending copies of photographs of dolls Henry Balfour allowed him to take in the Museum last month.

65

Postcard (no writing) – Stilts and Performing bear – Bodleian Library – Details from the borders of the Romance of Alexander.

66

Illustration from Magazine ‘Fighting Rams. Persia’ Customs of the World, p. 629, photo by Henri D’Allemagne.

67

Newspaper cutting, ref. Pepys mentioning in his diary for 1661 first seeing the sport Pelemele.

68

Two photos [of African Mankala boards?]: ‘Sir George Denton’s spec’.

69

Newspaper cutting on ‘Knur and Spell’ sport dying out in South Yorkshire, The Daily Graphic, 20th December, 1905.

70

James Tregaskis, ‘Caxton Head’, 66 Great Russell St., London, W.C., catalogue of playing cards.

71

Illustration of Nubian wooden dolls from Illustrated London News 16th April 1932.

72

Two photos: ‘Matabili divination with knuckle bones / d.d. H.J. Curtis’.

73

Circular letter from Edward Lovett about setting up a museum for children, based on his collection of toys and games, giving Scheme of Arrangement of the Lovett Collection of Toys, Playthings, and Games.

74

Newspaper cutting – 'Cards and Gaming'.

75

Newspaper cutting – 'Dolls of Every Nation', Daily Express, 22nd February 1906.

76

Rough notes –'A Paper on Puppets', 'Birifor, Lubi &Teguessie (includes sketch)', 'Shadow Puppets of Siam', 'The Game of Kottabos', 'Nötsnurra, Sweden' and 'Shadow Plays'.

77

Six newspaper cuttings (only paragraphs) – Book References.

78

Booklet – Home Secretary’s Department, Brisbane, North Queensland Ethnography, Bulletin No. 4, Games, Sports and Amusements, March 1902, Walter E. Roth.

Box 23 – Games-Fencing and Geographical Distribution of Arts & Appliances, Monogenesis & Polygenesis (taken from cabinet of Henry Balfour’s notes in – the archives):

Games-Fencing:

1

Handwritten notes, ‘Rules [for club]’ written on writing paper ’64 S. Giles’, Oxford’.

2

Letter to Henry Balfour from C. F. Clay, 51 Tavistock Square, 1st February 1902. Regarding invitations to the fencing on 8th March.

3

Letter to Henry Balfour from R. Montgomerie, 1 Cromwell Place, South Kensington, 3rd February 1902. Will be delighted to fence on 8th March.

4

Letter to M. Walter(?) from A. [Thomefiex??], L’Escrime Français, Journal des Armes, Revue Illustrée de tous les Sports 16th January 1902. Enquiring whether Henry Balfour would like him to come to Oxford to fence at the ‘Epec de Combat’.

5

Letter to Henry Balfour from C. Walter, 29th January 1903. Written in French.

6

Letter from C. Prevost, President L’Ocadeime d’Arms, 8th February 1903. Written in French.

7

Third Annual Report and Statement of Accounts, The Epée Club.

8

Printed note ‘Oxford Fencing Club’ giving date for AGM, Oct 1900, and balloting paper suggested Henry Balfour as President. Two printed cards detailing the rules of the club.

9

Copy of the printed rules for Leeds Fencing Club.

10

Handwritten ‘account of receipts and expenditure from 1st August 1902 to 31st July 1903’, Oxford Fencing Club.

11

Letter [to Henry Balfour?] from G. E. Henry, Brasenose College, Oxford. Write to offer a place on the Hon. Committee of the Oxford New Century Fencing Club.

12

Letter from J. A. Tawney, 197 Banbury Road, Hon. Sec. of the Fencing Club, 5 Magdalen Street, to Miss de Brisay, asking her to pay her subscription to the club since she is still taking lessons there.

13

Two letters to Henry Balfour [via Mrs. Balfour] from [Marguirite de Brisay], 11 Bradmore Road, Oxford, one dated 26 Oct, the other (earlier) undated. Ref. unpaid subscription to the Fencing club.

