Roberts/HT 2014 Week 2

Phonology

Foot Structure in Optimality Theory — Exercises

Fill in the tableaux

  1. Using either comparative or data notation, fill in the violation marks in the following tableau. If you use comparative notation, treat candidate a. as the desired optimum, and evaluate all other candidates with respect to it. In all cases, mark the winner appropriately.

    /darasat/ FtBin NonFinality Weight-To-Stress FtType(T) Parse-σ Align-[Σ, R; ω, R] Align-[Σs, R; ω, R]
    a.(ˌda.ra)(ˈsat)
    b.da.ra(ˈsat)
    c.da(ra.ˈsat)
    d.(ˈda.ra)sat
    e.da(ˈra.sat)
    f.(da.ra.ˈsat)
    g.(ˈda.ra.sat)
  2. Using the opposite notation from whatever you used for tableau (1), add a representative set of candidates and violation marks to the following tableau (you can assume the syllabification [baː.ra.kat.na] for all candidates):

    /baːrakatna/ FtBin NonFinality Weight-To-Stress FtType(T) Parse-σ Align-[Σ, R; ω, R] Align-[Σs, R; ω, R]
    (ˌbaː.ra)(ˈkat)na
    1.
    2.
    3.
    4.
    5.
    6.
    7.
    8.
  3. Recall the following data from Asceninca (from your exercises last term):

    FormGloss
    nopítomy canoe
    sjoŋkíritype of partridge
    kawíniricinnamon
    notòŋkaméntomy gun
    okícokiseed
    pamènakòwentákerotake care of her
    hamànantàkenérohe bought it for her
    pàːtikákeriyou stepped on him
    ikyàːpíntihe always enters
    piɲàːpáːkeyou saw on arrival

    Devise a constraint ranking to account for stress assignment in Asceninca, then draw a tableau to illustrate how it predicts the correct footing for [pàːtikákeri].