Philosophers: R-Z

Ayn Rand (1905-1982 AD)
+ Ayn Rand Institute
(A rather messy and irritating site for those using text-based browsers.)
Those outside North America might be puzzled at this name; she's something of a cult figure in the U.S., though it's difficult for the non-believer to see why. This site is huge, and seems to me, at least, to capture the semi-religious fervour with which her followers treat her.
Thomas Reid (1710-96 AD)
+ Reid Project
This has now been superseded by the Centre for the Study of Scottish Philosophy, and the journal Reid Studies has been incorporated into the Journal of Scottish Philosophy; details of the old journal up 'til its disappearance in 2001 are available here.
+ Thomas Reid Research Tools
Includes searchable catalogue of Reid manuscripts, complete bibliography of printed works by and on Reid, and page conversion table for the comparison of different editions. Provided by the Centre for the Study of Scottish Philosophy.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-78 AD)
+ Rousseau
A brief introduction from ILTweb: Study Place.
+ Rousseau
A Thinknet guide, hosted by Bjorn Christensson.
+ The Confessions
From the Eris Project.
+ Du contrat social ou principes du droit politique
Maintained by Pierre Perroud. The 1762 edition, with modernised spelling.
+ Rousseau Association
A rather messy site with a text-based browser, it offers links to Web-based resources, as well as the usual details of the Association -- membership, publications (including the Rousseau Bulletin, events, etc.
Bertrand Arthur William Russell (1872-1970 AD)
+ Russell
A Thinknet guide, hosted by Bjorn Christensson.
+ Bertrand Russell Editorial Project
Based at McMaster University; includes the Bertrand Russell Archives.
+ Bertrand Russell Page
"The Watchful Eye" - prop. Bruce MacLeod. Offers a number of Russell's shorter pieces on line, plus links to related sites.
+ Bertrand Russell Society
Information about the Society, its activities and publications, and how to join.
+ Bertrand Russell Society: Boston chapter
(I thought that chapters were for Hell's Angels...). Offers details of the Society, plus local philosophy links.
+ Bertrand Russell
Maintained by Ryan Breedon. Set of links, including a useful listing of on-line texts.
Gilbert Ryle (1900-76 AD)
+ Ryle
Short introductory piece by Uwe Wiedemann (in German).
+ Ryle
Short introduction by Garth Kemerling.
+ The Thinking of Thoughts
On-line text, hosted by the University of Kent's Centre for Social Anthropology and Computing,
Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-80 AD)
+ Sartre
A Thinknet guide, hosted by Bjorn Christensson.
Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860 AD)
+ Schopenhauer
Maintained by Lars Erik Kolden.
Wilfrid Sellars (1912-1989 AD)
+ Problems from Wilfrid Sellars
Moderated by Andrew Chrucky, at the University of Chicago Philosophy Project. Introduction, forum, and archives.
Sextus Empiricus (fl. c. 200 AD)
+ Outlines of Pyrrhonism
Introduction and first book, translated R.G. Bury. (The maintainer of the site doesn't have his or her name in evidence.)
+ Sextus Empiricus
An essay by Luciano Floridi for the Catalogus Translationum et Commentariorum. "It should be the last word, for some time, on the transmission of Pyrrhonian texts and themes from Sextus to Estienne (1562) and I posted it in the hope that I may be able to include addenda and corrigenda, suggested by readers of the electronic version, in the printed edition."
Henry Sidgwick (1838-1900 AD)
+ Sidgwick & Hare
Maintained by UCHII Soshichi.
Peter Singer (1946- AD)
+ Peter Singer
Brief details and bibliography, provided by Eco Books.
+ Peter Singer on Envirolink
Including a conversation with Peter Singer, parts one and two, and an excerpt from his Animal Liberation, Do Animals Feel Pain?. For Envirolink see my Green Issues page.
Socrates (c.470-399 BC)
+ Socrate s
A brief introduction from ILTweb: Study Place.
+ Socrates
A Thinknet guide.
+ Socrates: Philosophy's Martyr
Substantial extracts from Anthony Gottlieb's book, details of the book, its author, and the series of which it is a part, plus a few links to Plato resources.
Baruch (Benedictus de) Spinoza (1632-77 AD)
+ Spinoza
A one-day research workshop at the University of Warwick; 13 March, 1999.
+ Spinoza
A brief introduction from ILTweb: Study Place.
+ Spinoza
A Thinknet guide, hosted by Bjorn Christensson.
+ Studia Spinoziana
Maintained by Ron Bombardi. This is an excellent site, with links to a vast range of resources related to Spinoza and his philosophical background and contemporaries.
+ Joseph B. Yesselman
"Dedicated to Spinoza's Insights. Electronic texts of Spinoza's major works with Commentary. Spinozistic Glossary and Index. Insights expressed in prose, dialogue, and calculus formats. Links to Spinoza Web sites."
Alan Turing (1912-1954 AD)
(Alan Turing wasn't a philosopher but a mathematician; nevertheless, his 1950 paper "Computing Machinery and Intelligence" has had a great impact on the philosophy of mind.)
+ Alan Turing
Maintained by Andrew Hodges.
+ Turing test
Maintained by Pinar Saygin. Everything available on the Web that concerns the so-called Turing Test. (Note: this isn't a page about Alan Turing.)
Giambattista Vico (1668-1744 AD)
+ Giambattista Vico
Maintained by Giorgio A. Pinton.
Voltaire (Francois Marie Arouet) (1694-1778 AD)
+ Voltaire's Page
Maintained by F. DeVenuto. A very full, well-organised resource, including links to articles, texts, images, etc.
+ Philosophical Dictionary
Scanned and provided by the Hanover College Department of History.
+ Voltaire Foundation
A good deal of information about the foundation, the man, his work, and related topics.
+ Voltaire Society of America
The Hon. Victoria, Lady Welby-Gregory (1837-1912 AD)
+ The Hon. Victoria, Lady Welby-Gregory
My own page, offering a biographical sketch and brief account of her philosophical work, links to other sites, and a bibliography of primary and secondary sources.
Simone Weil (1909-1943 AD)
* Simone Weil
A.N. Whitehead (1861-1947 AD)
+ Japan Internet Center for Process Studies
Maintained by Yutaka Tanaka.
Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951 AD)
+ Wittgenstein
A Thinknet guide, hosted by Bjorn Christensson.
+ Wittgenstein Archives
At the University of Bergen.
+ Ludwig Wittgenstein
Maintained by Brian Carver. This is very full (perhaps almost too full at times, with some material only tenuously related to Wittgenstein) - you can find links to just about any sort of WWW Wittgenstein resource here. There are some minor problems with the HTML coding - at least to my browser - but they don't really hinder your enjoyment of a very thorough, clearly presented site.
+ Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society
Some information about the Society, plus Wittgenstein links.
+ 21st International Wittgenstein Symposium
General Theme: Applied Ethics
Kirchberg am Wechsel, Lower Austria; 16-22 August, 1998.
+ Wittgenstein and his Children
+ Wittgenstein
A Hall of Minerva page. Still under construction [23 xii 97], so there's just a list of links here at the moment.
Arthur Middleton Young (1905-1995 AD)
+ Arthur Middleton Young
Messy and difficult to view with a non-graphical browser.
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