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2000-2014

2014 Mortimer, B. & Holland, C. - Opportunities for silk textiles in reinforced biocomposites: The use of spider silk as a biomaterial. Chapter 15 in Advances in Silk Science and Technology: Woodhead publishing. In press

2014 Shah, D.U., Vollrath, F. & Porter, D. - Opportunities for silk textiles in reinforced biocomposites: Studying through-thickness compaction behaviour. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 62: 1-10. access

2014 Holland, C., Vollrath, F. & Gill, H. - Horses and cows might teach us about human knees. Naturwissenschaften access

2014 Boulet-Audet, M., Terry, A., Vollrath, F. & Holland, C. - Silk protein aggregation kinetics revealed by Rheo-IR. Acta Biomaterialia, 10 (2): 776-784 access

 

2013 Vollrath, F. & Edmonds, D. - Consequences of Electrical Conductivity in an Orb Spider’s Capture Web. Naturwissenschaften, 100 (12): 1163-1169 access

2013 Bauer, G., Friedrich, C., Gillig, C., Vollrath, F., Speck, T. & Holland, C. - Investigating the rheological properties of native plant latex. J. R. Soc. Interface, 11: 20130847 access

2013 Guan, J., Vollrath, F. & Porter, D. - Silk quality revealed using Dynamic Mechanical Thermal Analysis (DMTA). in '6th BACSA International Conference: Building Value Chains in Sericulture'. Padua, Italy. access

2013 Vollrath, F., Carter, R., Rajesh G.K., Thalwitz, G. & Astudillo, M.F. - Life Cycle Analysis of Cumulative Energy Demand on Sericulture in Karnataka, India. in '6th BACSA International Conference: Building Value Chains in Sericulture'. Padua, Italy. access

2013 Wang, Y., Porter, D. & Shao, Z. - Using Solvents with Different Molecular Sizes to Investigate the Structure of Antheraea Pernyi Silk. Biomacromolecules, 14 (11): 3936-3942 access

2013 Mortimer, B., Holland, C. & Vollrath, F. - Forced Reeling of Bombyx mori Silk: Separating Behavior and Processing Conditions. Biomacromolecules, 14 (10): 3653-3659 access

2013 Schniepp, H.C., Koebley, S.R. & Vollrath, F. - Brown Recluse Spider’s Nanometer Scale Ribbons of Stiff Extensible Silk. Advanced Materials, 25 (48): 7028-7032 access

2013 Davies, G.J.G., Knight, D.P. & Vollrath, F. - Chitin in the Silk Gland Ducts of the Spider Nephila edulis and the Silkworm Bombyx mori. PLOS ONE, 8 (8): e73225 access

2013 Shah, D.U. - Developing plant fibre composites for structural applications by optimising composite parameters: a critical review. Journal of Materials Science, 48 (18): 6083-6107 access

2013 Davies, G.J.G., Knight, D.P. & Vollrath, F. - Structure and function of the major ampullate spinning duct of the golden orb weaver, Nephila edulis. Tissue and Cell, 45 (5): 306-311 access

2013 Guan, J., Porter, D. & Vollrath, F. - Thermally Induced Changes in Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Native Silks. Biomacromolecules, 14 (3): 930-937 access

2013 Mortimer, B., Drodge, D.R., Dragnevski, K.I., Siviour, C.R. & Holland, C. - In situ tensile tests of single silk fibres in an environmental scanning electron microscope (ESEM). Journal of Materials Science, 48 (14): 5055-5062 access

2013 Horrocks, N.P.C., Vollrath, F. & Dicko, C. - The silkmoth cocoon as humidity trap and waterproof barrier. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol., 164 (4): 645-652 access

2013 Vollrath, F., Porter, D. & Holland, C. - The Science Of Silks. MRS Bulletin, 38 (1): 73-80 access

2013 Porter, D. & Vollrath, F. - Water mediated proton hopping empowers proteins. Softmatter, 9 (3): 643-646 access

2013 Porter, D., Guan, J. & Vollrath, F. - Spider Silk: super material or thin fibre? Advanced Materials, 25 (9): 1275-1279 access

 

2012 Yang, Y., Dicko, C., Bain, C.D., Gong, Z., Jacobs, R.M.J., Shao, Z., Terry, A.E. & Vollrath, F. - Behavior of silk protein at the air–water interface. Soft Matter, 8 (37): 9705-9712 access

2012 Hesselberg, T. & Vollrath, F. - The mechanical properties of the non-sticky spiral in Nephila orb webs (Araneae, Nephilidae). J. Exp. Biol., 215 (19): 3362-3369 access

2012 Drodge, D.R., Mortimer, B., Holland, C. & Siviour, C.R. - Ballistic Impact to Access the High-Rate Behaviour of Individual Silk Fibres. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 60 (10): 1710-1721 access

2012 Chen, F., Porter, D. & Vollrath, F. - Structure and physical properties of silkworm cocoons. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 9 (74): 2299-2308 access

2012 Porter, D. & Vollrath, F. - Water mobility, denaturation and the glass transition in proteins. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Proteins & Proteomics, 1824 (6): 785–791 access

2012 Wang, T., Porter, D. & Shao, Z. - The Intrinsic Ability of Silk Fibroin to Direct the Formation of Diverse Aragonite Aggregates. Advanced Functional Materials, 22 (2): 435-441 access

2012 Guan, J., Porter, D. & Vollrath, F. - Silks cope with stress by tuning their mechanical properties under load. Polymer, 53 (13): 2717–2726 access

2012 Chen, F., Porter, D. & Vollrath, F. - Silk Cocoon: Multilayer structure and mechanical properties (Bombyx mori). Acta Biomaterialia, 8 (7): 2620-2627 access

2012 Chen, F. J., Porter, D. & Vollrath, F. - Morphology and structure of silkworm cocoons. Materials Science & Engineering C-Materials for Biological Applications, 32 (4): 772-778 access

2012 Kronenberger, K., Moore, P.G., Halcrow, K. & Vollrath, F. - Spinning a marine silk for the purpose of tube-building. Journal Of Crustacean Biology, 32 (2): 191-201 access

2012 Holland, C., Vollrath, F. & Dicko, I.C. - Distinct structural and optical regimes in natural silk spinning. Biopolymers, 97 (6): 368-73 access