14

A third (see above) printed version of the club rules.

15

Printed list of members of the Oxford Fencing Club.

16

L’Escrime Français Journal des Arms: Revue Hebdomadaire Illustrée de tous les Sports 13 Année Numéro 10.

17

Amateur Fencing Association ‘Report and Accounts for 1905’.

18

Further copies of the printed rules of the Oxford Fencing Club.

19

Printed note, numerous copies, re. reduction in cost of lessons for ladies to try and encourage fencing.

20

Amateur Gymnastic & Fencing Association ‘Hints to Judges & Competitors in Competitions with Foil and Sabre.

21

‘Rules of Swordplay’ and printed notes from the Epee Club.

22

Catalogue from the Paris Exposition 1900 ‘Concours Internationaux d’Exercices Physiques et de Sports’ Section III ‘Escrime’.

23

Letter to Henry Balfour from C. Walter, 26th March 1899, 31 Bolsover Street, London. Written in French.

24

More copies of the Oxford Fencing Club rules.

25

Program for the opening of the Leeds Fencing Club.

26

Letter to Henry Balfour from Chas. A. Wilson, Leeds Fencing Club, 8th December 1902. Thanks for kind wishes for success of the club, thanks to Henry Balfour for letting them have the rules for the Oxford Fencing Club, through Mr Clay.

27

Eight copies of the Amateur Fencing Association ‘Report of the Amateur Fencing Championships Foils and Sabres Held in 1898, 1899 and 1900 and Statement of Accounts for 1900’.

28

Letter to Henry Balfour at 11 Norham Gardens from [Egerton Carter], 49 Sloane Gardens, London, 3rd February 1902. Honoured to fight for Oxford on 8 March, also gratified that Mrs Balfour approved of ‘The Secret Orchard’ [a book he has written].

29

More copies of the Oxford Fencing Club rules.

30

Amateur Fencing Association forms for entering Championships 1902.

31

Amateur Fencing Association forms for entering Championships 1901.

32

Circular letter from C. F. Clay, Hon. Sec. Fencing Branch for Amateur Gymnastic and Fencing Association, 8th November 1901, ref. setting up of new Amateur Fencing Association (to replace A.G. & F.A.) at meeting in December.

33

Amateur Fencing Association Report and Accounts for 1903.

34

Amateur Fencing Association Officers and Committee, 1904.

35

Amateur Fencing Association Agenda for AGM, 18th January 1904.

36

‘Rules of Swordplay’ and printed notes from the Epee Club.

37

Amateur Fencing Association – Terms of Membership/Application Form.

38

Handwritten Agenda, etc. for Oxford Fencing Club (no date).

39

Printed leaflet from the Epee Club, giving list of members, Oct 1903.

40

Leaflet of prices and information for ‘The South Kensington Private Fencing Saloon’.

41

Envelope to Henry Balfour from J. A. Cooks, full of scoring cards ‘Poule à l’Epée’.

42

Envelope to Henry Balfour from J. A. Cooks, full of scoring cards ‘Poule à l’Epée’.

43

Letter to Henry Balfour from John Jenkinson 31st January 1905. ‘Proposed new system of judging Foil Competitions’.

Geographical Distribution of Arts & Appliances, Monogenesis & Polygenesis:

44

Envelope labelled ‘Shark-rattles’ filled with handwritten notes, references and sketches from various sources, as in previous drawers.

45

Sketches: wooden arrow straightener from N. California, toy arrows from W. Brazil, cord-twisting machine from Sweden.

46

Envelope labelled ‘[male sign] dressed as [female sign] against Evil Eye’ filled with notes and references as before.

47

Di Alcuni Ornamenti Discoidail di Conchiglia in uso Presson Popoli Della Melanesia appunti del Prof. Enrico H. Giglioli.

