Labour Market Impacts of Forced Migration

Project working papers

The Labour Market Consequences of Hosting Refugees Working Paper LAMFOR Project, No. 1, 2015 (Ruiz, I. and Vargas-Silva, C.)

Abstract: During the 1990s the northwestern region of Tanzania experienced a large inflow of refugees. Using panel data (pre and post refugee inflow) we estimate the labor market consequences of hosting those refugees. Results are consistent with immigration affecting the allocation of natives across economic activities. Greater exposure to the refugee shock resulted in Tanzanians having a higher likelihood of working in household shambas or caring for household livestock and a lower likelihood of working outside the household as employees. The results were particularly strong for agricultural employees (i.e. those working outside the household) and for Tanzanians doing casual work before the shock. This coincides with anecdotal evidence of refugees concentrating in casual agricultural waged work in Tanzania and competing directly with Tanzanians for jobs in that sector.

Other project publications

The Labor Market Impacts of Forced Migration American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, 2015, Vol. 105, forthcoming. (Ruiz, I. and Vargas-Silva, C.)

Related publications by research team members

Forced Up or Down? The Impact of Forced Migration on Social Status Journal of Refugee Studies, 2015, forthcoming (Ruiz, I., Siegel, M. and Vargas-Silva, C.)

Remittances and Household Wealth after Conflict: A Case Study on Urban Burundi World Development, 2014, Vol. 60, pp. 57-68. (Fransen, S. and Mazzucato, V.)

Lessons Learned from Refugee Return Settlement Policies: A Case Study on Burundiís Rural Integrated Villages Refugee Survey Quarterly, 2014, Vol. 33, pp. 59-76. (Fransen, S. and Kuschminder, K.)

Can Migratory Contacts and Remittances Contribute to Reconciliation and Reconstruction in Rwanda? International Migration, 2013, Vol. 51, pp. 98-117. (Caarls, K., Fransen, S. and Ruben, R.)

The Economics of Forced Migration Journal of Development Studies, 2013, Vol. 49, No. 6, pp. 772-784. (Ruiz, I. and Vargas-Silva, C.)

Guidelines for Assessing the Impacts and Costs of Forced Displacement. The World Bank, 2012.

Assessing the Impacts and Costs of Forced Displacement: A Mixed Methods Approach. The World Bank, 2012. (Fiddian-Qasmiyeh, E., Ruiz, I., Vargas-Silva, C. and Zetter, R.)

Study on Impacts and Costs of Forced Displacement: State of the Art Literature Review. The World Bank, 2012. (Fiddian-Qasmiyeh, E., Ruiz, I., Vargas-Silva, C. and Zetter, R.)

Back to the Land: The Long-Term Challenges of Refugee Return and Reintegration in Burundi New Issues in Refugee Research. UNHCR, 2012. No.42. (Fransen, S. and Kuschminder, K.)