Raymond Ernst CLAUSEN (c.1915 – 1993), ethnomusicologist
- twenty-five boxes of material, relating mainly to Vanuatu and ethnomusicological research
- the material includes field notes, lecture notes, correspondence, musical transcriptions and drafts of articles
- the papers have been listed
Box 1 First field trip, general notes & correspondence
Folder 1 Grey foolscap folder including:
- Lists of names, kinship relations, and age groups
- Notes about the sale of land between people, together with other personal life stories and events (e.g. Tobi, a chief).
- Stories or songs in local languages.
- Music notation (sketched).
- Kinship diagrams.
Folder 2 Clear plastic folder containing notes on recordings, with reel numbers, time codes and brief observations.
Folder 3 Yellow foolscap folder titled ‘Corr. 1st field’ which contains mainly correspondence (including reference to recording equipment).
Box 2 Field note books, mostly 1st trip
- Green Croxley Note Book (titled ‘1/4’) containing information about slides.
- Green Croxley Note Book (titled ‘1/4 WALA’) containing vocabulary and other notes about language.
- Green Croxley Note Book (titled ‘△’) containing song lyrics.
- Green Croxley Note Book (titled ‘LSE + N’) containing field notes.
- Green Croxley Note Book (titled ‘MUSIC’) containing musical transcriptions and field notes.
- Green Croxley Note Book containing song texts.
- Red 1962 Diary titled ‘With compliments from BURNS PHILP (NEW HEBRIDES) LIMITED VlLA AND SANTO, Christmas 1961’, including entries by Raymond Clausen.
- Grey Collins RADIO Diary, including entries by Raymond Clausen.
- Blue Tudor Memo Books containing field notes (one of two).
- Blue Tudor Memo Books containing field notes (two of two).
- Folder 1, a yellow foolscap folder titled ‘Slide lists (copied)’.
Box 3 Field notes, 2nd field trip
Folder 1 Yellow foolscap folder titled ‘Bills & receipts relating to 1960s fieldtrip’, includes invoices and correspondence etc.
Folder 2 Yellow foolscap folder titled ‘2nd field trip’, includes correspondence with Kirk Huffman, Assistant Curator of Anthropology at The Australian Museum in Sydney.
Folder 3 Yellow foolscap folder titled ‘Music + transcription, Field Note 1970’s trip, R. Clausen’ – includes song lyrics, musical transcriptions, and lists of instruments.
Folder 4 Yellow foolscap folder titled ‘Field Notes, 2nd Field Trip’ – includes field notes, kinship diagrams, and musical transcriptions.
Folder 5 Yellow foolscap folder titled ‘Transcripts & Related notes. 2nd Field Trip’ – includes song lyrics, musical transcriptions, lists of transparencies.
Box 4 Field documents (music notebook A, B, C trs Croxley)
- Black spiral-bound field notebook [‘A’] containing information about recordings I-LXXVI, field notes, and kinship diagrams. Loose-leaf notes including notes about land disputes are included inside this notebook.
- Black spiral-bound field notebook [‘B’] containing information about recordings I-LXXVB onwards, field notes, and kinship diagrams.
- Black spiral-bound field notebook [‘C’] containing information about recordings IXIII onwards, field notes, and kinship diagrams.
- Red spiral-bound notebook titled ‘G.M, Larsson’s Fiji tapes & G.M. Historic’ – includes information about recordings.
- Green ‘The Croxley’ Music Book containing song lyrics and musical transcriptions.
- Hard-bound green notebook titled ‘Clausen notes from conversations in 1992, recorded by Tina Stoecklin’ – includes lots of information about the reel to reel recordings.
Box 5 Film documentation
- Spiral-bound book of field notes including kinship diagrams.
- Red hardbound book of field notes which includes information about reel to reel recordings and also photographs.
- A grey foolscap folder containing loose leaf notes held together with a wrap of paper titled ‘Film Documentation, Malekula’. Includes scripts for a film.
Box 6 Layard original notes with some music
- Papers titled ‘Brief Kinship Notes from J.L.’
- Article titled ‘Musical Pipes’.
- Article titled ‘Slit Drums’.
- Typed ‘Glossary of Terms Used in Connection with Songs and Dances on Atchin’.
- Musical transcriptions.
