Philosophers: Wang Ch'ung to Zhuang-zi

Wang Ch'ung (27-97 CE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Wang Ch'ung
My own brief introduction.
Texts & translations
+ Wang Ch'ung
Adapted from Alfred Forke [trans.] Lung-Heng Part I: Philosophical Essays of Wang Ch'ung (1907); provided by Humanistic Texts.
Wang Fu-zi (1619-1693 CE)
(Wang Fu-chih, Wang Ch'uan-shan)
+ Wang Fu-zi
My own brief introduction.
+ Wang Fu-chih
introduction by LIU JeeLoo (SUNY Geneseo).
Simone Weil (1909-1943 CE)
+ Simone Weil
Wikipedia article.
* Simone Weil Home Page
Maintained by Allison Stuart, offering a biography, bibliography, links to other resources, etc. (Most of the images generate a warning message about a mismatch between addres and server certificate.)
+ Simone Weil
Introduction provided by books and Writers.
+ Simone Weil
Introctory article (in French) from L'Encyclopťdie de l'Agora.
The Hon. Victoria, Lady Welby-Gregory (1837-1912 CE)

(The links that were here have been moved to my own Welby-Gregory page.

A.N. Whitehead (1861-1947 CE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Alfred North Whitehead
Article by A.D. Irvine for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Alfred North Whitehead
Wikipedia article.
+ Alfred North Whitehead
Entry from the Columbia Encyclopedia (Sixth Edition) 2001, provided by Also available from the Centre for Process Studies.
+ Alfred North Whitehead
Article by J.J. O'Connor and E.F. Robertson, for the MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive (University of St Andrews)
+ The Philosophy of Alfred North Whitehead
Artcile from the Radical Academy.
+ Japan Internet Center for Process Studies
Maintained by Yutaka Tanaka.
+ The Concept of Nature (1920)
Provided by the Mead Project.
+ Speculative Thought
Excerpt from The Function of Reason, provided by the Radical Academy.
Bernard Arthur Owen Williams (1929-2003 CE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Bernard Williams
Wikipedia article.
+ Obituaries
Philosophy Now (A.W. Moore)
Boston Review (Martha C. Nussbaum)
The Guardian (Jane O'Grady)
The Torygraph (anon.)
Your super, soaraway Times (anon.)
The Economist (anon.)
Glasgow Herald (John Haldane; provided by the Notre Dame Centre for Ethics and Culture)
Washington Post (Richard Pearson)
Sophia (Christopher Cordner)
+ Williams on Personal Identity
Article by Carl Brock Sides from his Philosophy Page.
+ Bernard Williams
Obituary/article and bibliography by Pascal Engel (in French); provided by the Académie de Toulouse.
Texts & translations
+ Philosophy as a Humanistic Discipline
Paper for the Royal Institute of Philosophy.
+ UNESCO Philosophy Forums
Abstracts of forums involving Bernard Williams; links are given to the full texts (as RTF files), but presented in unrelenting, difficult to read upper-case... ISHIGURO Hidé's contribution is in French for some reason that's not given.
       Can philosophy help in understanding Ignorance? (Bernard Williams & ISHIGURO Hidé)
       The Limits of Our Knowledge in Astrophysics (Trinh Xuan Thuan & Bernard Williams)
Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951 CE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Articles from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Ludwig Wittgenstein (Anat Biletzki & Anat Matar)
Wittgenstein's Logical Atomism (Ian Proops)
+ Ludwig Wittgenstein
Article by Duncan J. Richter from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Articles from Wikipedia
Ludwig Wittgenstein
Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus
Philosophical Investigations
+ Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein
Article by J.J. O'Connor and E.F. Robertson, for the MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive (University of St Andrews)
+ North American Wittgenstein Society [Frames-crippled]
"It is a sign of our intellectual times that Wittgenstein's later work is not a major factor in current philosophical practice and that the thought and work of his Oxonian and American offspring (often called .ordinary language philosophy.) has fallen into even greater disfavor. Philosophy is suffering thereby. It is the aim of the North American Wittgenstein Society to begin the rectification of that situation by providing means for philosophical thought and work in the broad Wittgensteinian tradition exemplified in his Philosophical Investigations." Well, perhaps — but you'll only benefit from this if you've chosen to use a browser of which they approve.