48

Envelope labelled ‘Cuttle-fish lures’, including: Usual notes, references, and photos; Letter to Tylor [signature illegible], St Johns College, Cambridge, 3rd March 1893. Sending the Rat-Octopus stories from my journal, description of use in Samoa for catching octopus. Journal entries and sketch from memory enclosed; Letter to Henry Balfour from R. H. Codrington, Chichester, 14th December 1898. Description of fishing kite, a device for catching crabs, and a money belt; Letter to Henry Balfour from Harry Beasley, Haddon Lodge, Shooters Hill, London, 17th March 1920. ‘I am sadly in need of a specimen of a Samoan Squid Bait to complete my series. Can you assist with a photo? I know your eagerness to assist in the good cause or I would not trouble you. I can show photos from Tonga [Hieve] & Fiji but not Samoan…’

49

Envelope labelled ‘Fishing trimmers’, including: Usual notes, references, and sketches; photo stuck on back of an ‘At Home’ card for the Balfours, showing four fishing trimmers (presumably) with labels handwritten on front of the photo ‘Sta. Cruz’, ‘Solomon Islands’, ‘Sangir Islands North of Celebes’.

50

Envelope labelled ‘Ground pipes’, including: Three prints of line drawings/illustrations, one with caption ‘Bechuana smoking Dakka’, another with caption ‘Coolie smoking an excavated pipe’; Two identical prints of two mud pipes, one with visible writing on the object ‘mud pipe made upon the ground and smoked there. Kashmir, Purch. 1898’.

51

Rough notes and sketches includes: Potk, Wapisiana fish trap, Irula, Seruk dung dung and Tinguiau, Philippines.

52

Envelope labelled ‘Sets of connected game snares’, including: Usual notes, references, sketches.

53

Envelope labelled ‘Coconut scrapers’, including: Usual notes, references, sketches; two unlabelled photographs of objects (studio type shots); cuttings of printed illustrations, stuck on back of an ‘At Home’ card for the Balfours, labelled by hand, ‘Funafuti (Hedley)’; same photo as one of those mentioned above, stuck on card and labelled by hand ‘Patani’.

54

Envelope labelled ‘Cuirasses’, including: two identical prints, one with label on the back, ‘ ‘Kyep’ Naga. Assam collection by S.G. Peal – Pitt Rivers Museum’; two identical prints, one with label on the back, ‘[Hede] cuirass. Timor Laut (Tenumber) Pitt Rivers Museum Purchase’; two identical prints, one with label on the back, ‘Kingsmill Ids. Pitt Rivers Museum H. A. Tufnell Collection.’

55

Envelope labelled ‘The Loom’, including: Usual notes, references, sketches.

56

Envelope labelled ‘Shell & turtle shell disk ornaments’, including: calling card of Miss Catherine E. B. Heberden, Brasenose College, Oxford, with sketch of man’s head and shoulders, ‘Man of Motu-Motu, New Guinea, wearing frontlet of shell & turtle-shell. From photo by Rev. W. G. Lawes’; Photo of display of shell disk ornaments; Photo of shell disk ornament; Two identical photos of 3 shell disk ornaments, handwritten label on back ‘Naga. Phillipines’.

57

'The Disappearance of Useful Arts', by W. H. R. Rivers.

58

‘Aderlassgeräthe bei Indianern und Papuas’ by Von Franz Heger.

59

'Chinese Relics in Alaska' by Lt. T. Dix Bolles.

60

'Mexican Paper' by Frederick Starr.

61

'On an Aboriginal implement, believed to be un-described, and supposed to be a Hoe', by R. Etheridge Junior from Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 25th April 1894.

62

'Objektive Kriterien in der Ethnologie', by Dr. Jan Czekanowski (Petersburg).

63

MS. Talk or lecture given, handwritten in pencil, begins, ‘My object at this communication is to briefly discuss the Geographical distribution of certain selected products of human ingenuity with a view to shewing to some extent how the consideration of these may throw light upon the affinities, migrations & inter-communication of races …. ’.

64

Two identical prints of axes of some kind, one with label on back ‘Ellice Islands, Rev S. J. Whitmee, University Museum Oxford/ Matty Island Pitt Rivers Museum, purchased 1904’.

