Latin Core bibliography

 Virgil, Eclogues


Text: Mynors, OCT

Translation: Guy Lee (Penguin, 1984)

Commentaries: R.Coleman (Cambridge, 1977); R.D.Williams [with Georgics] (London, 1979); W.Clausen (Oxford, 1994) — available online via SOLO; A.Cucchiarelli [Italian] (Rome, 2012)




Z.Stewart, 'The song of Silenus', HSCP 64 (1959) 179-205

G.W. Bowersock, 'A date in the eighth Eclogue', HSCP 75 (1971)  73-80, together with the reply by R.J.Tarrant, HSCP 82 (1978) 197-9;

R.W.Garson, 'Theocritean Elements in Virgil's Eclogues', CQ n.s. 21 (1971) 188-203

N. Rudd Lines of enquiry: studies in Latin poetry (Cambridge, 1976), ch. 5, on the structure of the Eclogues book

R.G.M.Nisbet, 'Virgil's fourth Eclogue : Easterners and Westerners', BICS 25

(1978) 59-78 [reprinted in his Collected Papers on Latin Literature (Oxford, 1995), 47-75]

I.M.Le M.Du Quesnay, 'From Polyphemus to Corydon : Virgil Eclogue 2 and the Idylls of Theocritus' in D.West and T.Woodman (eds.), Creative Imitation and Latin Literature (Cambridge,  1979), 35-70

I.M.Le M.Du Quesnay, 'Vergil's First Eclogue', Papers of the Liverpool Latin Seminar 3 (1981) 29-182 (!!)

C. P. Segal 'Tamen cantabitis, Arcades: exile and Arcadia in Eclogues 1 and 9', in Segal, Poetry and myth in ancient pastoral (Princeton, 1981) 271-300

E.J.Kenney, 'Virgil and the elegiac sensibility', ICS 8 (1983) 44-59

J.R.G.Wright, 'Virgil's pastoral programme : Theocritus, Callimachus and Eclogue 1',

PCPS 29 (1983) 107-62 (esp. 107-38) [reprinted in Hardie (1999) i.116-71]

D.F.Kennedy, 'Arcades ambo : Vergil, Gallus and Arcadia', Hermathena 143 (1987) 47-60

R.Jenkyns, 'Virgil and Arcadia', JRS 79 (1989) 26-39

R.G.M.Nisbet, 'The style of Virgil's Eclogues', Proceedings of the Virgil Society 20 (1991)

1-14 [reprinted in his Collected Papers on Latin Literature (Oxford, 1995), 325-37]

P.R.Hardie, Virgil [G&R New Surveys in the Classics 28] (Oxford, 1998) 5-27




M.C.J.Putnam, Virgil’s pastoral art : studies in the Eclogues (Princeton, 1970)

E. W. Leach, Vergil's Eclogues: landscapes of experience (Ithaca, 1974)

P. Alpers, The singer of the Eclogues: a study of Virgilian pastoral with a new translation (Berkeley, 1979)

G.B.Conte, The Rhetoric of Imitation (Ithaca, N.Y., 1986), 100-29

R. Jenkyns, Virgil's experience. Nature and history; times, names, and places

(Oxford 1998), ch. 4

M. Fantuzzi and T. Papanghelis, The Brill companion to Greek and Latin pastoral (2006) 263-402 (several interesting pieces)

B.W.Breed, Pastoral Inscriptions: Reading and Writing Virgil's Eclogues (London, 2006)

K.Volk, Oxford Readings in Classical Studies: Vergil's Eclogues (Oxford, 2008)

S.J.Harrison, Generic Enrichment in Vergil and Horace (Oxford, 2007) 34-74



(iii) Horace, Odes 3


Text: Wickham, OCT 2nd ed., rev. H.W.Garrod, 1912

Commentaries: Nisbet and Rudd (Oxford, 2004) — available online via SOLO; D.West (Oxford, 2002); H-P.Syndikus, Die Lyrik des Horaz 2 (Darmstadt, 1973) [German]

Translation: West (Oxford, 1995) [with text and comm.]; Guy Lee (Leeds 1998) [with text]; Niall Rudd (Loeb, 2004).




