JOHN BROOME: RECENT WRITINGS ON REASONING, 30 APRIL 2017


A linking belief is not essential for reasoning
in Reasoning, edited by Brendan and Magdalena Balcerak Jackson, Oxford University Press, forthcoming
Draft

Synchronic requirements and diachronic permissions
Canadian Journal of Philosophy, 45 (2015), pp. 630-46

Reasoning is an activity of ours by which we come to satisfy synchronic requirements of rationality. However, reasoning itself is regulated by diachronic permissions of rationality. For each synchronic requirement there appears to be a corresponding diachronic permission, but the requirements and permissions are not related to each other in a systematic way. It is therefore a puzzle how reasoning according to permissions can systematically bring us to satisfy requirements.
Journal page    Preprint

Comments on Boghossian
Philosophical Studies, 169 (2014), pp. 19-25
A comment on Paul Boghossian's 'What is inference?'
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Normativity in reasoning
Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, 95 (2014), pp. 622-33
Reasoning is a process through which premise-attitudes give rise to a conclusion-attitude. When you reason actively you operate on the propositions that are the contents of your premise-attitudes, following a rule, to derive a new proposition that is the content of your conclusion-attitude. It may seem that, when you follow a rule, you must, at least implicitly, have the normative belief that you ought to comply with the rule, which guides you to comply. But I argue that to follow a rule is to manifest a particular sort of disposition, which can be interpreted as an intention. An intention is itself a guiding disposition. It can guide you to comply with a rule, and no normative belief is required.
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Practical reasoning and inference
In Thinking About Reasons: Essays in Honour of Jonathan Dancy, edited by David Bakhurst, Brad Hooker and Margaret Little, Oxford University Press, 2013, pp. 286-309
Preprint

Rationality Through Reasoning
Wiley-Blackwell, 2013
Rationality Through Reasoning answers the question of how people are motivated to do what they believe they ought to do, built on a comprehensive account of normativity, rationality and reasoning that differs significantly from much existing philosophical thinking. Develops an original account of normativity, rationality and reasoning significantly different from the majority of existing philosophical thought. Includes an account of theoretical and practical reasoning that explains how reasoning is something we ourselves do, rather than something that happens in us. Gives an account of what reasons are and argues that the connection between rationality and reasons is much less close than many philosophers have thought. Contains rigorous new accounts of oughts including owned oughts, agent-relative reasons, the logic of requirements, instrumental rationality, the role of normativity in reasoning, following a rule, the correctness of reasoning, the connections between intentions and beliefs, and much else. Offers a new answer to the ‘motivation question’ of how a normative belief motivates an action.
Information from publisher

Motivation
Theoria
, 75 (2009), pp. 79-99
Full text


The unity of reasoning?

In Spheres of Reason, edited by Simon Robertson, Oxford University Press, 2009, pp. 62-92
Part translated with a commentary in Qu'est-ce que raisonner, by Jean-Marie Chevalier, Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin, 2016, pp. 103-7
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