65

Two identical prints, one with label on the back ‘Sharks tooth knives 1. Matty Island, Pitt Rivers Museum, purchased 1895/ 2. Kingsmill Islands, Pitt Rivers Collection.’

66

Bundle of rough notes and sketches.

67

Bundle of drawn maps.

 Box 24 – Miscellaneous, OGEE, Textilia Bark Cloth and Writing (taken from cabinet of Henry Balfour’s notes in – the archives):

Miscellaneous:

1

Two (different) prints with ‘Terracina – Porcili (pig stye) Photos sent by T. Ashby, 1924’ written on the back.

2

Large illustration taken from magazine ‘ ‘Sikhs’ (?) using improvised pipe of clay’.

3

Large rough sketches: circ perdue brass or bronze cup – Munshi, Makundi Office, Benue Prov. N. Nigeria; Munshi circ perdue bell of brass or bronze with iron clapper, Makundi Office, Benue Prov, N. Nigeria’; Munshi divining apparatus, Makundi Office, Benue Prov. N. Nigeria.

4

Offprint ‘Notes on Counting and Measuring Among the Eskimo of Point Barrow’ by John Murdoch American Anthropologist January 1890.

5

Bill poster for Lantern Lecture on the Evolution of Stringed Musical Instruments by Mr. Henry Balfour, Friday 3rd January 1913, Norwich Museum Association, Museum Art Gallery.

6

Proceedings of the Society of Arts, in the Journal of the Society of Arts, May 18, 1900, paper read was ‘Art Metal Work’ by Nelson Dawson, with summary of this paper.

7

Newspaper clipping from the Eastern Daily Press 4th January, 1913. ‘Evolution of Stringed Instruments. Lecture at Castle Museum’.

8

Offprint: British Association for the Advancement of Science, Bradford, 1900 ‘Address to the Anthropological Section’ by Professor John Rhys, M.A., LL.D., President of the Section, (three copies).

9

Newspaper clipping on ‘Chair Bodgers. A Chiltern Industry’ with large illustration ‘Chair Bodgers in the Chilterns: An Ancient Craft.’ Also a letter on this subject, published in the newspaper, by R. G. Webb stuck on the page next to the original article.

10

Entrance ticket – African Society – A Meeting of the Society on Friday 28th February 1913, talk by Professor Henry Balfour – 'The Earliest Inhabitants of South Africa'.

11

Entrance ticket – Norwich Museum Association – Lecture by Mr. Henry Balfour – 'The Evolution of Stringed Musical Instruments' on Friday 3rd January 1913.

12

Two newspaper clippings one in German the other on ''Toilet and Cosmetic Arts'.

OGEE:

13

Large rubbings of four spear heads in the Pitt Rivers Museum: ‘Kaffir or Tambooke origin, Capt. H. F. de Lisle 1827, Ashmolean Museum No. 88. Pitt Rivers Museum’; ‘Fan. Gaboou. Pitt Rivers Collection’; ‘Borneo spear. C. Spencer Bubb. University Museum, Pitt Rivers Museum’; ‘Sea Dayak spear. Archdeacon Sharp Collection, purchased 1908, Pitt Rivers Museum.’

14

Notes and sketches on daggers, spear heads. Rubbing of possible adze head? ‘Mongalla Congo Collection, Hyde Parker, Abingdon’.

15

More full size rubbings of spear heads, axe heads.

16

Two identical prints with ‘Pitt Rivers Museum Bronzes – collected by P. A. Talbot in S. Nigeria’ written on the back.

Textilia Bark Cloth:

17

Postcard to Henry Balfour from George R. Carline, Capri, 21st September 1924, showing woman spinning on mountainside. ‘I have not seen a woman doing this yet or I would have taken a photo…’.

18

Postcard to Henry Balfour (at Acland House) from O.G.S.C. [Crawford?], addressed at ‘O.S.O.’ 24th March 1925, postcard says Mallorca on one of the boxes positioned behind a woman spinning glad the reed pipe was of interest; also looking out for the type Henry Balfour illustrated.

19

Collection of rough notes, etc.