2012 Holland, C., Urbach, J. & Blair, D. - Direct Visualization of Shear Dependent Silk Fibrillogenesis. Soft Matter, 8 (9): 2590-4 access

2012 Holland, C., Porter, D. & Vollrath, F. - Comparing the rheology of mulberry and ‘wild’ silkworm spinning dopes. Biopolymers, 97 (6): 362-7 access

2012 Holland, C., Vollrath, F., Ryan, A.J. & Mykhaylyk, O.O. - Silk and Synthetic Polymers; Reconciling 100 Degrees of Separation. Advanced Materials, 24 (1): 105-109 access

2012 Greving, I., Cai, F., Vollrath, F. & Schniepp, H. - Shear-induced self-assembly of native silk proteins into fibrils studied by atomic force microscopy. Biomacromolecules, 13 (3): 676-682 access

2012 Huang, W., Begum, R., Barber, T., Ibba, V., Tee, N.C., Hussain, M., Arastoo, M., Yang, Q., Robson, L.G., Lesage, S., Gheysens, T., Skaer, N.J., Knight, D.P. & Priestley, J.V. - Regenerative potential of silk conduits in repair of peripheral nerve injury in adult rats. Biomaterials, 33 (1): 59-71 access

 

2011 Boulet-Audet, M. & Holland, C. - The African crested rat poisonous hairs studied by attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy. Spectroscopy Europe, 3 (6): 10-12 access

2011 Vollrath, F. - Super-materials made by silkworms. Oxford Impacts, access

2011 Turner, J., Vollrath, F. & Hesselberg, T. - Wind speed affects prey-catching behaviour in an orb web spider. Naturwissenschaften, 98 (12): 1063-1067 access

2011 Kronenberger, K., Dicko, C. & Vollrath, F. - A novel marine silk. Naturwissenschaften, 99 (1): 3-10 access

2011 Guan, J., Vollrath, F. & Porter, D. - Two Mechanisms for Supercontraction in Nephila Spider Dragline Silk. Biomacromolecules, 12 (11): 4030–4035 access

2011 Chaudhury, S., Dicko, C., Burgess, M., Vollrath, F. & Carr, A.J. - Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic analysis of normal and torn rotator-cuff tendons. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 93 (3): 370-377 access

2011 Chaudhury, S., Holland, C., Thompson, M., Vollrath, F. & Carr, A. - Tensile and Shear Mechanical Properties of Rotator Cuff Repair Patches. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, 21 (9): 1168–1176 access

2011 Vollrath, F., Porter, D. & Holland, C. - There are many more lessons to be learned from spider silk. Soft Matter, 7 (20): 9595-9600 access

2011 Chen, F. & Hodgkinson, J. - "Impact damage" in Encyclopaedia of Composites, Wiley Publishing, in press

2011 Kingdon, J., Agwanda, B., Kinnaird, M., O’Brien, T., Holland, C., Gheysens. T., Boulet-Audet, M. & Vollrath, F. - A Poisonous Surprise Under The Coat Of The African Crested Rat. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 279 (1729): 675-80 access

2011 Gheysens, T., Collins, A., Raina, S., Vollrath, F. & Knight, D.P. - Demineralization Enables Reeling of Wild Silkmoth Cocoons. Biomacromolecules, 12 (6): 2257-2266 access

2011 Teshome, A., Raina, S.K., Vollrath, F., Kabaru, J.M., Onyari, J. & Nguku, E.K. - Study on Weight Loss and Moisture Regain of Silk Cocoon Shells and Degummed Fibers from African Wild Silkmoths. Journal of Entomology, 8 (5): 450-458 access

2011 Chaudhury, S., Holland, C., Porter, D., Tirlapur, T., Vollrath, F. & Carr, A. - Torn Human Rotator Cuff Tendons Have Reduced Collagen Thermal Properties on Differential Scanning Calorimetry. Journal of Orthopedic Research, 29 (12): 1938-1943 access

2011 Chaudhury, S., Holland, C., Vollrath, F. & Carr, A. - Comparing normal and torn rotator cuff tendons using dynamic shear analysis. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 93-B (7): 942-948 access

2011 Seydel, T., Knoll, W., Greving, I., Dicko, C., Koza, M.M., Krasnov, I. & ller, M. - Increased molecular mobility in humid silk fibers under tensile stress. Physical Review E, 83 (1): 016104 access

2011 Vollrath F. - "Spider Silks" in Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology, Spinger Verlag, Heidelberg/New York (in press) Reserve your copy now

2011 Boulet-Audet, M., Vollrath, F. & Holland, C. - Rheo-Attenuated Total Reflectance Infrared Spectroscopy: a new tool to study biopolymers. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 13 (9): 3979-3984 access

2011 Fu, C., Porter, D., Chen, X., Vollrath, F. & Shao, Z. - Understanding the Mechanical Properties of Antheraea Pernyi Silk—From Primary Structure to Condensed Structure of the Protein. Advanced Functional Materials, 21 (4): 729-737 access

 

2010 Guan, J., Porter, D., Tian, K., Shao, Z.Z. & Chen, X. - Morphology and mechanical properties of soy protein scaffolds made by directional freezing. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 118 (3): 1658–1665 access

2010 Yin, Y., Chen, E., Porter, D. & Shao, Z. - Enhancing the Toughness of Regenerated Silk Fibroin Film through Uniaxial Extension. Biomacromolecules, 11 (11): 2890-2895 access

2010 Dicko C., Porter D. & Vollrath F. - The relevance of silks to amyloids. pp51 -70 in Functional Amyloid Aggregation Eds: Stefania Rigacci and Monica Bucciantini. Research Signpost. ISBN: 978-81-308-0425-5 in press.