D.West, 'Horace's poetic technique in the Odes', in C.D.N.Costa, ed., Horace (London, 1973) 29-58

C.L.Babcock, 'Critical approaches to the Odes of Horace', ANRW II.31.3 (1980) 1560-1611

D.C.Feeney, 'Horace and the Greek Lyric poets' in Rudd (1993) [below] 41-63

O.Murray, 'Symposium and Genre in the Poetry of Horace', in Rudd (1993) [below] 89-105

Ll. Morgan, CQ 55 (2005), 190-203 (3.14); CQ 55 (2005), 320-323 (3.5); CQ 59 (2009), 132-41 (3.13)




E.Fraenkel, Horace (Oxford, 1957)

Steele Commager, The Odes of Horace (New Haven, 1962)

R.O.A.M.Lyne, The Latin Love Poets (Oxford, 1980), 190-238

J.Griffin, Latin Poets and Roman Life (London, 1985), 65-162

M.Santirocco, Unity and Design in Horace's Odes (Chapel Hill, 1986)

G.Davis, Polyhymnia : The Rhetoric of Horatian Lyric Discourse (Berkeley 1991)

N.Rudd (ed.), Horace 2000 : A Celebration (London, 1993)

S.J.Harrison (ed.), Homage to Horace (Oxford, 1995)

R.O.A.M.Lyne, Horace : Behind the Political Poetry (New Haven, 1995)

M.Lowrie, Horace’s Narrative Odes (Oxford, 1997)

E.Oliensis, Horace and the Rhetoric of Authority (Cambridge, 1998)

T.Woodman and D.Feeney (eds.), Tradition and Contexts in the Poetry of Horace (Cambridge, 2002)

M.Paschalis (ed.), Horace and Greek Lyric Poetry (Rethymnon, 2002)

S.J.Harrison (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Horace (Cambridge, 2007)

G.Davis, (ed.) A Companion to Horace. (Chichester, 2010).



(iv) Livy 5.39-55


Text: Titi Livi Ab Vrbe Condita Libri I-V (Oxford Classical Text, 1974), ed. R.M. Ogilvie.

Commentary: R.M. Ogilvie, A Commentary on Livy Books 1-5 (Oxford 1965) — available online via SOLO; W.F. Masom and A.H. Allcroft, Livy Book V (London 1892).

Translation: Livy: The Rise of Rome Books 1-5 (Oxford World’s Classics 2008), translated by T.J. Luce; Livy: The Early History of Rome Books 1-5 (Penguin 2002) translated by R.M. Ogilvie.

Background:  J.D. Chaplin and C.S. Kraus (eds), Oxford Readings in Livy (Oxford 2009) gather together 18 seminal essays, with an overview of Livian scholarship by the editors. The introduction to the green and yellow commentary by C.S. Kraus, Livy Ab Vrbe Condita Book VI (Cambridge 1994) contains much valuable discussion. And for general background, see J. Marincola, Authority and Tradition in Ancient Historiography (Cambridge 1997) – check the index under ‘Livy’ – and J. Marincola (ed.), A Companion to Greek and Roman Historiography (Blackwell 2011).


Relevant Ancient Texts: These include Plutarch Camillus; Diodorus Siculus 14.116-17, Polybius 2.18.2-6.


