Load forecast of a university building for application in microgrid power flow optimization

M. Gulin, M. Vašak, G. Banjac and T. Tomiša

in IEEE International Energy Conference, Dubrovnik, Croatia, May 2014.
BibTeX  URL 

  author = {M. Gulin and M. Va\v{s}ak and G. Banjac and T. Tomi\v{s}a},
  title = {Load forecast of a university building for application in microgrid power flow optimization},
  booktitle = {IEEE International Energy Conference},
  year = {2014},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ENERGYCON.2014.6850579},
  doi = {10.1109/ENERGYCON.2014.6850579}

Microgrid is defined as a cluster of distributed generation sources, storages and loads that cooperate together in order to improve power supply reliability and overall power system stability. Short-term power production and load profile prediction is very important for power flow optimization in a microgrid, thus enhancing the management of distributed generation sources and storages in order to improve the microgrid reliability, as well as the economics of energy trade with electricity markets. However, short-term load prediction is a complex procedure, mainly because of the highly nonsmooth and nonlinear behaviour of the load time series. In this paper we develop and verify a neural-network-based short-term load profile prediction model. Neural network inputs are lagged load data, as well as meteorological and time data, while neural network output is load at the particular moment. Neural network training and validation is performed on load data recorded at University of Zagreb Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, and on meteorological data obtained from Meteorological and Hydrological Service of Croatia, in period 2011-2013.