Roberts/HT 2013 Week 5

Phonology

# Extensions of Optimality Theory — Homework

## Fill in the tableaux

1. Using either comparative or data notation, fill in the violation marks in the following tableau. If you use comparative notation, treat candidate a. as the desired optimum, and evaluate all other candidates with respect to it. In all cases, mark the winner appropriately.

 /darasat/ FtBin NonFinality Weight-To-Stress FtType(T) Parse-σ Align-[Σ, R; ω, R] Align-[Σs, R; ω, R] a. (ˌda.ra)(ˈsat) b. da.ra(ˈsat) c. da(ra.ˈsat) d. (ˈda.ra)sat e. da(ˈra.sat) f. (da.ra.ˈsat) g. (ˈda.ra.sat)
2. Using the opposite notation from whatever you used for tableau (1), add a representative set of candidates and violation marks to the following tableau (you can assume the syllabification [baː.ra.kat.na] for all candidates):

 /baːrakatna/ FtBin NonFinality Weight-To-Stress FtType(T) Parse-σ Align-[Σ, R; ω, R] Align-[Σs, R; ω, R] ☞ (ˌbaː.ra)(ˈkat)na
3. Recall the following data from Asceninca (Homework 5 from last term):

 Form Gloss nopíto my canoe sjoŋkíri type of partridge kawíniri cinnamon notòŋkaménto my gun okícoki seed pamènakòwentákero take care of her hamànantàkenéro he bought it for her pàːtikákeri you stepped on him ikyàːpínti he always enters piɲàːpáːke you saw on arrival

Devise a constraint ranking to account for stress assignment in Asceninca, then draw a tableau to illustrate how it predicts the correct footing for [pàːtikákeri].