- ‘John Layard Collection’ – list of photographs of artifacts from the island of Atchin.
- Article titled ‘ATCHIN. DANCES and GONGS. Cylinders of songs and gongs’.
- Duplicate of article titled ‘ATCHIN. DANCES and GONGS. Cylinders of songs and gongs.’
- Paper titled ‘SLIT-DRUMS ON ATCHIN by John Layard’.
- Paper titled ‘MUSIC – John Layard (written circa 1920)’.
- Folder 1, A grey foolscap folder including papers titled ‘Musical Pipes (written up)’, musical transcriptions, papers titled ‘Songs about White Men’, and musical transcriptions titled ‘Pastime with Good Company’.
- Folder 2, a green foolscap folder containing an article title ‘Maze- ??? mumming-plays’.
Box 7 Layard articles, lectures & photostats.
- Offprint of article by John Layard in Folklore titled ‘Labyrinth Ritual in South India: Threshold and Tattoo Designs’.
- Folder 1, a grey foolscap folder which includes various articles on homosexuality.
- Folder 2, a green foolscap folder containing photocopy of article titled ‘“ATCHIN – THE LUNAR CALENDAR AND THE PALOLO ANNELID” by John Layard’.
- Folder 3, a green foolscap folder containing photocopies of local terms and musical transcriptions.
- Folder 4, a yellow foolscap folder containing an article about Malekula titled ‘I. GENERAL’
Box 8 Correspondence with John Layard
Folder 1 A grey foolscap folder containing many letters to and from John Layard.
Box 9 Correspondence to Gordon Rowland.
Folders 1-3 Three grey foolscap folders containing hundreds of hand- written letters to Gordon Rowland
Box 10 Misc. correspondence
- Brown envelope labeled by Tandi Clausen as ‘mostly Howard Ferguson correspondence’.
- Yellow foolscap folder titled ‘dream notebooks’ – contains loose leaf writings, some pencil sketches, and four notebooks all related to descriptions of dreams.
- Wooden tobacco box containing letters from Bob Dart to Raymond Clausen.
Box 11 Misc. correspondence
Folders 1-2 Letters from a variety of people and institutions to Raymond Clausen, many in envelopes.
Several letters from Raymond Clausen to various people and institutions, including job applications for university lectureships.
Folder 3 Several diagrams and sketches.
Box 12 RAI ethnomusicology committee, correspondence
- Ethno-musicology newsletter No.3, December 1954 (typed).
- RAI ethnomusicology seminar paper (typed).
- Folder 1, a grey foolscap folder containing other correspondence and minutes relating to the RAI E-M committee.
- A programme for the Commonwealth Arts Festival Music Conference (University of Liverpool, 24th-28th September 1965).
- Ethnomusicology Newsletter No. 1 (December, 1953).
- Folder 2, a yellow foolscap folder titled ‘RAI committee notes (other RAI business with formats own box – currently mixed up w/ other things)’, includes:
- Ethnomusicology newsletter (January 1958).
- handwritten article titled ‘Simple Advice for Recording Music & Dance in the Field’ plus a typed article of the same.
- A carbon copy of ‘Manual for Folk Music Collectors’.
Box 13 RAI ethnomusicology committee 1, mostly minutes
Folder 1 A grey foolscap folder containing hand-written and typed minutes of the meetings of the ethnomusicology committee of the RAI.
Folder 2 A green foolscap folder containing minutes from meetings of the ethnomusicology committee of the RAI and informal meetings (1958, 1959, 1960).
Folder 3 A green foolscap folder containing minutes from the meetings of the ethnomusicology committee of the RAI and informal meetings (1956, 1957, 1958, 1959).
Folder 4 A green foolscap folder containing minutes from the meetings of ethnomusicology committee of the RAI (1963, 1971), plus a draft of the ‘Manual for Collectors of Ethnomusicology’.
Folder 5 A green foolscap folder which includes a draft of a proposal to establish an ethnomusicology research centre, some memoranda, and some correspondence.
Box 14 Oxford
Folder 1 A yellow foolscap folder containing music programmes for various college events, plus correspondence.
Box 15 General anthropology lecture notes
- Grey ‘GHANA SCHOOLS Exercise Book No.1’ containing some field notes, sketches and musical transcriptions.
- Grey ‘Exercise Book’ containing notes written by Clausen about advising anthropologists how to record music in the field.
