Philosophers: Bacon to Butler

Francis Bacon (1561-1626 CE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Francis Bacon
Article by Jürgen Klein for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Francis Bacon
Article by David Simpson for the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Francis Bacon
Article by Stanisław Kamiński for the Universal Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Francis Bacon
Wikipedia article.
+ Sir Francis Bacon's New Advancement of Learning
A page offered by an anonymous Bacon enthusiast (who also has a page on Abelard, with the help of a lot of other (not anonymous) enthusiasts.
+ Sir Francis Bacon
Resource page created by Anniina Jokinen for Luminarium. Warning! it plays "music".
+ Francis Bacon
Article from Peter Landry's Blupete page.
Texts & translations
+ Project Gutenberg:
The Advancement of Learning
The Essays
New Atlantis
Valerius Terminus; of the interpretation of nature
+ eBooks@Adelaide:
The Advancement of Learning
The Essays
The New Atlantis
Valerius Terminus: of the Interpretation of Nature
+ Renascence Editions
The Advancement of Learning (edited by Hartmut Krech)
The Essays
The New Atlantis
+ Bartelby.com:
The Essays (Harvard Classics, Vol. 3, Part 1)
The New Atlantis (Harvard Classics, Vol. 3, Part 2)
Prefaces and Prologues (Harvard Classics, vol. 39):
        Proœmium of the Instauratio Magna
        Epistle Dedicatory to the Instauratio Magna
        Preface to the Instauratio Magna
        The Plan of the Instauratio Magna
        Preface to the Novum Organum
+ Translations by George MacDonald Ross
The Increase of the Sciences: Book III, chapters 4–5
The New Logic (Novum Organum): extracts from Books I & II
+ The Essays
Prepared and maintained by Bill Uzgalis, at Oregon State University.
+ The Essays
Prepared by Darri Donnelly for Mike Donnelly's page.
+ The New Atlantis
The Internet Wiretap edition, taken from Ideal Commonwealths, P.F. Collier & Son. Provided by Bill Uzgalis, at Oregon State University.
+ The New Atlantis
The Internet Wiretap edition, taken from Ideal Commonwealths, P.F. Collier & Son. Provided by Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia Library.
+ Novum Organon
Based on the standard translation of James Spedding, Robert Leslie Ellis, and Douglas Denon Heath in The Works (Vol. VIII), published in Boston by Taggard and Thompson in 1863. Provided by the Constitution Society.
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Roger Bacon (1214-1292 CE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Roger Bacon
Article by Theophilus Witzel, from the Catholic Encyclopedia.
+ Roger Bacon
Article by Stanisław Bafia for the Universal Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Roger Bacon
Article by Kaufmann Kohler & Max Cohen, from the Jewish Encyclopedia.
+ Roger Bacon
Wikipedia article.
+ Roger Bacon
Article by J.J. O'Connor and E.F. Robertson, for the MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive (University of St Andrews)
+ Fryar Roger Called Bachon
Paper by Dianna L. Dodson for British Heritage, provided by Medieval History.
Texts & translations
+ On Experimental Science
From Oliver J. Thatcher [ed.] The Library of Original Sources (1901), Vol. V: The Early Medieval World, pp 369-376; provided by the Internet Medieval Sourcebook.
+ Compendium Studii Philosophiae
Extract as "Despair over Thirteenth Century Learning"; translation adapted (and modernised) from C.G. Coulton [ed.] Life in the Middle Ages (1910), Vol 2: pp 55-62. Provided by the Internet Medieval Sourcebook.
+ Friar Bacon: His Discovery of the Miracles Of Art, Nature, And Magick
Provided by Internet Sacred Text Archive.
+ Opus Maius
Sections of interest to the history of geographical thought and cartography, translated by Herbert M. Howe; provided by David Woodward (University of Wisconsin-Madison).
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Pierre Bayle (1647-1706 CE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Pierre Bayle Home Page
Maintained by Gianluca Mori at the University of Piemonte Orientale. Includes an introduction, bibliography, details of Bayle-related projects, on-line papers, and on-line texts.
