Philosophers: Parmenides to Quine

Parmenides of Elea (c.515-after 450 BCE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Parmenides
Article from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Parmenides
Article from Wikipedia.
+ Parmenides' Principle
An article by Allan Randall.
+ Parmenides
An introduction by Barry D. Smith (Atlantic Baptist College).
Texts & translations
+ Peri Physeos (On Nature)
Edited by Allan F. Randall, from translations by David Gallop, Richard D. McKirahon, Jr, Jonathan Barnes, John Mansley Robinson, and others. Provided by Allan Randall.
Blaise Pascal (1623-62 CE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Pascal's Wager
Article by Alan Hájek for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Pascal's Wager
Article by Paul Saka from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Blaise Pascal
Article by J. Lataste, from the Catholic Encyclopedia.
+ Blaise Pascal
Article by J.J. O'Connor and E.F. Robertson, for the MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive (University of St Andrews)
+ Blaise Pascal
Extract from W. W. Rouse Ball's A Short Account of the History of Mathematics (4th edition, 1908), provided by D.R. Wilkins (Trinity College, Dublin).
+ Article from Wikipedia
Blaise Pascal
Pascal's Wager
Texts & translations
+ Les Pensées
Jean-Jacques Delfour (French text)
Christian Classics Ethereal Library (translated by W. F. Trotter)
Bill Uzgalis (translated by W. F. Trotter)
+ Provincial Letters
Translated by Thomas M'Crie, provided by Bill Uzgalis (Oregon State University).
Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914 CE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Charles S. Peirce Society
It's purpose is to "encourage study of and communication about the work of Charles S. Peirce and its ongoing influence in the many fields of intellectual endeavor to which he contributed." The page gives detsilas of the Society, its meetings, publications, membership, etc.
+ Articles from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Charles Sanders Peirce (Robert Burch)
Peirce's Logic (Eric Hammer)
+ Articles from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Charles Sanders Peirce (Albert Atkin)
C.S. Peirce's Architectonic Philosophy (Albert Atkin)
C.S. Peirce's Pragmatism (Albert Atkin)
+ Charles Peirce
Wikipedia article.
+ Charles Sanders Peirce
Article by J.J. O'Connor and E.F. Robertson, for the MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive (University of St Andrews)
+ Charles Sanders Peirce
Introduction, bibliography, & links from Garth Kemerling's pages.
+ Peirce Edition Project
"an international center for research related to Peirce's works. It makes its extensive collection of primary and secondary materials available to local and visiting students and scholars. The project also provides training for students seeking practical experience in editing, scholarly research, and development."
+ Charles S. Peirce Studies
Biography, on-line texts, and information about mailing lists, events, organisations, and individuals concerned with Peirce and his ideas.
+ Arisbe: The Peirce Gateway
"A philosophical website, providing coordinated access to the resources on the internet relevant to the life, work, and continuing interest in the American philosopher, scientist, and humanist".
Texts
+ Charles S. Peirce: Writings
Provides HTML versions of a small number of papers on various subjects.
Philo of Alexandria (20 BCE-50 CE)
(Philo Judæus)
Articles & Web pages
+ Philo of Alexandria
Article by Marian Hillar from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Philo Judæus
Article by Emile Léhier, from the Catholic Encyclopedia.
+ Philo Judæus
Article by Crawford Howell Toy, Carl Siegfried, & Jacob Zallel Lauterbach for the Jewish Encyclopedia.
+ Articles from Wikipedia
Philo
Philo's Works
Philo's view of God
+ Philo of Alexandria
Short introduction by Rob Bradshaw, plus a useful list of resources — unfortunately crippled by Javascript.. Provided by EarlyChurch.org.uk.
+ Philo of Alexandria: Studia Philonica Annual
"a scholarly journal devoted to furthuring the study of Hellenistic Judaism, and in particular of the writings and thought of [...] Philo of Alexandria [...] The Journal appears annually in November."
+ Philo of Alexandria and the Vocabulary of Belief
paper by Ryan Hendrickson (Boston University).
Texts & translations
+ Philo of Alexandria
An excellent resource, offering the Charles Duke Yonge translations of Philo's work, as well as links to other resources; provided by Early Jewish Writings.
+ The Works of Philo Judaeus
Also offers the Charles Duke Yonge translations of Philo's work, this time provided by Early Cristian Writings.
Alvin Plantinga (b.1932 CE
+ Alvin Plantinga
His Departmental Web page at the University of Notre Dame.
+ Alvin Plantinga
Wikipedia article.
+ Alvin Plantinga
Page maintained by the library at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Apart from a c.v. and partial bibliography, offers links to a few of his articles and papers.