+ Wittgenstein Archives
At the University of Bergen; "a research infrastructure bringing together philosophy, editorial philology and text technology. It is a meeting place for scholars and students from many different research fields and geographical areas around the world."
+ Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society
Some information about the Society and its symposia, publications, etc., plus Wittgenstein links.
+ Ludwig Wittgenstein
"Looking at the implications of Wittgenstein and his philosophy of mind, language and culture."
+ Wittgenstein
A Hall of Minerva page. Still under construction [18 xii 04], so there's just a list of links here at the moment.
+ Wittgenstein Links
Extensive page of links to on-line resources, maintained by T.P. Uschanov.
+ Wittgenstein Online [Frames-crippled]
Maintained William L. Kernan. Not much here at the moment, even if you use the sort of browser that allows you to use the site: a brief (poorly proof-read) introduction, and three PDF files. It's in the process of being overhauled, so perhaps all these faults will be rectified.
+ Wittgenstein Philosophy Philosopher
maintained by Brian W. Carver; "This site seeks to be a comprehensivesource of Wittgensteinian material available via the Web".
+ Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language Ultimate HomePage
"An electronic companion to Saul Kripke's classic text, Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language", maintained by John Humphrey (Minnesota State University).
Texts & translations
+ Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus
Jonathan Laventhol (German text, plus the C.K. Ogden translation, with an Introduction by Bertrand Russell)
Barnes, Beam, & Levine (no translators acknowledged, but it's the D.F. Pears-B.F. McGuinness translation) [Frames-crippled]
Wolfgang Melchior (no translators acknowledged, but it's the D.F. Pears-B.F. McGuinness translation)
Project Gutenberg (no translators acknowledged, but it's the D.F. Pears-B.F. McGuinness translation)
+ Lectures on Philosophy
Wittgenstein's Lectures, 1932-35 [ed. Alice Ambrose], pp 2-40. Provided by the Marxists Internet Archive.
+ Wittgenstein's Notes on Logic
Transcriptions of material from The Bertrand Russell Archives, McMaster University, Canada; provided by the Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen.
Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797 CE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Mary Wollstonecraft
An article by Jone Johnson Lewis for Women's History.
+ Mary Wolstonecraft
Page of resources, including bibliography, biographical material, links, reviews, etc., maintained by Harriet Devine Jump.
+ Mary Wollstonecraft
Wikipedia article.
+ Mary Wollstonecraft
Introduction, bibliography, and links from Garth Kemerling's pages.
+ Mary Wollstonecraft
Brief introduction from Spartacus International.
+ Mary Wollstonecraft
Introduction and links to resources from
+ Mary Wollstonecraft
A brief introduction, provided by the University of Toronto English Library.
+ Mary Wollstonecraft: A 'Speculative and Dissenting Spirit'
Article by Janet Todd, for B.B.C. History.
+ Memoirs of Mary Wollstonecraft (1798)
By William Godwin; provided by the Anarchy Archives.
+ Mary Wollstonecraft on Education
Article by Barry Burke, for the Informal Education page.
+ A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792)
Bill Uzgalis (searchable text)
Women's History
Politics Hypertext Library
Project Gutenberg
+ Maria, or the Wrongs of Woman (1798)
Project Gutenberg
Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia Library
+ Letters to Gilbert Imlay from Sweden, Norway, and Denmark (1759-1797)
Project Gutenberg
Chauncey Wright (1830-75 CE)
Articles & Web pages
+ Chauncey Wright
Article by Jean De Groot for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ The Metaphysics of Self-Consciousness
Chapter 7 of Edward H. Madden's Chauncey Wright and the Foundations of Pragmatism (1963): pp 128-142;provided by Classics in the History of Psychology.
+ Chauncey Wright Papers
Details of the American Philosophical Society's collection, with a useful "Background Note".
+ Papers provided by Classics in the History of Psychology
Limits of Natural Selection (from the North American Review (1870); reprinted in C.E. Norton [ed.] Philosophical discussions by Chauncey Wright (1877): pp 97-125)
Evolution of Self-Consciousness (from the North American Review (1873); reprinted in C.E. Norton [ed.] Philosophical discussions by Chauncey Wright (1873): pp 199-266)
+ Papers, etc. provided by the Mead Project
Evolution of Self-Consciousness (from the North American Review (1873); reprinted in his Philosophical Discussions (1877)
Extracts from his letters to Charles Darwin (from Letters of Chaucey Wright, with some account of his life by James Bradley Thayer (1878):
          21st June 1871
          1st August 1871
          11th October 1871
          29th August 1872
          3rdSeptember 1874
          24th February 1875
Xun-zi (c.310-c.220 BCE)
(Xunzi; Xun Kuang; Hsün Tzu)
Articles & Web pages
+ Xunzi (Hsün Tzu)
Article by David Elstein from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Xun Zi
Short Wikipedia article.