General Questions: These include how Livy presents the Gauls and how this compares with other portraits of Gauls from an ethnographical perspective; how he depicts Roman reactions to the defeat at Allia; how Camillus deploys religious (and other) arguments in his famous speech (5.51-4; cf. Plutarch Camillus 31) pleading with the citizens not to abandon Rome for Veii after the Gallic sack (cf. Cicero De Legibus 2.3); how Livy’s Camillus serves as an exemplum and reference-point for later authors; how Livy presents and manipulates the topography of Rome throughout this account; how the set-text functions as the finale to the first pentad (group of five books) and how it relates to the ‘fresh-start’ which follows at the opening of Book 6; and how Livy’s narrative relates to the contemporary Augustan milieu. One important intertext from the other set-texts is Ovid Fasti 6.349-94 (including Ovid’s Mars reviewing the pious actions of the Roman citizens during the Gallic sack).




F. Gaertner, ‘Livy’s Camillus and the Political Discourse of the Late Republic’, Journal of Roman Studies  98 (2008), 27-52.

R. Syme, ‘Livy and Augustus’, Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 64 (1959), 27-87.

P.A. Stadter, ‘The Structure of Livy's History’, Historia 21 (1972) 287-307.

G.B. Miles, ‘The Cycle of Roman History in Livy’s First Pentad’, American Journal of Philology 107 (1986), 1-33.

G.B. Miles, ‘Maiores, Conditores, and Livy’s Perspectiove on the Past’, Transactions of the American Philological Association 118 (1988), 185-208 (esp. 199ff).

C.S. Kraus, ‘No Second Troy: Topoi and Refoundation in Livy Book V’, Transactions of the American Philological Association  124 (1994), 267-90.

T.J. Luce, ‘Design and Structure in Livy 5.32-55’, Transactions of the American Philological Association 102 (1971), 265-302.

M. Toher, ‘Augustus and the Evolution of Roman Historiography’, 139-54 in K. A. Raaflaub and M. Toher (eds), Between Republic and Empire (Berkeley and Los Angeles 1990).

D.S. Levene, ‘Defining the divine in Rome’, Transactions of the American Philological Association 142 (2012), 41-81.

O. Skutsch, ‘The Fall of the Capitol’, Journal of Roman Studies 43 (1953), 77-8.

O. Skutsch, ‘The Fall of the Capitol Again: Tacitus Annals 2.23’, 68 (1978), 93-4.

D. Wardle, ‘The Blame-Game: An Aspect of Handling Military Defeat in the Early Principate’, Hermes 139 (2011), 42-50.




T.J. LuceLivy: The Composition of His History (Princeton 1977).

A.J. Woodman, Rhetoric in Classical Historiography (London 1988), Chapter 3.

D.S. LeveneReligion in Livy (Leiden 1993).

T.J. Moore, Artistry and Ideology: Livy's Vocabulary of Virtue (Frankfurt 1989).

C.S. Kraus and A.J. Woodman, Latin Historians (Oxford 1997), 51–81.

P.G. Walsh, Livy: His Historical Aims and Methods (Cambridge 1961). This is the fullest general study of Livy in English, presenting a mainstream (though now somewhat old-fashioned) account of his virtues and failings as historian and writer.

A. Feldherr, Spectacle and Society in Livy’s History (Berkeley, Los Angeles, London 1998), 44-50, 78-81.

M. Jaeger, Livy’s Written Rome (Ann Arbor, Michigan 1997), 57-74, 88-92.

G. Forsythe, Livy and Early Rome: A Study in Historical Method and Judgement (Stuttgart 1999).

A.M. Gowing, Empire and Memory: The Representation of the Roman Republic in Imperial Culture (Cambridge 2005), 7-15.

R. Ash, ‘Victim and Voyeur: Rome as a Character in Tacitus’ Histories 3’, 211-37 (esp. 229-36 on Tacitus’ reworking of Livy 5) in D.H.J. Larmour and D. Spencer (eds), The Sites of Rome: Time, Space, Memory (Oxford 2007).

G.B. Miles, Livy: Reconstructing Early Rome (Ithaca, NY 1995).

J.H.C. Williams, Beyond the Rubicon: Romans and Gauls in Republican Italy (Oxford 2001).