2010 Foreman, J.P., Porter, D., Behzadi, S., Curtis, P.T. & Jones, F.R. - Predicting the thermomechanical properties of an epoxy resin blend as a function of temperature and strain rate. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 41 (9): 1072-1076 access

2010 Greving, I., Dicko, C., Terry, A.E., Callow, P. & Vollrath, F. - Small angle neutron scattering of native and reconstituted silk fibroin. Softmatter, 6 (18): 4389-4395 access

2010 Chen, F., Porter, D. & Vollrath, F. - A nonwoven composite model based on silkworm cocoon (Bombyx mori). Journal of Materials Science and Engineering, 4 (9): 28-33 Email for access

2010 Chen, F., Porter, D. & Vollrath. - Silkworm cocoons inspire models for random fiber and particulate composites. Physical Review E 82 (4): 0419111-0419116 access

2010  Hakimi, O., Gheysens, T., Vollrath, F., Grahn, M., Knight, D. & Vadgama, P. - Modulation of cell growth on exposure to silkworm and spider silk fibers. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 92A (4): 1366–1372 access

 

2009 Fu, C., Porter, D. & Shao, Z. - Moisture Effects on Antheraea pernyi Silk’s Mechanical Property. Macromolecules, 42 (20): 7877-7880 access

2009 Collins, A., Skaer, N., Gheysens, T., Knight, D., Bertram, C., Roach, H., Oreffo, H., Von-Aulock, S., Baris, T., Skinner, J. & Mann, S. - Bone-like Resorbable Silk-based Scaffolds for Load-bearing Osteoregenerative Applications. Advanced Materials, 21 (1): 75-78 access

2009 Clifton, L.A., Neylon C., Terry A.E., Dicko C. & Diddens I. - Characterising biomaterial complexity. Materials Today, 12 (7-8): 86-91 access

2009 Vollrath, F., Chen, F. & Porter, D. - Silks and their composites. pp1355-1365 in Transactions of the 14th Fundamental Research Symposium on advances in pulp and paper research, Oxford 2009. ISBN 978 0 9545272 7 3 Email for access

2009 Fu, C., Shao, Z. & Vollrath, F. - Animal silks: their structures, properties and artificial production. Chemical Communications, (43): 6515-6529 access

2009 Porter, D. & Gould, P.J. - Predictive nonlinear constitutive relations in polymers through loss history. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 46 (9): 1981-199 access

2009 Vollrath, F., Porter, D. & Dicko, C. - The structure of silk. pp146-198 in Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure Vol.2 Eds S.J. Eichhorn, J.W.S. Hearlem, M. Jaffe & T. Kikutani. Woodhead Publishing access

2009 Vollrath, F. & Porter, D. - Silks as Ancient Models for Modern Polymers. Polymer, 50 (24): 5623-32 access

2009 Mo, C., Holland, C., Porter, D., Shao, Z. & Vollrath, F. - Concentration state dependence of the rheological and structural properties of reconstituted silk. Biomacromolecules, 10 (10): 2724-8 access

2009 Porter, D., Vollrath, F., Tian, K., Chen, X. & Shao, Z. - A kinetic model for thermal degradation in polymers with specific application to proteins. Polymer, 50 (7): 1814-1818 access

2009 Foreman, J.P., Behzadi, S., Tsampas, S.A., Porter, D., Curtis, P.T. & Jones, F.R. - Rate dependent multiscale modelling of fibre
reinforced composites. Plastics, Rubber and Composites, 38 (2-4): 67-71 access

2009 Porter, D. & Gould, P. J. - Predictive nonlinear constitutive relations in polymers through loss history. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 46 (9): 1981-1993 access

2009 Porter, D. & Vollrath, F. - Silk as a Biomimetic Ideal for Structural Polymers. Adv. Mater., 21 (4): 487-492 access

 

2008 Dicko, C., Hicks, M.R., Dafforn, T.R., Vollrath, F., Rodger, A. & Hoffmann S.V. - Breaking the 200 nm Limit for Routine Flow Linear Dichroism Measurements Using UV Synchrotron Radiation. Biophysical Journal, 95 (12): 5974-5977 access

2008 Cheng, C., Shao, Z. & Vollrath, F. - Silk Fibroin regulating the crystallization process of calcium carbonate. Adv. Funct. Mater., 18 (15): 2172-2179 access

2008 Dicko, C., Porter, D., Bond, J., Kenney, J. & Vollrath, F. - Structural Disorder in Silk Proteins Reveals the Emergence of Elastomericity Biomacromolecules, 9 (1): 216-221 access

2008 Liu, Y., Sponner, A., Porter, D. & Vollrath, F. - Proline and processing of spider silks. Biomacromolecules, 9 (1): 116-121  access

2008 Porter, D. & Vollrath, F. - The role of kinetics of water and amide bonding in protein stability. Soft Matter, 4 (2): 328-336 access

2008 Holland, C. & Vollrath F. - Biomimetic principles of spider silk for high performance fibres. Chapter 7 in Biologically Inspired Textiles. Eds Ellison, M.S., Abbott, A.G., Woodhead Publishing

 

2007 Swinerd, V.M., Collins, A.M., Skaer, N.J.V., Gheysens, T. & Mann, S. - Silk inverse opals from template-directed b-sheet transformation of regenerated silk fibroin. Softmatter, 3 (11): 1377-1380. access

2007 Vollrath, F. & Selden, P. - The Role of Behavior in the Evolution of Spiders, Silks, and Webs. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 38: 819-46 access

2007 Chen, X., Shao, Z., Knight, D.P. & Vollrath, F. - Conformation Transition Kinetics of Bombyx mori Silk Protein. Proteins: Structure, Function, and Bioinformatics, 68 (1): 223–231 access

2007 Porter, D. & Vollrath, F. - Nanoscale toughness of spider silk. Nanotoday, 2 (3): 6 access

2007 Emile, O., Floch, A.L. & Vollrath, F. - Time-resolved torsional relaxation of spider draglines by an optical technique. Physcial Review Letters, 98 (16): 167402-(1-4) access

2007 Holland, C., Terry, A., Porter, D. & Vollrath, F. - Natural and Unnatural Silks. Polymer, 48 (12): 3388-3392 access

2007 Hakimi, O., Knight, D., Vollrath, F. & Vadgama, P. - Spider and mulberry silkworm silks as compatible biomaterials. Composites Part B: Engineering, 38 (3): 324-337 access

2007 Huang, W.L., Begum, R., Yang, Q., Gheysens, T., Skaer, N., King, V., Knight, D. & Priestley, J.V. - Regenerative Potential of Silk Conduits Following Peripheral Nerve Injury. Tissue Engineering, 13 (7): 1633-1778 access

 