+ Alvin Plantinga: The Analytic Theist
"A Website Devoted to the Philosophy of Alvin Plantinga", maintained by Michael Sudduth as part of his Analytic Philosophy of Religion Website. He provides the following on-line versions of his papers:
Plantinga's Revision of the Reformed Tradition: Rethinking Our Natural Knowledge of God
Calvin, Plantinga, and the Natural Knowledge of God: A Response to Beversluis (from Faith and Philosophy January 1998)
Proper Basicality and the Evidential Significance of Internalist Defeat: A Proposal for Revising Classical Evidentialism (from The Rationality of Theism [Kluwer Academic Press, 1999])
Plato (c.428-c.348 BCE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Articles from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Plato (Richard Kraut)
Plato's Ethics: An Overview (Dorothea Frede)
Ethics and Politics in the Republic (Eric Brown)
Plato on Eros and Friendship (C.D.C. Reeve)
Plato's Middle Period Metaphysics and Epistemology (Allan Silverman)
Plato on Utopia (Chris Bobonich)
Plato on Rhetoric and Poetry (Charles Griswold)
+ Articles from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Plato (Thomas Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith)
Plato's Political Philosophy (W.J. Korab-Karpowicz)
+ Plato & Platonism
Article by William Turner, from the Catholic Encyclopedia.
+ Plato
Wikipedia article.
+ Plato
Article by J.J. O'Connor and E.F. Robertson, for the MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive (University of St Andrews)
+ Plato
Introduction from Ed Zalta's Metaphysics Research Lab.
+ Temple of Plato
Quite a full site, including an introductory article, links, quotations, images, etc.
+ Plato and his dialogues – Platon et ses dialogues
Another full site, in English and French, maintained by Bernard Suzanne.
+ Plato's Page
Andrew Wilson's pages. Rather thin and bitty at the moment [15 xii 04], but there are indications that he intends to add to them, so you might check back.
+ International Plato Society [Frames-crippled]
A site that would doubtless offer a great deal, but it's poorly designed, especially in being frames-crippled; users of text-based browsers, including the blind and partially sighted, aren't meant to be interested in Plato...
+ Plato Bibliography
by Luc Brisson with the assistance of Frédéric Plin, CNRS Paris:
      1992-1994
      1994-1996
      1996-1998
      1997-1999
      1999-2000
      2000-2001 (PDF)
Texts & translations

 
 
 
+ Read Plato
HTML versions of the Jowett translations.
+ Apology, Phædo and Crito
The Jowett translations (Harvard Classics, Vol. 2, Part 1, provided by Bartleby.com).
+ Timaeus
The Jowett translation, provided by Classics in the History of Psychology.
Plotinus (c.205-70 BCE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Plotinus
Article by Lloyd Gerson for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Plotinus
Article by Edward Moore from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Plotinus
Article from Wikipedia.
+ Plotinus
Introduction provided by Archaeonia.
+ The Philosophy of Plotinus
Introduction provided by the Radical Academy.
+ Plotinus
Introduction and links from M. Alan Kazlev's Kheper website.
Texts & translations
+ The Six Enneads
Internet Classics Archive (translated by Stephen Mackenna and B.S. Page)
James J. O'Donnell (translated by Stephen Mackenna and B.S. Page)
Christian Classics Ethereal Library (translated by Stephen Mackenna and B.S. Page)
eBooks@Adelaide (translated by Stephen Mackenna and B.S. Page)
Windsor Castle (translated by Stephen Mackenna and B.S. Page; re-edited by T. Kinnes)
Protagoras of Abdera (c.485-c.420 BCE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Protagoras
Article by Carol Poster from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Protagoras
Article from Wikipedia.
+ Protagoras
Introduction provided by Philosophy Professor.
Texts & translations
+ Fragments
From Drew A. Hyland's The Origins of Philosophy: From Myth to Meaning, provided by David W. Koeller.
Karl Raimund Popper (1902-1994 CE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Karl Popper
Article by Stephen Thornton for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Also on his University of Limerick page.
+ Karl Popper
Wikipedia article.
+ Karl Popper Web
Maintained by Ray Scott Percival & Barry McMullin. Information, events, and links to related sites.
+ Sir Karl Popper
Article from the Proceedings of the Friesian School.
+ Karl Popper
Short introduction from The Window (Trinity College, Dublin).
+ Karl Popper Links and Resources
"Lachlan Cranswick's Personal Homepage in Melbourne, Australia".
+ Karl Popper Philosopher
"The following pages are designed to provide an introduction to the work of the philosopher Karl Popper. Few philosophers have been so influential in so many diverse fields but his works on the philosophy of science and later in political philosophy are masterpeices of thought and have revolutionised our understanding."