A cluster of articles about dating:


T.J. Luce, ‘The Dating of Livy's First Decade’, Transactions of the American Philological Association 96 (1965) 209-40.

P.J. Burton, ‘The Last Republican Historian: A New Date for the Composition of Livy’s First Pentad’, Historia 49 (2000), 429-46.

W. Scheidel, ’When Did Livy Write Books 1, 3, 28, and 59?’, Classical Quarterly 59 (2009), 653-8.


(v) Propertius 3


Text: Heyworth (OCT, 2007) [warning: the text of Propertius is corrupt and this differs radically from other editions]

Commentaries: Heyworth & Morwood (Oxford, 2011; the text differs from the OCT only in two capitals, at 3.7.1, 3.9.49) — available online via SOLO; Camps (Cambridge, 1966); Fedeli (Bari, 1985, Italian).

Translations: There is a translation of the set text in Heyworth, Cynthia (Oxford, 2007; also contains a textual commentary explaining the choices made in the OCT; literary bibliography is given for each poem, as again in Heyworth & Morwood). See also Goold, Loeb (1999, revised edn. of 1990); Guy Lee (Oxford, 1994)


Articles [on Book 3, or more general]

E. Courtney, ‘The structure of Propertius Book 3’, Phoenix 24 (1970), 48-53

H. Jacobson, ‘Structure and meaning in Propertius Book 3’, ICS 1 (1976), 160-73

M.C.J. Putnam, ‘Propertius’ Third Book: patterns of cohesion’, Arethusa 13 (1980), 97-113

J.L. Butrica, ‘The Amores of Propertius: unity and structure in Books II-IV’, ICS 21 (1996), 87-158

S.J. Heyworth, ‘Propertius, patronage and politics’, BICS 50 (2007), 93-128


[Individual poems and groups of poems]

3.1-5: W.R., Nethercut, AJPh 91 (1970), 385-407; D.P. Harmon, in Studies in Latin Literature and Roman History (ed. C. Deroux, 1; 1979), 317-34

3.1: A.J. Woodman, ‘Propertius and Livy’, CQ 48 (1998), 568-9

3.2: J.F. Miller, TAPhA 113 (1983), 289-99; G. Mader, CJ 88 (1993), 321-40; L.B.T. Houghton, in P. Low & P. Liddell (eds), Inscriptions and their uses in Greek and Latin Literature (Oxford, 2013), 349-64 [on epitaphs]

3.3: J.F. Miller, ‘Ennius and the elegists’, ICS 8 (1983), 277-95 (at 277- 83)

3.4: L.P. Wilkinson, in Studi in onore di L.Castiglioni (2 vols., Florence, 1960), 1091-103; M.C.J. Putnam, ZPE 39 (1980), 49-56

3.5: G. Mader, WS 116 (2003), 115-34

3.6: J.L. Butrica, EMC 2 (1983), 17-37; J.C. Yardley, Phoenix 40 (1986), 198-200; K. McCarthy, Helios 37 (2010), 153-86

3.7: F. Robertson, TAPhA 100 (1969), 377-86; A. Orlebeke, CQ 46 (1996), 416-28; L.B.T.Houghton, PCPhS 53 (2007), 161-79

3.8: J.L. Butrica, TAPhA 111 (1981), 23-30

3.9: B.K. Gold, Literary Patronage in Greece and Rome (Chapel Hill, 1987), 103-17

3.10: R.O.A.M. Lyne and J.H.W. Morwood, G&R 20 (1973), 38-48; K.F.B. Fletcher, Mnemosyne 63 (2010), 459-64; B.P. Weinlich, MD 67 (2011), 21-49

3.12: J. Wallis, Ramus 40 (2011), 106-29

3.12-14: W.R. Nethercut, CPh 65 (1970), 99-102

3.15-17: T. Phillips, PCPhS 57 (2011), 105-35 [at 115-32]