2006 Grip, S., Rising, A., Nimmervoll, H., Storckenfeldt, E., Mcqueen-mason, S.J., Pouchkina-stantcheva, N., Vollrath, F., Engström, W. & Fernandez-arias, A. - Transient Expression of a Major Ampullate Spidroin 1s Gene Fragment from Euprosthenops sp. in Mammalian Cells, Cancer Genomics & Proteomics, 3: 84-88 access

2006 Dicko, C., Kenney, J. & Vollrath, F. - Beta-Silks: Enhancing and controlling aggregation. Fibrous Proteins: Amyloids, Prions and Beta- proteins; Advances in Protein Chemistry, 73: 17-53 access

2006 Holland, C., Terry, A., Porter, D. & Vollrath, F. - Comparing the rheology of native spider and silkworm dope. Nature Materials, 5 (11): 870-874 access

2006 Chen, X., Shao, Z.Z. & Vollrath, F. - Spinning processes for spider silk. Soft Matter, 2 (6): 448–451 access

2006 Emile, O. Floch, A.L. & Vollrath, F. - Shape memory in spider draglines. Nature, 440 (7084): 621 access

2006 Vollrath, F. - Spider Silk: Thousands of Nano-Filaments and Dollops of Sticky Glue. Current Biology, 16 (21): R925-R927 access

2006 Vollrath, F. & Porter, D. - Spider silk as archetypal protein elastomer. Soft Matter, 2 (5): 377-385 access

2006 Vollrath, F. & Porter, D. - Spider silk as a model biomaterial. Applied Physics A: Materials Science & Processing, 82 (2): 205-212 access

 

2005 Sapede, D., Seydel, T., Forsyth, T., Koza, M.M., Schweins, R., Vollrath, F. & Riekel,C. - Nanofibrillar structure and molecular mobility in spider dragline silk. Macromolecules, 38 (20): 8447-8453 access

2005 Liu, Y., Shao, Z.Z. & Vollrath, F. - Relationships between supercontraction and the mechanical properties of spider silk. Nature Materials, 4 (12): 901-905 access

2005 Liu, Y., Shao, Z. & Vollrath, F. - Extended wet-spinning can modify spider silk properties. Chemical Communications, (19): 2489-91 access

2005 Dicko, C., Knight, D., Kenney, J. & Vollrath, F. - Conformational polymorphism, stability and aggregation in spider dragline silk proteins. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 36 (4): 215-224 access

2005 Sponner, A., Vater, W., Rommerskirch, W., Vollrath, F., Unger, E., Grosse, F. & Weisshart, K. - The conserved C-termini contribute to the properties of spider silk fibroins. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 338 (2): 897-902 access

2005 Sponner, A., Unger, E., Grosse, F. & Weisshart, K. - Differential polymerization of the two main protein components of dragline silk during fibre spinning. Nat. Mat., 4 (10): 772-5 access

2005 Sponner, A., Schlott, B., Vollrath, F., Unger, E., Grosse, F. & Weisshart, K. - Characterization of the Protein Components of Nephila clavipes dragline silk. Biochemistry, 44 (12): 4727-4736 access

2005 Peng, X., Shao, Z., Chen, X., Knight, D.P., Wu, P. & Vollrath, F. - Further Investigation on Potassium-Induced Conformation Transition of Nephila Spidroin Film with Two-Dimensional Infrared Correlation Spectroscopy. Biomacromolecules, 6 (1): 302-306 access

2005 Porter, D., Vollrath, F. & Shao, Z. - Predicting the mechanical properties of spider silk as a model nanostructured polymer. Europ. Physical J. E, 16 (2): 199-206 access

2005 Vollrath, F. - Spiders' Webs. Current Biology, 15 (10): R364-R365 access

2005 Yang, Y., Chen, X., Zhou, P., Shao, Z., Porter, D., Knight, D.P. & Vollrath, F. - Toughness of spider silk at high and low temperatures. Advanced Materials, 17 (1): 83-88 access

2005 Vollrath, F, Sponner A, A Synthetic natural silks. - ‘The route to synthetic silks’ 245-270, in ‘Biodegradable and sustainable fibres’ Editor R.Blackburn, Woodhead publishing Limited, Cambridge, UK (ISBN-13: 978-1-85573-916-1, ISBN-10: 1-85573-916-X )

 

2004 Sponner, A., Unger, E., Grosse, F. & Weisshart, K. - Conserved C-termini of spidroins are secreted by the major ampullate glands and retained in the silk thread. Biomacromol., 5 (3): 840-5 access

2004 Vollrath, F. & Knight, D.P. - Biology and technology of silk production (in press) in (eds A. Steinbüchel and Y. Doi) Biotechnology of biopolymers : from synthesis to patents. Wiley-VCH, Heidelberg & New York (reprinted article in Handbook of Biopolymers 2003)

2004 Terry, A., Knight, D.P., Porter, D. & Vollrath, F. - pH induced changes in the rheology of silk fibroin solution from the middle division of Bombyx mori Silkworm. Biomacromolecules, 5 (3): 268-277 access

2004 Huemmerich, D., Scheibel, T., Vollrath, F., Cohen, S., Gat, U. & Ittah S. - Novel Assembly Properties of Recombinant Spider Dragline Silk Proteins. Current Biology, 14 (22): 2070-2074 access

2004 Riekel, C., Roessle, M., Sapede, D. & Vollrath, F. - Influence of CO2 on the micro-structural properties of spider dragline silk: X-ray microdiffraction results. Naturwissenschaften, 91 (1): 30-33 access

2004 Hronsky, M., van Beek, J.D., Williamson, P.T.F., Vollrath, F. & Meier, B.H. - NMR characterization of native liquid spider dragline silk from Nephila edulis. Biomacromol., 5 (3): 834-839 access

2004 Hesselberg, T. & Vollrath, F. - The Effects of Neurotoxins on Web-geometry and Web-building Behaviour in Araneus diadematus Cl. Physiology and Behaviour, 82 (2-3): 519-529 access

2004 Dicko, C., Knight, D., Kenney, J.M. & Vollrath, F. - Transition to a beta-sheet-rich Structure in Spidroin in Vitro:  The Effects of pH and Cations. Biochemistry, 43 (44): 14080-87 access

2004 Dicko, C., Kenney, J.M. & Vollrath, F. - Secondary Structures and Conformational Changes in Flagelliform, Cylindrical, Major, and Minor Ampullate Silk Proteins. Temperature and Concentration Effects. Biomacromolecules, 5 (6): 2105-2115 access

