Object of the Month
Brass mermaid dish, Nigeria
Plain brass pans, known as Neptunes, were traded from Europe to West Africa. Most of them were made in Birmingham. From the 1880s, Efik women in Akwa Akpa (Old Calabar) began the practice of decorating them with face-hammered relief work. They used a steel rod hit with a hammer to create floral and figurative designs of punched dots.
The central dish here is decorated with the figure of a mermaid and symbols from an ideographic script known as Nsibidi, associated with mask-using secret societies. The mermaid is depicted with an English-style crown and is surrounded by other water-spirit motifs. Materials analysis has revealed that the dish is made from a recycled sheet of alpha-beta brass manufactured in the 1860s or 1870s. Sometimes called ‘Muntz metal’, this type of brass has added zinc for extra strength, and was often used to sheath ships’ hulls. It is possible then that this dish was fashioned from metal recovered from a shipwreck, which may have given it extra significance. Collected by 1919 and donated by the Wellcome Historical Medical Museum in 1942; PRM 1942.13.1089
Part of a new display of metalwork in the Lower Gallery as part of the VERVE: Need / Make / Use project.
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