+ Hsun-Tzu
Short introduction by Jamie Whitlock.
+ Articles (with some useful links) by John Knoblock
Xun Kuang
The History of the Xunzi Text
+ Xunzi and the Ancient Chinese Philosophical Debate on Human Nature
Paper by Herbert Plutschow, from Anthropoetics 8:1 (Spring/Summer 2002).
Texts & translations
+ Xun-zi: Book 6
Abridged from John Knoblock, Xunzi: A Translation and study of the Complete Works, 3 vols., Stanford, 1988-1994.
+ Xunzi
From John Knoblock Xunzi: A Translation and Study of the Complete Works, Vol. I, Books 1-6; provided by Humanistic Texts.
Zeno of Elea (c.490-? BCE)
+ Zeno's Paradoxes
Article by Nick Huggett for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Zeno of Elea
Article from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Zeno of Elea
Wikipedia article.
+ Zeno of Elea
Article by J.J. O'Connor and E.F. Robertson, for the MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive (University of St Andrews)
+ Zeno of Elea
Article by William Turner, from the Catholic Encyclopedia.
+ Zeno and the Paradox of Motion
From Reflections on Relativity, provided by MathPages.
+ Articles by S. Marc Cohen (University of Washington)
Zeno.s Paradox of the Race Course
Zeno: Argument against Plurality
The Race Course: Part 2
+ Zeno of Elea
Introduction from Christos Thomas Vlamis' Archaeonia.
+ Zeno of Elea
Brief introduction provided by the Technology Museum of Thessaloniki.
+ Zeno: Commentary
Arthur Fairbanks (ed. and trans.) The First Philosophers of Greece (1898), pp 112-119; provided by the Hanover Historical Texts Project.
Zeno of Kition (c.334-c.262 BCE)
(Zeno of Citium)
+ Zeno of Citium
Short Wikipedia article.
+ Zeno of Citium
Brief entry from The Columbia Encyclopedia [Sixth Edition] 2001; provided by
+ Zeno of Citium
Introduction by Robin Turner (Bilkent University). Also found on Salim George Khalaf's Encyclopedia Phoeniciana.
+ Diogenes Laertius: Lives of the Philosophers VII: Zeno the Stoic (extract)
Translated by C.D. Yonge. Provided by the University of Texas at Austin; taken from Paul Halsall's Internet Ancient History Sourcebook.
Zhu Xi (1130-1200 CE)
(Chu YŁan-Hui; Chu Wen-kung)
Articles & Web pages
+ Zhu Xi
A short Wikipedia article.
+ Zhu Xi, an Educator of Ancient China
Introduction by Xie Chen, provided by China Pictorial.
+ Zhu Xi's views on human nature
Article provided by Indiana University Northwest.
+ Zhu Xi, on Principle as the Nature of Reality
Paper by Alex Scott.
+ The Unity of the Virtues in Zhu Xi's Moral Psychology
Paper by John Makeham, provided by the World Hongming Philosophical Quarterly.
Texts & translations
+ Zhu Zi Yu-lei
Chinese text and draft translations by Patrick Edwin Moran (Wake Forest University).
Zhuang-zi (?? 369-298 BCE)
(Chuang Tzu; Chuang Tse)
Articles & Web pages
+ Zhuangzi
Article by Harold Roth for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Zhuangzi (Chuang-Tzu)
Article by Steve Coutinho from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
+ Zhuang Zi
Wikipedia article.
Texts & translations
+ The Chuang-tzu or Zhuang-zi
Links to on-line versions of the Chinese text and English translations of the Zhuang-zi, provided by Gene R. Thursby's Taoism Information Page, including:
       Chuang-tzu (selected chapters, translated by Lin Yutang)
+ Zhuangzi
Chinese text, provuded by China News FDigest.
+ Chuang Tzu
Adapted from Herbert A. Giles [trans.] Chuang Tzu: Mystic, Moralist, and Social Reformer (1926); provided by Humanistic Texts.


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