2004 Dicko, C., Knight, D., Kenney, J.M. & Vollrath, F. - Structural conformation of spidroin in solution: A synchrotron radiation circular dichroism study. Biomacromolecules, 5 (3): 758-767 access

2004 Dicko, C., Kenney, J.M. & Vollrath, F. - Spider silk-protein refolding is controlled by changing pH. Biomacromolecules, 5 (3): 704-710 access

 

2003 Zhou, L., Chen, X., Shao, S., Zhou, P., Knight, D.P. & Vollrath, F. - Copper in the silk formation process of Bombyx mori silkworm. FEBS Letters, 554 (3): 337-341 access

2003 Vollrath, F. & Knight, D. - Biology and technology of silk production. pp 25-46 in Handbook of Biopolymers. (eds. A Steinbüchel, S Fahnestock), Wiley-VCH, Heidelberg & New York

2003 Vollrath, F. & Knight, D. - The nature of some spiders' silks. pp 152-174 in (eds B Shrewry, A.Tatham,) Elastomeric Proteins, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK

2003 Knight, D.P. & Vollrath, F. - Biological liquid crystal elastomers. pp 302-320 reprinted in (eds B Shrewry, A.Tatham,) Elastomeric Proteins, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, (reprinted article from Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. 2002) access

2003 Knight, D.P. & Vollrath, F. - Spinning an elastic ribbon of spider silk. pp115-135 reprinted in (eds B Shrewry, A.Tatham,) Elastomeric Proteins, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, (reprinted article from Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. 2002) access

2003 Chen, X., Zhou, L., Shao, S., Zhou, P., Knight, D.P. & Vollrath, F. - Conformation Transition of Silk Protein Membranes Monitored by Time-resolved FTIR Spectroscopy: Conformation Transition Behavior of Regenerated Silk Fibroin Membranes in Alcohol Solution at High Concentration. Acta Chimica Sinica, 61 (4): 625-629. abstract

2003 Shao, Z., Yang, Y. & Vollrath, F. - Structure and behaviour of regenerated spider silk. Macromolecules, 36 (4): 1157-1161 access

 

2002 Vollrath, F., Barth, P., Basedow, W., Engström, W. & List, H. - Local tolerance to spider silks and protein polymers. In Vivo, 16 (4): 229-234 abstract

2002 Vollrath, F. - Microstructure of spider silks. pp 93-106 in Sustainable Natural and Polymeric Composites - Science and Technology (eds H Lilholt et al.) Risø Internatl. Symp. Mat. Sci. Riso National Laboratories, Roskilde

2002 Van Beek, J.D., Hess, S., Vollrath, F. & Maier, B.H. - The molecular structure of spider dragline silk: folding and orientation of the protein backbone. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 99 (16): 10266-10271 access

2002 Shao, Z. & Vollrath, F. - Surprising strength of silkworm silk. Nature, 418 (6899): 741 access

2002 Knight, D.P. & Vollrath, F. - Spinning an elastic ribbon of spider silk. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc., 357 (1418): 219-228 access

2002 Knight, D.P. & Vollrath, F. - Biological liquid crystal elastomers. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc., 357 (1418): 155-163 access

2002 Kenney, J., Knight, D.P., Wise, M. & Vollrath, F. - Amyloidogenic nature of spider silk. Eur. J. Biochem., 269 (16): 4159–4163 access

2002 Chen, X., Shao, Z., Knight, D.P. & Vollrath, F. - Conformation Transition of Silk Protein Membranes Monitored by Time-resolved FTIR Spectroscopy: Effect of Alkali Metal Ions on Nephila Spidroin Membrane. Acta Chimica Sinica, 60 (12): 2203-2208 abstract

2002 Chen, X., Knight, D.P. & Vollrath, F. - Rheological characterization of Nephila spidroin solution. Biomacromol., 3 (4): 644-648 access

2002 Chen, X., Knight, D.P., Shao, Z. & Vollrath, F. - Conformation Transition in Silk Protein Films Monitored by Time-Resolved Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy: Effect of Potassium Ions on Nephila Spidroin Films. Biochemistry, 41 (5): 14944-14950 access

 

2001 Vollrath, F., Madsen, B. & Shao, Z. - The effect of spinning conditions on the mechanics of a spider's dragline silk. Proc. Roy. Soc., 268 (1483): 2339-2346 access

2001 Vollrath, F. & Knight, D.P. - Liquid crystalline spinning of spider silk. Nature, 410 (6828): 541-548 access

2001 Riekel, C. & Vollrath, F. - Spider silk fibre extrusion: combined wide- and small-angle X-ray microdiffraction experiments. Int. J. Biol. Macromol., 29 (3): 203-210 access

2001 Knight, D.P. & Vollrath, F. - Comparison of liquid crystal spinning of Selachian egg case ply sheets and orb web spider dragline filaments. Biomacromol., 2 (2): 323-334 access

2001 Knight, D.P. & Vollrath, F. - Changes in element composition along the spinning duct in a Nephia spider. Naturwissenschaften, 88 (4): 179-182 access

2001 Chen, X., Knight, D.P., Shao, Z. & Vollrath, F. - Regenerated Bombyx silk solutions studied with rheometry and FTIR. Polymer, 42 (25): 9969-9974 access

 

2000 Vollrath, F. - Strength and structure of spiders' silks. Rev. Molec. Biotech., 74 (2): 67-83 access

2000 Vollrath, F., Nørgaard, T. & Krieger, M. - Radius orientation in the cross spider Araneus diadematus. Pp 107-116 in European Arachnology (eds S Toft & N Scharff) University Press, Aarhus

2000 Vollrath, F. - Coevolution of behaviour and material in the spider's web. pp 315-329 in Biomechanics in Animal Behaviour (ed. P Domenici, RW Blake). Bios, Oxford

2000 Uhl, G. & Vollrath, F. - Extreme body size variability in the golden silk spider (Nephila edulis) does not extend to genitalia. J. Zoology, 251 (1): 7-14 access

2000 Riekel, C., Madsen, B., Knight, D.P. & Vollrath, F. - X-ray Diffraction on Spider Silk during Controlled Extrusion under a Synchrotron Radiation X-ray Beam. Biol. Macromol., 1 (4): 622-626 access