+ Pierre Bayle
Article by Thomas M. Lennon for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Pierre Bayle
Article by Teresa Zawojska for the Universal Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Pierre Bayle
Article by Garth Kemerling.
+ Pierre Bayle
Wikipedia article.
Texts & translations
+ Dictionnaire historique et critique
"The ARTFL Project has built an electronic version of the first volume of this monumental work. It is the goal of this undertaking to make Bayle's Dictionnaire both more accessible and easier to consult."
+ Philosophical Commentary on the Words of the Gospel, "Compel Them to Come In" (extracts)
The first English translationt (anonymous), London, 1708. Provided by Macquarie University.
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Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832 CE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Bentham Project
Based at University College London. The first place to look for all matters Benthamic.
+ Jeremy Bentham
Article by Paweł Skrzydlewski for the Universal Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Jeremy Bentham Links
"originally created and is currently maintained by Pablo Stafforini.".
+ Jeremy's Labyrinth: A Bentham Hypertext
"These web pages were begun in honor of the 250th anniversary of the birth of the philosopher, legal theorist and reformer, and political radical Jeremy Bentham (born 15 February, 1748). We present here an hyper-text made up out of portions of Bentham's work, together with lectures, commentary, notes, essays, on Bentham." Based at the University of Texas at Austin
+ Jeremy Bentham
Introduction, with bibliography & links, maintained at New School University.
+ Jeremy Bentham
Article by William Sweet for the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Jeremy Bentham
Article from Wikipedia.
Texts
+ Jeremy's Labyrinth texts:
Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation
Logical Arrangements Appendix to the Nomography
Of the Influence of Time and Place in Matters of Legislation
Of Promulgation of the Laws and Promulgation of the Reasons Thereof
On the Liberty of the Press, and Public Discussion
Pannomial Fragments
Principles of the Civil Code
Principles of International Law
A Protest Against Law Taxes
The Rationale of Punishment
The Rationale of Reward
A Table of the Springs of Action
+ Defence of Usury (1787)
University of Bristol
McMaster University
University of Melbourne
+ Critique of the Doctrine of Inalienable, Natural Rights
From Anarchical Fallacies, vol. 2 of Bowring (ed.), Works, 1843. Provided by Digital Text International.
+ Truth versus Ashhurst; or, law as it is, contrasted with what it is said to be (1792)
In The Works of Jeremy Bentham, published under the superintendence of his executor, John Bowring, vol. V (Edinburgh, Tait; London, Simpkin, Marshall; 1843), pp 231-237. Maintained by Iain Stewart at Macquarie University.
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George Berkeley (1685-1753 CE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Berkeley Studies
The first stop for anyone interested in Berkeley on the Web. Maintained by Peter B. Lloyd. Offers a rich range of resources, including his own essays, links to relevant sites, annotated links to a huge set of on-line texts.
+ International Berkeley Society
Offers details of the Society, an on-line bookshop, forthcoming events, relevant links, and a bulletin board. (It looks good in a text-based browser, but using a graphics-based browser with Javascript off it looks as though it's been abandoned... and most of the internal links don't work.)
+ George Berkeley
Article by Jerzy Tupikowski for the Universal Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ George Berkeley
David R. Wilkins' page, offering an introduction and links to on-line texts.
+ George Berkeley
Article by Daniel E. Flage for the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ George Berkeley
A short article, plus links, offered by Bill Uzgalis, Oregon State University.
+ George Berkeley
Article by J.J. O'Connor and E.F. Robertson, for the MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive (University of St Andrews)
+ George Berkeley
Article by Lisa Downing for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ George Berkeley
Wikipedia article.
Texts
+ The "Analyst" Controversy
Material relevant to the controversy. Maintained by D.R. Wilkins (School of Mathematics, Trinity College, Dublin). Includes the following texts by Berkeley:
   The Analyst: a Discourse addressed to an Infidel Mathematician
   A Defence of Free-Thinking in Mathematics
   Reasons for not replying to Mr Walton's Full Answer
+ The Querist (1735)
University of Bristol
McMaster University
University of Melbourne
+ Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous in Opposition to Sceptics and Atheists (Harvard Classics, Vol. XXXVII, Part 2)
provided by Bartleby.com.