20

‘The Garo Manufacture of Bark Cloth’ by G. D. Walker, I.C.S. MAN No. 5, January 1927 p. 15.

Writing:

21

Typescript (draft) ‘First List of Exhibits collected or still wanted for special Historical Collection of Writing Materials and Apparatus for Exhibition at Olympia during April 1934.

22

‘Four Huron Wampum Records: A study of Aboriginal American History and Mnemonic Symbols’ by Horatio Hale, with Notes and Addenda by Professor E. B. Tylor, 1897.

23

‘Rock Carvings of Hawaii. Some possible traces of pre-historic Hawaiians.’ By A. F. Judd.

24

‘Sur les Pétroglyphes a travers le monde’ Bulletins et Mémoires de la Société d’Anthropologie de Paris 1907.

25

‘Fashion in Iron Styles’ by I. H. Burkill Journal and Proceedings, Asiatic Society of Bengal Vol. VI, No.1, 1910.

26

‘The Evolution of Chinese Writing’ by Prof. G. Owen, King’s College, London [2 copies].

27

‘Metamorphic Stylization and the Sabotage of Significance. A Study in Ancient and Modern Chinese Writing’ by L. C. Hopkins Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society July 1925.

28

‘Études d’Ethnographie Préhistorique. VIII. Les Écritures de l’Age Glyptique’ L’Anthropologie XVI Jan-Feb 1905 [2 copies of this].

29

‘Sur les Signes Rupestres de Seine-et-oise’ l’Association Francaise pour l’Advancement des Sciences 1902.

30

‘Études d’Ethnographie Préhistorique. VI. Notions Complémentaires sur l’Asylien’ L’Anthropologie XIV, Nov-Dec 1903.

31

‘The Origin of Arithmetic and Theory of Number. An Address delivered to the Institutes of Bankers and Accountants, Glasgow, February 1882, by James Wyllie Guild, C.A., F.S.A., Scot.’

32

‘Manual Concepts: A study of the influence of hand-usage on culture-growth’ by Frank Hamilton Cushing (‘compliments of FHC), The American Anthropologist, Vol. 5 No. 4, October 1892.

33

‘A Modern Kipu from Cutusuma, Bolivia’ by Dr. Max Uhle Bulletin of the Museum of Science and Art, University of Penn. No. 2, Vol. 1, December 1897 (pp. 51-98) also second copy (pp. 51-71).

34

‘A Modern Kipu from Cutusuma, Bolivia’ by Dr. Max Uhle Bulletin of the Museum of Science and Art, University of Penn. No. 2 Vol. 1, December 1897, Authors Edition extracted from Bulletin (pp. 1-13 & cover).

35

‘Four Huron Wampum Records: A study of Aboriginal American History and Mnemonic Symbols’ by Horatio Hale, with Notes and Addenda by Professor E. B. Tylor, 1897.

36

‘Numeral Characters: Theory of Origin and Development’ by Crowder B. Moseley, The American Antiquarian, September and October 1900, No. 5.

37

The Agricultural Ledger 1908-09 No. 6, Calcutta, ‘Indian Pens: their History, Classification, Materials Used and Methods of Manufacture’ by I. H. Burkill.

38

‘A Quinary System of Notation Employed in Luchu on the Wooden Tallies termed Sho-Chu-Ma.’ By Basil Hall Chamberlain, JRAI February 1898.

39

Printed (leaflet or opening pages of a book) ‘Chinese and Sumerian’ by C.J. Ball, M.A., D.Litt. Lecturer in Assyriology in the University of Oxford.

40

‘The Portland Reeve Staff, with illustrations of the most ancient specimens still in existence’ The Reliquary and Illustrated Archaeologist, April 1903, F. W. Galpin on the staff used by the Reeve, who collects local taxes.

41

‘Message sticks used by the Aborigines of Australia’ R. H. Matthews The American Anthropologist, Vol. X, September 1897.

42

Bastian – Sitzung am 16, October, 1880.

43

Newspaper or Magazine cutting – 'Clogg Almanack'.