- Black spiral-bound notebook containing notes made from attending lectures.
- Folder 1, a yellow foolscap folder containing mixture of hand- written lecture notes, typed lectures, printed articles and offprints relating to a variety of ethnological and anthropological subjects.
Box 16 Anthropology lecture notes (LSE)
Folder 1 Yellow foolscap folder containing loose leaf hand-written notes from lectures.
Folder 2 Orange folder containing hand-written lecture notes under a variety of headings including ‘Penniman’, ‘E.P., and ‘Blackwood’ – these cover a wide variety of anthropological topics. Folder also includes some typed lecture outlines and articles by lecturers, including A.R. Radcliffe Brown.
Box 17 RC publications & public lectures
Folder 1 A clear folder which includes:
- Typed ‘biographical notes’,
- offprints of an article by Raymond Clausen titled ‘A Carved Tree-Fern House Decoration Quarterly, XXX)
- a newspaper cutting from the Halstead Gazette (4/4/86) titled ‘Halstead’s ethnomusicologist’ and ‘Three Regions of Melanesian Art’publication by the Museum of Primitive Art.
Folder 2 Four hand-written chapters titled, respectively: ‘1 – First Day’s Talk, Four-Section kinship system’, ‘2 – Second Day’s Talk, transition of unilateral descent and in particular to Patrilineal’, ‘3 – Religion and Boar Sacrifice’, and ‘4 – Initiation’.
Box 18 Ethnomusicology articles
- A bound publication from the Institute of Communications Research International Congress 6-21 April, 1961, Tehran, Iran, titled ‘The Preservation of Traditional Forms of the Learned Music of the Orient and the Occident’.
- Green foolscap folder entitled ‘European Seminar in Ethnomusicology, 1986’ – includes music transcriptions, book of abstracts from ESEM 1986 meeting, and prints of some articles.
- Yellow foolscap folder containing typed articles, including: ‘Bibliography on the subject of ethnomusicology’ (compiled by John Blacking), ‘What is Social Anthropology?’ by Ian Hamnett (May 1963), ‘Musical Instruments: an introduction to the subject, for students of Social Anthropology’ (by David Rycroft, 1986) and other articles on non-European achievements, gamelan music etc.
- Green foolscap folder containing other articles, including: ‘Form and Style in Tibetan Folksong Melody’ by Peter Crosslet-Holland (1967), ‘The Study of Primitive Musical Instruments’ by David Rycroft (1969), and ‘The Prospects for Music in Education in Kenya’ by Graham Hyslop (1964).
Box 19 Ethnomusicology event programmes
- Typed script titled ‘MOTHS = To Ouida, A Tribute of Affection’.
- Bound copy of a script for ‘King Henry V’.
- Copy of a typed radio script titled ‘Bach and the Keyboard: an illustrated talk by Thurston Dart’.
- Envelope titled ‘Bits of “The Frogs” by a Classical Greek/ e.g. Aristophanes’, containing a script for ‘The Frogs’
- Catalogue for ‘“The Sound of Africa” Series of Long Playing Records’.
- Folder 1, a clear plastic folder containing a selection of programmes for musical performances and events in Oxford, Cambridge, London, Johannesburg, and the US (1947 – 1966). Concerts include a range of Western, African, and Asian music performances.
- Folder 2, a clear plastic folder containing some programmes for plays and other theatre productions.
- Folder 3, a yellow foolscap folder containing programme listings for Afro-Asian Music Group concerts at the Africa Centre.
Box 20 Ethnomusicology projects for people, i.e. Torres Straits
Folder 1 Yellow foolscap folder containing one batch of papers bound and titled ‘Clausen, Essays on Music, “David T. Essay.” includes:
- Notes titled ‘Making a Sitar’.
- An essay titled ‘The Sitar’
- Some transcriptions of ragas and North Indian Talas (rhythmic cycles)
- An article titled ‘Alternative Notes’ discussing rags.
Folder 2 Yellow foolscap folder containing one batch of papers bound and titled ‘Clausen, Papua New Guinea Songs, relates to an essay’, includes: song texts, musical transcriptions.
Folder 3 Yellow foolscap folder containing one batch of papers bound and titled ‘Clausen, Notes on Indian Music (Baké) + transcriptions – includes: notes about Indian scales and some musical transcriptions.