+ A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge
Provided by Bill Uzgalis, Oregon State University
Provided by D.R. Wilkins (School of Mathematics, Trinity College, Dublin)
Provided by Wikipedia
Provided by eBooks@Adelaide
Provided by Institute for Learning Technologies
+ An Essay Towards a New Theory of Vision (4th ed.)
Provided by Classics in the History of Psychology.
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Isaiah Berlin (1909-1997 CE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Isaiah Berlin Virtual Library
"the website of The Isaiah Berlin Literary Trust, which looks after all aspects of Berlin's literary estate. The [Trust's] main tasks are to edit and publish the best of Berlin.s unpublished writing, including his letters; to publish collections of his best uncollected work; to post other material, and relevant information, on this website; and in general to foster awareness of and access to Berlin's intellectual, literary and personal legacy." Includes on-line texts of much of Berlin's work, published and unpublished.
+ Isaiah Berlin
Article by Joshua Cherniss & Henry Hardy for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy; has a useful list of links to on-line papers on Berlin.
+ Isaiah Berlin
Article by Agata Szymaniak for the Universal Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Isaiah Berlin
Wikipedia article.
Texts
+ Berlin articles
A list of links to various (mainly journalistic) articles by Berlin, provided by InfoPlease..
+ New York Review of Books
An archive of articles and reviews.
+ The Hedgeog and the Fox (short extract)
From The Hedgehog and the Fox (1953); provided by Idris H. Hsi, Georgia Institute of Technology.
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Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius (c.480-524 CE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius
Article by William Turner, from the Catholic Encyclopedia.
+ Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius
Article by Marian Kurdziałek for the Universal Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Boethius
Maintained James J. O'Donnell. Texts and teaching materials.
+ International Boethius Society
A "non-profit organization promoting scholarship on all aspects of the work, influence, and age of Boethius."
+ Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius
Article by J.J. O'Connor and E.F. Robertson, for the MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive (University of St Andrews)
+ reading Guide to Consolations of Philosophy
By R.J. Kilcullen, Macquarie University.
Texts & translations
+ De consolatione philosophiae (Consolation of Philosophy)
University of Virginia Electronic Text Centre In Latin and English (edited, with introduction and notes, by James J. O'Donnell; W.V. Cooper translation)
Perseus Project In Latin (edited James J. O'Donnell)
Sanderson Beck English translation by Sanderson Beck.
James J. O'Donnell (University of Pennsylvania). In Latin and English (translated by W.V. Cooper)
+ The Meters of Boethius
Edited by Tony Jebson; provided by the Labyrinth.
+ Theological Tractates
Translated by H.F. Stewart; provided by the Christian Classics Ethereal Library.
+ The Trinity is One God Not Three Gods
Translated by H.F. Stewart & E.K. Rand; provided by the Christian Classics Ethereal Library.
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Jakob Böhme (c.1575-1624 CE)
(Jacob Boehme, Jacob Behmen)
+ Jakob Böhme
Article by Piotr Jaroszyński for the Universal Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Jacob Boehme Resource Page
Maintained by Bruce Janz; "collects existing resources from the WWW on the work, world, and influence of [Böhme], and adds some of my own resources, in an effort to support research and teaching on Boehme."
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Francis Herbert Bradley (1846-1924 CE)
+ Francis Herbert Bradley
Short article by Stanisław Kamiński for the Universal Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Bradley Society
Based at Harris-Manchester College, Oxford. Includes details of the Society's journal, Bradley Studies.
+ Francis Herbert Bradley
Article by Stewart Candlish for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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Charlie Dunbar Broad (1887-1971 CE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Charlie Dunbar Broad
Short, place-holder Wikipedia article.
+ Charlie Dunbar Broad
Taken (with minor modifications) from The Society for Psychical Research, 1882-1982: A History by Renée Haynes (1982); provided by the International Survivalist Society.
