Roberts/HT 2013 Week 6

Phonology

Exercise — Opacity in Catalan

(Based on an exercise by Ricardo Bermúdez-Otero)

  1. Construct an OT account of voicing assimilation in Catalan, based on the following data:

    (1)
    /gat-/ ‘cat’
    a.gat [gat] ‘he-cat’
    b.gata [gatə] ‘she-cat’
    c.gat feliç [gat.fə.lis] ‘happy cat’
    d.gat gelós [gad.ʒə.los] ‘jealous cat’

    (Refer back to the exercise from last week for the necessary constraints).

  2. /ʒ/ in Catalan surfaces as /dʒ/ under conditions illustrated in the following data:

    (2)
    /bɔʒ-/ ‘mad’
    a.boja [bɔ.ʒə] ‘madwoman’
    b.bogeria [bu.ʒə.ɾi.ə] ‘madness’
    c.boig [bɔtʃ] ‘madman’
    c.boig [bɔtʃ.pə.tit] ‘small madman’
    d.boig gran [bɔdʒ.ɣɾan] ‘big madman’
    d.boig estrany [bɔ.dʒəs.tɾaɲ] ‘strange madman’

    (Note that /ʃ/ does not surface as [tʃ]).

    1. What is the domain of /ʒ/-affrication?
    2. What is the domain of voicing assimilation?
    3. How, therefore, do you expect the two generalisations to interact?
  3. Finally, consider the following data. Do they confirm or deny the prediction you’ve just made about the interaction between /ʒ/-affrication and voicing assimilation?

    (3)
    /məteʃ-/ ‘same’
    a.mateix [mə.teʃ] ‘same-masc
    b.mateixa [mə.te.ʃə] ‘same-fem.
    c.mateix corb [mə.teʃ.kɔɾp] ‘same raven’
    d.mateix gos [mə.teʒ.ɣɔs] ‘same dog’

    Note in particular that we do not have *[mə.teʃ.ɣɔs] or *[mə.tedʒ.ɣɔs] for ‘same dog’.