3.16-21: J. Clarke, Mouseion 4 (2004), 127-43

3.17: R.J. Littlewood, Latomus 34 (1975), 662-9; J.F. Miller, AJPh 112 (1991), 77-86; G. Mader, in C. Deroux (ed.), Studies in Latin Literature & Roman History 7 (Bruxelles, 1994), 369-85

3.22: B.P. Weinlich, MD 75 (2015), 49-78

3.23: C.B.R. Pelling, SIFC 20 (2002), 171-81



F. Cairns, Sextus Propertius, the Augustan Elegist (Cambridge, 2006)

S. Commager, A prolegomenon to Propertius (Cincinnatti, 1974)

B.K. Gold (ed.), A Companion to Roman Love Elegy (Blackwell, 2012)

M. Hubbard, Propertius (London, 1974)

R.L. Hunter, The Shadow of Callimachus: Studies in the Reception of Hellenistic Poetry at Rome (Cambridge, 2006) [esp. relevant for 3.1, 3, 9, 17]

A. Kambylis, Die Dichterweihe und ihre Symbolik (Heidelberg, 1965)

A. Keith, Propertius: Poet of Love and Leisure (London, 2008)

J.F. Miller, Apollo, Augustus, and the Poets (Cambridge, 2009)

H-P. Stahl, Propertius: ‘Love’ and ‘War’ (Berkeley, 1985)

T.S. Thorsen (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Latin Love Elegy (Cambridge, 2013)

W. Wimmel, Kallimachos in Rom (Hermes Einzelschriften 16; Wiesbaden, 1960)




Literary history and background


W.Kroll, Studien zum Verständnis der römischen Literatur (Stuttgart, 1924) [German]

W.Clausen, 'Callimachus and Roman Poetry', GRBS 5 (1964) 181-96.

E.J.Kenney and W.Clausen, eds., Cambridge History of Classical Literature II

(Cambridge, 1982); relevant parts (II.2 and II.3) available in separate paperbacks

G.B.Conte, A History of Latin Literature (Princeton, 1994)

O.Taplin, ed., Literature in the Roman World : A New Perspective (Oxford, 2001)

S. Morton Braund, Latin Literature (London, 2002)

S.J.Harrison, ed., A Companion to Latin Literature (Oxford, 2005)


General literary studies


G.Williams, Tradition and Originality in Roman Poetry (Oxford, 1968)

F.Cairns, Generic Composition in Greek and Roman Poetry (Edinburgh, 1972)

T.Woodman and D.West, eds., Quality and Pleasure in Latin Poetry (Cambridge, 1974)

T.Woodman and D.West, eds., Creative Imitation and Latin Literature (Cambridge, 1979)

T.Woodman and D.West, eds., Poetry and Politics in the Age of Augustus (Cambridge, 1984)

J.Griffin, Latin Poets and Roman Life (London, 1985)

G.B.Conte, The Rhetoric of Imitation (Ithaca, N.Y., 1986)

Tony Woodman and Jonathan Powell, eds., Author and Audience in Latin Literature (Cambridge, 1992)

A.Powell, ed., Roman Poetry and Propaganda in the Age of Augustus (London, 1992)

R.G.M.Nisbet, Collected Papers on Latin Literature (Oxford, 1995)

J..Wills, Repetition in Roman Poetry : Figures of Allusion (Oxford, 1996)

D.H.Roberts, F.M.Dunn and D.P.Fowler (eds.), Classical Closure (Princeton, 1997)

Stephen Hinds, Allusion and Intertext (Cambridge, 1998)

D. Feeney, Literature and Religion at Rome (Cambridge, 1998)

Don Fowler, Roman Constructions : Readings in Postmodern Latin (Oxford, 2000)

S.Kyriakidis and F.De Martino (eds.), Middles in Latin Poetry (Bari, 2004)

R.Hunter, The Shadow of Callimachus (Cambridge, 2006)

S.J.Harrison, Generic Enrichment in Vergil and Horace (Oxford, 2007)

R.O.A.M.Lyne, Collected Papers on Latin Poetry (Oxford, 2007)

J.J.O’Hara, Inconsistency in Roman Epic (Cambridge, 2007) [Lucretius and Catullus]

G.O. Hutchinson, Talking Books - Readings in Hellenistic and Roman Books of Poetry (Oxford, 2008).