+ Open Universe of the Japan Popper Society
Details of the Society, events, membership, links, etc.
+ Karl Popper Institute
"The Institute's policy is one of promotion, critical analysis and further development of Sir Karl's philosophy and world views. Far reaching goal is to make general public and foremost youth familiar with his scientific and human ideals of tolerance, modesty and intellectual sincerity."
Texts
+ Objective Knowledge
The penultimate chapter, provided on line by A Miniature Library of Philosophy.
+ Language and the Mind–Body Problem: A Restatement of Interactionism
From the Proceedings of the 11th International Congress of Philosophy Vol. VII (1953): pp 101-107; reprinted in his Conjectures and Refutations: The Growth of Scientific Knowledge (1962). Provided by Digital Text International.
+ A Note on the Mind–Body Problem
From Analysis 15 (1955), as a reply to Wilfrid Sellars; reprinted in his Conjectures and Refutations: The Growth of Scientific Knowledge (1962). Provided by Digital Text International.
Arthur Norman Prior (1914-1969 CE)
+ Arthur Prior
Article by B. Jack Copeland for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Arthur Prior
Wikipedia article.
+ Foundations of Temporal Logic — The WWW-site for Prior-studies [Frames-crippled]
"This WWW-site is devoted to the Life and Work of Arthur Norman Prior (1914-69), the founding father of temporal logic. A special emphasis is placed on Prior's papers in The Bodleian Library, Oxford." Maintained by Per F. V. Hasle & Peter Øhrstrøm.
Hilary Putnam (b.1926 CE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Professor Emeritus Hilary Putnam
His page from harvard's Philosophy Department Web site.
+ Hilary Putnam
Preprint of article by Lance P. Hickey, to appear in the "American Philosophers" edition of Literary Biography edd Bruccoli, Layman, & Clarke.
+ Hilary Putnam
Short entry by Tadeusz Zawidki from the Dictionary of Philosophy of Mind.
+ Hilary Putnam
Wikipedia article.
+ Hilary Putnam
Article by Jack Ritchie for the Philosophers' Magazine "Philosopher of the Month" slot, June 2002.
Texts
+ Brains in a vat
From Reason, Truth, and History (CUP: 1982), chapter 1, pp 1-21; provided by the University of the West Indies.
Pyrrho of Elis (c.365-275 BCE)
+ Pyrrho
Article by Richard Bett for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Pyrrho
Article from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Pyrrho
Wikipedia article.
Pythagoras of Samos (fl. 530 BCE)
+ Pythagoras
Article from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Pythagoras
Wikipedia article.
+ Pythagoras of Samos
Article by J.J. O'Connor and E.F. Robertson, for the MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive (University of St Andrews)
+ Pythagoras and the Pythagoreans
Introduction (concentrating on the maths side of things) by Don Allen.
+ Pythagoras and the Pythagoreans: Fragments and Commentary
Arthur Fairbanks, ed. and trans. The First Philosophers of Greece (London: K. Paul, Trench, Trubner, 1898), pp 132-156. provided by the Hanover Historical Texts Project.
Willard van Orman Quine (1908-2000 CE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Willard Van Orman Quine
Article by J.J. O'Connor and E.F. Robertson, for the MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive (University of St Andrews)
+ W. V. Quine
Article from Wikipedia.
+ Willard Van Orman Quine
A fan site, maintained by his son, Douglas Boynton Quine.
+ Willard Van Orman Quine
Introduction, bibliograpjy, and set of links from Garth Kemerling's pages.
+ The Writing of Willard Van Orman Quine
Extensive bibliography compiled by Eddie Yeghiayan.
Texts
+ The Verification Theory and Reductionism
"Source: The Emergence of Logical Empiricism (1996) publ. Garland Publishing Inc. The second half of Quine's contribution to series is reproduced here." Provided on line by A Miniature Library of Philosophy.
+ Two Dogmas of Empiricism
Originally published in The Philosophical Review 60 (1951): pp 20-43. Reprinted in W.V.O. Quine, From a Logical Point of View (Harvard University Press, 1953; second, revised, edition 1961), with the following alterations: "The version printed here diverges from the original in footnotes and in other minor respects: §§1 and 6 have been abridged where they encroach on the preceding essay ["On What There Is"], and §§3-4 have been expanded at points." Provided by Digital Text International.
+ Steps Toward a Constructive Nominalism
Paper written with Nelson Goodman, from Journal of Symbolic Logic 12 (1947): pp 105-122; reprinted in Goodman's Problems and Projects (1972): pp 173-198, provided by Digital Text International.

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