2000 Madsen, B. & Vollrath, F. - Mechanics and morphology of silk drawn from anaesthetised spiders. Naturwiss., 87 (3): 148-153 access

2000 Krink, T. & Vollrath, F. - Optimal Area Use in Orb Webs of the Spider Araneus diadematus. Naturwiss., 87 (2): 90-93. access

2000 Knight, D.P., Knight, M.M. & Vollrath, F. - Beta transition and stress-induced phase separation in the spinning of spider dragline silk. Int. J. Biol. Macromol., 27 (3): 205-210 access

2000 Kenney, J., Knight, D.P., Dicko, C. & Vollrath, F. - Linear and circular dichroism can help us to understand the molecular nature of spider silk. pp 123-126. Proceedings of the19th European Arachnology Conference access

 

1990s <back to top>

1999 Vollrath, F. & Knight, D.P. - Structure and function of the silk production pathway in the spider Nephila edulis. Int. J. Biol. Macromol., 24 (2-3): 243-249 access

1999 Vollrath, F. - Biology of spider silk. Int. J. Biol. Macromol., 24 (2-3): 81-88 access

1999 van Beek, J.D., Kümmerlen, J., Vollrath, F. & Meier, B.H. - Supercontracted spider dragline silk: a solid state NMR study of the local structure. Int. J. Biol. Macromol., 24 (2-3): 173-178 access

1999 Sirichaisit, J., Young, R.J. & Vollrath, F. - Molecular deformation in spider dragline silk subjected to stress. Polymer, 41 (3): 1223-1227. access

1999 Shao, Z., Young, R.J. & Vollrath, F. - The effects of solvents on spider silk studied by mechanical testing and single-fibre Raman spectroscopy. Int. J. Biol. Macromol., 24 (2-3): 295-300 access

1999 Shao, Z. & Vollrath, F. - The effect of solvents on the contraction and mechanical properties of spider silk. Polymer, 40 (7): 1799-1806 access

1999 Shao, Z., Vollrath, F., Sirichaisit, J. & Young, R.J. - Analysis of spider silk in native and supercontracted states using Raman spectroscopy. Polymer, 40 (10): 2493-2500 access

1999 Shao, Z., Hu, X.W., Frische, S. & Vollrath, F. - Heterogeneous morphology in Nepila edulis spider silk and its significance for mechanical properties. Polymer, 40 (16): 4709-4711 access

1999 Riekel, C., Müller, M. & Vollrath, F. - In-situ X-ray diffraction studies during forced silking spider silk. Macromolecules, 32 (14): 4464-4466 access

1999 Madsen, B., Shao, Z. & Vollrath, F. - Variability in the mechanical properties of spider silks on three levels: interspecific, intraspecific and intraindividual. Int. J. Biol. Macromol., 24 (2-3): 301-306 access

1999 Krink, T. & Vollrath, F. - A virtual robot to model the use of regenerated legs in a web-building spider. Anim. Behav., 57 (1): 223-241 access

1999 Krink, T. & Vollrath, F. - Spatial Orientation of virtual Spider Robots by Object-oriented Rule-based Simulations. IEEE Intelligent Systems, 14 (5): 77-84 access

1999 Knight, D.P. & Vollrath, F. - Liquid crystals and flow elongation in a spider's silk production line. Proc. Roy. Soc., 266 (1418): 519-523 access

1999 Knight, D.P. & Vollrath, F. - Hexagonal columnar liquid crystals in the cells secreting spider silk. Tissue and Cell, 31 (6): 617-620 access

1999 Frische, S., Maunsbach, A. & Vollrath, F. - Elongate cavities and skin-core structure in Nephila spider silk observed by electron microscopy. J. Microscopy, 189 (1): 64-70 access

 

1998 Young, R.J., Sirichaisit, J., Shao, Z. & Vollrath, F. - Analysis of structure/property relationships in spider silk using Raman spectroscopy. pp 1-7 in The New Polymers: Science, Technology & Applications, Institute of Physics, Brighton

1998 Weissmann. M. & Vollrath, F. - The effect of leg loss on orb spider growth. Bull. Brit. Arachnol. Soc., 11 (3): 92-94 BAS members access

1998 Vollrath, F. - Sex-linked differences in the pattern of growth in Nephila clavipes. pp 161-66 in: Proc. 17th Europ. Coll. Arachnol. (Edinburgh) access

1998 Vollrath, F. - Dwarf males. Trend. Ecol. Evolution, 13 (4): 159-163 access

1998 Vollrath, F., Hu, X.W. & Knight, D.P. - Silk production in a spider involves acid bath treatment. Proc. R. Soc. B., 265 (1398): 817-820 access

1998 Uhl, G. & Vollrath, F. - Little evidence for size dependant sexual cannibalism in two Nephila species. Zoology, 101: 101-106

1998 Uhl, G. & Vollrath, F. - Genital morphology of Nephila edulis: implications for sperm competition in spiders. Can. J. Zool., 76 (1): 39-47 access

1998 Schneider, J. & Vollrath, F. - The effect of prey type on the geometry of the capture web of Araneus diadematus. Naturwissenschaften, 85 (8): 391-394 access

1998 Maynes, E., Mann, S. & Vollrath, F. - Fabrication of magnetic spider silk and other silk-fiber composites using inorganic nanoparticles. Advanced Materials, 10 (10): 801-805 access

1998 Krink, T. & Vollrath, F. - Emergent properties in the behaviour of a virtual spider robot. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B, 265 (1410): 2051-2055 access

 

1997 Vollrath, F. & Samu, F. - The effect of starvation on the web geometry of an orb weaving spider. Bull. Brit. Arachnol. Soc., 10 (8): 295-298 BAS members access

1997 Vollrath, F. & Krink, T. - En edderkops gang gennem det evolutionaere landskab. Naturens Verden, 1997 (11/12): 440-453

1997 Vollrath, F. & Parker, G.A. - Giant female or dwarf male spiders? Nature, 385 (6618): 688 access

1997 Vollrath, F., Downes, M. & Krakow, S. - Design variability in web-geometry of an orb-weaving spider. Physiol. Behav., 62 (4): 735-743 access