44

Newspaper cutting from The Weekly Budget, London 6th August 1906 – 'An Indian Relic'.

45

Newspaper cutting – 'Sexton's Sand Writing Table'.

46

Newspaper cutting – 'The Earliest Pen – How Cuneiform was written', from The Times, 3rd April 1924.

47

Newspaper/Magazine cutting – 'Anthropology and Literature …', book reference.

48

Newspaper cutting – 'Man Before Writing'.

49

Newspaper cutting – 'The Tale of the Flock by Mrs. Stanley Wrench'.

50

Newspaper cutting – 'The Sale Room – Byron on the Eton v, Harrow Match' from The Times, 11th July 1927.

51

Newspaper cutting – Oddment from The Times, 22nd September 1896.

52

Newspaper cutting – 'The Washing Tally'.

53

Cutting from a Journal, quote from the Naval Chronicle for 1799.

54

Page from W.M. Murphy's Catalogue of Books (No. 146) pp. 37-8.

55

Cutting from Transvaal Weekly Illustrated, 23rd May 1908, 'The Oldest Inscription in the World'.

56

Cutting from Documents iii, June1929.

57

Newspaper cutting – no title taken from The Times?

58

‘The Earliest Known Seat of Learning in Europe’ by A. C. Haddon, Natural Science January 1897.

58

‘The Tagal Alphabet’ by Frederick Starr, Unity 13th June 1901.

59

Proof for ‘Writing in Prehistoric Greece’ by Arthur J. Evans, Section H., Bradford 1900 (very short).

60

Proof? for ‘On the System of Writing in Ancient Egypt’ by F. Ll. Griffith, Section H., Bradford 1900 (very short).

61

Proof for ‘On Tallies’ by E. Lovett, Section H., Belfast 1902 (very short) – (three copies).

62

Review of Frank H. Chalfant’s ‘Early Chinese Writing’ Science XXIV No. 624, 14th December, 1906.

63

Newspaper cutting – picture 'A Cricket Match Extraordinary'.

64

Six pages (pp. 185-6, 188, 193-4 and 196) of 'Reliqulae Aquitanicae'.

65

Bundle of short notes on various subjects.

66

Letter from R. B. Dent, Public Museum, Gloucester, 25th October 1928.

Regarding wampum belt Henry Balfour noticed in the Public Museum.

67

Edouard Naville – 'L'Écriture Égyptienne'.

68

Review of Frank H. Chalfant’s ‘Early Chinese Writing’ Science XXIV No. 624, 14th December, 1906.

69

Letter to Mr. Hale from George M. Dawson (copied out by Mr. Hale and sent to E. B. Tylor) Deputy Head and Director, Geological Survey of Canada, 19th November, 1896.

70

Letter to Henry Balfour from B. L. Tollemache, 31st March 1897. Sending the ‘tallies’ Henry Balfour asked for and a skin wine flask.

71

Letter to Henry Balfour from William Crooke, Wimbledon, 22nd January 1897. Crooke’s cousin, Miss Lawless Pyne, has sent the enclosed from County Cork. Two letters from Miss Lawless Pyne enclosed to accompany the ‘[Tcore] sticks’ got from a dairy woman.

72

Letter to Henry Balfour from David Randall McIver, Luzern, 16th August. ‘The enclosed sent me by Garbutt of Bulluwayo, the man who did the photos of pots for you may be of some interest to you. He sent them to me with a note some weeks ago.’ Enclosed: typescript notes on Alphabet Boards, brought down to Bulawayo by natives coming from Domira Bay, - Lake Nyasa, - British Central Africa. Three prints, show two boards, and the reverse side of the smaller one. The boards show Arabic characters.

73

Letter to Henry Balfour from Edward Lovett, Croydon, 9th October 1902. Debating origin of the tally and the history of the term ‘to tally’.

74

Notes on 'Tally Keeping in parts of S. India'. Notes by W. V. Govindem, sent by F. T. Richards, 1924.

75

Letter to Henry Balfour from Edward Lovett, Croydon, 30th September 1902. Continued correspondence on the ‘tally question’.