+ Philosophical Alternatives from C.D. Broad
Includes introductory article by Andrew Chrucky, a bibliography, with a number of on-line texts, an autobiographical sketch, and a list of secondary literature, some provided in on-line versions. Provided by Digital Text International.
Texts & translations
+ Papers provided by the International Survivalist Society
Empirical Arguments for Human Survival
Henry Sidgwick and Psychical Research
Normal Cognition, Clairvoyance and Telepathy
The Relevance of Psychical Research to Philosophy
+ Books & papers provided by Digital Text International
Books
Examination of McTaggart's Philosophy (Vol.I 1933; Vol.II 1938)
Five Types of Ethical Theory (1930)
Mind and Its Place in Nature (1925)
Scientific Thougt (1923) — partial text
Papers, etc.
Are there Synthetic a priori Truths? (Broad's contribution to a Symposium with A.J.D. Porteous and R. Jackson in the Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 15 (1936): pp 102-17)
Arguments for the Existence of God (from the Journal of Theological Studies 40 (1939): pp 16-30; 156-67; reprinted in his Religion, Philosophy, and Psychical Research (1953))
Berkeley's Denial of Material Substance (from The Philosophical Review LXIII (1954))
Berkeley's Theory of Morals (frpm La Revue Internationale de Philosophie 23-24 (1953): pp 72-86)
Critical and Speculative Philosophy (from Contemporary British Philosophy: Personal Statements (First Series), ed. J. H. Muirhead (1924): pp 77-100)
Critical Notice of H. A. Prichard's Moral Obligation (1949) in Mind, N.S., 59 (1950): pp 555-66)
Critical Notice of Julian Huxley's Evolutionary Ethics (from Mind 53 (1944): pp 344-367)
Determinism, Indeterminism, and Libertarianism (from his Ethics and the History of Philosophy (1952): pp 195-217)
Egoism As a Theory of Human Motives (from The Hibbert Journal 48 (1950): pp 105-14)
Emotion and Sentiment (from the Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 13 (1954-55): pp 203-214)
G.E. Moore's Latest Published Views on Ethics (from Mind 70 (1961): pp 435-457)
Is 'Goodness' a Name of a Simple Non-Natural Quality? (from the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 34 (1933-1934))
Leibniz's Predicate-in-Notion Principle and Some of its Alleged Consequences (from Theoria XV (1949): pp 54-70)
On the Function of False Hypotheses in Ethics (from International Journal of Ethics 26 (1916): pp 377-97; reprinted in his Critical Essays in Moral Philosophy (1971))
Philosophy I (from Inquiry I (1958): pp 99-129)
The Philosophy of Francis Bacon (an address delivered at Cambridge for the Bacon Tercententenary, 1926)
The Present Relations of Science and Religion (from Philosophy 14 (1939): pp 131-54; reprinted in Religion, Philosophy, and Psychical Research (1953))
The Prevention of War (from International Journal of Ethics 26 (1916): pp 241-57)
Professor Marc-Wogau's Theorie der Sinnesdata (from Mind LVI (1947): pp 1-30, 97-131)
Reality (from Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, ed. James Hastings et al., 10 (1919): pp 587-592)
The Relevance of Psychical Research to Philosophy (from Philosophy 24 (1949): pp 291-309; reprinted in his Religion, Philosophy, and Psychical Research (1953))
A Reply to My Critics (from The Philosophy of C.D. Broad ed. Paul Arthur Schilpp (1959))
Review of Arthur N. Prior's Logic and the Basis of Ethics in Mind 59 (1950): pp 392-395)
Some Methods of Speculative Philosophy (from the Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 21 (1947): pp 1-32)
Some of the Main Problems of Ethics (from Philosophy 21 (1946))
(from Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, ed. James Hastings et al., 12 (1921): pp 334-45)
The Validity of Belief in a Personal God (from The Hibbert Journal 24 (1925): pp 32-48; reprinted in his Religion, Philosophy, and Psychical Research (1953))
War Thoughts in Peace Time (Earl Grey Memorial Lecture, No. 13. Delivered March 13, 1931)
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Sir Thomas Browne (1605–1682 CE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Sir Thomas Browne
Maintained by Anniina Jokinen. Very full page page, offering biographical material, a list of on-line texts, both primary and (lit. crit.) secondary, a bibliography, and more.