1997 Shao, Z. & Vollrath, F. - The mechanics of conditioned silks. pp 262-265 in Deformation, Yield and Fracture of Polymers. The Institute of Materials, London

1997 Krink, T. & Vollrath, F. - Analysing spider web-building behaviour with rule-based simulations and genetic algorithms. J. theor. Biol., 185 (3): 321-331 access

1997 Hutchinson, J.M., McNamara, J.M., Houston, A.I. & Vollrath, F. - Dyar's rule and the investment principle: Optimal moulting strategies if feeding rate is size-dependent and growth is discontinous. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B, 352 (1349): 113-138 access

 

1996 Vollrath, F. - Edderkoppespind - et kemisk og biomechanisk viduer. Naturens Verden, 10: 371-376

1996 Abraham, J., Medenwaldt, R., Uggerhoj, U., Guttmann, P., Hjort, T., Jensenius, J., Vorup-Jensen, T., Vollrath, F., Søgaard, E., Møller, T. - X-ray Microscopy in Aarhus. X-ray Microscopy and Spectromiscroscopy - XRM 96 (eds. J. Thieme et al.) Springer Verlag, Heidelberg

1996 Vollrath, F. & Köhler, T. - Mecahnics of silk produced by loaded spiders. Proc. Roy. Soc., 263 (1369): 387-391 access

1996 Vollrath, F., Holtet, T., Thøgersen, H.C. & Frische, S. - Structural organization of spider silk. Proc. Roy. Soc., 263 (1367): 147-151 access

1996 Kümmerlen, J., van Beek, J.D., Vollrath, F. & Meier, B.H. - The local structure in spider dragline silk investigated by two-dimensional spin-diffusion nuclear magnetic resonance. Macromolecules, 29 (8): 2920-2928 access

 

1995 Vollrath, F. & Edmonds, D. - Elastic properties of spider's capture silk. Naturwissenschaften, 82 (8): 379-380 access

1995 Vollrath, F. & Milinski, M. - Fragrant genes help Damenwahl. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 10 (8): 307-308 access

1995 Downes, M. & Vollrath, F. - Foxes, hedgehogs and modern natural history. Flora og Fauna, 100: 123-126

1995 Zschokke, S. & Vollrath, F. - Web construction patterns in a range of orb weaving spiders. Europ. J. Entomol., 92 (3): 523-541 access

1995 Zschokke, S. & Vollrath, F. - Unfreezing the behaviour of web spiders. Behav. Physiol., 58 (6): 1167-1173 access

1995 Vollrath, F. - Lyriform organs on regenerated legs of the garden cross spider. Bull. Br. Arachnol. Soc., 10 (3): 115-118

1995 Lin, L., Edmonds D. & Vollrath F. - Structural engineering of a spider's web. Nature, 373 (6510): 146-148 access

1995 Köhler, T. & Vollrath, F. - Thread biomechanics in the two orb weaving spiders Araneus diadematus (Araneae, Araneidae) and Uloborus walckenaerius (Araneae, Uloboridae). J. exp. Zool., 271 (1): 1-17 access

1995 Fels, D., ap Rhisisart, A. & Vollrath, F. - The selfish crouton. Behavior, 132 (1): 49-55 access

 

1994 Vollrath, F. - General Properties of spider silk. pp 17-28 in. Silks Polymers: Materials Science and Biotechnology. (eds: Kaplan, D.L., Adams, W.W., Viney, C. & Farmer, B.L.) ACS Books, Washington

1994 ap Rhisiart, A. & Vollrath, F. - Design features of a spider's orb web. Behav. Ecol., 5 (3): 280-287 access

1994 Vollrath, F. - To catch a fly. Science and Public Affairs, 94: 20-24

 

1993 Vollrath, F. - Spinnenseide - Superwerkstoff der Natur pp.1-18 in : Kunststoffe im Automobilbau. VDI Verlag, Düsseldorf

1993 Vollrath, F. - Spidersilk - a natural polymer, and more. pp 1-16 in: Plastics in Engineering L. Vollrath ed., VDI Verlag, Düsseldorf

 

1992 Vollrath, F. & Parker, G.A. - Sexual dimorphism and distorted sex ratios in spiders. Nature, 360 (6400): 156-159 access

1992 Vollrath, F. - Spider webs and silks. Scientific American, March, 266: 46-52

1992 Vollrath, F. - Die Seiden und Netze von Spinnen. Spektrum der Wissenschaft, May, pp 82-89

1992 Vollrath, F. - Analysis and interpretation of orb spider exploration and web-building behaviour. Adv. Study Behav., 21: 147-199 access

1992 Samu, F., Matthews, G., Lake, D. & Vollrath, F. - Spider webs are efficient collectors of agrochemical spray. Pesticide Sci., 36 (1): 47-51 access

1992 Samu, F. & Vollrath, F. - Spider orb webs as bioassays for pesticide side effects. Ent. Appl. Exp., 62 (2): 117-124 access

1992 Hurst, L. & Vollrath, F. - Sex ratio adjustment in solitary and social spiders. Trends Ecol. Evol., 7 (10): 326-327 access

1992 Gotts, N. & Vollrath, F. - Physical and theoretical features in the simulation of animal behaviour, e.g. the spider’s web. Cybernet. System. 23 (1): 41-65 access

1992 Edmonds, D. & Vollrath, F. - The contribution of atmospheric water vapour to the formation and efficiency of a spider's capture web. Proc. Roy. Soc. London, 248 (1322): 145-148 access

1992 Bonthrone, K.M., Vollrath, F., Hunter, B. & Sanders, J.K.M. - The elasticity of spider’s webs is due to water-induced mobility at a molecular level. Proc. Roy. Soc. London, 248 (1322): 141-144 access

1992 Vollrath, F. & Parker, G.A. - Sexual dimorphism and distorted sex ratios in spiders. Nature, 360 (6400): 156-159 access

 

1991 Vollrath, F. & Tillinghast, E. - Glycoprotein glue beneath a spider web's aqueous coat. Naturwissenschaften., 78 (12): 557-559 access

1991 Gotts, N. & Vollrath, F. - Artificial intelligence modelling of web-building in the garden cross spider. J. Theor. Biol., 152 (4): 485-511 access

 