Folder 4 Clear plastic folder titled ‘Torres Strait’ containing an offprint of ‘XII. Music’ by C.S. Myers, reprinted from the Reports of the Cambridge Anthropological Expedition to Torres Straits, Volume IV.
Folder 5 Clear plastic folder titled ‘Bake’, containing some correspondence and an obituary of Arnold Adriaan Bake reprinted from the Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, Vol. XXVII, PART 1, 1964.
Box 21 B.Litt drafts, notes, possible DPhil drafts
Folder 1 Clear plastic folder containing a draft with first section titled ‘I. The Recorded Data’.
Folder 2 Clear plastic folder typed and hand-written notes relating to ‘Herder’ and other subjects.
Folder 3 Clear plastic folder containing typed articles titled, variously: ‘Ritual as Communication in North Malekula’, ‘Musical Instruments as Ritual Objects’, and ‘The Anthropology of Music’, ‘Theft, Adultery and Homicide in Malekula’, ‘The Maki’, ‘Distribution of Population in N. Malekula’.
Folder 4 Clear plastic folder containing a typed article titled ‘The Role of Pigs’, together with sketched musical transcriptions that may relate songs to pig tusks.
Folder 5 Green foolscap folder containing gathered papers titled ‘Clausen: lecture notes & B.Litt draft’, includes: correspondence and a typed draft with an opening section titled ‘1. The Recorded Data.’, some hand-written notes, and other typed sections.
Folder 6 Pink foolscap folder containing hand-written notes titled ‘Womens Songs’, including some kinship diagrams.
Box 22 Articles relating to Vanuatu
Folder 1 Clear plastic folder containing loose-leaf hand-written notes labelled ‘Clausen Radio Programme Notes’.
Folder 2 Green foolscap folder containing two copies of a script for Radio 4 titled ‘”Music in/of Malekula” written and read by Raymond Clausen”’.
Folder 3 Brown foolscap folder containing correspondence and an article titled ‘Vocal Music of the Solomons & New Hebrides’ by D.A. Rawcliffe.
Folder 4 Yellow foolscap folder titled ‘Art & Extracts about Vanuatu’, including:
- Reports about oral tradition, written by Peter Crowe and produced by the New Hebrides Cultural Centre.
- A copy of ‘Vanua-Aku Viewpoints’ newspaper.
- Other articles.
- A New Hebrides British National Service Calendar 1977.
Box 23 EM von Hornbostel offprints
Folder 1 Clear plastic folder containing various offprints of articles in German (and some in English) by E.M. von Hornbostel, including ‘The Unity of the Senses’, ‘Laut und Sinn’, ‘Chinesische Ideogramme in Amerika’, ‘Musik’, and ‘African Negro Music’.
Box 24 Vanuatu notebooks by Tandi Clausen-May
- Blue ‘Olympic’ Carbon Book priced ‘90’ containing vocabulary and phrases.
- Blue ‘Olympic’ Carbon Book containing vocabulary and phrases.
- Yellow ‘Gallier’ exercise book containing field notes written on Vila dated from 25/6/76 to 10/9/76.
- ‘ACME’ duplicate carbon book titled ‘Tandy Odd notes’, containing vocabulary, field notes and kinship diagrams.
Box 25 Miscellaneous prints & negatives, unnumbered
- four strips of 35mm film negatives
- envelope titled ‘Second Trip’ containing colour prints
- untitled envelope containing black and white prints
- yellow Kodak envelope titled ‘CLAUSSEN’ containing 35 mm negatives and colour prints
- yellow Kodak envelope titled ‘530 Clausen R3.43’ containing 35 mm negatives
- four yellow ‘Kodak Film’ envelopes all titled ‘First Trip’ and containing black and white prints
- box titled ‘Kodak Photographic Paper’ containing small black and white prints
- yellow envelope addressed to ‘Raymond Clausen, Esq.’ containing 35 mm negatives wrapped in paper
- envelope addressed to ‘Dr John Layard’ containing black and white prints and some negatives
- yellow foolscap folder titled ‘Misc. Photos’ containing a variety of photographs (black and white and colour) and negatives. One set is labelled ‘Bake photographs’, and another ‘Photos COMUS’/9
Listed by Noel Lobley, June 2013