M.Lowrie, Writing, Performance, and Authority in Augustan Rome (Oxford, 2009)

P.Hardie (ed.), Paradox and the Marvellous in Augustan Literature and Culture (Oxford, 2009)

A.J. (= T.) Woodman, From Poetry to History: Selected Papers (Oxford, 2012)

J.Farrell and D.P.Nelis (eds.), Augustan Poetry and the Roman Republic (Oxford, 2013)

G.O. Hutchinson, Greek to Latin: Frameworks and Contexts for Intertextuality,(Oxford, 2013)

P.Hardie (ed.), Paradox and the Marvellous in Augustan Literature and Culture (Oxford, 2009)

J.F.Miller, Apollo, Augustus and The Poets (Cambridge, 2009)

B.W.Breed, C.Damon, A.Rossi (eds.), Citizens of Discord: Rome and its Civil Wars (Oxford, 2010)

J.Farrell and D.P.Nelis (eds.), Augustan Poetry and the Roman Republic (Oxford, 2013)


Historical and cultural background


R.Syme, The Roman Revolution (Oxford, 1939)

S.Weinstock, Divus Iulius (Oxford, 1971)

G.A.Kennedy, The Art of Rhetoric in the Roman World (Princeton, 1972)

D.A.Russell and M.Winterbottom, Ancient Literary Criticism (Oxford, 1972)

S.F.Bonner, Education in Ancient Rome (London, 1977)

B.K.Gold, ed., Literary and Artistic Patronage in Ancient Rome (Austin, 1982)

F.Millar and E.Segal, eds., Caesar Augustus : Seven Aspects (Oxford, 1984)

E.Rawson, Intellectual Life in the Late Roman Republic (London, 1985)

R.Syme, The Augustan Aristocracy (Oxford, 1986)

P.Zanker, The Power of Images in the Age of Augustus (Ann Arbor, 1988)

E.W. Leach, The Rhetoric of Space : Literary and Artistic Representations of Landscape in Republican and Augustan Rome (Princeton, 1988)

M.T.Griffin and J.Barnes, eds., Philosophia Togata I (Oxford, 1989)

K.A.Raaflaub and M.Toher (eds.) Between Republic and Empire (Berkeley, 1990)

P.White, Promised Verse (Cambridge, Ma. 1993)

C.Edwards, The Politics of Immorality in Ancient Rome (Cambridge, 1993)

A.Wallace-Hadrill, Augustan Rome (Bristol, 1993)

R.A.Gurval, Actium and Augustus (Ann Arbor, 1995)

K.Galinsky, Augustan Culture (Princeton, 1996)

A.J.Bowman, E.Champlin and A.Lintott (eds.), The Cambridge Ancient History : Volume X.

 The Augustan Empire, 43 B.C. - A.D. 69, esp. 1-146 (Cambridge, 1996)

J.P.Hallett and M.B.Skinner (eds.), Roman Sexualities (Princeton, 1997)

T. Habinek and A. Schiesaro (eds) The Roman Cultural Revolution (Cambridge, 1997)

C.Segal, Greece in Rome, HSCPh 97 (1998), special issue.

C.A.Williams, Roman Homosexuality (Oxford, 1999)

K.Galinsky, ed., The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Augustus (Cambridge, 2005)

Josiah Osgood, Caesar's Legacy: Civil War and the Emergence of the Roman Empire. (Cambridge, 2006).