76

Letter to Henry Balfour from Lionel A. Tollemache, Lucerne, 14th July, 1898. Comments on Andrew Lang’s ‘The Making of Religion’; giving reference to tallies in ‘The Antiquary’.

77

Printed illustration ‘Wampum belt’ with handwritten note: ‘Purchased at Indian Village, near Andover, New Brunswick from a woman of the Tobique branch of the Micmacs. Length 11[half] inches ‘a missionary belt, cross & two church steeples.’ Deposited by G. E. Starr in the Free Museum of Sci. & Art, Univ. of Penna. Bulletin No. 4, June, 1898.

78

Cutting from W. C. Elly's 33rd Catalogue of Books.

79

Illustration of three tally sticks.

80

Illustration of Swan Marks.

81

Illustration, Pen, knife with bottle attached.

82

Selection of sketches, drawings and tracings.

 Box 25 – Musical Instruments: Autophones: Rattles, Jingles, Sistea, Clappers and Rasps (includes: notes, sketches, correspondence, etc.).

Box 26 – Musical Instruments: Autophones: Gongs and Jews Harp (includes: notes, sketches, correspondence, etc.).

Box 27 – Musical Instruments: Autophones: Linguaphones (includes: notes, sketches, correspondence, newspaper cuttings, etc.).

Box 28 – Musical Instruments: Membranophones: Drums (includes: notes, sketches, correspondence, newspaper cuttings, etc.).

Box 29 – Musical Instruments: Strings: Harps (includes: notes, sketches, correspondence, newspaper cuttings, etc.).

Box 30 – Musical Instruments: Strings: Lyres, Guitars and Musical Bows (includes: notes, sketches, correspondence, newspaper cuttings, etc.).

Box 31 – Musical Instruments: Chorophones: Violin and Sympathetic String (includes: notes, sketches, correspondence, newspaper cuttings, etc.).

Box 32 – Musical Instruments: Strings: Zithers, Duccimer, Keyboard and General (includes: notes, sketches, correspondence, newspaper cuttings, etc.).

Box 33 – Musical Instruments: Aerophonics: Reeds (includes: notes, sketches, correspondence, newspaper cuttings, etc.).

Box 34 – Musical Instruments: Aerophonics: Trumpet series (includes: notes, sketches, correspondence, newspaper cuttings, etc.).

Box 35 – Musical Instruments: Bagpipes (includes: notes, sketches, correspondence, newspaper cuttings, etc.).

Box 36 – Musical Instruments: Bullroarers and Whizzers (includes: notes, sketches, correspondence, newspaper cuttings, etc.).

Box 37 – Musical Instruments: Nostril Blown Instruments (includes: notes, sketches, correspondence, newspaper cuttings, etc.).

Box 38 – Musical Instruments: General (includes: notes, sketches, correspondence, newspaper cuttings, etc.).

Box 39 – Musical Instruments:
General (includes: Duplicates of photographs, etc.):

1

Duplicates: Autophones – Jews Harps (one photo, two sketches).

2

Cutting entitled 'Bel'.

3

Duplicates: Harps – Western European (one photo and one sketch).

4

Duplicates: Nose Flutes (17 photographs).

5

Duplicates: Hélène queries – Zithers, Dulciners or what (various notes, sketches and photographs).

6

Duplicates: Trumpets – wood, bark, palm-leaf (one sketch).

7

Duplicate: Strings – zese (one photo).

8

Duplicates: Strings – Harps – instruments with several bows ( cyan prints and two sketches).

9

Duplicates: Strings – Lyres (two photos).

10

Duplicates: Zithers (two photos).

11

Duplicates: Chordophone (eight photos).

12

Duplicates: Membranophones (two photos).

13

Duplicates: Strings – Guitars (two photos).

14

Duplicates: Noseflutes (seven photos).

15

Duplicates: Strings – Musical Bow Devivations (two photos).

16

Duplicates: Split Stringed Instruments (three photos).