+ Sir Thomas Browne
Maintained by James Eason at the University of Chicago. Offers Browne's works, plus links to related sites.
+ The Sir Thomas Browne Page
Provided by the San Antonio College LitWeb. A brief bibliography, with links to on-line texts.
+ Thomas Browne
Wikipedia article.
Texts
+ Religio Medici (1642)
Renascence Editions
Vartleby.com (Harvard Classics, Vol. 3, Part 5)
James Eason
Modern History Sourcebook
Christian Classics Ethereal Library
ClassicAuthors.net
James Eason (facsimile of 1645 edition; PDF)
+ Pseudodoxia Epidemica: or, Enquiries into very many Received Tenets and commonly presumed Truths (1646)
James Eason
+ Hydriotaphia: or, Urn Burial (1658)
Renascence Editions
James Eason
ClassicAuthors.net
+ The Garden of Cyrus (1658)
James Eason
+ Christian Morals (1716)
James Eason
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Jean Buridan (c.1295-1356 CE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Jean Buridan
Article by William Turner, from the Catholic Encyclopedia.
+ Jean Buridan
Article by Jack Zupko for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Jean Buridan
Wikipedia article.
+ Papers by Gyula Klima (Fordham University)
The Summulae of John Buridan
John Buridan on the Acquisition of Simple Substantial Concepts
Buridan's Logic and the Ontology of Modes
+ John Buridan on the Immateriality of the Intellect
PDF file. Preprint of paper by Jack Zupko (Prooceedings of the Society for Medieval Logic and Metaphysics 1 (2001), pp 4-18.
Texts & translations
+ Commentary on Aristotle's Ethics, Book X
Edited by R.J. Kilcullen; also offers a Collation of Early Edition and Manuscripts.
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Edmund Burke (1729-97 CE)
Articles & Web pages
+ The Edmund Burke Society
"the joint website of the Edmund Burke Society of America and the Edmund Burke Society, Great Britain. It is the home of their joint newsletter, Reflections, and features information on the life and thought of the eighteenth-century conservative thinker Edmund Burke."
+ Edmund Burke
Article by Ian Harris for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Edmund Burke
Introduction by Peter Landry on his Blupete pages.
+ Edmund Burke
Wikipedia article.
Texts
+ Bartleby.com
On Taste (The introductory discourse to On the Sublime and Beautiful): Harvard Classics Vol. XXIV, Part 1
On the Sublime and Beautiful: Harvard Classics, Vol. XXIV, Part 2
Reflections on the French Revolution: Harvard Classics, Vol. XXIV, Part 3
A Letter to a Noble Lord: Harvard Classics, Vol. XXIV, Part 4
+Reflections on the Revolution in France
Constitution Society.
Philip Atkinson
Swansea University
+Speech on conciliation with America, March 22, 1775
Text provided by From Revolution to Reconstruction.
Joseph Butler (1692-1752 CE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Joseph Butler
Article by David E. White for the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Joseph Butler
From David McNaughton' The Dictionary of Eighteenth-Century British Philosophers, provided by Thoemmes Continuum.
+ Joseph Butler
Short, place-holder Wikipedia article.
+ Joseph Butler, Bishop of Durham, Theologian
Introduction by James E. Kiefer; provided by the Society of Archbishop Justus.
+ Brush Up on Butler
A page of links to resources, maintained by David White (St John Fisher College).
+ Butler's Philosophy of Religion Vindicated
Paper by J.R. Lucas (Durham Cathedral Lecture 1978).
Texts & translations
+ The Analogy of Religion
Provided by Carnegie Mellon's Posner Memorial Collection.
+ Human Nature, and Other Sermons
Provided by Project Gutenberg.
+ Fifteen Sermons Preached at the Rolls Chapel
From Sermons by Joseph Butler (1827), pp 34-214; provided by Virginia Theological Seminary's Bishop Payne Library.

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