1990 Vollrath, F. - Leg regeneration in web spiders and its implications for orb weaver phylogeny. Bull. Brit. Arachnol. Soc., 8 (6): 177-184

1990 Vollrath, F., Fairbrother, W.J., Williams, R.J.P., Tillinghast, E.K., Bernstein, D.T., Gallager, K.S. & Townley, M.A. - Compounds in the droplets of the orb spider's viscid spiral. Nature, 345 (6275): 526-528 access

 

1980s <back to top>

 

1989 Vollrath, F. & Edmonds, D. - Modulation of the mechanical properties of spider silk by coating with water. Nature, 340 (6231): 305-307 access

 

1988 Vollrath, F. - Spiral orientation of Araneus diadematus orb webs build during vertical rotation. J. Comp. Physiol. A, 162 (3): 413-419 access

1988 Vollrath, F. - Spider growth as an indicator of habitat quality. Bull. Br. Arachnol. Soc., 7 (7): 217-219

 

1987 Vollrath, F. - Kleptobiosis in spiders. pp 274-286 in Ecophysiology of Spiders. (ed. W. Nentwig), Springer Heidelberg access

1987 Vollrath, F. - Foraging, growth and reproductive success. pp 357-370 in Ecophysiology of Spiders. (ed. W Nentwig), Springer Heidelberg access

1987 Vollrath, F. - Untangling the spider's web. Trends Ecol. Evol., 3 (12): 331-335 access

1987 Vollrath, F. - Altered geometry of web in spiders with regenerated legs. Nature, 328 (6127): 247-248 access

 

1986 Vollrath, F. & Windsor, D. - Colony defence in a social and in a subsocial spider. pp 295-298, in: Proc. 9th Internatl. Arachnol. Congress. (WG Eberhard, YD Lubin, BC Robinson eds.), Smithsonian Press, Washington DC

1986 Vollrath, F. Houston A. - Previous experience and site tenacity in the orb spider Nephila clavipes. Oecologia, 70 (2):305-308 access

1986 Vollrath, F. - Gravity as orientation guide during web-construction in the orb spider Araneus diadematus. J. Comp. Physiol. A, 159 (2): 275-280 access

1986 Vollrath, F. - Eusociality and extraordinary sex ratios in the spider Anelosimus eximius. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol., 18 (4): 283-287 access

1986 Vollrath, F. - Environment, reproduction and sex ratios in the social spider Anelosimus eximius. J. Arachnol., 14 (2): 267-281 access

 

1985 Vollrath, F. & Mohren, W. - Spiral geometry of the garden spider's orb web. Naturwissenschaften, 72 (12): 666-667 access

1985 Vollrath, F. - Web spider's dilemma: a risky move or site dependent growth. Oecologia, 68 (1): 69-72 access

 

1984 Vollrath, F. - Kleptoparasitism in Invertebrates. pp 61-94, in Producers and Scroungers: Strategies of Exploitation and Parasitism. (ed. C Barnard) Chrom Helm, acccess

 

1983 Vollrath, F. & Rohde-Arndt, D. - Prey capture and the distribution of food in the social spider Anelosimus eximius. Z. Tierpsychol., 61: 334-340 access

1983 Vollrath, F. - Relative and absolute growth in Nephila clavipes. pp 277-289 in Taxonomy, Biology and Ecology of Araneae. (ed. O Kraus), Verhandl. Naturwiss. Ver. Hamburg vol. 26 access

 

1982 Vollrath, F. - Colony foundation in a social spider. Z. Tierpsychol., 60:313-324 access

 

1981 Vollrath, F. - Energetic considerations of a spider parasite - spider host system. Rev. Arachnol. 3:37-44

 

1980 Vollrath, F. - Male body size and fitness in the web-building spider Nephila clavipes. Z. Tierpsychol., 53 (1): 61-78

1980 Vollrath, F. - Why are some spider males small? pp 165-169, in: Verh. 8th Internat.Arachnol. Congress, (ed. J Gruber), Egermann, Wien

 

1970s <back to top>

 

1979 Vollrath, F. - Vibrations: Their signal function for a spider kleptoparasite. Science, 205 (4411): 1149-1151 access

1979 Vollrath, F. - Behaviour of the kleptoparasitic spider Argyrodes elevatus. Animal Behav., 27-515-521 access

 

1978 Vollrath, F. - Behaviour of two kleptoparasitic species of the genus Argyrodes (Araneidae, Theridiidae). abstract in Symp. Zool. Soc. Lond., 42: 483 access

1978 Vollrath, F. - A close relationship between two spiders (Arachnida, Araneidae): Curimagua bayano synecious on a Diplura species. Psyche, 85: 347-353 access

 

1977 Vollrath, F. - Zur Ökologie Und Biologie Von Kleptoparasitischen Argyrodes Elavatus Und Synöken Argyrodes-Arten (Araneae, Theridiidae). Inaugural - Dissertation, Freiburg (Breisgau), Univ., Fak. für Biologie, Diss., (Nicht f. d. Austausch.) access

 

1976 Vollrath, F. - Konkurrenzvermeidung bei tropischen kleptoparasitischen Haubennetzspinnen der Gattung Argyrodes (Arachnida: Araneae: Theridiidae). Ent. Germ., 3 (1-2): 104-108 access

1976 Vollrath, F. - Competitive exclusion in tropical klepto parasitic spider species in the genus Argyrodes (Arachnida: Araneae: Theridiidae). Ent. Germ., 3 (1-2): 104-108 access

1976 Vollrath, F. & Delius J.D. - Vestibular projections to the thalamus of the pigeon. Brain, Behav. Evol., 13:58-68 access

 

1973 Delius, J.D., & Vollrath, F. - Rotation compensating reflexes independent of the labyrinth: neurosensory correlates in pigeons. J. Comp. Physiol. A. 83:123-134 access

 

Patents

2005 Vollrath et al Apparatus and method for forming materials Number 6858168 access

Other Publications

2012 理查德•道金斯 <<自私的基因>) 译者:陈复加。中信出版社
(The Selfish Gene by Richard Dawkins, translated by Fujia Chen)

2010 Hague, D. & Milnes, A. - From Bright Sparks to Brilliant Businesses, Case 12, Oxford Biomaterials, Suturox, Neurotex and Orthox, Fritz Vollrath. A & C Black Publishers Ltd. access

 

 
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