17

Duplicates: Harps – Oriental (Two mounted photos and three other photos).

18

Duplicate: Harps – Persia (Colour magazine cutting).

19

Duplicates: Harps – Assyria, Egypt, Greece (postcard and photocopy).

20

Duplicates: Aerophones – Clarinets (variouys photos and sketches, etc.).

21

Duplicate: Trumpet (one photo).

22

Duplicate: Bagpipes (10 photos).

 Box 40 – The Evolution of Art (large box):

1

Tracing of map of Tasmania 536 mm x 430 mm.

2

Colour map of Tasmania 536 mm x 430 mm.

3

12 drawings of stone tools (on board).

4

10 drawings of stone tools (on board).

5

15 drawings of stone tools (on board), (10 are just outlines).

6

9 drawings of stone tools (on board).

7

6 drawings of stone tools (on board).

8

12 drawings of stone tools (on board).

9

9 drawings of stone tools (on board).

10

9 drawings of stone tools (on board).

11

Five large boards, all showing drawings of stone tools, some in outline only, others in full detail.

12

Pages from a journal Journal of the Society of Arts, 27th April, 1894, No. 2, 162, Vol. XLII, pp. 455-472 – Evolution in Decorative Art by Henry Balfour

13

Large Folder 'Development of Ornament' containing various items:
1 – Tracing of four leaves or flowers?
2 – Drawing of men dancing in circle, three men embraced in the middle, seven poles with human heads carved on?
3 – Photograph of two rifle/musket butts, shows ornamentation.
4 – Envelope, written on the back a list of items starts with 'Crests'.
5 – Two pages of lectures notes, includes: Gongs (Burmese), etc.
6 – Board with sheet pasted on 'Alignment of holes formed by burning a tunnel transversely through a tightly rolled paper whorl'.
7 – Illustration on board of three ? clubs showing ornamentation, note reads '1 and 2 from specimens, 3 from Joest's 'Taowiren''.
8 – Two illustrations of pots 'Rope Pattern', 'Zuni' and 'Ancient British'.
9 – Sketch of a snake.
10 – Large sheet of paper folded showing three different animal heads sketches with added ornamentation.
11 – Lined paper mounted on board, rough sketches of different animals and a man.
12 – Two sheets of lined paper mounted on board sketches of various animals and men.
13 – Four illustrations mounted on board, 1. John White, 16th century, Virginia Dance; 2. De Bry's ed. Hariot's Dec of Virginia, 1634; 3. Lafitan, hoeurs des Sauvages, 1724 and 4. Lubbock, Origin of Civilisation, 1875.
14 – Two photographs of four items unknown and three axe/adze heads.
15 – Large board of sketches of abstract animals, (9 items all exhibits at the Pitt Rivers Museum).
16 – Large board with six patterns of textiles or rubbings?
17 – Large board (illustrations) – 'Series of Peruvian pottery vessels shewing stages in the Degeneration of the Design of Human form'.
18 – Handwritten Notes for a slide show – (seven sheets).
19 – Three rubbings of designs, from Pitt Rivers Collection.
20 – Paintingin black of carving of umete from Routledge Collection, Pitt Rivers Museum.
21 – Six drawings pasted onto board, of animals and a man.
22 – Three drawings of bats (Chinese).
23 – Two pages of scribbled notes, one copy of a photo (written on the back photo of an original drawing by John White in British Museum.
24 – Six pen drawings of similar original pasted onto board.
25 – Five sketches of complex patterns (?textiles).
26 – Illustrations of Ancient Helmet, 'Series showing the manner in which the nasal and openings for the nose and eyes were gradually disused and retained only in ornamentation'.
27 – Twelve illustrations of men wearing helmets (rough sketches, drawn by different people, ? students).
28 – Ten illustrations of various pottery vessels.
29 – Twelve illustrations of snails on branch (rough sketches, drawn by different people, ? students).
30 – Patterns on Spears from thew Solomon Islands, shewing Degeneration of Human Form.

 



Enquiries:  ms-photo.colls@prm.ox.ac.uk